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Iroquois of the Eastern Woodland By: Barinder Johal, Rana Mohammad, Susie Chen.

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Presentation on theme: "Iroquois of the Eastern Woodland By: Barinder Johal, Rana Mohammad, Susie Chen."— Presentation transcript:

1 Iroquois of the Eastern Woodland By: Barinder Johal, Rana Mohammad, Susie Chen

2 Habitat The Iroquois used to live were New York State along St. Lawrence River The Iroquois used to live were New York State along St. Lawrence River The land was covered in tunes of forests The land was covered in tunes of forests Places were so thick that no sun shine can hit the ground Places were so thick that no sun shine can hit the ground Diverse land: mountains covered in snow on the north side, and swampy on the south side Diverse land: mountains covered in snow on the north side, and swampy on the south side

3 http://rewild.info/anthropik/wp- content/uploads/iroquioslonghouse.JP G Homes -Family would live in Longhouses -Wooden: elm bark, tree trunks and deer tendons -Hole in the middle of the roof for the fire : warmth, cooking light light -220 feet = 18 families -no windows

4 Subsistence Iroquois are traditional farmers and hunters and practiced horticulture techniques. Iroquois are traditional farmers and hunters and practiced horticulture techniques. Fished, gathered berries, plants, and roots. Fished, gathered berries, plants, and roots. Crops were mainly maize, beans, and squash. Crops were mainly maize, beans, and squash. hunting traditionally: bows and arrows, stone axes, knives, and blowguns hunting traditionally: bows and arrows, stone axes, knives, and blowguns

5 Clothing Traditional clothing: robes, leggings, moccasins, and breech clothes. Traditional clothing: robes, leggings, moccasins, and breech clothes. Clothing: made of moose hair and hide Clothing: made of moose hair and hide men: Eastern woodland style coat, traditional cape men: Eastern woodland style coat, traditional cape women: high skirt, sometimes quills-decorated skirt, traditional cape women: high skirt, sometimes quills-decorated skirt, traditional cape

6 Tools and Weapons Arrow heads: flint- when rock is broken it goes sharp Arrow heads: flint- when rock is broken it goes sharp -big- hunting bears or dear -small- hunting birds knifes- sharp at both ends knifes- sharp at both ends Stone Axes= clearing land, striping bark Stone Axes= clearing land, striping bark

7 Social Organization and Kinship Matrisibs members are in the economic activates Matrisibs members are in the economic activates Were allowed to avenge the death or injured of members Were allowed to avenge the death or injured of members Moieties help in ceremonies function: against each other in games Moieties help in ceremonies function: against each other in games Matrisibs go in tribal boundaries Matrisibs go in tribal boundaries kinship: aunts and uncles are additional ‘mothers and fathers’ to the child kinship: aunts and uncles are additional ‘mothers and fathers’ to the child Cousins are called brothers and sisters Cousins are called brothers and sisters The whole family lives in long houses The whole family lives in long houses

8 Leadership and Government The Iroquois society was matrilineal: the clan mother played a large role in political and social life. The Iroquois society was matrilineal: the clan mother played a large role in political and social life. Clans gather and make decisions on community. Clans gather and make decisions on community. A first nation’s man marries a non-first nation’s woman, the child will have no clan or Haudenosaunee nationality. A first nation’s man marries a non-first nation’s woman, the child will have no clan or Haudenosaunee nationality. Leadership is based on being elected as a chief but could be removed Leadership is based on being elected as a chief but could be removed

9 Religious or Spiritual Customs Everything was passed down orally by stories Everything was passed down orally by stories Myth or legend had purpose on explaining certain elements Myth or legend had purpose on explaining certain elements Plants, trees, animals, and moon all had spirits : pray to spirits for help and guidance. Plants, trees, animals, and moon all had spirits : pray to spirits for help and guidance. Visited a spiritual doctor like shaman or contacted the false society : for help Visited a spiritual doctor like shaman or contacted the false society : for help Annual ceremonies, for corn crops : last several days Annual ceremonies, for corn crops : last several days

10 Cultural Artifacts Stone and fired clay pottery Stone and fired clay pottery Bones make combs: antlers Bones make combs: antlers Decorated by lines and simple facial features Decorated by lines and simple facial features

11 Interesting Facts The Iroquois was called the “ Five Civilized Tribes ” : Cayuga, Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Tuscarora and the Seneca tribes The Iroquois was called the “ Five Civilized Tribes ” : Cayuga, Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Tuscarora and the Seneca tribes

