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Perform, Achieve and Trade

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Presentation on theme: "Perform, Achieve and Trade"— Presentation transcript:

1 Perform, Achieve and Trade
Asst Energy Economist Bureau of Energy Efficiency Ministry of Power , Government of India

2 Background The National Mission for Enhanced Energy Efficiency (NMEEE) is one of the eight national missions of the NAPCC launched by Hon’ble Prime –Minister on 30th June ,2008 with the objective of 1. Promoting innovative policy and regulatory regimes. 2. Creating Financing mechanisms, and business models markets for energy efficiency in a transparent manner with clear deliverables to be achieved in a time bound manner.

3 NMEEE – Four new initiatives
Energy Intensive Industries Targets for Mandatory Energy Saving PAT EEFP FEEED MTEE Stimulate Funding for ESCOs NMEEE Fiscal Instrument for EE PRGF VCF Public Procurement Energy Efficient Appliances BLY SEEP DSM

4 PAT Scheme : Scope Covers 478 designated consumers in 8 sectors
All DCs consume about 165 mtoe energy Targets would be given to all DCs to achieve the same within a time frame Achievement > Target ECScerts Achievement < Target Purchase ECScerts / Penalty National Target = 6.6 mtoe at the end of 1st PAT Cycle (by )

5 Perform, Achieve & Trade (PAT) Mechanism
The market based mechanism to enhance the cost effectiveness in improving the Energy Efficiency in Energy Intensive industries through certification of energy saving which can be traded Reward over achiever Penalize under performer Market Based Mechanism Administrator Set target and compliance period Designated Consumers 8 sectors Thermal Power Plant, Steel, Cement, Fertilizer, Pulp & Paper, Textile, Aluminium, Chlor-alkali Auditing Agencies Independent Monitor, verify and certify Market Place Transaction of energy efficiency instrument Stakeholders Set Targets Setting targets on the basis of current specific energy consumption Set compliance period May take into account Location, Vintage, Technology, raw materials, product mix etc. Monitoring & verification of targets by Designated Energy Auditors (DENA) Check if designated consumer has achieved targets Underachievement: Obligations to buy ESCerts or pay penalty Overachievement: Issuance of ESCerts for banking for later use or trade Trading of ESCerts Participation by Designated consumers on platform provided by Power Exchanges Symmetrical flow of information Processes Involved

6 PAT steps Constituted PAT Steering committee
Draft Mechanism for overall structure for PAT Approval of NMEEE including PAT scheme by Cabinet Constituted Sector Technical Committees for the formulation target setting methodology Collected Baseline Data Prepared PAT Consultation document Conducted stakeholder consultation workshop Developed rules for implementation of PAT based on consultation workshops Notified rules and targets for Designated Consumers

7 PAT Activity Flow Sheet
Getting Information Through Base Line Format Data Compilation/ Evaluation [Declaration of Base Year, Target Year ] Target Setting Communication to Designated Consumer Preparation Performance Assessment Document (PAD or Form A) Communication to BEE and SDA Verification of PAD through DENA (Form B) Check Verification of PAD (Form C) through DENA & submission of compliance doc (Form D). Baseline & Target Setting (based on last three years) (Annual submission but the target compliance for three years) Issuance of ESCerts after successful M&V Market for Trade

8 Time lines Mandatory Voluntary Submission of Form 1 Once in a year
30th June NA Submission of Form A (Performance Assessment Document) Once in 3 years 30th June 2015 Before Compliance year Submission of Form B (Verification by AEA) Issuance of ESCerts Aug 2015 Aug Submission of Form D (Performance Compliance Document) 30th Nov 2015

9 Specific Energy Consumption
As the SEC is calculated on a Gate-to-Gate concept, the definition of plant boundary plays an important role. Plant Boundary All forms of Energy PROCESS Electricity (KWH) FO (Ltr) NG (SCM) Coal (KG) Others (KG or Ltr) Product (Kg) E P SEC = E / P Baseline SEC Reduction in SEC SEC Target SEC Year 1 Year 2 Year 3

