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Holidays ED 417-01 By: Christy Calvert Ashley Heitman Erin Anderson.

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Presentation on theme: "Holidays ED 417-01 By: Christy Calvert Ashley Heitman Erin Anderson."— Presentation transcript:

1 Holidays ED 417-01 By: Christy Calvert Ashley Heitman Erin Anderson

2 Lesson Plan ► Unit: Social Studies ► Grade Level: 3 rd Grade ► Lesson: Holidays ► Objectives: The students will learn about a new holiday, and will learn new information about holidays they are already familiar with. ► The students will gain appreciation for the reason that supports that holiday being celebrated.

3 Materials: ► We will need access to a computer, the internet, a projection screen, time aloud in the cafeteria to make some of the food, corn husks, large bowl of water, twine or string, scissors, construction paper, watercolors or markers, glue, clean yogurt cups with lids, large popsicle sticks, low-temp hot glue gun and glue sticks, small dried beans, 1/8"- wide red and green ribbon, colored paper, masking tape, glue, paint or markers or crayons, and a Dreidel Game.

4 Websites ► rastMouseNightBeforeXMasIdea36.htm rastMouseNightBeforeXMasIdea36.htm rastMouseNightBeforeXMasIdea36.htm ► ► ► eden/ednkc002.html eden/ednkc002.html eden/ednkc002.html ► crafts?page=CraftDisplay&craftid=10749 crafts?page=CraftDisplay&craftid=10749 crafts?page=CraftDisplay&craftid=10749 ► /traditional-pumpkin-pie.shtml /traditional-pumpkin-pie.shtml /traditional-pumpkin-pie.shtml ►

5 Christmas

6 Christmas Continued ► The real reason Christians celebrate this holiday is because December 25 is Jesus' Birthday. ► We celebrate Christmas because it is a wonderful celebration, and a great opportunity to witness to others and to retell and celebrate the marvelous story of the birth of Jesus Christ.

7 How Do You Celebrate Christmas in the Classroom? ► 1. Read aloud "The Mouse Before Christmas" by Michael Garland and then read aloud any version of "The Night Before Christmas." 2. Hand out a Venn Diagram to each student. (two overlapping large circles.) 3. Have the students write all of the similarities of the stories in the overlapping section of the Venn Diagram. Have the students then write the differences in the separate parts.

8 Hanukkah ► Hanukkah is the annual Jewish festival celebrated on eight successive days beginning on the 25th day of Kislev, the third month of the Jewish calendar, corresponding, approximately, to December in the Gregorian calendar. It is also known as the Festival of Lights, Feast of Dedication, and Feast of the Maccabees. Hanukkah commemorates the rededication of the Temple of Jerusalem by Judas Maccabee in 165 B.C. after the Temple had been profaned by Antiochus IV Epiphanes, king of Syria and overlord of Palestine.

9 How to Celebrate Hanukah in the Classroom! ► The Dreidel Game ► The four letters which appear on the four corners of a dreidel alude to the miracle of Hanukkah. They spell out: Nes (N-miracle), Gadol (G- great), Haya (H-happened) and Sham (S-there, meaning in Israel). To begin the game, each player should have about 20 Peppermint Candy Drops. Each person puts one piece of candy in the middle of the table. Then each person takes a turn at spinning the dreidel. When only one piece of candy or no candy is left in the middle each player adds another piece of candy. When a player has all the candy, that person wins! ► For those of you who don't want to use candy for the game, we have also added "Points" to this game. You can grab a piece of paper and keep track of how many points you get! Who ever reaches 100 points first wins!

