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Architecture and Design IN THE AGE OF INDUSTRY Henry van de Velde (Belgian 1863-1957), 1897, Art Nouveau advertising poster, lithograph.

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Presentation on theme: "Architecture and Design IN THE AGE OF INDUSTRY Henry van de Velde (Belgian 1863-1957), 1897, Art Nouveau advertising poster, lithograph."— Presentation transcript:

1 Architecture and Design IN THE AGE OF INDUSTRY Henry van de Velde (Belgian ), 1897, Art Nouveau advertising poster, lithograph

2 Red House designed by Philip Webb for William and Jane Morris. Designed 1859; completed Bexley heath (near London). Arts & Crafts, neo- Gothic eclecticism, meant to be a “palace of art” for artists and writers associated with the Pre-Raphaelite Movement

3 William Morris, La Belle Iseult, 1858, Jane Burden (future Jane Morris) in medieval dress, Pre-Raphaelite. Morris’s only surviving oil painting, Tate, London

4 Edward Burne Jones, The Wedding, painted on a settle (wooden bench) in the Red House commemorating the wedding of William Morris and Jane Burden. “Have nothing in your house that you do not know to be useful, or believe to be beautiful.” William Morris

5 William Morris, “Pimpernel” wallpaper, 1876

6 William Morris, pages from The Kelmscott Chaucer (14 th century texts) figures by Edward Burne-Jones

7 Michael Thonet (Austrian, ), Bentwood “café chair” no. 14, 1859, for coffee houses of Vienna, Paris, Berlin. Art Nouveau Mass production of 2,000 chairs per day, 6 parts, steamed and bent wood. Vienna Opera House, 1902

8 Victor Horta (Belgian, ) Maison du Peuple ( ), built for the progressive political party, the Belgian Labor Party and demolished in 1965.

9 VICTOR HORTA, staircase in the Van Eetvelde House, Brussels, 1895, Art Nouveau. Use of iron, steel, and glass. (Van Eetvelde was the administrator of the Congo Free State.)

10 Antoni Gaudi (Spanish ), Casa Batllo, Barcelona, Spain, 1905 to 1907, concrete Art Nouveau (Catalan modernismo)

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12 Antoni Gaudi Casa Batllo roof

13 Antoni Gaudi, Casa Batllo roof

14 Antoni Gaudi Casa Batllo interior stairway

15 Antoni Gaudi, Casa Batllo, skylight well

16 ANTONIO GAUDI, Casa Milá, Barcelona, 1907

17 ALEXANDRE-GUSTAVE EIFFEL, Eiffel Tower, Paris, 1889, wrought iron. Symbol of modernity built for the centennial of the French Revolution. About 1000 ft high, the tallest structure in the world until the Empire State Building was built about 40 years later.

18 HENRY HOBSON RICHARDSON, Marshall Field wholesale store (demolished), Chicago, 1885–1887.

19 Louis Sullivan ( U.S ), Wainwright Building, early modern skyscraper, 1894, steel frame clad in masonry, Saint Louis, Missouri. Compare with Medici- Riccardi palace, 1445 (above) Renaissance palace, Florence, Italy

20 Louis Sullivan, terra cotta ornament, Wainwright Building, St. Louis, Missouri, 1894

21 Louis Sullivan, Carson, Pirie, Scott, and Company department store, (now the Sullivan Center), Chicago. Restoration completed in 2006.

22 Edouard Manet & Edgar Degas Realism to Impressionism

23 Henri Fantin-Latour. Portrait of Edouard Manet. 1867, oil on canvas Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago Parisian dandy, flaneur, and “Painter of Modern Life”

24 Henri Fantin-Latour, A Studio in the Batignolles (Homage to Manet) 1870, oil on canvas, 204 x cm. Musée d'Orsay, Paris L-R: Scholderer, Manet, Renoir, Astruc (seated), Zola, Maitre, Bazille, Monet

25 Edouard Manet, At the Café, lithograph, 1869

26 Edouard Manet, Concert at the Tuileries, 1862 o/c, c. 46 x 30,” National Gallery, London Portraits of Charles Baudelaire by Manet on left, 1865 Modernity is the transient, the fleeting, the contingent; it is one half of art, the other being the eternal and the immovable. - Charles Baudelaire

27 Edouard Manet, Dejeuner Sur L’Herb (Luncheon on the Grass), 1862

28 Titian, Concert Champêtre (Italian Renaissance) 1510 compared with Edouard Manet (French Realism), Déjeuner Sur L’Herbe

29 Marcantonio Raimondi, Judgment of Paris (engraving after Raphael), 1520 compare with Manet, Déjeuner Sur L’Herbe, 1862

30 Edouard Manet, Olympia, 1863, oil on canvas, 51 x 74 3/4 in Musée d'Orsay, Paris

31 Titian or Giorgione, Venus of Urbino, 1510 (Louvre) Compare with Olympia 1863

32 Alexandre Cabanel (French Academic Painter, ) Birth of Venus, 1863

33 Jean Leon Gerome (Academic classicism), Phrynee Before the Judges, 1861 Daumier cartoon: “Venuses Again, Always Venuses”

34 William Bouguereau, Birth of Venus, 1879 and Paul Baudry, Venus and Cupid, c. 1857

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37 Manet, Universal Exposition of 1867, 1867, o/c Painter of Modern Life

38 1867 Paris International Exhibition

39 Emperor Napoleon III by Hippolyte Flandrin (Salon of 1863) with Plan of Paris – radical urban renewal designed by Baron Haussmann,

40 Napoleon III and Baron Haussmann urban renewal, Paris: Blvd. Haussman with Galeries Lafayette, one of the first department stores: commodity culture

41 Edouard Manet, The Barricade, ca. 1871, watercolor and gouache, 18x13 in, Szepmuveseti Muzeum, Budapest, Hungary

42 Edouard Manet, Civil War in Paris (the Commune) 1871, lithograph

43 Edouard Manet, The Bar at the Folies Bergere, 1881, 37x51in

44 Edgar Degas, Portraits at the Stock Exchange, ca. 1879, oil on canvas, 39x32in, Musée d’Orsay, Paris

45 Edgar Degas, Little Dancer Aged Fourteen, ca. 1881, painted bronze (cast 1892) with muslin skirt. Original: yellow wax, cotton muslin skirt, satin ribbon, wooden base, 39 in high

46 Edgar Degas, (left) The Dance Class, 1874, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (right) Ecole de Dance, 1873, oil on canvas, 19x25 in., Corcoran, Washington D.C.


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