Presentation on theme: "ARIZONA STATE UNIVERSITY VANCOUVER ISLAND UNIVERSITY"— Presentation transcript:
1ARIZONA STATE UNIVERSITY VANCOUVER ISLAND UNIVERSITY Fitness for LifeElementary SchoolWebinarChuck CorbinARIZONA STATE UNIVERSITYGuy Le MasurierVANCOUVER ISLAND UNIVERSITYFitness for Life: Elementary School is part of a K-12 fitness education program. This webinar is designed to provide the information necessary to implement the program.
2Teaching-Learning Process The Teaching-Learning Process provides the basis for quality program development. Programs are built on a strong foundation that includes a well-established philosophy, a clear understanding of the body of knowledge (kinesiology), an understanding of the needs of learners, and attention to standards (e.g., SHAPE America standards, Fitness Education framework).Objectives provide a blueprint for program development based on foundations.Programs are the tools used to meet student objectives.Methods refer to the way that tools are used to provide optimal learning.Evaluation is the last step of the process and is designed to determine if programs and methods are effective, if student objectives are met, and if the needs of learners are met.
3HELP Philosophy Health and wellness for Everyone with an emphasis on Lifetime behavior change designed to meetPersonal needs for each studentThe HELP philosophy provides the basis for the Fitness for Life program. The philosophy was created by the authors of Fitness for Life, but the philosophy is now shared by Physical Best and FITNESSGRAM with permission from the authors.
4StandardsSHAPE America standards Fitness Education Framework Healthy People 2020 Physical activity guidelines USDA guidelinesThe Fitness for Life program is based on the standards and guidelines shown on the slide.
5Physically Literate Person Is physically activeKnows about health benefits of activityValues physical activityIs physically fitHas skillsFitness for Life helps students to become physically literate by promoting lifelong physical activity, teaching knowledge and self-management skills that lead to lifelong physical activity, and teaching students to value activity. Students learn to self-assess fitness and to plan a personal activity program that builds fitness. Student learn about a variety of skills that can be used as part of a lifelong activity program.
6New Physical Activity Pyramid for Kids The Physical Activity Pyramid is used to help students learn about the various types of physical activity. The FIT Formula gives the suggested frequency, intensity, and time (duration) for each type of physical activity. FIT is used rather than FITT because the Type of activity (the second T in FITT) is already determined for each segment of the pyramid.
7What is Fitness for Life ES? Package includes nine books, 10 DVDs, one CD-ROM, and one music CD* Guide for Wellness Coordinators for the coordinator who manages the overall program; book includes a DVD with videos and resources* Physical Education Lesson Plans for PE teachers; book includes two DVDs with videos, one CD-ROM of resources, and one CD of music* Classroom Guide for teachers for each grade from K to 6; each book includes a DVD with videos and resources
8The Basics Four Wellness Weeks each year One Wellness Week every nine weeksPhysical activity and nutrition theme each weekTotal school involvementThe basic Wellness Week program includes the features in the slide.
9Program Foundations Implement a school wellness program Help students meet physical activity guidelinesHelp students meet nutrition goalsHelp prevent childhood obesityHelp build youth fitnessPromote academic achievementThe program helps students and schools in many ways.Schools with school lunch programs must have a wellness plan. Implementing FFLES can be a significant step in this direction. The program helps students meet nutrition and physical activity guidelines, contributing to the fight against obesity. The program gets kids active to build fitness and improve academic performance.
10Program Components Classroom activity breaks (plug and play) PE activitiesSchoolwide nutrition and fitness eventsEat Well Wednesday and Get Fit FridaySchool signsEducational messagesSchoolwide celebration activitiesFamily newslettersProgram websiteThe whole school Wellness Week program includes all aspects of the school. All members of the staff, students, and parents can contribute as listed on the slide.
11Classroom Guides One guide for each grade (K-6) Lesson plans Morning video activity (plug & play)Afternoon activitiesDVD with each guide20 plug & play activity videos for each gradeClassroom signs, worksheetsFamily newslettersThere are 7 classroom guides, one for each grade level K-6. Each guide has lesson plans for morning (with plug and play videos) and afternoon activities. The DVDs contain the exercise break videos plus teacher resources (e.g., signs, worksheets, newsletters).
12Classroom Activity (Morning) Video routines are 5 to 6 minutes long No equipment required (plug and play) Routines performed beside desk Grade-level appropriate Instructional videos teach the movements Activity and nutrition messages Different messages are given each dayThe morning exercise breaks use the DVD videos (plug and play). The slide describes the features of the morning activities.
