Presentation on theme: "N ON - FICTION R EADING S KILLS, R ESEARCH & R EFERENCE Practice and Review Questions."— Presentation transcript:
N ON - FICTION R EADING S KILLS, R ESEARCH & R EFERENCE Practice and Review Questions
U SE THE FOLLOWING PASSAGE TO ANSWER QUESTIONS 1-2. (1)One of the most fascinating figures on ancient artifacts is that of Kokopelli. (2)Kokopelli is compelling, not only because he is cute and vibrant, but because he is everywhere. (3) Several Native American tribes, including the Hopi, Zuni, Winnebago, and Anasazi, tell stories and depict images of the flute playing, hunch- backed little man. (4) Each tribe’s idea of just who Kokopelli was is a little different. (5) Kokopelli T-shirts are very popular in the Southwest.
N ON - FICTION R EADING S KILLS 1. Which sentence should be left out of this paragraph? a. sentence 1 b. sentence 2 c. sentence 4 d. sentence 5
N ON - FICTION R EADING S KILLS 2. Choose the best opening sentence to add to the paragraph. a. Native Americans loved Kokopelli because he played a flute. b. Native Americans chronicled their lives and their myths through the ancient inscriptions and photographs found on the artifacts of their culture. c. Images of Kokopelli are found on jewelry, key chains, and T-shirts all over the Southwest. d. Southwestern Native Americans worshipped characters like Kokopelli because they loved his music.
R ESEARCH /R EFERENCE 3. Which of the following would probably be the best source of information about an upcoming presidential election? a. a recent article in a news magazine b. an encyclopedia article about presidential elections c. a book about famous American presidents d. a Web site that was last updated two years ago
R ESEARCH /R EFERENCE 4. Ariel is writing a report about the differences between realistic and romantic poetry. Which of these sources would give her the best information? a. encyclopedia articles on realistic and romantic poetry b. the posts in an Internet discussion group on modern poetry c. a biography of John Keats, a famous romantic poet d. poetry reviews in the New York Times
R ESEARCH /R EFERENCE 5. Zach is writing a report about the childhood and teenage years of former president Bill Clinton. Which of these sources would give him the best information? a. a Time magazine article about Clinton’s life and presidency b. Selected Speeches of President Clinton c. a newspaper editorial about the effectiveness of Clinton’s presidency d. My Life, Bill Clinton’s autobiography
R ESEARCH /R EFERENCE 6. Halle is writing a report about this year’s mayor’s race in Chicago. Which of these sources would give her the best information? a. an encyclopedia article about the history of Chicago b. a biography of Richard Daley, former mayor of Chicago c. a local talk radio show that focuses on politics d. recent copies of The Chicago Tribune
R ESEARCH /R EFERENCE 7. William is writing a report about the origins of the Declaration of Independence. Which of these sources would give him the best information? a. a Newsweek article about Fourth of July celebrations across the nation b. a book that analyzes the political views of Thomas Jefferson c. his sister’s fourth-grade history book d. an Internet discussion group called “Fans of the American Revolution”
N ON -F ICTION R EADING S KILLS 8.Which of the following would be the best title for this article? a. Facebook Friends b. Using Facebook c. Facebook Changes d. Books and Faces
N ON -F ICTION R EADING S KILLS 9. Based on the passage, which of the following is the definition of appeal (infinitive to appeal ) ? a. to ask for aid or mercy b. to be especially attractive, pleasing, interesting, or enjoyable c. to apply for a review of a case d. to have need of or ask for proof
N ON -F ICTION R EADING S KILLS 10. Which of the following is a fact? a. Facebook is a fabulous way to connect with friends and family. b. Facebook is the personal networking super hero of this decade. c. Facebook is the best invention since sliced bread. d. Facebook is a social network service and website launched in 2004.
N ON -F ICTION R EADING S KILLS 11. Which of the following can you conclude from the passage? a. As a result of the changes, Facebook will become more popular. b. Facebook users will experience more confusion as they try to use it. c. The changes are intended to improve Facebook functions for users. d. The changes are intended to make Facebook more difficult to use.
