2 mise-en-scenecreating the look and feel: since Georges Melies
3 1930s – the studio systemThe majors: MGM, 20th c. FOX, Columbia, Universal Studios, RKO, Warner Bros.“Film factories”Actors and directors on contract: several films a year.“Star system”
4 Focus on glitz and glamour Representations of glamorous lifestylesArtificial jobs – focus on leisure and consumptionWarner Bros. - more realistic, representation of the working class people, more down-to-earth plot.
5 Sex and violence in the 1930s Freaks, ScarfaceCondemnation and calls for censorshipHollywood Production Code introduced after 1934
6 Cinema of the code Will H. Hays: no skirt-lifting no single bed for unmarried characters.crime – always punished.no kissing or touching etc.no bathroom with toiletResult?:Creativity!
7 The Long Take and Deep Focus Citizen KaneThe Long Take and Deep Focus
8 Significance Masterpiece of American cinema. Greatly innovative – combines many techniques used separately before.Story told in a very characteristic way.Innovative use of cinematography as well as mise-en-scene.
9 Orson WellesCitizen Kane was directed and written by 26-year-old Orson Welles ( ),He also stars as the title character.Welles came to the attention of Hollywood because of his infamous “War of the Worlds” radio broadcast
10 The other important figure Gregg Tolandcinematographer
25 the reporterThe newspaper: always turned away from the camera or in shadows as he conducts his interviewsHe becomes a stand-in for the audience, often appearing only as a silhouetted head in the lower right corner of the frame.
26 Throughout the film we are limited to the knowledge that each narrator has about Kane, so the point of view changes with each new narrator.
27 Times of propaganda Sergei Eisenstein Leni Riefenstahl "Triumph of the Will”Wartime Hollywood- many crude propaganda films with crass stereotyping- but also more nuanced narrativesCasablanca
28 CasablancaThe setting – atmosphere, refugees, war far away yet impact perceptibleCharacters:Rick Blane (Humprey Bogart), Ilsa Lund (Ingrid Bergman)Public good over private desire.
29 Post-war AmericaPost-war optimism and economic boom in the USA, newly-found confidence. America: key player in international politics.“Tinsletown” – celebration of prosperity and triumph, also celebration of national values through the triumph of law and order.
30 Film noirAlso the dark mirror – many of the pioneers came from Germany (escaped from Hitler),brought traditions of German impressionism.Peak of popularity 1940s and 1950s.
31 Film noir Atmosphere of desperation and paranoia. No happy ending. Authority questioned: corrupt policemen, soldiers or politicians.Beautiful seducers – femmes fatales.Main characters: lonely types often criminals.Urban setting
32 City spacesshot on location rather than sets build in the studio (previously dominant form).Use of authentic spaces.Lighter, faster cameras.
33 NeorealismItalian movement – first significant development in the post-war European cinema.Movement of huge importance and impact:Cesare ZavattiniVittorio De SicaRoberto Rosselini (Rome, Open City)Luchino Visconti
34 Neorealism On location shooting. Use of non-professional actors. Working life characters and communities.Telling story through take rather than cut.Sense of defeat and exploitation – social conscience.sympathy for the common people
36 1950s the Hitchcock EraAlfred Hitchcock – one of the most famous directors ever.Master of Suspensefamous for meticulous storyboarding.The advent of colourslow adaptation of the new technology: coexistence/