Presentation on theme: "Innovation in Portugal: How does it compare internationally? J.P.Contzen Lisbon 22 November 1999."— Presentation transcript:
Innovation in Portugal: How does it compare internationally? J.P.Contzen Lisbon 22 November 1999
The issue of the right indicators(1) zInnovation is a transformation process, its measure requires indicators for both input and output zInput indicators: fairly easy as parameters characterizing the S&T effort do exist zOutput indicators:more complex as innovation relates not only to industrial development but also to organizational improvement and societal welfare, hence:
The issue of the right indicators(2) yIndustrial output indicators:patents, high tech industry growth, high tech import/export ratio,total factor productivity,etc yOrganizational output indicators:agricultural productivity,growth in low tech industries, total supply chain management costs,cash-to- cash time,customer satisfaction, etc ySocietal output indicators: quality of health services, efficacy of transport systems, satisfactory state of the environment, cities’ cultural attractiveness,etc
Input indicators(1)(B) R&D intensity Conclusions: zGERD in Portugal still weak in spite of annual growth 1990-1997 of 5.2% ( EU 15 0.6%, US 1.6%, JP 1.3%, IRL 14.6%) zVery low BERD in spite of annual growth 1990-1997 of 2.9% ( EU 15 0.4%, US 2.3%, JP 1.3%, IRL 18.5%)
Input indicators(1)(C) R&D intensity zGOVERD and HERD are important in Portugal and have been growing: for 1990 -1997,respectively 4.3% and 7.1% (EU 15,respectively -0.8% and 2.5%)
Input indicators (4) Structure of R&D budget (1998) in % AGRI HUMAN. TECHNO DEF. OTHERS zEU 15 4 13 20 17 47 zP 13 20 14 0 52 zUS 3 22 17 54 4 zJP 3 8 35 6 48 zIRL 21 14 39 0 25 Conclusion:-Strength of Agricultural Research and Weakness of Technological Research
Input indicators (5) Research Scientists and Engineers
Input indicators (6) Publications in Engineering Sciences
Output indicators (1) Trade Balance in High-Tech Products zHigh Tech trade balance as percent of total exports, 1996: yEU 15 (extra): -3.03% yP: -8.46% (penultimate) yUS: -2.91% yJP: +11.3% yIRL: +15.7% yF: +2.23% yFIN: +2.08% yD: -0.03% yEL: -14.9%
Output indicators (2)(A) Trade in High-Tech Products (1996)
Output indicators (2)(B) Trade in High-Tech Products (1996) zConclusions: yThe contrast between Portugal and Ireland deserves further study yShare of Portuguese High Tech exports is in fact regressing: it was 5% in 1970 and 8% in 1984
Output indicators (3) Countries’ share of world patents in % (1996 )
Output indicators (4)(B) Some Societal indicators z% of utilized agricultural land covered by agro-environment measures: y Portugal: 15% as opposed to 77% in Finland and 32% in Germany zEstimated contaminated sites: y Portugal: 22000 as opposed to 10000 in UK and 14000 in Denmark
General conclusion zLack of comprehensive data for Portugal:”observatory” function required zNoticeable efforts in terms of R&D financing from both Government and Industry zThese efforts have still to bear fruits in terms of innovation zQuestion: beyond money and people, does Portugal require structural changes?
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