O RGANIZATIONAL S TRUCTURE 12. What type of organizational structure did the author use in the following paragraph? The last few months have been very eventful for McKenna. In August, she began the seventh grade. She also celebrated her thirteenth birthday. In September, McKenna got her first babysitting job and learned to play Call of Duty. By November, she had learned how to bake an apple pie, and added it to the family Thanksgiving menu. a. cause and effect b. chronological order c. compare and contrast d. question and answer
O RGANIZATIONAL S TRUCTURE 13. What type of organizational structure did the author use in the following paragraph? Students with poor study habits often have trouble in school. These students tend to lack confidence on test day. They also find themselves drawing a blank when faced with difficult questions. In fact, studies show that the less students study, the lower their grades in school. a. cause and effect b. chronological order c. compare and contrast d. question and answer
O RGANIZATIONAL STRUCTURE 14. What type of organizational structure did the author use in the following paragraph? What are the steps of good research writing? First, a writer must identify a topic. Next, the writer must narrow the topic by pinpointing research questions. After the topic and specific research points are identified, the actual research begins. a. cause and effect b. comprehension order c. compare and contrast d. question and answer
O RGANIZATIONAL S TRUCTURE 15. What type of organizational structure did the author use in the following paragraph? Narrative writing tells a story. It features a narrator who relates details and events to the reader. It is often written to entertain and offer a human perspective to which readers can relate. On the other hand, expository writing explains, describes, or gives information. It is often filled with facts an presented in an objective tone. a. cause and effect b. chronological order c. compare and contrast d. question and answer
P ARAGRAPH O RGANIZATION 16. How should the following sentences be ordered to create a logical paragraph? (1) On the other hand, other folks take more time, and some people grow old but never seem to grow up. (2) It seems that people mature at different rates. (3) Some children are serious and responsible. (4)Many people mature during college or as they gain experience on their first job. a. 4,2,3,1 b. 1, 3, 2,4 c. 2, 3, 4, 1 d. 4,1, 3, 2
P ARAGRAPH O RGANIZATION 17. How should the following sentences be ordered to create a logical paragraph? (1) The Titanic had the best of everything, and only the elite could afford passage. (2) In April of 1912, approximately 2,200 passengers and crew members boarded the Titanic, a new luxury liner ready for its maiden voyage. (3) Some even paid more than $4,000 for the trip, while many of the crew did not even earn $1,000 in a year. (4) No one knew what lay ahead for those who took the Titanic voyage. a. 1,3,2,4 b. 2,1,3,4 c. 1,4,3,2 d. 4,3,2,1
M AIN I DEA 18. Which sentence does not support the main idea of the paragraph? (1)Some people are wasteful of resources. (2)For example, they may leave lights on around the house or let the water run while brushing their teeth. (3)Many people use cinnamon flavored toothpaste. (4)Some of these same people buy products with unnecessary packaging that isn’t good for the environment. a. sentence1 b. sentence 2 c. sentence 3 d. sentence 4
M AIN I DEA 19. Which sentence does not support the main idea of the paragraph ? (1)I love kitchen gadgets. (2) In my kitchen, there’s a toaster oven, a blender, and a can opener on one counter. (3)On Wednesdays, I eat Cold Stone ice cream. (4)I have a microwave oven on another counter. (5)In my cupboard, you can find a mixer and a hot air popcorn popper. (6)On the far side of the kitchen, there is a coffee machine and coffee grinder. a. sentence 2 b. sentence 3 c. sentence 4 d. sentence 5
P ARAGRAPH O RGANIZATION 20. In the paragraph below, sentence 1 is out of order. Where should it be placed? (1) Two of the famous included millionaire John Jacob Astor and his wife. (2)A number of famous people were on board the Titanic. (3)There was also Isidor and Ida Straus, the wealthy department store owners. (4)The passengers were confident that the ship was unsinkable. a. after sentence 2 b. after sentence 3 c. after sentence 4 d. remain where it is
W RITING S KILLS 21. Which sentence would BEST engage the reader’s attention in an essay on study skills. a. What is the key to great studying? b. Studying is boring and unnecessary. c. Books are difficult to read. d. There is no time to study.
W RITING S KILLS 22. Which of the following would BEST engage the reader’s attention in an essay on house pets? a. Some pets can be a nuisance. b. Hamsters and gerbils are great house pets. c. There is too much upkeep involved in owning a pet. d. Owning house pets can be a great experience.
