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1By 2010 -2011 Anatomy and Physiology Students Muscle ReviewByAnatomy and Physiology Students
2How to studyEach slide will provide 6 clues to naming a muscle. Try to guess the name of the muscle with each clue. Of course you may want to change your mind as the clues progress. The clues are:Location of muscleOriginInsertionActionA fun hintA picture of the muscle.GOOD LUCK and PRACTICE, PRACTICE, PRACTICE!!!!!!
4By: Chelsea Lundquist & Carie Imme This muscle is found on the anterior side of the cranium.Origin: Superior fibers of the upper facial musclesInsertion: Epicranial aponeurosisAction: Wrinkles the forehead and raises eyebrowsIs located on the frontal bone.FrontalisBy: Chelsea Lundquist & Carie Imme
52. Origin: Lower border of the zygomatic arch. 1. Location: Head.2. Origin: Lower border of the zygomatic arch.3. Insertion: Lateral surface of mandible.4. Action: Elevates mandible.Masseter5. One of the muscles of mastication.By: Julia BahrLena Bensaid
6Rob Hansen + Heather Dirk This muscle is located on the anterior side of the head.Origin: Maxillary and frontal bonesInsertion: Skin around eyeThis muscle is used to close the eye.This muscle gets its name from it’s circular shape.Orbicularis OculiRob Hansen + Heather Dirk
7The muscle is found among the muscles of the face and neck. Origin: the temporal boneThe insertion: the coronoid process and lateral surface of mandible.Action: Elevates MandibleHint: One of the muscles of mastificationTemporalisMichelle VoelkelMary Erickson
8Sternocleidomastoid Location: In the neck Origin: Anterior surface of sternum, upper surface of clavicleInsertion: Mastoid process of temporal boneAction: Pulls head sideways, forward and raises sternumHint: Comes together from opposite sides of neck forming a “V”Aaron Broadwater and Rob Emmett
91. This muscle is located on the face 2. Origin: Lateral infra-orbital margin3. Insertion: Skin and muscle of upper lip4. Action: Elevates and everts upper lip5. Extra: Ms. Cerletty’s favorite muscle nameBy: Jacob Simonson and Nate Marshall
10Facial muscle of anterior cheek extending to upper lip Attached to the zygomatic boneThe insertion is the orbicularis orisIt raises the corner of the mouthIt is a synergist with the zygomaticus minorZygomaticus majorBy: Jake CourySteven Kirchhof
11Location: Posterior side of head Origin: Occipital boneInsertion: Skin and muscles around eyeAction: Raises eyebrowsWorks with the frontalisOccipitalisBy: Arielle & Emily
122. Origin: Outer surfaces of maxilla and mandible Location: Head2. Origin: Outer surfaces of maxilla and mandible3. Insertion: Orbicularis oris4. Action: Compresses cheeks inward5. Fun Fact: The muscle is also involved in smiling and blowing, the action from which it gets its name, as the word means trumpeter in Latin.BuccinatorBrittany SpannbauerPetra Stevanovic
13By: Kristin Stollenwerk Location: HeadOrigin: Anterior mandible, skin of mandible.Insertion: MandibleAction: Elevates and wrinkles skin of chin. Protrudes lower lip.5. Referred to as pouting muscle.MentalisBy: Kristin Stollenwerk
14Orbicularis Oris 1. It is located on the anterior side of the head. 2. The origin is the muscles near the mouth.3. The insertion is the skin of the lips.4. This muscle closes and protrudes the lips.5. “Kiss me baby.”Orbicularis OrisElise Schulhauser and Megan Moffatt
15This muscle is found in the head and neck Origin: Fascia in upper chestInsertion: Lower border of mandibleAction: Draws angle of mouth downwardPlatysmaAllows you to frownBy: Annmarie and Riley
16It is found on the superior part of the cranium. Not a muscle Sheet like tendon located between the frontalis and occipitalisAction: elevates eyebrows and wrinkles forehead.It got it’s name from where it is located on the head.Epicranial aponeurosisBy: Megan G and Jessica M
17Location: Posterior side of neck. Origin: Processes of lower cervical and upper thoracic vertebraeInsertion: Occipital BoneExtends head, bends head to one side, rotates headSemispinalis CapitisRuns parallel to the spineEmily Smith and Kalina Al-Mohareb
191.This muscle is found on the anterior side of the abdominal wall. 2.Origin: outer surfaces of lower ribs.3. Insertion: outer lip of iliac crest and linea alba.4. Action: tenses abdominal wall and compresses abdominal contents5. Also known as the “Love Handles”External ObliqueBy: Khadijah Johnson and Stefani Kriegel
20By:Danielle Starke and Jack Kasprzak Location- anterior torso musclesOrigin- outer surfaces of the upper ribsInsertion- ventral surface of the scapulaAction- pulls the scapula anteriorly and downwardHint- name is similar to a type of blade used to cut breadSerratus AnteriorBy:Danielle Starke and Jack Kasprzak
21Located on the anterior side of the torso Origin: Crest of the Pubis and Symphysis Pubis.Insertion: Xiphoid ProcessTenses the abdominal wall and compresses abdominal contents. It also flexes vertebral column.Referred to as a six pack.Rectus AbdominisBy Jake K. and Mike N.
