Presentation on theme: "Caribbean Tropical Fish 4-04-10. Four-eyed Fish, Anableps Trinidad November 2009 Photo by Eliana Ardila."— Presentation transcript:
Caribbean Tropical Fish
Four-eyed Fish, Anableps Trinidad November 2009 Photo by Eliana Ardila
Anableps skim the surface and their eyes see above and below.
Jack the Ripper, the five foot welcome committee at Blue Hole.
Jack the Ripper under our boat at Blue Hole.
Mallory Blakeslee and her ‘Cudda 2005
Mike Joines & his ‘Cuddas By Harold Baquet
Batfish, a species we see while snorkeling in the mangroves of Turneffe Atoll.
Spiney Puffer from Natural History Magazine
A spiney little ball. from Natural History Magazine
How do they puff up? It’s the stomach. From Natural History Magazine
Scorpionfish, with poison glands, cryptically resting in Tobago.
Coney: yellow phase (l) & bicolor phase (r)
Chub under the boat at The Aquarium, a favorite dive site on Long Caye, Belize.
Melissa Kaintz (02) with an edible barjack.
Horse-eye Jack – note the large eye
King Mackerel – called a King Fish in Belize.
Patty Richards (02) with her King Fish.
We’ll have a good meal soon!
Wahoo are another relative of the King Fish.
Fish have a lateral line for sensing the environment, and the shape of the line is often used to identify fish.
Yellowfin Tuna, one of the fastest fishes in the sea.
Fast moving fish (a King Mackerel in this case) often have very red, highly vascularized tissue near the center of the body.
High Speed Tails
Gill Rakers in Bonita
Bicolor Damselfish adult
Bicolor Damselfish juvenile
Sunshine fish on the wall
Slippery Dick adult
Slippery Dick subadult
Jawfish with eggs in the mouth. These are common at our dive sites.
Small goby on a coral – look closely when diving.
Sarcastic Fringehead (Goby)
Yellowprow Goby looking out of a sponge.
Bluestripe Grunt – note the parallel blue stripes.
Bluestriped Grunt (Kissing?)
French Grunt – note the oblique stripes on the sides.
What do you see? (Wildlife Conservation June 2004)
Sand diver – closely related to the lizardfish.
Tarpon are one of the most popular game fishes in the world. They have huge scales that are shed continually.
Ladyfish – held by a headless hippy.
How to catch a Bonefish
Happiness with a Bonefish
More Morays (What do you think they are talking about?) “You get the leg, I’ll go for the crotch!” Ouch!!!
Garden Eels – common at our dive sites
Stoplight Parrotfish: male on left
Midnight Parrotfish, Blue Hole, Belize
Stoplight Parrotfish, Blue Hole, Belize
Ocean sunfish, Mola mola
Gray Reef Shark
Students with Nurse Sharks
Is this clear water, or what?
Sand Tiger Shark
Half Eaten Shark
Shark claspers (male intromittant organ) and Ampullae of Lorenzini (electroreceptors) on the head
Mako sharks catch tuna – do you think they can swim fast? Only about 50 mph!
Mako’s are scary.
Great White Shark
Always be careful around water!
Whale Shark feeding
Remember the shark attacks of a few years ago. Here’s an interesting theory!
Remora, or Shark Sucker
Stingray and Spine
Aimée, Luz and friend.
Manta Ray Head
Spotted Eagle Ray Martin & Winnie, 2004
This is why one shuffles ones feet when wading where stingrays occur.
Mutton Snapper - HMC
Black Grouper – note the black stripe on the tail
Myra Hughey (02) and her Yellow- finned Grouper
Romey and Myra’s Yellow- finned Grouper
Rock Hind (a small grouper)
Spanish Hogfish Mating Behavior
Longspine Squirrelfish, Belize.
Squirrel fish with amphipod
Black Durgon – beauty in motion
Seahorses Martin & Winnie, 2004
Mudskipper (out of water) in the Philippines
Bluehead Wrasse adult
Bluehead Wrasse juveniles & one adult male
Wrasse at cleaning “stations”
Creole wrasse – a common school fish
A few freshwater fish
Peacock Cichlid, Petenia splendida – locally known as Bay snook
Note the large mouth for capturing prey
Firemouth Cichlid, Cichlasoma meeki
Other freshwater cichlids
A freshwater catfish in Belize
Freshwater: Red-tailed Catfish from the Amazon
Piranha – Refugio Amazonas, Tambopata, Perú.
Freshwater: Piranha teeth
So, you think sharks and piranha are scary?
Meet the Candirú, Vandellia cirrhosa (Trichomycteridae) Small tissue chewers – a type of catfish From the Amazon & Orinoco rivers (no, not in Belize) Cryptic, clear, and slippery Normally feed on the gills of fish In humans, move toward urine Most victims have the candirú enter the urethra while swimming in the nude One victim was standing thigh deep in water peeing, and a 5 inch long, 7/16 inch wide, candirú swam into his penis Once in the urethra, the little spines of the pectoral fins lock into place and surgery is required to extricate them.
Candirú images from the web
Many thanks to the following for use of their slides: