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Caribbean Tropical Fish 4-04-10. Four-eyed Fish, Anableps Trinidad November 2009 Photo by Eliana Ardila.

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Presentation on theme: "Caribbean Tropical Fish 4-04-10. Four-eyed Fish, Anableps Trinidad November 2009 Photo by Eliana Ardila."— Presentation transcript:

1 Caribbean Tropical Fish 4-04-10

2 Four-eyed Fish, Anableps Trinidad November 2009 Photo by Eliana Ardila

3 Anableps skim the surface and their eyes see above and below.

4 Queen Angelfish

5 French Angelfish

6 Gray Angelfish

7 Rock Beauty

8 Barracuda

9 Jack the Ripper, the five foot welcome committee at Blue Hole.

10 Jack the Ripper under our boat at Blue Hole.

11 Revenge! Dinner!

12 Mallory Blakeslee and her ‘Cudda 2005

13 Mike Joines & his ‘Cuddas By Harold Baquet

14 Blackcap Basslet

15 Fairy Basslet

16 Batfish, a species we see while snorkeling in the mangroves of Turneffe Atoll.

17 Spotted Burrfish

18 Web Burrfish

19 Spiney Puffer from Natural History Magazine

20 A spiney little ball. from Natural History Magazine

21 How do they puff up? It’s the stomach. From Natural History Magazine

22 Bandtail Puffer

23 Toadfish

24 Scorpionfish, with poison glands, cryptically resting in Tobago.

25 Banded Butterflyfish

26 Foureyed Butterflyfish

27 Spotfin Butterflyfish

28 Cyanae

29 Blue Chromis

30 Brown Chromis

31 Coney: yellow phase (l) & bicolor phase (r)

32 Chub

33 Chub under the boat at The Aquarium, a favorite dive site on Long Caye, Belize.

34 Barjack

35 Melissa Kaintz (02) with an edible barjack.

36 Jack Crevelle

37 Horse-eye Jack – note the large eye

38 King Mackerel – called a King Fish in Belize.

39 Patty Richards (02) with her King Fish.

40 We’ll have a good meal soon!

41 Spanish Mackerel

42 Wahoo are another relative of the King Fish.

43 Fish have a lateral line for sensing the environment, and the shape of the line is often used to identify fish.

44 Yellowfin Tuna, one of the fastest fishes in the sea.

45 Fast moving fish (a King Mackerel in this case) often have very red, highly vascularized tissue near the center of the body.