10 PAT Scheme : Approach Towards Target Setting
Sectoral Target have been assigned on pro-rata basis of energy consumption among 8 sectors to achieve National Target Establishment of Baseline : As per reported data of last 5 years ( to ) Normalization Factor (capacity utilization) Arithmetic Average of last 3 years value Targets to be statistically calculated based on relative SEC approach after grouping the DCs suitably The target reviewed by an expert committee before notification

11 General Rules for Establishing Baseline
Definitions: Baseline Year : Baseline Production (Pbase) : Avg. of , & Baseline SEC (SECbase) : Avg. of , & Baseline CU% (CUbase) : Avg. of , & Target SEC (SECtarget) : SEC as estimated in Target : % reduction from SECbase Estimation of Energy Saving (mTOE) : P base ( SEC base – SEC target )

12 Target is Plant Specific …… Less for Energy Efficient & High for Energy Inefficient Plant
Covers units using about 165 million toe/year Gate-to-gate specific energy consumption, collectively, to be about 5.5% less in than it was in Less efficient units have larger SEC %-reduction targets – so that the collective SEC reduction is 5.5% Energy Savings Certificates (and penalties) would be based on difference between the achieved SEC & the target SEC and the base year Production

13 Market Design Designated Consumers are obligated to improve energy efficiency Energy Efficiency Targets are %-age reduction in SEC expressed in Absolute Savings terms Various plants in an industry clustered on the basis of different parameters like technology etc Each DC will get an energy efficiency improvement percentage target The target would be converted into absolute energy saving target (in mToE terms) on the basis of plant capacity The absolute energy saving target (obligations) would be applicable for a compliance period of three years Designated consumer can meet target by Undertaking energy efficiency measures themselves Buy ESCerts from someone else to comply with the targets

14 Concept of Target, Compliance, ESCerts & Penalty
Issued Escerts Penalty Baseline SEC Target Achieved SEC Compliance Target SEC Purchase Escerts Scenario 1 Scenario 2

15 Market Design Compliance and Reporting
Total compliance period of 3 years (march 2015) Designated Consumers would undertake energy efficiency measures and submit annual reports If submitted annual reports show over-achievement, ESCerts to be issued for level of over-achievement Provision of annual reporting along with penalties in case of non- compliance After period of 3 years, a complete gate-to-gate measurement to be undertaken for verifying SEC and plant capacity for each DC BEE would appoint Designated Energy Auditors (DENAs) for M&V DENAs would be organizations, which meet minimum capability norms DENAs would be accredited and empanelled by BEE BEE will initiate compliance checks on dip-check basis on both DC and Accredited Energy Auditor In case of non-compliance State Designated Agencies to levy penalties on DC

16 Proposed Institutional Design Schematic
BEE Market Regulator & Administrator SDA DENA Designated Consumers (DCs) Central Registry Trading Exchange Updated list of DCs and DENA Any Baselines Improvement Audited Result of DCs Audit Apply for ESCerts through PAT Assessment Document (PAD) Issuance of EScerts Updated Obligation of DCs: Deficit or Surplus Updated ESCerts Account Info Settlement Details ESCerts Trading Regular updates Regular Checks & Levy Penalties in case of defaults E-filing Apply for Empanelment PAD Information Mop

17 Vast diversity in design and operating conditions of the Plants
Vintage of these plants varies widely i.e. From yr.1967 to 1999 ( Years). Size of single stream also varies widely i.e. From ammonia / urea from 600 /1000 MTPD to more than 1500 / 2600 MTPD. Different feed stock is used i.e NG, naphtha, fuel oil. Wide range of technologies are employed Contd …….

