Presentation on theme: "Sentence Types Sentences, clauses and phrases. Clause vs. Phrase A clause is a group of related words containing a subject and a predicate. A predicate."— Presentation transcript:
Sentence Types Sentences, clauses and phrases
Clause vs. Phrase A clause is a group of related words containing a subject and a predicate. A predicate contains a verb. A phrase is a group of words that lacks a subject or a predicate and that acts as a single parts of speech. Example: “The dog howled.” (clause) “In the doghouse behind the mansion” (phrase)
Types of Clauses There are independent and dependent clauses Independent clauses can stand by themselves as sentences Dependent clauses need to be paired with independent clauses; they function as adjectives, adverbs, or nouns. “Even though I made dinner, my husband still refuse to do the dishes.” Dependent clause is italicized, independent clause is underlined.
Simple Sentence A simple sentence is a sentence with one independent clause Note that the definition says nothing about sentence length, easiness, or how many phrases.
Examples of Simple Sentences “Simple sentences are my favorite.” “Being an English teacher with a penchant for syntactical complexity, I love simple sentences.” “Being an English teacher with a penchant for syntactical complexity, I love reading simple sentences before during and after school.”
Compound Sentence A compound sentence contains two or more independent clauses. Example: “I love adjectives, but my students prefer adverbs.”
Examples of Compound Sentences “I love adjectives; my students love adverbs, and we all love the weekends. Sometimes, longer linking words can be used. “I can name the capitals of all fifty states; consequently, my friends are impressed.
Complex Sentence A complex sentence contains one independent clause and one or more dependent clauses. “Because life is complex, we need complex sentences.” The dependent clause is italicized, the independent clause is underlined.
Examples of Complex Sentences “Because people know I am a senior at Fenwick, they make allowances for the length of my skirt and the way that I wear my hair.” The independent clause is underlined. There are four dependent clauses. Can you identify them?
Compound-Complex Sentences A compound-complex sentence contains two or more independent clauses and one or more dependent clauses. “Because I am an English teacher, some people expect me to speak perfectly and other people expect me to write perfectly.” The dependent clause is underlined, the independent clauses are in italics.
Example of Compound- Complex Sentences “Some students tell me my grading is too tough, and others tell me my assignments are boring.” The independent clauses are italicized; the dependent clauses occur within the independent clauses.
Assignment Write a pyramid paragraph using all four types of sentences. Begin with a topic sentence and develop the topic with reasons, examples, etc. Vary sentences in length and style Avoid a choppy, awkward paragraph