10 Hanukah Continued We would teach the children about the star of David and let them color this one!

11 Fourth of July ► Most people in the United States celebrate the 4th of July, but do you know exactly why the holiday is so important to our country? Imagine how you would feel if someone older than you (maybe an older sister or brother) kept telling you what to do all of the time and kept taking more and more of your allowance. That is how the colonists felt in the years leading up to 1776. Great Britain kept trying to make the colonists follow more rules and pay higher taxes. People started getting mad and began making plans to be able to make their own rules. They no longer wanted Great Britain to be able to tell them what to do, so they decided to tell Great Britain that they were becoming an independent country. (To be independent means to take care of yourself, making your own rules and providing for your own needs.)

12 Fourth of July Continued ► The Congress met in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania and they appointed a committee (a group of people working together to do a specific job) to write a formal document that would tell Great Britain that the Americans had decided to govern themselves. The committee asked Thomas Jefferson to write a draft (first try) of the document, so he worked for days, in absolute secret, until he had written a document that he thought said everything important that the committee had discussed. On June 28, 1776, the committee met to read Jefferson's "fair" copy (he put his best ideas together and wrote them neatly.) They revised (made some changes) the document and declared their independence on July 2, 1776. They officially adopted it (made it theirs) on July 4, 1776. That is why we call it "Independence Day." Congress ordered that all members must sign the Declaration of Independence and they all began signing the "official" copy on August 2, 1776. In January of the next year, Congress sent signed copies to all of the states.

13 Fourth of July Continued ► The Declaration of Independence is more than just a piece of paper. It is a symbol of our country's independence and commitment to certain ideas. A symbol is something that stands for something else. Most people can look at a certain little "swoosh" and know that it stands for "Nike." Well, the signers of the Declaration of Independence wanted the citizens of the United States to have a document that spelled out what was important to our leaders and citizens. They wanted us to be able to look at the Declaration of Independence and immediately think of the goals we should always be working for, and about the people who have fought so hard to make these ideas possible. The people who signed the Declaration risked being hanged for treason by the leaders in Great Britain. They had to be very brave to sign something that would be considered a crime! So every time we look at the Declaration of Independence, we should think about all of the effort and ideas that went into the document, and about the courage it took for these people to stand up for what they knew was right -- independence!

14 How to Celebrate The Fourth of July in the Classroom Have the students color this page and write why they are proud to be an American!

15 Why we Celebrate Thanksgiving Why we Celebrate Thanksgiving ► We can trace this historic American Christian tradition to the year 1623. After the harvest crops were gathered in November 1623, Governor William Bradford of the 1620 Pilgrim Colony, "Plymouth Plantation" in Plymouth, Massachusetts proclaimed: ► "All ye Pilgrims with your wives and little ones, do gather at the Meeting House, on the hill... there to listen to the pastor, and render Thanksgiving to the Almighty God for all His blessings ► This is the origin of our annual Thanksgiving Day celebration. Congress of the United States has proclaimed National Days of Thanksgiving to Almighty God many times throughout the following years. On November 1, 1777, by order of Congress, the first National Thanksgiving Proclamation was proclaimed, and signed by Henry Laurens, President of Continental Congress. The third Thursday of December, 1777 was thus officially set aside

16 Thanksgiving in the Classroom This are activity will allow the students to express themselves as pilgrims and what they might have been like as a child in the pilgrim days! ► 1. Soak the corn husks in warm water for about an hour until they become pliable. Then gather several damp husks and tie them together tightly with twine, about 1/2 inch from one end. 2. To make the head, hold the knotted end in one fist, then fold the husks down (as though peeling a banana) so that they cover the knotted end. Smooth out the husks to make a face, then secure them with a piece of twine around the doll's neck. 3. To make the arms, roll up a single husk and tie it off at both ends. Position the arms up between the husks, under the doll's neck. Smooth the husks over the arms to form the chest and back, then cinch in the waist with twine. 4. For a skirt or legs, arrange several husks, inverted (like a skirt that has blown up over the doll's head) around the waist. Secure with twine, then fold the skirt down. For legs, divide the husks into two parts, tying each bunch at the knees and ankles. 5. Use construction paper to fashion outfits or use markers and watercolors to give the illusion of clothes or to add on facial features. To make hair, hats or headdresses, glue on little strips of construction paper. 6. Attach sticks to the backs of the dolls for mobility. For additional fun, build a doll stage and put on a special Thanksgiving puppet production. doll stagedoll stage

