Presentation on theme: "Architecture and Design"— Presentation transcript:
1Architecture and Design in the age of industryHenry van de Velde (Belgian ), 1897, Art Nouveau advertising poster, lithograph
2Red House designed by Philip Webb for William and Jane Morris Red House designed by Philip Webb for William and Jane Morris. Designed 1859; completed Bexley heath (near London). Arts & Crafts, neo-Gothic eclecticism, meant to be a “palace of art” for artists and writers associated with the Pre-Raphaelite Movement
3William Morris, La Belle Iseult, 1858, Jane Burden (future Jane Morris) in medieval dress, Pre-Raphaelite. Morris’s only surviving oil painting, Tate, London
4Edward Burne Jones, The Wedding, painted on a settle (wooden bench) in the Red House commemorating the wedding of William Morris and Jane Burden. “Have nothing in your house that you do not know to be useful, or believe to be beautiful.” William Morris
6William Morris, pages from The Kelmscott Chaucer (14th century texts) figures by Edward Burne-Jones
7Michael Thonet (Austrian, 1796-1891), Bentwood “café chair” no Michael Thonet (Austrian, ), Bentwood “café chair” no. 14, 1859, for coffee houses of Vienna, Paris, Berlin. Art Nouveau Mass production of 2,000 chairs per day, 6 parts, steamed and bent wood.Vienna Opera House, 1902
8Victor Horta (Belgian, ) Maison du Peuple ( ), built for the progressive political party, the Belgian Labor Party and demolished in 1965.
9VICTOR HORTA, staircase in the Van Eetvelde House, Brussels, 1895, Art Nouveau. Use of iron, steel, and glass. (Van Eetvelde was the administrator of the Congo Free State.)
10Antoni Gaudi (Spanish ), Casa Batllo, Barcelona, Spain, 1905 to 1907, concrete Art Nouveau (Catalan modernismo)
17ALEXANDRE-GUSTAVE EIFFEL, Eiffel Tower, Paris, 1889, wrought iron ALEXANDRE-GUSTAVE EIFFEL, Eiffel Tower, Paris, 1889, wrought iron. Symbol of modernity built for the centennial of the French Revolution. About 1000 ft high, the tallest structure in the world until the Empire State Building was built about 40 years later.
18HENRY HOBSON RICHARDSON, Marshall Field wholesale store (demolished), Chicago, 1885–1887.
19Louis Sullivan ( U.S ), Wainwright Building, early modern skyscraper, 1894, steel frame clad in masonry, Saint Louis, Missouri. Compare with Medici-Riccardi palace, 1445 (above) Renaissance palace, Florence, Italy
20Louis Sullivan, terra cotta ornament, Wainwright Building, St Louis Sullivan, terra cotta ornament, Wainwright Building, St. Louis, Missouri, 1894
21Louis Sullivan, Carson, Pirie, Scott, and Company department store, (now the Sullivan Center), Chicago. Restoration completed in 2006.
22Edouard Manet & Edgar Degas Realism to Impressionism
23Henri Fantin-Latour. Portrait of Edouard Manet Henri Fantin-Latour. Portrait of Edouard Manet. 1867, oil on canvas Art Institute of Chicago, Chicago Parisian dandy, flaneur, and “Painter of Modern Life”
24Henri Fantin-Latour, A Studio in the Batignolles (Homage to Manet) 1870, oil on canvas, 204 x cm. Musée d'Orsay, Paris L-R: Scholderer, Manet, Renoir, Astruc (seated), Zola, Maitre, Bazille, Monet
26Edouard Manet, Concert at the Tuileries, 1862 o/c, c Edouard Manet, Concert at the Tuileries, 1862 o/c, c. 46 x 30,” National Gallery, London Portraits of Charles Baudelaire by Manet on left, 1865Modernity is the transient, the fleeting, the contingent; it is one half of art, the other being the eternal and the immovable Charles Baudelaire
27Edouard Manet, Dejeuner Sur L’Herb (Luncheon on the Grass), 1862
28Titian, Concert Champêtre (Italian Renaissance) compared with Edouard Manet (French Realism), Déjeuner Sur L’Herbe
29Marcantonio Raimondi, Judgment of Paris (engraving after Raphael), compare with Manet, Déjeuner Sur L’Herbe, 1862
30Edouard Manet, Olympia, 1863, oil on canvas, 51 x 74 3/4 in Musée d'Orsay, Paris
31Titian or Giorgione, Venus of Urbino, 1510 (Louvre) Compare with Olympia 1863
32Alexandre Cabanel (French Academic Painter, 1823-1889) Birth of Venus, 1863
33Jean Leon Gerome (Academic classicism), Phrynee Before the Judges, 1861 Daumier cartoon: “Venuses Again, Always Venuses”
34William Bouguereau, Birth of Venus, 1879 and Paul Baudry, Venus and Cupid, c. 1857
39Emperor Napoleon III by Hippolyte Flandrin (Salon of 1863) with Plan of Paris – radical urban renewal designed by Baron Haussmann,
40Napoleon III and Baron Haussmann urban renewal, Paris:1853-1869 Blvd. Haussman withGaleries Lafayette, one ofthe first department stores:commodity culture
41Edouard Manet, The Barricade, ca Edouard Manet, The Barricade, ca. 1871, watercolor and gouache, 18x13 in, Szepmuveseti Muzeum, Budapest, Hungary
42Edouard Manet, Civil War in Paris (the Commune) 1871, lithograph
43Edouard Manet, The Bar at the Folies Bergere, 1881, 37x51in
44Edgar Degas, Portraits at the Stock Exchange, ca Edgar Degas, Portraits at the Stock Exchange, ca. 1879, oil on canvas, 39x32in, Musée d’Orsay, Paris
45Edgar Degas, Little Dancer Aged Fourteen, ca Edgar Degas, Little Dancer Aged Fourteen, ca. 1881, painted bronze (cast 1892) with muslin skirt. Original: yellow wax, cotton muslin skirt, satin ribbon, wooden base, 39 in high
46Edgar Degas, (left) The Dance Class, 1874, Metropolitan Museum of Art, New York (right) Ecole de Dance, 1873, oil on canvas, 19x25 in., Corcoran, Washington D.C.