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Muscle Review By 2010 -2011 Anatomy and Physiology Students.

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Presentation on theme: "Muscle Review By 2010 -2011 Anatomy and Physiology Students."— Presentation transcript:

1 Muscle Review By 2010 -2011 Anatomy and Physiology Students

2 How to study Each slide will provide 6 clues to naming a muscle. Try to guess the name of the muscle with each clue. Of course you may want to change your mind as the clues progress. The clues are: Location of muscle Origin Insertion Action A fun hint A picture of the muscle. GOOD LUCK and PRACTICE, PRACTICE, PRACTICE!!!!!!

3 Muscles of the Head and Neck

4 Frontalis 1.This muscle is found on the anterior side of the cranium. 2.Origin: Superior fibers of the upper facial muscles 3.Insertion: Epicranial aponeurosis 4.Action: Wrinkles the forehead and raises eyebrows 5.Is located on the frontal bone. By: Chelsea Lundquist & Carie Imme

5 1. Location: Head. 2. Origin: Lower border of the zygomatic arch. 3. Insertion: Lateral surface of mandible. 4. Action: Elevates mandible. 5. One of the muscles of mastication. Masseter By: Julia Bahr Lena Bensaid

6 Rob Hansen + Heather Dirk This muscle is located on the anterior side of the head. Origin: Maxillary and frontal bones Insertion: Skin around eye This muscle is used to close the eye. This muscle gets its name from it’s circular shape. Orbicularis Oculi

7 1.The muscle is found among the muscles of the face and neck. 2.Origin: the temporal bone 3.The insertion: the coronoid process and lateral surface of mandible. 4.Action: Elevates Mandible 5.Hint: One of the muscles of mastification Temporalis Michelle Voelkel Mary Erickson

8 Sternocleidomastoid Location: In the neck Origin: Anterior surface of sternum, upper surface of clavicle Insertion: Mastoid process of temporal bone Action: Pulls head sideways, forward and raises sternum Hint: Comes together from opposite sides of neck forming a “V” Aaron Broadwater and Rob Emmett

9 1. This muscle is located on the face 2. Origin: Lateral infra-orbital margin 3. Insertion: Skin and muscle of upper lip 4. Action: Elevates and everts upper lip 5. Extra: Ms. Cerletty’s favorite muscle name By: Jacob Simonson and Nate Marshall

10 1.Facial muscle of anterior cheek extending to upper lip 2.Attached to the zygomatic bone 3.The insertion is the orbicularis oris 4.It raises the corner of the mouth 5.It is a synergist with the zygomaticus minor Zygomaticus major By: Jake Coury Steven Kirchhof

11 1.Location: Posterior side of head 2.Origin: Occipital bone 3.Insertion: Skin and muscles around eye 4.Action: Raises eyebrows 5.Works with the frontalis Occipitalis By: Arielle & Emily

12 Brittany Spannbauer Petra Stevanovic 1.Location: Head 2. Origin: Outer surfaces of maxilla and mandible 3. Insertion: Orbicularis oris 4. Action: Compresses cheeks inward 5. Fun Fact: The muscle is also involved in smiling and blowing, the action from which it gets its name, as the word means trumpeter in Latin. Buccinator

13 1.Location: Head 2.Origin: Anterior mandible, skin of mandible. 3.Insertion: Mandible 4.Action: Elevates and wrinkles skin of chin. Protrudes lower lip. 5. Referred to as pouting muscle. Mentalis By: Kristin Stollenwerk

14 1. It is located on the anterior side of the head. 2. The origin is the muscles near the mouth. 3. The insertion is the skin of the lips. 4. This muscle closes and protrudes the lips. 5. “Kiss me baby.” Orbicularis Oris Elise Schulhauser and Megan Moffatt

15 1.This muscle is found in the head and neck 2.Origin: Fascia in upper chest 3.Insertion: Lower border of mandible 4.Action: Draws angle of mouth downward 5.Allows you to frown By: Annmarie and Riley Platysma

16 1)It is found on the superior part of the cranium. 2)Not a muscle 3)Sheet like tendon located between the frontalis and occipitalis 4)Action: elevates eyebrows and wrinkles forehead. 5)It got it’s name from where it is located on the head. By: Megan G and Jessica M Epicranial aponeurosis

17 Location: Posterior side of neck. Origin: Processes of lower cervical and upper thoracic vertebrae Insertion: Occipital Bone Extends head, bends head to one side, rotates head Semispinalis Capitis Emily Smith and Kalina Al-Mohareb Runs parallel to the spine

