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Lecture 11 Design Elements
Design elements Material (Fibers) Spinning Weaving Textile Processing Silhouette Length of garment Design lines Darts and Pleats Seams and stitches Collars and pockets Colors
Material (Fibers) Natural Materials Less Lusture Less strength More comfortable Poor drapability Synthetic materials More Lusture More strength Less comfortable Good drapability
Spinning Simple yarn Pure Cotton P/C Core spun yarns Filament yarns Slub yarn Spandex Less or more T.P.I
Weaving Different Weave designs Plain Twill Diamond Seer Sucker Satin / Sateen Cover factor Checks or stripes Twist direction
Textile Processing Finishing –Textured finishes Calendaring Napping –Performance Finishes Wrinkle resistant Dyeing Stock dyeing Yarn dyeing Fabric dyeing Garment Dyeing
Textile Processing Printing Transfer Printing Roller Printing Screen Printing Others Tie Dyeing BATIK Embroidery
Silhouette Trousers Straight Flared Bell Bottom Tapered Boot-Cut Skirts Straight A-Line Asymmetric Tapered Circular
Length of garment Trousers Floor Length / Classic Length Cropped Pants Pedal Pushers Bermuda Shorts Shorts Bikini Tops Waist length Hip length
Length of garment Skirts Floor Ankle Maxi Tea Length Calf Length Knee Length Short Skirt Mini Skirt Micro mini Skirt
Design lines Different type of design lines are used. –Princess dress
Darts and Pleats Darts Straight Convex Concave Pleats Knife pleat Box pleat Inverted pleat Accordion pleat
Seams and Stitches Seams Lapped Seam Bound Seam Flat seam Super-imposed Seam Edge finishing Ornamental stitches Stitches Lock stitch Chain stitch Over lock
Collars and pockets Collars –Flat Collars –Rolled Collars –Standing Collars Pockets –Patch pockets –Welt / Bone pockets
Colors Cool Color –Blue –Green Hot colors –Red –Orange
STYLE DETAILS When designing in textiles it is important that designs are fully labelled in order to explain the ideas, particularly when designing fashion.
Fabric Construction Fashion Design, Textiles & Merchandising Mrs. Moscinski.
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What should you wear? Based on our body shapes and sizes.
ELEMENTS OF DESIGN LINE TEXTURE PATTERN SHAPE COLOR.
Textile collection samples sateen gabardine crepe linen wool flannel.
+ Garment Construction. + Dart: Wedge shaped piece of fabric that is used to take out excess fabric.
Based on our body shapes and sizes
Construction seams. Construction seams: Plain seam. Top stitch seam. French seam. Gather seam. Box pleat. Accordion pleat. Darts.
Lockstitch Machine Overlock Machine Embroidery Machine Stitches per inch (SPI) ASTM International Classes of Stitches Chainstitch Coverstitch.
Lockstitch Machine Overlock Machine Blind Hem Machine Buttonhole Machine Embroidery Machine Stitches per inch (SPI) ASTM International
Garment Styles and Parts. Basic Dress Styles Sheath: No waistline seam. They hang from the shoulders and have inward shaping at the waist. Empire: Has.
N A I N A ’S APPAREL PVT. LTD. N A I N A ’S Style No. : NAS – 001 Description : All over Embroidered dress Fabric quality : Silk georgette.
WHAT NOT TO WEAR Based on our body shapes and sizes.
Understanding Design By choosing appropriate designs in clothing, people can make the most of their appearance. For job interviews and other special occasions,
Elements of design Color Shape/Silhouette Line Texture Textile & Apparel Production I1.
Ch. 35 notes. Fiber Yarn Fabric Twist several strands of fiber to make… Twist several yarns together to make…
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2.01 Fabric Construction. Turning Yarn into Fabric Weaving: The process of interlacing one or more sets of yarns at right angles on a loom. Warp yarns:
Grainline A line drawn on the pattern to indicate the direction of pattern placement on the fabric. Grain refers to the direction of yarn in a fabric.
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FUNDAMENTALS OF CLOTHING CONSTRUCTION. Objective To provide basic skills and information regarding sewing, pressing and constructing a basic garment.
Skirts & Dresses. Skirt: Tube of fabric which covers the body from the waist to hem. Dress: A skirt with a bodice attached. A single garment that covers.
Mr. Chapman Forensics 30 Yarns and Textiles. Yesterday we discussed the process of making polymeric, synthetic fibers from a monomer “soup.” This is a.
Knowing About Fashion Fashion Terms. Style A particular design, shape, or type of clothing. Dress Style Skirt Style Pant Style Etc.
2 major forms of fabric designs ◦ Structural design Building in texture or interest into fabrics Weaving & knitting ◦ Applied design Adding color.
APPAREL AND TEXTILE PRODUCTION II Fabric Dyeing, Printing, and Finishes.
SHAPES. LINES Vertican lines Horizontal lines Curved lines Straight lines Seams and darts Layers of clothing Vertican lines Horizontal lines Curved lines.
Textiles Natural and Synthetic Fibers. Two different Types of Fibers Natural Synthetic or Manufactured.
LEVEL 1 Name: _______________________ Q: What is this symbol? A: Q: What is this symbol? A: Q: What is this symbol? A: Q: What is this symbol? A: Q: What.
From Fibers to Fabric: Step by step process of the fiber to the yarn to the fabric.
Fabric Finishes – Adding Color, Design, and Finishes to Fabric Surfaces.
The Art of Fashion. What is clothing made up of? The principles that make up appealing art apply to good fashion design as well. Good Fashion has a combination.
KINDS OF. Clothes mirror one’s personality, preferences and environment. They often serve as markers of places people are in. the following are the different.
Linings. Lining – What is it? A layer of fabric constructed separately from the outer garment and then joined at one or more major seams.
NATIONAL CLOTHING. Opolskie district opolskie costume Women’s dress: skirt with many colours like: moroon, green and blue. Always pleated at the bottom,
Unit D MERCHANDISE INFORMATION 4.02 Explain the elements and principles of design.
Fabrics Apparel 2 – obj Fabric Construction: Weaving and Knitting.
TT 232 N TEXTILE PRINTING R.B.CHAVAN DEPARTMENT OF TEXTILE TECHNOLOGY INDIAN INSTITUTE OF TECHNOLOGY HAUZ-KHAS, NEW DELHI.
Understanding Design Body Types. Learning Targets List appropriate clothing choices for different body shapes and sizes.
Elements of Design Color, Shape, Line and Texture.
Yarn to Fabric Chapter 15. Yarns Fibers are spun together to make yarns The amount of “twist” in the yarn produces different characteristics: – Low twist.
Fashion B: Standard 11 Created by: Kris Caldwell Timpanogos High School.
Textiles Fibers, Yarns and Fabrics. Textiles Textile is a broad term referring to any material that can be made into fabric by any method.
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