T OPIC S ENTENCE 23. Which is the topic sentence for the following paragraph? (1) Spanish is spoken in many countries. (2)It is spoken throughout Latin America. (3)Of course, it is the language of Spain. (4)In some countries, like the Philippines, it is one the official languages. (5)Many people throughout the world use Spanish to communicate. a. sentence 2 b. sentence 3 c. sentence 4 d. sentence 5
T OPIC S ENTENCE 24. Which is the topic sentence for the following paragraph? (1)Some people walk on a treadmill at home or ride a bicycle. (2)Others like to go out dancing, do aerobics, or work out in a gym. (3) Some people prefer to swim. (4)Most people have a favorite way to exercise. a. sentence 1 b. sentence 2 c. sentence 3 d. sentence 4
T OPIC S ENTENCE 25. Which is the topic sentence for the following paragraph? (1)The park is a pleasant place for everyone. (2)Little kids like to play on the swings and slides. (3)Older children can play little league baseball or other team sports at the larger parks. (4)Teenagers often play Frisbee on the grass or volleyball in the sand. (5)Adults enjoy taking walks, and some seniors like to sit on the park benches and feed the birds. a. sentence 1 b. sentence 2 c. sentence 3 d. sentence 4
R ESEARCH /R EFERENCE 26. Given the details below, which of the following would be a correct Bibliography or Works Cited entry? Book Title: Titanic, the Unsinkable Author: Carol Grimes Copyright year: 2001 Publishing Company: Frank House Publishers City of Publication: New York a. Grimes, Carol. “Titanic, the Unsinkable.” New York: Frank House Publishers, 2001. b. Grimes, Carol. Titanic, the Unsinkable. New York: Frank House Publishers, 2001. c. Carol Grimes. Titanic, the Unsinkable. New York: Frank House Publishers, 2001. d. Carol Grimes. Titanic, the Unsinkable. New York: Frank House Publishers, 2001.
R ESEARCH /R EFERENCE 27. What information does one find in a bibliography? a. sources used to provide information b. page numbers for specific topics in a book c. titles of chapters d. alphabetized articles about various topics
R ESEARCH /R EFERENCE 28. What information does one find in an index? a. sources used to provide information b. page numbers for specific, alphabetized topics in a book c. titles of chapters d. alphabetized articles about various topics
R ESEARCH /R EFERENCE 29. What information does one find in a table of contents? a. sources used to provide information b. page numbers for specific topics in a book c. titles and page numbers of chapters d. alphabetized articles about various topics
R ESEARCH /R EFERENCE 30. What information does one find in a glossary? a. sources used to provide information b. alphabetized definitions of terms used in a text c. synonyms d. alphabetized articles about various topics
R ESEARCH /R EFERENCE 31. What definition BEST fits the meaning of the underlined word in the sentence below? The dress of the 18 th century was colorful. a. an outer garment for women and girls, consisting of bodice and skirt in one piece. b. clothing; apparel; garb c. outer covering, as the plumage of birds.
R ESEARCH /R EFERENCE 32. What definition BEST fits the meaning of the underlined word in the sentence below? In The Westing Game, a bomb exploded at Angela’s bridal shower. a. brief fall of rain or, sometimes, of hail or snow. b. a bath in which water is sprayed on the body, usually from an overhead perforated nozzle (showerhead). c. a large supply or quantity: a shower of wealth. d. a party given for the giving of presents of a specific kind and to celebrate an upcoming special event
R ESEARCH /R EFERENCE 33. Which of the following would a student use to find synonyms for a word? a. The Reader’s Guide to Periodical Literature b. thesaurus c. dictionary d. bibliography
F AVORITE M EALS OF 100 S URVEYED 6 TH, 7 TH, AND 8 TH G RADERS
U NDERSTANDING C HARTS 34. Based upon the bar graph, which of the following conclusions is correct? a. Dinner is the most popular meal among the sixth graders polled. b. Breakfast is the most popular meal among the sixth graders polled. c. Lunch is the most popular meal among the sixth graders polled. d. There is no standout meal among the sixth graders polled.
S UBJECT A REA P REFERENCE A MONG 100 S URVEYED S EVENTH G RADERS
U NDERSTANDING C HARTS 35. Based upon the pie graph, which of the following conclusions is logical? a. Among seventh graders polled, reading and writing would be a preferred pastime. b. Among seventh graders polled, Math Counts would be a popular extra-curricular activity. c. Among seventh graders polled, learning about world cultures would be a favorite study subject. d. Among seventh graders polled, doing science experiments would be the most favorite activity.