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Fresh from the boat: Great Duck Island habitat monitoring Robert Szewczyk Joe Polastre Alan Mainwaring June 18, 2003.

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Presentation on theme: "Fresh from the boat: Great Duck Island habitat monitoring Robert Szewczyk Joe Polastre Alan Mainwaring June 18, 2003."— Presentation transcript:

1 Fresh from the boat: Great Duck Island habitat monitoring Robert Szewczyk Joe Polastre Alan Mainwaring June 18, 2003

2 Outline Application overview System & node evolution Status & preliminary evaluations Conclusions

3 Great Duck Island Petrel monitoring Goal: build ecological models for breeding preferences of Leach’s Storm Petrel –Burrow (nest) occupancy during incubation –Differences in the micro-climates of active vs. inactive burrows –Environmental conditions during 7 month breeding season Inconspicuous Operation –Reduce the “observer effect” Sensor Network –Lifetime, size, quantity requirements –Environmental conditions Data –As much as possible in the power budget Predictable operation –Confidence in collected readings Unattended, off-the-grid operation

4 System structure Transit Network Basestation Gateway Sensor Patch Patch Network Base-Remote Link Data Service Internet Client Data Browsing and Processing Sensor Node

5 System implementation Mica2-EPRB#2 IBM laptop #1 DB Web power strip Axis 2130 PTZ South Wireless bridge 4-port VPN router and 16-port Ethernet switch Power over LAN midspan DB IBM laptop #2 Mica2-EPRB#2 WWW power strip Southern WAP Satellite router Sensor Patch 916 MHz Power over LAN Midspan IR Burrow Camera #1 IR Burrow Camera #2 IR Burrow Camera #3 ) IR Burrow Camera #4 IR Burrow Camera #5 IR Burrow Camera #6 IR Burrow Camera #7 IR Burrow Camera #8 Axis 2401 Video Server 12VDC, 0.9A network Burrow Camera Configuration Northern WAP Ethernet switch Wireless bridge 12V PoL Active Splitter 110VAC service

6 Node architecture advances Problems observed in previous deployment –Size – motes were too large to fit in many burrows –Packaging – did not provide adequate protection for electronics or proper conditions for sensors –Reliability – last retreat talk; high rate of node loss, lack of scientifically meaningful environmental data –Power consumption – boost converter a minimal return at a high price New generation of motes to address most of these concerns –Platform based on mica2dot –Primarily calibrated, digital sensors –Multiple application-specific packaging, power, and sensing options

7 Mote evolution

8 Miniature weather station Sensor suite –Sensirion humidity + temperature sensor –Intersema pressure + temperature sensor –TAOS total solar radiation sensor –Hamamatsu PAR sensor –Radiation sensors measure both direct and diffuse radiation Power supply –SAFT LiS02 battery, ~1 2.8V Packaging –HDPE tube with coated sensor boards on both ends of the tube –Additional PVC skirt to provide extra shade and protection against the rain

9 Burrow occupancy detector Sensor suite –Sensirion humidity + temperature sensor –Melexis passive IR sensor + conditioning circuitry Power supply –GreatBatch lithium thionyl chloride 1 Ah battery –Maxim 5V boost converter for Melexis circuitry Packaging –Sealed HDPE tube, emphasis on small size

10 Software architecture advances Bi-directional communication with low-power listenting –.1% duty cycle Parameter adjustment and query –Sample rate changes, sensor status queries Improved power management scheme –Fine granularity through StdControl interface –20 uA sleep mode Multihop deployment planned for July What it isn’t: GSK –Emphasis on simplicity and reliability, rather than generality –Compatible with most GSK server-side interfaces

11 Application status Sensor network –26 burrow motes deployed –12 weather station motes deployed (+2 for monitoring the insides of the base station case) »Another 14 are awaiting deployment within days Redundant database setup online –2 base stations logging packets to 2 database servers –Replication to Berkeley Verification infrastructure –Overview cameras in place –Burrow cameras temporarily offline, wireless bridge problem –Video logging still needs to be synchronized with the mote data service

12 Burrow motes: deployment

13 Burrow motes: link performance

14 Burrow motes: sample data

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17 Weather stations: deployment

18 Weather stations: link performance

19 Weather stations: sample data

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23 Packaging evaluation We observed what happens to motes when packaging fails –Battery venting, H2SO3 corroding the entire mote –Need to assemble the package correctly – we failed to create proper indication os a good seal –Majority of packages survived severe weather! Still awaiting evaluation whether the package creates an environment suitable for sensing –Convective heating, etc.

24 Conclusions Next generation of environmental sensor networks –Smaller, better, more robust –Application specific sensor suites vs. kitchen sink Infrastructure matters –Redundancy at every level –Remote administration and rebooting –Data verification is key! More analysis to come –Biology studies based on the system –Compare notes with James Reserve system


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