13Classroom Activity (Afternoon) No equipment required Routines performed beside desk Grade-level appropriate Integrate with academic content Include relaxation activities (wind down)The afternoon exercise breaks do not use video. They are described in the lesson plans and designed to integrate academic content in math and language arts. All exercise breaks are followed by relaxation exercises that allow kids to wind down before continuing normal daily activities.
14K-2 Activity Routines Kindergarten First Grade Second Grade 1 WeekKindergartenFirst GradeSecond Grade1Exercise on the FarmSome MoreGet Fit2Frank and Franny FitnessI CanLa Raspa3We Get FitCYIM FitWave It4Shake ItStomp and BalanceIt’s the OneThere are different videos for each grade level and for each Wellness Week. The K-2 activities/videos are listed on this slide.
153-6 Activity Routines Third Grade Fourth Grade Fifth Grade Sixth Grade WeekThird GradeFourth GradeFifth GradeSixth Grade1It’s Our PlanRobotHip Hop 5Hip Hop 62Go Aerobics GoLatin AerobicsTiniklingSalsaerobics3Tic Tac Toe 3Tic Tac Toe 4Tic Tac Toe 5Tic Tac Toe 64JumpnasticsKeep on ClappingFit FunkHarvest TimeThere are different videos for each grade level and for each Wellness Week. The 3-6 activities/videos are listed on this slide.
16Classroom Teacher Responsibilities Morning activity break (plug and play)Discuss messages in the routine (guide)Afternoon activity break (connects to academics)Signs and worksheetsClassroom teacher responsibilities are included on this slide.
17Finding Time in the Classroom 5 to 15 minutes per day1 to 3 minutes per hour of the school dayActivity improves student health and fitnessActivity contributes to academic achievement and better test performanceResearch conducted before building the FFLES program found that teachers were willing to give 5-15 minutes a day but not on every day of the year. The Wellness Week concept (four weeks per year) resulted. Activities were designed to fit in 5-15 minutes per session.
18Sample Classroom Lesson Plan The classroom lesson plans describe how to conduct morning and afternoon exercise breaks and include information about resources such as class signs and worksheets.
19Sample Classroom Signs This slide shows example of classroom signs that can be printed from the DVD teacher resources. Some signs include “chants” that require students to chant information after the teacher reads part of the sign: example, the teacher says “the heart is a muscle” and the students chant “that allows me to hustle!”
20Sample Classroom Worksheets Worksheets are available for use in the classroom if the teachers want to use them. They can be printed from the DVD. The slide shows examples.
21PE Teacher Responsibilities Teach routines before each Wellness Week Wellness Week PE lessons Discuss messages Signs, worksheets, and newsletters Help with schoolwide activitiesThe principal responsibilities of the physical education teacher during wellness weeks include the topics listed on the slide.
22PE Lesson Plans 3 lesson plans for each Wellness Week 28 activity videos on DVDsSame as classroom routinesFor all grades K-6CD-ROM of resourcesActivity and task cardsSigns, worksheets, newslettersCD of musicMusic and intervals for lessonsCadences for fitness testsThis slide provides an overview of the PE Lesson Plans book and discs.
23Lesson Plans Key criteria Specific focus Lots of support FFLES lesson plans were created with three main criteria in mind including:Engaging students in movement experiences that meet SHAPE America standards and focus on physical activity and nutrition conceptsProviding a consistent lesson plan structure for teachers that is easy-to-use, flexible and considers equipment limitations of many programsApplying evidence-based teaching strategies
24Evidence-based Techniques Maximizing activity Giving effective feedback Checking for student understanding Promoting healthy lifestyles outside schoolIn the FFLES lesson plans we integrated evidence-based teaching strategies into the lesson plans that would help teachers:Maximize activity in activity lessonsProvide effective feedback to students to support learningCheck for student understandingPromote physical activity and healthy eating outside school
25Lesson Plans Key criteria Specific focus Lots of support The FFLES lesson plans have a specific focus on teaching health-related fitness activities, fundamental movement skills and motor skill activities, and health-related fitness self-assessment.
26Lesson Plans Key criteria Specific focus Lots of support Finally, the FFLES lesson plans are supported by well-organized sections in the teacher’s guide, a CD-ROM, and a program-specific music CD.
27Sample PE Lesson PlanAll FFLES lesson plans follow a consistent format that is easy to use and flexible for teachers who want to make changes.The FFLES lesson plans also take into consideration the equipment demands an elementary physical educator must deal with each day. We understand that a 6th grade class might be followed by a 1st grade class and then a 4th grade class. The lesson plans for the lower and upper elementary levels are different, but the equipment is the same to minimize setup time.
28Sample PE SignsTeachers can post the pre-made signs that reinforce health-related fitness concepts, encourage positive attitudes, promote healthy eating, and remind students of the importance of practice.