18 Muscles of the Torso

19 1.This muscle is found on the anterior side of the abdominal wall. 2.Origin: outer surfaces of lower ribs. 3. Insertion: outer lip of iliac crest and linea alba. 4. Action: tenses abdominal wall and compresses abdominal contents 5. Also known as the “Love Handles” External Oblique By: Khadijah Johnson and Stefani Kriegel

20 Location- anterior torso muscles Origin- outer surfaces of the upper ribs Insertion- ventral surface of the scapula Action- pulls the scapula anteriorly and downward Hint- name is similar to a type of blade used to cut bread Serratus Anterior By:Danielle Starke and Jack Kasprzak

21 Located on the anterior side of the torso Origin: Crest of the Pubis and Symphysis Pubis. Insertion: Xiphoid Process Tenses the abdominal wall and compresses abdominal contents. It also flexes vertebral column. Referred to as a six pack. Rectus Abdominis By Jake K. and Mike N.

22 1.This muscle is found on the anterior side of the torso. 2.Origin: Sternal ends of upper ribs 3.Insertion: Coracoid process of scapula 4.Action: Pulls scapula anteriorly and downward or raises ribs 5.It is named for its location and size By: Pablo Bras and Nathan Dupont Pectoralis minor

23 1. This muscle is located on the posterior side of the torso muscle 2. Origin- Transverse process of the cervical vertebrae 3. Insertion- Medial margin of scapula 4. Action- Elevates the scapula 5. Attaches to cervical vertebrae and the scapula Lavator scapulae Juan Velandia Colin Shepherd

24 LLocated on the anterior side of the torso OOriginates at the clavicle, sternum, and costal cartilages of upper ribs IInsertion is the intertubercular groove of humerus AAction: pulls arm anteriorly and across chest, rotates humerus, or adducts arm BBench pressing strengthens this muscle Pectoralis Major By: Alfredo Hernandez & Nick Tubic

25 1.Located on the posterior side of the torso. 2.Origin: lateral border of the scapula. 3.Insertion: greater tubercle of the humerus. 4.Action: rotates the arm laterally. 5.One of the muscles associated with the rotator cuff. Teres Minor By: Stephenie Quirke and Allie Anderson

26 Location: Posterior Torso Origin: Lateral border of scapula Insertion: Intertubercular groove of humerus Action: Extends humerus or adducts and rotates arm medially Hint: It has a name that is similar to a smaller muscle Hannah Paruzynski & Jenny Knackert Teres Major

27 Latissimus Dorsi Location-Posterior Torso Origin-Spines of sacral, lumbar, and lower thoracic vertebrae, iliac crest, and lower ribs Insertion-Intertububercular groove of humerus Action-Extends and adducts arm and rotates humerus inwardly, or pulls shoulder Also known as the “Swimmers Muscle” Alex Dellis Tyler Zientara

28 Location: This muscle is found on the posterior side of the shoulder. Origin: Posterior surface of scapula. Insertion: Greater tubercle of humerus. Action: Rotates arm laterally. One of the four rotator cuff muscles. Infraspinatus Cully E. Fue X.

29 1. Location-Shoulder area of the posterior torso 2. Origin-Posterior surface of the scapula 3. Insertion-Greater tubercle of the humerus 4. Action-Abducts the arm 5. Other-One of the muscles that makes up the rotator cuff By Courtney Atkinson Ashley Cridelich Supraspinatus

30 Location: Posterior side Origin: Occipital bone & spines of cervical & thoracic vertebrae Insertion: Clavicle; spine & acromion process Action: Rotates scapula & raises arm Clue: Extends from the shoulder to the thoracic area, also named from its shape Trapezius By: Kay Ray & Kell Bell

31 Internal Oblique By: Stephen and Geoff 1.This muscle is found on the anterior side of the torso. 2.Origin: Crest of ilium and inguinal ligament 3.Insertion: Cartilages of lower ribs, linea alba, and crest of pubis 4.Action: Tenses abdominal wall and compresses abdominal contents 5.It is named for its location and direction of striations

32 1.Location: On the posterior side of the torso 2.Origin: Spines of upper thoracic vertebrae 3.Insertion: Medial border of scapula 4.Action: Raises and adducts scapula 5.Called 'postural muscles' because they pull the shoulders back when contracted. Rhomboid Major By: Syeda Rashid & Anna Park

33 1.Location: Anterior abdominal wall 2.Origin: Costal cartilages of lower ribs, processes of lumbar vertebrae, lip of iliac crest, and inguinal ligament 3.Insertion: Linea alba and crest of pubis 4.Action: Tenses abdominal wall and compresses abdominal contents 5.Named for muscle direction and general location Transversus Abdominis By: Hannah Schmidt and Kristin Kowaleski Group #3

