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Artist of the Renaissances Ashley Fortenberry Karina Yanez Cristina Zamora.

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Presentation on theme: "Artist of the Renaissances Ashley Fortenberry Karina Yanez Cristina Zamora."— Presentation transcript:

1 Artist of the Renaissances Ashley Fortenberry Karina Yanez Cristina Zamora

2 Billie Holiday Born Eleanora Fagan on April 7, 1915, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Born Eleanora Fagan on April 7, 1915, in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania Details about her childhood are slightly murky however it is believed that she spent a lot of time living with relatives but later moved to New York with her mother Sadie. Details about her childhood are slightly murky however it is believed that she spent a lot of time living with relatives but later moved to New York with her mother Sadie. In 1930s, Billie began singing in local clubs and renamed herself “Billie” after the film star Billie Dove. In 1930s, Billie began singing in local clubs and renamed herself “Billie” after the film star Billie Dove. Discovered by Producer John Hammond while performing in a Harlem jazz club in Discovered by Producer John Hammond while performing in a Harlem jazz club in That year, Hammond helped land a recording work with bandleader Benny Goodman. That year, Hammond helped land a recording work with bandleader Benny Goodman. She also met saxophonist Lester Young, who gave her the nickname “Lady Day." She also met saxophonist Lester Young, who gave her the nickname “Lady Day."

3 Billie Holiday Recorded with jazz pianist Teddy Wilson and his orchestra in Recorded with jazz pianist Teddy Wilson and his orchestra in Worked with the Count Basie Orchestra in the late 1930s. Worked with the Count Basie Orchestra in the late 1930s. Recorded two of her most well-regarded songs during this period: her own composition “God Bless the Child” (1939) and “Strange Fruit” (1939), a powerful story about the lynching of African Americans in the South. Recorded two of her most well-regarded songs during this period: her own composition “God Bless the Child” (1939) and “Strange Fruit” (1939), a powerful story about the lynching of African Americans in the South. Personal life began to deteriorate in the 1940s Personal life began to deteriorate in the 1940s She had problems with drugs and alcohol She had problems with drugs and alcohol was arrested several times on narcotics-related charges. was arrested several times on narcotics-related charges. spent a year in a federal rehabilitation center, but she was unable to end her substance abuse. spent a year in a federal rehabilitation center, but she was unable to end her substance abuse. continued to tour and record in the 1950s. continued to tour and record in the 1950s. shared her life story with the world around this time. autobiography, Lady Sings the Blues (1956), was written in collaboration by William Dufty. shared her life story with the world around this time. autobiography, Lady Sings the Blues (1956), was written in collaboration by William Dufty. Only a few years Holiday’s addictions got the best of her. Only a few years Holiday’s addictions got the best of her. died in a New York City hospital on July 17, 1959, from alcohol- and drug-related complications. died in a New York City hospital on July 17, 1959, from alcohol- and drug-related complications.

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5 Josephine Baker Born Freda Josephine McDonald on June 3, 1906, in St. Louis, Missouri. Born Freda Josephine McDonald on June 3, 1906, in St. Louis, Missouri. grew up cleaning houses and babysitting for wealthy white families who reminded her "be sure not to kiss the baby." grew up cleaning houses and babysitting for wealthy white families who reminded her "be sure not to kiss the baby." Waitress at The Old Chauffeur's Club when she was 13 years old. While waiting tables she met and had a brief marriage to Willie Wells. Waitress at The Old Chauffeur's Club when she was 13 years old. While waiting tables she met and had a brief marriage to Willie Wells. Never depended on a man for financial support and, never hesitated to leave when a relationship soured. Was married and divorced three more times, to American Willie Baker in 1921 (whose last name she chose to keep), Frenchman Jean Lion in 1937 (from whom she attained French citizenship) and French orchestra leader Jo Bouillon in 1947 (who helped to raise her 12 adopted children). Never depended on a man for financial support and, never hesitated to leave when a relationship soured. Was married and divorced three more times, to American Willie Baker in 1921 (whose last name she chose to keep), Frenchman Jean Lion in 1937 (from whom she attained French citizenship) and French orchestra leader Jo Bouillon in 1947 (who helped to raise her 12 adopted children).

6 Josephine Baker Toured the U.S. with The Jones Family Band and The Dixie Steppers in 1919, performing various comical skits Toured the U.S. with The Jones Family Band and The Dixie Steppers in 1919, performing various comical skits Was rejected for the shuffle along because she was too skinny and too dark however she still learned the routine and was a substitute for dancers that left. She purposely rolled her eyes and acted clumsy on stage, the audience loved her and she was the box office draw for the rest of the shows run Was rejected for the shuffle along because she was too skinny and too dark however she still learned the routine and was a substitute for dancers that left. She purposely rolled her eyes and acted clumsy on stage, the audience loved her and she was the box office draw for the rest of the shows run traveled to Paris for a new venture, La Revue Nègre. Everything about the routine was new and exotic, boldly dressed in nothing but a feather skirt, worked the audience into frenzy with her uninhibited movements. traveled to Paris for a new venture, La Revue Nègre. Everything about the routine was new and exotic, boldly dressed in nothing but a feather skirt, worked the audience into frenzy with her uninhibited movements. She loved animals, and at one time she owned a leopard (Chiquita), a chimpanzee (Ethel), a pig (Albert), a snake (Kiki), a goat, a parrot, parakeets, fish, three cats and seven dogs. She loved animals, and at one time she owned a leopard (Chiquita), a chimpanzee (Ethel), a pig (Albert), a snake (Kiki), a goat, a parrot, parakeets, fish, three cats and seven dogs.

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8 Josephine Baker starred in La Folie du Jour at the Follies-Bergère Theater. Her jaw-dropping performance, including a costume of 16 bananas strung into a skirt, cemented her celebrity status starred in La Folie du Jour at the Follies-Bergère Theater. Her jaw-dropping performance, including a costume of 16 bananas strung into a skirt, cemented her celebrity status visited the United States during the 50s and 60s with renewed vigor to fight racism. When New York's popular Stork Club refused her service, she engaged a battle with pro-segregation columnist Walter Winchell. The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) named May 20 Josephine Baker Day in honor of her efforts visited the United States during the 50s and 60s with renewed vigor to fight racism. When New York's popular Stork Club refused her service, she engaged a battle with pro-segregation columnist Walter Winchell. The National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) named May 20 Josephine Baker Day in honor of her efforts forming a family she often referred to as "The Rainbow Tribe." Josephine wanted her to prove that "children of different ethnicities and religions could still be brothers." forming a family she often referred to as "The Rainbow Tribe." Josephine wanted her to prove that "children of different ethnicities and religions could still be brothers." 68 year old Josephine died on April 12, 1975, she slipped into a comma and died from a cerebral hemorrhage at 5 a.m. 68 year old Josephine died on April 12, 1975, she slipped into a comma and died from a cerebral hemorrhage at 5 a.m.

9 Aaron Douglas He was born in topeka, Kansas He was born in topeka, Kansas He received a B.A. In art from the universtiy of Nebraska He received a B.A. In art from the universtiy of Nebraska He taught in kansas in schools and then began to study with Winold Reiss, an illustrator from Germany who encouraged him to look to African art for inspiration in his work He taught in kansas in schools and then began to study with Winold Reiss, an illustrator from Germany who encouraged him to look to African art for inspiration in his work

10 Aaron Douglas He began his career by illustrating books for African American authors and publishing drawings in magazines. He began his career by illustrating books for African American authors and publishing drawings in magazines. He also produced a number of large murals about black culture in Nashville and New York City He also produced a number of large murals about black culture in Nashville and New York City He then traveled to Paris to study at the Academie Scandinave with Charles Despiau. He then traveled to Paris to study at the Academie Scandinave with Charles Despiau. Douglas was one of the major forces behind the Harlem Renaissance at this time. Douglas was one of the major forces behind the Harlem Renaissance at this time.

11 Into Human Bondage--Aaron Douglas

12 Harlem Renaissance Artists and musicians

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