17 Thanksgiving in the Classroom Continued: I would make the following recipe the night before and serve it to the children after lunch. Pumpkin Pie is a huge family tradition at my family Thanksgivings and I would like to share it with the children. *Check students food allergies before serving! ► Traditional Pumpkin Pie ► Ingredients: ► 3/4 cup packed brown sugar ► 1/4 cup sugar ► 1 TB unbleached flour ► 1 TB molasses ► 11/2 tsp cinnamon ► 1 tsp ginger ► 1/4 tsp nutmeg ► 1/4 tsp salt ► 2 cups pumpkin, canned or freshly cooked ► 3 eggs, lightly beaten ► 1 3/4 cup half & half ► 1 unbaked 9-inch pie shell ► Method: ► Mix sugars, flour, molasses, cinnamon, ginger, nutmeg, salt and pumpkin. Separately, mix eggs and half & half. Fold into pumpkin mixture. Pour filling into unbaked pie shell and bake at 375°F for 35 to 40 minutes.

18 Why do we Celebrate Cinco De Mayo ► The holiday of Cinco De Mayo, The 5th Of May, commemorates the victory of the Mexican militia over the French army at The Battle Of Puebla in 1862. It is primarily a regional holiday celebrated in the Mexican state capital city of Puebla and throughout the state of Puebla, with some recognition in other parts of the Mexico, and especially in U.S. cities with a significant Mexican population. It is not, as many people think, Mexico's Independence Day, which is actually September 16. Mexico's Independence DayMexico's Independence Day ► Celebrating Cinco de Mayo has become increasingly popular along the U.S.-Mexico border and in parts of the U.S. that have a high population of people with a Mexican heritage. In these areas the holiday is a celebration of Mexican culture, of food, music, beverage and customs unique to Mexico.

19 How to Celebrate Cinco De Mayo in the Classroom I would make corn tortillas with the students! ► Corn Tortillas 1 cup corn meal 1 Tbsp. baking powder 3/4 cup water 1/2 tsp. salt (or to taste) 2 tsp. corn oil In mixing bowl, combine corn meal, baking powder, and salt. Boil water. Mix boiling water and oil into corn meal. When mixture cools enough to handle, divide into eight equal balls. Flatten slightly. Place flattened ball on top of an 8-inch square of waxed paper. Cover with a second square. Roll into 6" circle. Remove from paper. Cook on ungreased griddle until lightly brown.

20 Cinco De Mayo Continued We are going to make Maracas ► Before distributing cups to students, cut a 1/2-3/4" gash in the bottom center of each cup. (Length of cut depends on width of popsicle sticks purchased. Gash should be about 1/8" longer than stick is wide.) Insert popsicle stick into opening of each cup until about 1/4" of stick is visible inside cup, and hot glue stick securely in place. Be sure to use a LOW TEMP glue gun. At higher temperatures, glue will melt the plastic cups. You may wish to glue the stick both inside and outside cup the cup for added strength. Allow glue to cool completely before distributing cups to students. With students, pour about 2 Tbsp. dried beans into a yogurt cup, replace lid, and tape shut. Cut a strip of paper about one-half inch wider than the cup's circumference at its widest point and about six inches longer than the cup's height. Wrap paper around cup, leaving three inches of extra paper at both the top and bottom of cup. Tape paper in place. Use red and green ribbon to gather paper around top and bottom of cup and tie closed. Popsicle stick handle should protude several inches from the paper covering around the bottom of the cup. ► Let the FUN begin!!!

21 There are many more Holidays that a teacher can teach. We tried to pick the Holidays that the students could learn some history and heritage while having fun!!

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