18 Categorisation of operating urea plants
Vintage No. of Plants 1960’s 1970’s 1980’s 1990’s Total 2 9 10 30 Feedstock No. of Plants Gas Naphtha Fuel Oil Total 22 4 30 Size of Plants UREA (MTPD) No. of Plants ≤1000 >1000 but ≤ 1500 >1500 but <2620 ≥ 2620 Total 2 Plants not producing urea 5 3 10 28

19 Methodology of target setting for the Fertilizer Sector
A portion of feed energy which is fed at Plant battery limit is contained in urea product and goes out along with it. So, it is not considered as energy consumption in the Plant. The stoichiometric value of such energy works out to be 2.53 Gcal / MT Urea. This much energy has been reduced from the reported SEC (Gcal/ MT Urea) and then weighted average for the last 3 years has been worked out.

20 Grouping of DC and Assignment of Targets

21 Major Points Target: In % of Specific Energy Consumption
ESCerts: in toe with 1 metric toe = 1 ESCert For ESCerts or Penalty: (Baseline Production) x (% change in SEC) Example SEC in baseline: 10 toe/unit of production Baseline Production: units Target: 4% reduction in SEC SEC at the end of : 9.6 toe/unit prod For ESCerts or Penalty: Reduction requirement: 4000 toe Case1 (Achieved SEC = 9.8): toe (Penalty) Case2 (Achieved SEC = 9.4): toe (ESCerts)

22 Market Design ESCerts are issued
When energy efficiency improvements surpass targets With 1 mToE = 1 ESCert Banking of ESCerts allowed during each cycle 1st cycle ESCerts to 2nd cycle 2nd cycle ESCerts to 3rd cycle

23 Advanced ESCerts Baseline, SEC(b) = 10 toe/t Target, SEC (t) = 7 toe/t
Achieved after year 1, SEC (a) = 8.5 toe/t Production = 10000t AFTER YEAR 1 ESCerts =[SEC(b) – (SEC (b)– SEC (t))/3) – SEC(a)] x 80% x prod = ((10 – (10-7)/3) – 8.5)) x 0.8 x 10000 = (9-8.5) x 8000 = 4000 ESCerts Revised Target = SEC(t) – (ESCerts/Prod) = 7 – (4000/10000) = 6.6 toe/t

24 P = Wc x Pc + Wo x Po + Wg x Pg + We x Pe
Penalty Calculation P = Wc x Pc + Wo x Po + Wg x Pg + We x Pe Where- P =Price of one metric ton of oil equivalent(1mtoe); Pc=Price of F-grade coal declared by Ministry of Coal; Po=Price of fuel oil as declared by Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas; Pg=Price of gas as declared by Ministry of Petroleum & Natural Gas; Pe=Price of electricity; Wc= Weightage of coal; Wo= Weightage of oil; Wg= Weightage of gas; We=Weightage of grid electricity The value of per metric ton of oil equivalent of energy consumed is Rupees for the year

25 Normalization factors

26 Normalization Area Input Primary Energy [Fuel]
Input Secondary Energy [Electricity] Capacity Utilization or PLF Technology & Environment Standard Raw Material and Product Natural Disaster PAT Normalization

27 Input Primary Energy [Fossil Fuel]
Fuel Linkage and Quality of Fuel Use of Biomass Non Availability of Fuel Re-Cycling By Product used as Fuel Plant has to maintain the relevant documents to justify their cause

28 Input Secondary Energy [Ex: Electricity, Steam]
Purchased from Grid Through Captive Power Generation Through Waste Heat Recovery Export to Grid Renewable Energy

29 Capacity Utilization and PLF [Poor Performance]
Fluctuation due to Scheduling Effect due to Market Demand Non-availability of fuel or Raw Material

30 Raw Material & Product [Quality, Output Type]
Quality of Raw Material Output Product Change Production Semi-finished Product Input Semi-finished Product

31 Environmental Standards and Natural Disaster [Gov policy]
Change in Standards Change in Government policy Natural disaster Rioting or social unrest

32 Thank you

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