34 5.Clue: Site of a typical vaccination injection By: Jennifer Gleason & Krysta Grotkiewicz Deltoid 1.Location: This muscle is found on the anterior, posterior, and lateral sides of the torso. 2.Origin: Acromion process, spine of scapula, and clavicle 3. Insertion: Deltoid tuberosity of humerus 4. Action: Abducts arm

35 Muscles of the Arm

36 1) Located on the anterior surface of the humerus. 2) The origin is the coracoid process & tubercle above the glenoid cavity of the scapula. 3) The insertion is the radial tuberosity of the radius. 4) Flexes forearm at the elbow and rotates hand laterally. 5) Is an antagonist to the triceps brachii. Biceps Brachii By: Josh L. and Teely Y.

37 The muscle is found on the posterior side of the arm It’s origins are below the glenoid cavity and lateral and medial surfaces of humerus Insertion is the olecranon process of ulna Extends forearm at elbow Used to shoot a basketball Triceps Brachii By: Gianni and Jkat

38 1- Located in the posterior forearm Extensor carpi ulnaris 2- Origin: Lateral epicondyle of humerus 3-Insertion: Base of fifth metacarpal 4- Action: Extends and adducts wrist Amanda Wiske & Sarah Nelson 5- Runs parallel to ulna bone!

39 1.Location: The muscle is found in the palm side of the forearm. 2.Origin: The medial epicondyle of humerus. 3.Insertion: The base of the second and third metacarpals. 4.Action: Flexes and abducts the hand at wrist. 5.Named for its action of the wrist. Flexor Carpi Radialis By: Allie Leslie & Olivia Guttormsson

40 Location: Upper arm muscle on anterior side. Origin: Anterior shaft of humerus. Insertion: Coronoid process of ulna. Action: Flexes forearm at elbow. Synergists with brachioradialis. Brachialis By Katie Freibergs and Darcy McGlinn

41 1.The posterior forearm 2.Lateral epicondyle of humerus 3.Posterior surface of phalanges in fingers 2-5 4.Extends wrist and fingers 5.Next to the Extensor carpi radialis longus Extensor digitorum Blia Xiong & Jenna Gill

42 Flexor Carpi Ulnaris by: Samantha and Jaycelyn Located on the posterior side of the forearm. Origin is the medial epicondyle of humerus and olecranon process. insertion is the carpal and metacarpal bones. It flexes and abducts wrist. Its named after its action, location, and it does NOT radiate with the thumb.

43 1.Location: Anterior forearm 2.Origin: Distal lateral end of humerus 3.Insertion: Lateral surface of radius above styloid process 4.Action: Flexes forearm at elbow 5.Clue: A way to strengthen the muscle is a bicep curl Brachioradialis Marty and Marcus

44 1.This muscle is found on the anterior side of the upper arm 2.Origin: Coracoid process of scapula 3.Insertion: Shaft of humerus 4.Action: Flexes and adducts arm 5.This muscle is sometimes connected to the brachialis muscle Coracobrachialis Kelly Ertl and Katherine Crivello

45 This muscle is located on the posterior side of the body. The origin is the distal end of the humerus. The insertion is the base of the second metacarpal. The action is extending the wrist and abducting the hand. Part of its name comes from being a long muscle. Extensor carpi radialis longus Matt and Christoph

46 1.Found in the posterior forearm 2.It’s origin is lateral epicondyle of humerus 3.It’s insertion is the base of the second and third metacarpals 4.It extends wrist and abducts the hand. (abducts means moves a part from the midline.) 5.Radiates with the thumb. Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis By Brianna Schwanke and Sarah Bochat

47 1.Anterior side of the forearm. 2.Origin: Medial epicondyle of the humerus. 3.Insertion: Fascia of the palm. 4.Action: Flexes wrist. 5.The tendon goes out across the palm. Palmaris Longus Kaine Vang, Aditi Patel, Olivia Latus

48 Muscles of the Leg

49 Location: Anterior side of the lower leg Origin: Lateral condyle and lateral surface of tibia Insertion: Tarsal bone and first metatarsal Action: Dorsiflexion and Inversion of the foot Hint: Soccer Players wear pads to protect this area of the leg Tibialis Anterior Ben S and R, Nick V.

