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PERFORM, ACHIEVE AND TRADE Asst Energy Economist Bureau of Energy Efficiency Ministry of Power, Government of India.

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Presentation on theme: "PERFORM, ACHIEVE AND TRADE Asst Energy Economist Bureau of Energy Efficiency Ministry of Power, Government of India."— Presentation transcript:

1 PERFORM, ACHIEVE AND TRADE Asst Energy Economist Bureau of Energy Efficiency Ministry of Power, Government of India

2 Background The National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency (NMEEE) is one of the eight national missions of the NAPCC launched by Hon’ble Prime –Minister on 30 th June,2008 with the objective of 1. Promoting innovative policy and regulatory regimes. 2. Creating Financing mechanisms, and business models markets for energy efficiency in a transparent manner with clear deliverables to be achieved in a time bound manner.

3 NMEEE – FOUR NEW INITIATIVES Fiscal Instrument for EE PRGF VCF Public Procurement Fiscal Instrument for EE PRGF VCF Public Procurement Stimulate Funding for ESCOs Stimulate Funding for ESCOs Energy Efficient Appliances BLY SEEP DSM Energy Efficient Appliances BLY SEEP DSM Energy Intensive Industries Targets for Mandatory Energy Saving Energy Intensive Industries Targets for Mandatory Energy Saving PATEEFP FEEEDMTEE NMEEE

4 PAT Scheme : Scope Covers 478 designated consumers in 8 sectors All DCs consume about 165 mtoe energy Targets would be given to all DCs to achieve the same within a time frame Achievement > Target ECScerts Achievement < Target Purchase ECScerts / Penalty National Target = 6.6 mtoe at the end of 1st PAT Cycle (by 2014-15)

5 Perform, Achieve & Trade (PAT) Mechanism The market based mechanism to enhance the cost effectiveness in improving the Energy Efficiency in Energy Intensive industries through certification of energy saving which can be traded Administrator Set target and compliance period Designated Consumers 8 sectors Thermal Power Plant, Steel, Cement, Fertilizer, Pulp & Paper, Textile, Aluminium, Chlor-alkali Auditing Agencies Independent Monitor, verify and certify Market Place Transaction of energy efficiency instrument Reward over achiever Penalize under performer Stakeholders Set Targets Setting targets on the basis of current specific energy consumption Set compliance period May take into account Location, Vintage, Technology, raw materials, product mix etc. Monitoring & verification of targets by Designated Energy Auditors (DENA) Check if designated consumer has achieved targets Underachievement: Obligations to buy ESCerts or pay penalty Overachievement: Issuance of ESCerts for banking for later use or trade Trading of ESCerts Participation by Designated consumers on platform provided by Power Exchanges Symmetrical flow of information Processes Involved Market Based Mechanism

6 PAT steps Constituted PAT Steering committee Draft Mechanism for overall structure for PAT Approval of NMEEE including PAT scheme by Cabinet Constituted Sector Technical Committees for the formulation target setting methodology Collected Baseline Data Prepared PAT Consultation document Conducted stakeholder consultation workshop Developed rules for implementation of PAT based on consultation workshops Notified rules and targets for Designated Consumers

7 Getting Information Through Base Line Format Data Compilation/ Evaluation Target Setting [Declaration of Base Year, Target Year ] Communication to Designated Consumer Preparation Performance Assessment Document (PAD or Form A) Communication to BEE and SDA Verification of PAD through DENA (Form B) Check Verification of PAD (Form C) through DENA & submission of compliance doc (Form D). PAT Activity Flow Sheet Issuance of ESCerts after successful M&V Baseline & Target Setting (based on last three years) Market for Trade (Annual submission but the target compliance for three years)

8 Time lines MandatoryVoluntary Submission of Form 1Once in a year 30 th JuneNA Submission of Form A (Performance Assessment Document) Once in 3 years 30 th June 2015 Before Compliance year 30 th June Submission of Form B (Verification by AEA) Once in 3 years 30 th June 2015 Before Compliance year 30 th June Issuance of ESCertsOnce in a year Aug 2015Before Compliance year Aug Submission of Form D (Performance Compliance Document) Once in 3 years 30 th Nov 2015 NA

