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Innovation in Portugal: How does it compare internationally? J.P.Contzen Lisbon 22 November 1999.

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Presentation on theme: "Innovation in Portugal: How does it compare internationally? J.P.Contzen Lisbon 22 November 1999."— Presentation transcript:

1 Innovation in Portugal: How does it compare internationally? J.P.Contzen Lisbon 22 November 1999

2 The issue of the right indicators(1) zInnovation is a transformation process, its measure requires indicators for both input and output zInput indicators: fairly easy as parameters characterizing the S&T effort do exist zOutput indicators:more complex as innovation relates not only to industrial development but also to organizational improvement and societal welfare, hence:

3 The issue of the right indicators(2) yIndustrial output indicators:patents, high tech industry growth, high tech import/export ratio,total factor productivity,etc yOrganizational output indicators:agricultural productivity,growth in low tech industries, total supply chain management costs,cash-to- cash time,customer satisfaction, etc ySocietal output indicators: quality of health services, efficacy of transport systems, satisfactory state of the environment, cities’ cultural attractiveness,etc

4 Input indicators(1)(A) R&D intensity (%) (1997)

5 Input indicators(1)(B) R&D intensity Conclusions: zGERD in Portugal still weak in spite of annual growth of 5.2% ( EU %, US 1.6%, JP 1.3%, IRL 14.6%) zVery low BERD in spite of annual growth of 2.9% ( EU %, US 2.3%, JP 1.3%, IRL 18.5%)

6 Input indicators(1)(C) R&D intensity zGOVERD and HERD are important in Portugal and have been growing: for ,respectively 4.3% and 7.1% (EU 15,respectively -0.8% and 2.5%)

7 Input indicators (2) GERD : source of funds (%) (1997)

8 Input indicators (3) GERD : performing sectors (%) (1997)

9 Input indicators (4) Structure of R&D budget (1998) in % AGRI HUMAN. TECHNO DEF. OTHERS zEU zP zUS zJP zIRL Conclusion:-Strength of Agricultural Research and Weakness of Technological Research

10 Input indicators (5) Research Scientists and Engineers

11 Input indicators (6) Publications in Engineering Sciences

12 Output indicators (1) Trade Balance in High-Tech Products zHigh Tech trade balance as percent of total exports, 1996: yEU 15 (extra): -3.03% yP: -8.46% (penultimate) yUS: -2.91% yJP: +11.3% yIRL: +15.7% yF: +2.23% yFIN: +2.08% yD: -0.03% yEL: -14.9%

13 Output indicators (2)(A) Trade in High-Tech Products (1996)

14 Output indicators (2)(B) Trade in High-Tech Products (1996) zConclusions: yThe contrast between Portugal and Ireland deserves further study yShare of Portuguese High Tech exports is in fact regressing: it was 5% in 1970 and 8% in 1984

15 Output indicators (3) Countries’ share of world patents in % (1996 )

16 Output indicators (4)(A) Some Societal indicators zCO² emissions per capita (t CO²/inhab.): yPortugal: 4.02(1990) (2000) yEU 15 : 8.7 (1990) (2000) zCO² emissions,. per gross inland consumption (t CO²/toe): yPortugal: 2.24(1990) (2000) yEU 15 : 2.4 (1990) (2000)

17 Output indicators (4)(B) Some Societal indicators z% of utilized agricultural land covered by agro-environment measures: y Portugal: 15% as opposed to 77% in Finland and 32% in Germany zEstimated contaminated sites: y Portugal: as opposed to in UK and in Denmark

18 General conclusion zLack of comprehensive data for Portugal:”observatory” function required zNoticeable efforts in terms of R&D financing from both Government and Industry zThese efforts have still to bear fruits in terms of innovation zQuestion: beyond money and people, does Portugal require structural changes?


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