50 1.Found on the anterior side of the thigh 2.Origin is spine of ilium and margin of acetabulum 3.Insertion is patella by the tendon, which continues as patellar ligament to tibial tuberosity 4.Extends leg at knee 5.Part of the quadriceps group RECTUS FEMORIS By Matt Brunner and Chloe MacKinnon

51 Found in anterior thigh Origin: Anterior superior iliac spine Insertion: medial surface of tibia Action: flexes leg and thigh, abducts thigh, rotates side laterally & rotates leg medially The longest muscle in the body Sartorius By: Chelsea Glass & Gozoua Xiong

52 Location: the most lateral of the four quadriceps muscles and is felt on the outside top of the thigh. Origin: Greater trochanter and posterior surface of the femur Insertion: Patella by tendon, which continues as patellar ligament to the tribial tuberosity Action: Extends leg at the knee Clue: Tear drop shaped VASTUS LATERALIIS By: Mitchell Gasper

53 Located on the posterior side of the thigh. Adductor Longus By: Mitch Olson, Ian Ray The origin is the Pubic bone near the symphysis pubis. The insertion is the posterior surface of the femur. Adducts, flexes, rotates, thigh laterally. It is a “long” muscle that can be considered a pulled groin.

54 1.This muscle is located on the posterior side of the thigh. 2.Origin: sacrum, coccyx, and posterior surface of the ilium 3.Insertion: posterior surface of femur and fascia of thigh 4.Action: extends thigh 5.Largest muscle in the body Gluteus maximus By: Aly Eichman and Amie Eichman

55 Location: Posterior Thigh Origin: Lower edge of symphysis pubis Insertion: Medial surface of tibia Action: Adducts thigh, flexes and rotates lower limb medially. Hint: Long skinny muscle, on medial side of the thigh. By: Brittany Alba & Cory Wunrow Gracilis

56 The muscle is found on the posterior side of the thigh. Origin: Ischial tuberosity Insertion: Medial surface of tibia Action: flexes leg, extends thigh Part of the hamstring group Semitendinosus Sara Mogensen and Ryan Lepkowski

57 Ariana Hansen Brittany Brezgel 1.Located on the anterior side of the thigh. 2.Origin: Medial surface of femur. 3.Insertion: Patella by the tendon, which continues as patellar ligament to tibial tuberosity. 4.Action: Extends leg at knee 5.Part of the quadriceps group. Vastus Medialis

58 1. This muscle is found on the lateral surface of the leg 2. Origin: lateral condyle of tibia and head and shaft of fibula 3. Insertion: Tarsal and metatarsal bones 4. Action: Plantar flexion and eversion of foot; also supports arch 5. You use it daily when walking on uneven surfaces Fibularis Longus By: Shannon and Tess

59 Found near the medial part of the upper thigh Origin: Ischial tuberosity Insertion: Posterior surface of femur Action: Adducts, extends and rotates thigh laterally It’s the muscle associated with a pulled groin Adductor Magnus Tony

60 1.Anterior side of the upper leg 2. Origin: Iliac fossa of ilium 3. Insertion: lesser trochanter of femur 4. Action: Flexes thigh 5. Many dancers have inflammation of this muscle Iliacus By: Zach B & Becky

61 1) Located on lateral anterior part of thigh 2) Origin is anterior iliac crest 3) Insertion is fascia of thigh 4) Abducts, flexes, and rotates thigh medially 5) Although this muscle isn't used as frequently as other thigh muscles, it is key in stabilizing leg movement Tensor Fasciae Latae Taylor M. and Jocelyn S.

62 1.This muscle is located on the posterior side of the leg. 2.The origins are the lateral and medial condyles of femur. 3.The insertion is the posterior surface of the calcaneus. 4.The action is plantar flexion of foot and flexion of leg at knee. 5.This muscle’s common name is the calf. Gastrocnemius Dushan and Josh

63 1. Location: Posterior lower leg. 2. Origin: Lateral surface of ilium. 3. Insertion: Greater trochanter of femur. 4. Action: Abducts and rotates thigh medially. 5. Clue: Trigger points of lower back pain. Gluteus medius Britt Mayek, Alyssa Dombrowski

64 1. This muscle is found on the posterior lower leg 2. Origin: head and shaft of the fibula and posterior surface of tibia 3. Insertion: Posterior surface of calcaneus 4. Action: Plantar flexion of foot 5. The muscle that can pull with the greatest force. Soleus By: Alyssa Moffatt Deon Gill

65 Posterior side of the thigh Origin: Ischial tuberosity and posterior surface of the femur Insertion: Head of fibula and lateral condyle of tibia Action:Flexes leg and extends the thigh 1 of the 3 muscles that make up the hamstring By: Eric Windt and Harrison Wilkes


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