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Chapter 3: Bio- Chemistry Biology. Organic Chemistry All living things have Carbon in them Orgo- a class in college where all the exercises include carbon.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 3: Bio- Chemistry Biology. Organic Chemistry All living things have Carbon in them Orgo- a class in college where all the exercises include carbon."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 3: Bio- Chemistry Biology

2 Organic Chemistry All living things have Carbon in them Orgo- a class in college where all the exercises include carbon chains Organic compounds: 4 groups found in all living things –Carbohydrates –Fats/ lipids –Proteins –Nucleic acids

3 Carbs/ Fats / Proteins: All have C,H,O Carbohydrates: main source of energy –Simple- quick burst of energy (snickers) –Complex –provide more energy_ slow release (brown rice)

4 All CARBS… –Contain C H O –Starch: extra sugar stored as this –Mono-saccharides ex) glucose, galactose, fructose –Poly-saccharides ex) glycogen

5 Proteins Function? Repair… –Meat, fish, beans, tofu …… protein bars –Macromolecule –N C H O

6 Proteins –Are amino acid polymers…. Macromolecules: are giant molecules in cells made during polymerization Smaller units= monomers When they join together- polymers So are amino acids made of proteins or vice versa?

7 Lipids Fats/ Oils/ Waxes (non-polar) : source of energy too…last –Don’t dissolve in water –Mostly C and H atoms –lipids= fatty acid + glycerol –Cell membrane

8 Lipids –Saturated fats: ex. Red meat, eggs, dairy –Unsaturated fats: ex. Olive oil, corn oil, avocado

9 onh7ZesKs&feature=relatedhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=fL onh7ZesKs&feature=related atherosclerosis

10 Nucleic Acids: DNA, RNA

11 Nucleic Acids DNA and RNA (deoxy-ribose-nucleic acid) Macromolecules/ polymers –Monomers that make them up=nucelotides Contain…H, O, N, C, P RNA and nucleotides Nucleotide: sugar+phosphate+nitrogen base

12 PMOxQB1tghttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=DF PMOxQB1tg U5Iu9Z9qIhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=VS U5Iu9Z9qI

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14 Chuck: 7-bone steak, flat iron steak, blade roast, ground beef Rib: Rib eye steak, rib eye roast, prime rib Shortloin: T-Bone, Porterhouse, strip steak Tenderloin: Filet mignon Sirloin: Top sirloin, bottom sirloin, sirloin tip roast Round: Top round, rump roast Brisket: Brisket front cut, brisket first cut, corned beef Plate: Skirt steak, ground beef Flank: Flank steak, London broil, ground beef Shank: Foreshank, extra-lean ground beef

15 When you place your order, please specify if you would like us to include unusual cuts such as tripe, tongue, hooves, ox tail, soup bones, etc.

16 Steaks T-bone: $12.75/lb Porterhouse: $13.25/lb Rib Eye: $14.50/lb Top Sirloin: $14.50/lb Sirloin: $11.50/lb Tenderloin: $19.75/lb Bottom Sirloin: $15.50/lb Flank: $5.50/lb Skirt: $5.50/lb Top Round: $5.50/lb London Broil: $5.50/lb Roasts Bottom Round: $5.75/lb Top Round: $5.75/lb Eye Round: $7.00/lb Face Rump: $5.75/lb Shoulder: $6.50/lb


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