2mise-en-scenecreating the look and feel: since Georges Melies
31930s – the studio systemThe majors: MGM, 20th c. FOX, Columbia, Universal Studios, RKO, Warner Bros.“Film factories”Actors and directors on contract: several films a year.“Star system”
4Focus on glitz and glamour Representations of glamorous lifestylesArtificial jobs – focus on leisure and consumptionWarner Bros. - more realistic, representation of the working class people, more down-to-earth plot.
5Sex and violence in the 1930s Freaks, ScarfaceCondemnation and calls for censorshipHollywood Production Code introduced after 1934
6Cinema of the code Will H. Hays: no skirt-lifting no single bed for unmarried characters.crime – always punished.no kissing or touching etc.no bathroom with toiletResult?:Creativity!
7The Long Take and Deep Focus Citizen KaneThe Long Take and Deep Focus
8Significance Masterpiece of American cinema. Greatly innovative – combines many techniques used separately before.Story told in a very characteristic way.Innovative use of cinematography as well as mise-en-scene.
9Orson WellesCitizen Kane was directed and written by 26-year-old Orson Welles ( ),He also stars as the title character.Welles came to the attention of Hollywood because of his infamous “War of the Worlds” radio broadcast
10The other important figure Gregg Tolandcinematographer
25the reporterThe newspaper: always turned away from the camera or in shadows as he conducts his interviewsHe becomes a stand-in for the audience, often appearing only as a silhouetted head in the lower right corner of the frame.
26Throughout the film we are limited to the knowledge that each narrator has about Kane, so the point of view changes with each new narrator.
27Times of propaganda Sergei Eisenstein Leni Riefenstahl "Triumph of the Will”Wartime Hollywood- many crude propaganda films with crass stereotyping- but also more nuanced narrativesCasablanca
28CasablancaThe setting – atmosphere, refugees, war far away yet impact perceptibleCharacters:Rick Blane (Humprey Bogart), Ilsa Lund (Ingrid Bergman)Public good over private desire.
29Post-war AmericaPost-war optimism and economic boom in the USA, newly-found confidence. America: key player in international politics.“Tinsletown” – celebration of prosperity and triumph, also celebration of national values through the triumph of law and order.
30Film noirAlso the dark mirror – many of the pioneers came from Germany (escaped from Hitler),brought traditions of German impressionism.Peak of popularity 1940s and 1950s.
31Film noir Atmosphere of desperation and paranoia. No happy ending. Authority questioned: corrupt policemen, soldiers or politicians.Beautiful seducers – femmes fatales.Main characters: lonely types often criminals.Urban setting
32City spacesshot on location rather than sets build in the studio (previously dominant form).Use of authentic spaces.Lighter, faster cameras.
33NeorealismItalian movement – first significant development in the post-war European cinema.Movement of huge importance and impact:Cesare ZavattiniVittorio De SicaRoberto Rosselini (Rome, Open City)Luchino Visconti
34Neorealism On location shooting. Use of non-professional actors. Working life characters and communities.Telling story through take rather than cut.Sense of defeat and exploitation – social conscience.sympathy for the common people
361950s the Hitchcock EraAlfred Hitchcock – one of the most famous directors ever.Master of Suspensefamous for meticulous storyboarding.The advent of colourslow adaptation of the new technology: coexistence/