9 Specific Energy Consumption As the SEC is calculated on a Gate-to-Gate concept, the definition of plant boundary plays an important role. PROCESS Electricity (KWH) FO (Ltr) NG (SCM) Coal (KG) Others (KG or Ltr) Product (Kg) All forms of Energy E P SEC = E / P Plant Boundary Baseline SEC Target SEC Reduction in SEC Year 1 Year 2 Year 3 SEC

10 PAT Scheme : Approach Towards Target Setting Sectoral Target have been assigned on pro-rata basis of energy consumption among 8 sectors to achieve National Target Establishment of Baseline : As per reported data of last 5 years (2005-06 to 2009-10) Normalization Factor (capacity utilization) Arithmetic Average of last 3 years value Targets to be statistically calculated based on relative SEC approach after grouping the DCs suitably The target reviewed by an expert committee before notification

11 General Rules for Establishing Baseline Definitions: Baseline Year : 2009-10 Baseline Production (P base ) : Avg. of 2007-8, 2008-9 & 2009-10 Baseline SEC (SEC base ) : Avg. of 2007-8, 2008-9 & 2009-10 Baseline CU% (CU base ) : Avg. of 2007-8, 2008-9 & 2009-10 Target SEC (SEC target ) : SEC as estimated in 2014-15 Target : % reduction from SEC base Estimation of Energy Saving (mTOE) : P base ( SEC base – SEC target )

12 Covers units using about 165 million toe/year Gate-to-gate specific energy consumption, collectively, to be about 5.5% less in 2013-14 than it was in 2008-09 Less efficient units have larger SEC %-reduction targets – so that the collective SEC reduction is 5.5% Energy Savings Certificates (and penalties) would be based on difference between the achieved SEC & the target SEC and the base year Production Target is Plant Specific …… Less for Energy Efficient & High for Energy Inefficient Plant

13 Market Design Designated Consumers are obligated to improve energy efficiency Energy Efficiency Targets are %-age reduction in SEC expressed in Absolute Savings terms Various plants in an industry clustered on the basis of different parameters like technology etc Each DC will get an energy efficiency improvement percentage target The target would be converted into absolute energy saving target (in mToE terms) on the basis of plant capacity The absolute energy saving target (obligations) would be applicable for a compliance period of three years Designated consumer can meet target by Undertaking energy efficiency measures themselves Buy ESCerts from someone else to comply with the targets

14 Target Baseline SEC Target SEC Achieved SEC Scenario 1 Scenario 2 Compliance Issued Escerts Purchase Escerts Penalty Concept of Target, Compliance, ESCerts & Penalty

15 Market Design Compliance and Reporting Total compliance period of 3 years (march 2015) Designated Consumers would undertake energy efficiency measures and submit annual reports If submitted annual reports show over-achievement, ESCerts to be issued for level of over-achievement Provision of annual reporting along with penalties in case of non- compliance After period of 3 years, a complete gate-to-gate measurement to be undertaken for verifying SEC and plant capacity for each DC BEE would appoint Designated Energy Auditors (DENAs) for M&V DENAs would be organizations, which meet minimum capability norms DENAs would be accredited and empanelled by BEE BEE will initiate compliance checks on dip-check basis on both DC and Accredited Energy Auditor In case of non-compliance State Designated Agencies to levy penalties on DC

16 Proposed Institutional Design Schematic BEE Market Regulator & Administrator SDADENA Designated Consumers (DCs) Central RegistryTrading Exchange Updated list of DCs and DENA Any Baselines Improvement Audited Result of DCs Any Baselines Improvement Audit Apply for ESCerts through PAT Assessment Document (PAD) Issuance of EScerts Updated Obligation of DCs: Deficit or Surplus Updated ESCerts Account Info Settlement Details ESCerts Trading Regular updates Regular Checks & Levy Penalties in case of defaults E-filing Apply for Empanelment PAD Information Mop

17 Vast diversity in design and operating conditions of the Plants Vintage of these plants varies widely i.e. From yr.1967 to 1999 ( 12-32 Years). Size of single stream also varies widely i.e. From ammonia / urea from 600 /1000 MTPD to more than 1500 / 2600 MTPD. Different feed stock is used i.e NG, naphtha, fuel oil. Wide range of technologies are employed Contd …….