29Sample PE Activity Cards The FFLES program has numerous activity cards for a variety of health- and skill-related fitness circuits. These activity cards can be modified by the teacher and can be mixed and matched to create unique activity circuits.
30Sample PE WorksheetsStudent worksheets make it easy for students to build a portfolio of their work. The teacher can modify all worksheets.
31Guide for Wellness Coordinators Schoolwide Wellness Week plansGet Fit Friday activitiesEat Well Wednesday activitiesDetailed educational foundationsDVDTEAM Time video activitiesSigns for halls, cafeteria, playgroundFamily newslettersAssessment toolsIn-service video and slidesTEAM stands for “Together Everyone Achieves More.”
32Wellness Coordinator Responsibilities Coordinate four Wellness Weeks each yearConduct in-service training and eventsOrganize Eat Well Wednesday activitiesOrganize Get Fit Friday (TEAM Time) eventsEncourage active playgroundsPost signs (halls, cafeteria, playground)Distribute family newslettersCoordinate celebration activitiesThe Wellness Coordinator is often the physical education teacher who plays the role of school physical activity director. He/she has the responsibilities in the slide. If there is no physical education teacher, the Wellness Coordinator can be a teacher, administrator, or parent.
33Eat Well Wednesday Activity Every Wednesday of Wellness WeekNutrition event in cafeteriaFruit and vegetable barHealthy breakfastYogurt barFruit, veggie, and bottled water barEmphasis on nutrition in classrooms and PEEat Well Wednesday occurs on Wednesday of each of the four Wellness Weeks. The Wellness Coordinator and cafeteria staff plan special nutrition events. Parents can be called on to assist.
34Get Fit Friday Activity Every Friday of Wellness WeekTEAM Time schoolwide activityTEAM = “Together Everyone Achieves More”10 minutes at the beginning of the school dayEmpower students to lead classmates in fun activitiesGet Fit Friday involves a “whole school” activity. There is a special DVD that contains activities for Get Fit Friday. These are called TEAM Time and the activities were developed and performed by Meg Greiner, one of the program authors.
35Active Playgrounds Promote active play on the playground Post Active Playground signs by doorsMake activity equipment available during recess and lunchTeach active playground gamesHave supervisors encourage active playDuring Wellness Weeks, active playgrounds are promoted. Some features are listed on the slide.
36Sample Cafeteria and Active Playground Signs The Wellness Coordinator, with the help of other school staff and students, can post signs on the playground or playground entrances and in the cafeteria. The signs are included on the DVD.
37Other Staff Responsibilities Principal: support and assist Wellness Week Art teacher: students create wellness-related art Music teacher: students learn songs in video routines Librarian: promote books on wellness Cafeteria staff: help with Eat Well Wednesday Administrative staff: help with signs and newsletters Parents: nutrition, wellness committeeAll staff should be involved. Examples are included on the slide.
38Physical Activity and Academic Achievement Research shows that physical activity contributes to academic achievement Physical activity improves cognitive function Time spent in activity does not reduce learning Fitness for Life: Elementary School reinforces learning in many areasPhysical activity improves academic learning and cognitive functioning. FFLES increases activity during the day and contributes to academic learning and cognitive functioning.
39Brain Function Sitting quietly This slide shows that exercise “lights up the brain.” 20 minutes of exercise improves cognitive functioning. Based on research by Hillman et al at the University of Illinois. Images used by permission.Sitting quietlyAfter 20 minutes of walkingHillman et al. Neuroscience (2009)
40Activity and BrainHillman’s research shows that exercise (vs. sitting quietly) is associated with better reading, spelling, and math scores on tests.
41Activity and Achievement Donnelly’s work at the University of Kansas shows that activity in the classroom increases reading, math, and spelling scores.ReadingB yrMathB yrSpellingB yrCourtesy of Joe Donnelly-University of Kansas
42Evidence Courtesy Harvard Forums The Harvard Forums results show that parents support health and physical education.
43Successful ProgramsPima County (Tucson) Colina Elementary School Horizon Charter School Verde Valley InitiativeFFLES and Wellness Week programs have shown good research results in places identified on the slide.
44SuggestionsDivide the load Volume control: start small and add more elements as you gain experience Use the materials anytime during the year, not just during the four Wellness Weeks Involve parents and familiesWhen starting a new program, we offer some suggestions.
45click Elementary Program Websiteclick Elementary ProgramFitness for Life Elementary School has a book specific website that includes resources for teachers.
46ReadingCorbin, C. B., Kulinna, P. H., Dean, M., & Reeves, J. (2013). Wellness Weeks: A Total School Approach to Promoting Physical Activity and Nutrition. JOPERD, 84(6),This reading from JOPERD describes Wellness Weeks and the research supporting them.