46 High Speed Tails

47 Gill Rakers in Bonita

48 Bicolor Damselfish adult

49 Bicolor Damselfish juvenile

50 Cocoa Damselfish

51 Flameback

52 Ocellate Damselfish

53 Sunshine fish on the wall

54 Threespotted Damselfish

55 Yellowtail Damselfish

56 Pinfish

57 Flounder

58 Slippery Dick adult

59 Slippery Dick subadult

60 Jackknife fish

61 Spotted Drum

62 Drum

63 Orangespotted Filefish

64 Slender Filefish

65 Spotted Goatfish

66 Yellow Goatfish

67 Sailfin Blenny

68 Blennies

69 Wrasse Blenny

70 Jawfish with eggs in the mouth. These are common at our dive sites.

71 Small goby on a coral – look closely when diving.

72 Neon Goby

73 Sarcastic Fringehead (Goby)

74 Blue-spot Goby

75 Yellowprow Goby looking out of a sponge.

76 Bluestripe Grunt – note the parallel blue stripes.

77 Bluestriped Grunt (Kissing?)

78 French Grunt – note the oblique stripes on the sides.

79 What do you see? (Wildlife Conservation June 2004)

80 Yellow Grunt

81 Blue Hamlet

82 Indigo Hamlet

83 Lizardfish

84 Sand diver – closely related to the lizardfish.

85 Gafftopsail Catfish

86 Tarpon are one of the most popular game fishes in the world. They have huge scales that are shed continually.

87 Ladyfish – held by a headless hippy.

88 Scad

89 Bonefish

90 How to catch a Bonefish

91 Happiness with a Bonefish

92 Goldentail Moray

93 Green Moray

94 Spotted Moray

95 More Morays (What do you think they are talking about?) “You get the leg, I’ll go for the crotch!” Ouch!!!

96 Goldspotted eel

97 Garden Eels – common at our dive sites

98 Poor Nemo!!!

99 Redband Parrotfish

100 Queen Parrotfish

101 Stoplight Parrotfish: male on left

102 Princess Parrotfish

103 Midnight Parrotfish, Blue Hole, Belize

104 Stoplight Parrotfish, Blue Hole, Belize

105 Pigfish

106 Porkfish

107 Ocean sunfish, Mola mola

108 Gray Reef Shark

109 Nurse Shark

110 Students with Nurse Sharks

111 Is this clear water, or what?

112 Sand Tiger Shark

113 Bull Shark

114 Black-tipped Shark

115 Bonnethead Shark

116 Half Eaten Shark

117 Shark claspers (male intromittant organ) and Ampullae of Lorenzini (electroreceptors) on the head

118 Mako sharks catch tuna – do you think they can swim fast? Only about 50 mph!

119 Mako’s are scary.

120 Great White Shark

121 Attack Shark

122 Always be careful around water!

123 Whale Shark feeding

124 Whale Shark

125 Remember the shark attacks of a few years ago. Here’s an interesting theory!

126 Remora, or Shark Sucker

127 Stingray and Spine

128 Aimée, Luz and friend.

129 Manta Ray Head

130 Torpedo (Electric)

131 Spotted Eagle Ray Martin & Winnie, 2004

132 This is why one shuffles ones feet when wading where stingrays occur.

133 Gray Snapper

134 Mutton Snapper - HMC

135 Yellowtail Snapper

136 Mahogany Snapper

137 Schoolmaster

138 Black Grouper – note the black stripe on the tail

139 Nassau Grouper

140 Myra Hughey (02) and her Yellow- finned Grouper

141 Romey and Myra’s Yellow- finned Grouper

142 Rock Hind (a small grouper)

143 Spanish Hogfish Mating Behavior

144 Longspine Squirrelfish

145 Longspine Squirrelfish, Belize.

146 Squirrel fish with amphipod

147 Blue Tang

148 Surgeonfish

149 Doctorfish

150 Black Durgon – beauty in motion

151 Gray Triggerfish

152 Queen Triggerfish

153 Ocean Triggerfish

154 Spadefish

155 Trumpetfish

156 Seahorses Martin & Winnie, 2004

157 Mudskipper (out of water) in the Philippines

158 Bluehead Wrasse adult

159 Bluehead Wrasse juveniles & one adult male

160 Wrasse at cleaning “stations”

161 Cleaning Symbiosis

162 Yellowhead Wrasse

163 Creole wrasse – a common school fish

164 Upyer Wrasse

165 A few freshwater fish

166 Tilapia

167 Peacock Cichlid, Petenia splendida – locally known as Bay snook

168 Note the large mouth for capturing prey

169 Firemouth Cichlid, Cichlasoma meeki

170 Other freshwater cichlids

171 A freshwater catfish in Belize

172 Freshwater: Red-tailed Catfish from the Amazon

173 Piranha – Refugio Amazonas, Tambopata, Perú.

174 Freshwater: Piranha teeth

175 So, you think sharks and piranha are scary?

176 Meet the Candirú, Vandellia cirrhosa (Trichomycteridae) Small tissue chewers – a type of catfish From the Amazon & Orinoco rivers (no, not in Belize) Cryptic, clear, and slippery Normally feed on the gills of fish In humans, move toward urine Most victims have the candirú enter the urethra while swimming in the nude One victim was standing thigh deep in water peeing, and a 5 inch long, 7/16 inch wide, candirú swam into his penis Once in the urethra, the little spines of the pectoral fins lock into place and surgery is required to extricate them.

177 Candirú images from the web

178 Many thanks to the following for use of their slides:

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