18 Categorisation of operating urea plants VintageNo. of Plants 1960’s 1970’s 1980’s 1990’s Total 2 9 10 9 30 FeedstockNo. of Plants Gas Naphtha Fuel Oil Total 22 4 30 Size of Plants UREA (MTPD) No. of Plants ≤1000 >1000 but ≤ 1500 >1500 but <2620 ≥ 2620 Total 2 Plants not producing urea 5 3 10 28

19 Methodology of target setting for the Fertilizer Sector A portion of feed energy which is fed at Plant battery limit is contained in urea product and goes out along with it. So, it is not considered as energy consumption in the Plant. The stoichiometric value of such energy works out to be 2.53 Gcal / MT Urea. This much energy has been reduced from the reported SEC (Gcal/ MT Urea) and then weighted average for the last 3 years has been worked out.

20 Grouping of DC and Assignment of Targets

21 Major Points Target: In % of Specific Energy Consumption ESCerts: in toe with 1 metric toe = 1 ESCert For ESCerts or Penalty: (Baseline Production) x (% change in SEC) Example SEC in baseline: 10 toe/unit of production Baseline Production: 10000 units Target: 4% reduction in SEC SEC at the end of 2014-15: 9.6 toe/unit prod For ESCerts or Penalty: Reduction requirement: 4000 toe Case1 (Achieved SEC = 9.8): -2000 toe (Penalty) Case2 (Achieved SEC = 9.4): +2000 toe (ESCerts)

22 Market Design ESCerts are issued When energy efficiency improvements surpass targets With 1 mToE = 1 ESCert Banking of ESCerts allowed during each cycle 1 st cycle ESCerts to 2 nd cycle 2 nd cycle ESCerts to 3 rd cycle

23 Advanced ESCerts Baseline, SEC(b) = 10 toe/t Target, SEC (t) = 7 toe/t Achieved after year 1, SEC (a) = 8.5 toe/t Production = 10000t AFTER YEAR 1 ESCerts =[SEC(b) – (SEC (b)– SEC (t))/3) – SEC(a)] x 80% x prod = ((10 – (10-7)/3) – 8.5)) x 0.8 x 10000 = (9-8.5) x 8000 = 4000 ESCerts Revised Target = SEC(t) – (ESCerts/Prod) = 7 – (4000/10000) = 6.6 toe/t

24 Penalty Calculation P = Wc x Pc + Wo x Po + Wg x Pg + We x Pe Where- P =Price of one metric ton of oil equivalent(1mtoe); Pc=Price of F-grade coal declared by Ministry of Coal; Po=Price of fuel oil as declared by Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas; Pg=Price of gas as declared by Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas; Pe=Price of electricity; Wc= Weightage of coal; Wo= Weightage of oil; Wg= Weightage of gas; We=Weightage of grid electricity The value of per metric ton of oil equivalent of energy consumed is Rupees 10154 for the year 2011-12


26 Input Primary Energy [Fuel] Input Secondary Energy [Electricity] Capacity Utilization or PLF Technology & Environment Standard Raw Material and Product Natural Disaster PAT Normalization Normalization Area

27 Plant has to maintain the relevant documents to justify their cause Input Primary Energy [Fossil Fuel] Fuel Linkage and Quality of Fuel Use of Biomass Non Availability of Fuel Re-Cycling By Product used as Fuel

28 Input Secondary Energy [Ex: Electricity, Steam] Purchased from Grid Through Captive Power Generation Through Waste Heat Recovery Export to Grid Renewable Energy

29 Capacity Utilization and PLF [Poor Performance] Fluctuation due to Scheduling Effect due to Market Demand Non-availability of fuel or Raw Material

30 Raw Material & Product [Quality, Output Type] Quality of Raw Material Output Product Change Production Semi-finished Product Input Semi-finished Product

31 Environmental Standards and Natural Disaster [Gov policy] Change in Standards Change in Government policy Natural disaster Rioting or social unrest


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