Presentation on theme: "CALIPSO and LITE data for space-based DWL design and Data utility studies: Research plans G. D. Emmitt Simpson Weather Associates D. Winker and Y. Hu (LaRC)"— Presentation transcript:
CALIPSO and LITE data for space-based DWL design and Data utility studies: Research plans G. D. Emmitt Simpson Weather Associates D. Winker and Y. Hu (LaRC) D. Bowdle (UAH) WG on Space-Based Lidar Winds Monterey, CA 5 – 8 February 2008
Clouds can be both targets and confounders for space-based lidars. Based upon various cloud studies, global cloud coverage varies from ~ 65% to >80% depending upon the threshold of optical depth chosen for defining a cloud and the “pixel” size.
CALIPSO/LITE ROSES07 study The proposed study will use both LITE and CALIPSO data to address the following four major issues: Cloud free line-of-sight (CFLOS) statistics for laser beam footprints (with particular interest in contiguous laser shot integration intervals), Global aerosol backscatter distributions with particular interest in their correlation with cloud and atmospheric dynamics, Conversion of observations at CALIPSO wavelengths to those pertinent to GWOS, the hybrid wind lidar (.355 and 2.01 microns); validation of aerosol backscatter distributions being used in NASA/NOAA OSSEs. Instrument trade studies relevant to the GWOS instrument concept using an existing Doppler Lidar Simulation Model
Overview Develop a state-of-the-art set of cloud free line-of-sight (CFLOS) statistics and atmospheric optical properties for space-based Doppler Wind Lidar (DWL) design using both LITE and CALIPSO data and use the Doppler Lidar Simulation Model (DLSM) to conduct basic trade studies that relate directly to laser design and scanning options. Effort is focused upon issues that are unique to the hybrid (coherent and direct detection combined) Doppler Wind Lidar being considered for the first USA mission. In particular, deriving 2 micron coherent performance from.532/1.06 µm CALIPSO data is non- trivial and will require some modeling. Our revisit to the LITE data is in recognition of the fact that LITE was the most powerful backscatter lidar ever flown in space. If the weak aerosol distributions are to be investigated, it will probably be the LITE data that is most useful. Simpson Weather Associates’ (SWA) recent study of the CFLOS statistics from the ICESat GLAS (Geosciences Laser Altimeter System) data sets provides both the motivation and methodology behind this work
LITE CFLOS study The general conclusions of the LITE data analyses of cloud porosity for lasers were that: The 532nm beam provided a ground return more often (~60 - 65%) than the current cloud climatologies based upon passive imagers suggested (~30-40%). More than 50% of the time that the lidar beam intercepted a cloud it also provided a ground return. In other words the porosity of the clouds to the LITE beams was on the order of 50%.
GLAS study summary 70 - 80% of the GLAS lidar samples involved some return from clouds (assumed that “no cloud/no ground returns” intercepted thick layers of optically thin clouds) 75 - 80% of the GLAS lidar samples detected the earth’s surface (adjusted for smooth water returns) When clouds were present, 25 – 40% of the time at least two layers were detected. Details on the ESTO GLAS study can be found at the following web site : (http://esto.nasa.gov/adv_planning_studies_archive.html ).http://esto.nasa.gov/adv_planning_studies_archive.html
Zonal average cloud top for GLAS,ISCCP, and MODIS for October, 2003. Taken from: William D. Hart*, Stephen P. Palm, James D. Spinhirne and Dennis L. Hlavka Global and polar cloud cover from the Geoscience Laser Altimeter System, observations and implications