Presentation on theme: "Architecture and Design IN THE AGE OF INDUSTRY Henry van de Velde (Belgian 1863-1957), 1897, Art Nouveau advertising poster, lithograph."— Presentation transcript:
Architecture and Design IN THE AGE OF INDUSTRY Henry van de Velde (Belgian ), 1897, Art Nouveau advertising poster, lithograph
Red House designed by Philip Webb for William and Jane Morris. Designed 1859; completed Bexley heath (near London). Arts & Crafts, neo- Gothic eclecticism, meant to be a “palace of art” for artists and writers associated with the Pre-Raphaelite Movement
William Morris, La Belle Iseult, 1858, Jane Burden (future Jane Morris) in medieval dress, Pre-Raphaelite. Morris’s only surviving oil painting, Tate, London
Edward Burne Jones, The Wedding, painted on a settle (wooden bench) in the Red House commemorating the wedding of William Morris and Jane Burden. “Have nothing in your house that you do not know to be useful, or believe to be beautiful.” William Morris
William Morris, “Pimpernel” wallpaper, 1876
William Morris, pages from The Kelmscott Chaucer (14 th century texts) figures by Edward Burne-Jones
Michael Thonet (Austrian, ), Bentwood “café chair” no. 14, 1859, for coffee houses of Vienna, Paris, Berlin. Art Nouveau Mass production of 2,000 chairs per day, 6 parts, steamed and bent wood. Vienna Opera House, 1902
Victor Horta (Belgian, ) Maison du Peuple ( ), built for the progressive political party, the Belgian Labor Party and demolished in 1965.
VICTOR HORTA, staircase in the Van Eetvelde House, Brussels, 1895, Art Nouveau. Use of iron, steel, and glass. (Van Eetvelde was the administrator of the Congo Free State.)
Antoni Gaudi (Spanish ), Casa Batllo, Barcelona, Spain, 1905 to 1907, concrete Art Nouveau (Catalan modernismo)
Antoni Gaudi Casa Batllo roof
Antoni Gaudi, Casa Batllo roof
Antoni Gaudi Casa Batllo interior stairway
Antoni Gaudi, Casa Batllo, skylight well
ANTONIO GAUDI, Casa Milá, Barcelona, 1907
ALEXANDRE-GUSTAVE EIFFEL, Eiffel Tower, Paris, 1889, wrought iron. Symbol of modernity built for the centennial of the French Revolution. About 1000 ft high, the tallest structure in the world until the Empire State Building was built about 40 years later.
HENRY HOBSON RICHARDSON, Marshall Field wholesale store (demolished), Chicago, 1885–1887.
Louis Sullivan ( U.S ), Wainwright Building, early modern skyscraper, 1894, steel frame clad in masonry, Saint Louis, Missouri. Compare with Medici- Riccardi palace, 1445 (above) Renaissance palace, Florence, Italy
Louis Sullivan, terra cotta ornament, Wainwright Building, St. Louis, Missouri, 1894
Louis Sullivan, Carson, Pirie, Scott, and Company department store, (now the Sullivan Center), Chicago. Restoration completed in 2006.
Edouard Manet & Edgar Degas Realism to Impressionism
Henri Fantin-Latour. Portrait of Edouard Manet. 1867, oil on canvas Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago Parisian dandy, flaneur, and “Painter of Modern Life”
Henri Fantin-Latour, A Studio in the Batignolles (Homage to Manet) 1870, oil on canvas, 204 x cm. Musée d'Orsay, Paris L-R: Scholderer, Manet, Renoir, Astruc (seated), Zola, Maitre, Bazille, Monet
Edouard Manet, At the Café, lithograph, 1869
Edouard Manet, Concert at the Tuileries, 1862 o/c, c. 46 x 30,” National Gallery, London Portraits of Charles Baudelaire by Manet on left, 1865 Modernity is the transient, the fleeting, the contingent; it is one half of art, the other being the eternal and the immovable. - Charles Baudelaire
Edouard Manet, Dejeuner Sur L’Herb (Luncheon on the Grass), 1862
Titian, Concert Champêtre (Italian Renaissance) 1510 compared with Edouard Manet (French Realism), Déjeuner Sur L’Herbe
Marcantonio Raimondi, Judgment of Paris (engraving after Raphael), 1520 compare with Manet, Déjeuner Sur L’Herbe, 1862
Edouard Manet, Olympia, 1863, oil on canvas, 51 x 74 3/4 in Musée d'Orsay, Paris
Titian or Giorgione, Venus of Urbino, 1510 (Louvre) Compare with Olympia 1863