12 References http://firstpeoplesofcanada.com/index.html http://firstpeoplesofcanada.com/index.htmlhttp://firstpeoplesofcanada.com/index.html Gary Gangnier. Iroquois Clothing. [Online] Available http://www.cqsb.qc.ca/svs/434/fncloth.htm, May 26, 2011. Gary Gangnier. Iroquois Clothing. [Online] Available http://www.cqsb.qc.ca/svs/434/fncloth.htm, May 26, 2011. Heather Findlay. Eastern Woodland Farmers. [Online] Available http://firstpeoplesofcanada.com/fp_groups/fp _wf5.html, May 26, 2011. Heather Findlay. Eastern Woodland Farmers. [Online] Available http://firstpeoplesofcanada.com/fp_groups/fp _wf5.html, May 26, 2011. Dr. Serge Bernier. Aboriginal People in the Canadian Military. [Online] Available http://www.cmp-cpm.forces.gc.ca/dhh- dhp/pub/boo-bro/abo-aut/chapter-chapitre-02- eng.asp, May 26, 2011. Dr. Serge Bernier. Aboriginal People in the Canadian Military. [Online] Available http://www.cmp-cpm.forces.gc.ca/dhh- dhp/pub/boo-bro/abo-aut/chapter-chapitre-02- eng.asp, May 26, 2011. A Clothing. [Online image] Available http://www.peace4turtleisland.org/images/acl othing.JPG, May 26, 2011. A Clothing. [Online image] Available http://www.peace4turtleisland.org/images/acl othing.JPG, May 26, 2011. Iroquois Village. [Online image] Available http://www.nysm.nysed.gov/IroquoisVillage/i mages/slide16lg.jpg, May 26, 2011. Iroquois Village. [Online image] Available http://www.nysm.nysed.gov/IroquoisVillage/i mages/slide16lg.jpg, May 26, 2011. What to see deer driving. [Online image] Available http://i.ehow.com/images/a02/5m/qn/what-do- see-deer-driving-800X800.jpg, May 26, 2011. What to see deer driving. [Online image] Available http://i.ehow.com/images/a02/5m/qn/what-do- see-deer-driving-800X800.jpg, May 26, 2011. http://www.radford.edu/~csutphin/EDET%2064 0/iroquois.htm http://www.radford.edu/~csutphin/EDET%2064 0/iroquois.htm http://www.radford.edu/~csutphin/EDET%2064 0/iroquois.htm http://www.radford.edu/~csutphin/EDET%2064 0/iroquois.htm http://www.ducks.org/media/New%20York/New %20York%20Projects/_images/Lake-Ontario.jpg http://www.ducks.org/media/New%20York/New %20York%20Projects/_images/Lake-Ontario.jpg http://www.ducks.org/media/New%20York/New %20York%20Projects/_images/Lake-Ontario.jpg http://www.ducks.org/media/New%20York/New %20York%20Projects/_images/Lake-Ontario.jpg http://www.dec.ny.gov/images/regions_images/t routbrph.jpg http://www.dec.ny.gov/images/regions_images/t routbrph.jpg http://www.dec.ny.gov/images/regions_images/t routbrph.jpg http://www.dec.ny.gov/images/regions_images/t routbrph.jpg http://firstpeoplesofcanada.com/images/firstnatio ns/teachers_guide/woodland_hunters/wigwam_s haman.jpg http://firstpeoplesofcanada.com/images/firstnatio ns/teachers_guide/woodland_hunters/wigwam_s haman.jpg http://firstpeoplesofcanada.com/images/firstnatio ns/teachers_guide/woodland_hunters/wigwam_s haman.jpg http://firstpeoplesofcanada.com/images/firstnatio ns/teachers_guide/woodland_hunters/wigwam_s haman.jpg http://www.nysm.nysed.gov/IroquoisVillage/ima ges/print9lg.jpg http://www.nysm.nysed.gov/IroquoisVillage/ima ges/print9lg.jpg http://www.nysm.nysed.gov/IroquoisVillage/ima ges/print9lg.jpg http://www.nysm.nysed.gov/IroquoisVillage/ima ges/print9lg.jpg http://www.sixnationsindianmuseum.com/image s/6indians.jpg http://www.sixnationsindianmuseum.com/image s/6indians.jpg http://www.sixnationsindianmuseum.com/image s/6indians.jpg http://www.sixnationsindianmuseum.com/image s/6indians.jpg http://www.nysm.nysed.gov/IroquoisVillage/slid etwoa.html http://www.nysm.nysed.gov/IroquoisVillage/slid etwoa.html http://www.nysm.nysed.gov/IroquoisVillage/slid etwoa.html http://www.nysm.nysed.gov/IroquoisVillage/slid etwoa.html http://www.dirtbrothers.org/college/iriquoislong house.jpg http://www.dirtbrothers.org/college/iriquoislong house.jpg http://www.dirtbrothers.org/college/iriquoislong house.jpg http://www.dirtbrothers.org/college/iriquoislong house.jpg http://www.everyculture.com/North- America/Iroquois-Sociopolitical- Organization.html http://www.everyculture.com/North- America/Iroquois-Sociopolitical- Organization.html http://www.everyculture.com/North- America/Iroquois-Sociopolitical- Organization.html http://www.everyculture.com/North- America/Iroquois-Sociopolitical- Organization.html http://www.angelfire.com/on3/oneida/page93.ht ml http://www.angelfire.com/on3/oneida/page93.ht ml http://www.angelfire.com/on3/oneida/page93.ht ml http://www.angelfire.com/on3/oneida/page93.ht ml http://ushistoryimages.com/iroquois.shtm http://ushistoryimages.com/iroquois.shtm http://ushistoryimages.com/iroquois.shtm


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