Presentation on theme: "Chapter 3: Bio- Chemistry Biology. Organic Chemistry All living things have Carbon in them Orgo- a class in college where all the exercises include carbon."— Presentation transcript:
Organic Chemistry All living things have Carbon in them Orgo- a class in college where all the exercises include carbon chains Organic compounds: 4 groups found in all living things –Carbohydrates –Fats/ lipids –Proteins –Nucleic acids
Carbs/ Fats / Proteins: All have C,H,O Carbohydrates: main source of energy –Simple- quick burst of energy (snickers) –Complex –provide more energy_ slow release (brown rice)
All CARBS… –Contain C H O –Starch: extra sugar stored as this –Mono-saccharides ex) glucose, galactose, fructose –Poly-saccharides ex) glycogen
Proteins Function? Repair… –Meat, fish, beans, tofu …… protein bars –Macromolecule –N C H O
Proteins –Are amino acid polymers…. Macromolecules: are giant molecules in cells made during polymerization Smaller units= monomers When they join together- polymers So are amino acids made of proteins or vice versa?
Lipids Fats/ Oils/ Waxes (non-polar) : source of energy too…last –Don’t dissolve in water –Mostly C and H atoms –lipids= fatty acid + glycerol –Cell membrane
Nucleic Acids DNA and RNA (deoxy-ribose-nucleic acid) Macromolecules/ polymers –Monomers that make them up=nucelotides Contain…H, O, N, C, P RNA and nucleotides Nucleotide: sugar+phosphate+nitrogen base