22This muscle is found on the anterior side of the torso. Origin: Sternal ends of upperribsInsertion: Coracoid processof scapulaAction: Pulls scapula anteriorlyand downward or raises ribsIt is named for its locationand sizePectoralis minorBy: Pablo Bras and Nathan Dupont
231. This muscle is located on the posterior side of the torso muscle 2. Origin- Transverse process of the cervical vertebrae3. Insertion- Medial margin of scapula4. Action- Elevates the scapulaLavator scapulae5. Attaches to cervical vertebrae and the scapulaJuan Velandia Colin Shepherd
24Located on the anterior side of the torso Originates at the clavicle, sternum, and costal cartilages of upper ribsInsertion is the intertubercular groove of humerusAction: pulls arm anteriorly and across chest, rotates humerus, or adducts armBench pressing strengthens this musclePectoralis MajorBy: Alfredo Hernandez &Nick Tubic
25Located on the posterior side of the torso. Origin: lateral border of the scapula.Insertion: greater tubercle of the humerus.Action: rotates the arm laterally.One of the muscles associated with the rotator cuff.Teres MinorBy: Stephenie Quirke and Allie Anderson
26Location: Posterior Torso Origin: Lateral border of scapula Insertion: Intertubercular groove of humerusAction: Extends humerus or adducts and rotates arm mediallyHint: It has a name that is similar to a smaller muscleTeres MajorHannah Paruzynski & Jenny Knackert
27Location-Posterior Torso Origin-Spines of sacral, lumbar, and lower thoracic vertebrae, iliac crest, and lower ribsInsertion-Intertububercular groove of humerusAction-Extends and adducts arm and rotates humerus inwardly, or pulls shoulderAlso known as the “Swimmers Muscle”Latissimus DorsiAlex DellisTyler Zientara
28Location: This muscle is found on the posterior side of the shoulder. Origin: Posterior surface of scapula.Insertion: Greater tubercle of humerus.Action: Rotates arm laterally.One of the four rotator cuff muscles.InfraspinatusCully E. Fue X.
291. Location-Shoulder area of the posterior torso 2. Origin-Posterior surface of the scapula3. Insertion-Greater tubercle of the humerus4. Action-Abducts the armSupraspinatus5. Other-One of the muscles that makes up the rotator cuffBy Courtney AtkinsonAshley Cridelich
30Location: Posterior side Origin: Occipital bone & spines of cervical & thoracic vertebraeInsertion: Clavicle; spine & acromion processAction: Rotates scapula & raises armClue: Extends from the shoulder to the thoracic area, also named from its shapeTrapeziusBy: Kay Ray & Kell Bell
31This muscle is found on the anterior side of the torso. Origin: Crest of ilium and inguinal ligamentInsertion: Cartilages of lower ribs, linea alba, and crest of pubisAction: Tenses abdominal wall and compresses abdominal contentsIt is named for its location and direction of striationsInternal ObliqueBy: Stephen and Geoff
32Location: On the posterior side of the torso Origin: Spines of upper thoracic vertebraeInsertion: Medial border of scapulaAction: Raises and adducts scapulaCalled 'postural muscles' because they pull the shoulders back when contracted.Rhomboid MajorBy: Syeda Rashid & Anna Park
33Location: Anterior abdominal wall Origin: Costal cartilages of lower ribs, processes of lumbar vertebrae, lip of iliac crest, and inguinal ligamentInsertion: Linea alba and crest of pubisAction: Tenses abdominal wall and compresses abdominal contentsNamed for muscle direction and general locationTransversus AbdominisBy: Hannah Schmidt andKristin KowaleskiGroup #3
34Location: This muscle is found on the anterior, posterior, and lateral sides of the torso. Deltoid2. Origin: Acromion process, spine of scapula, and clavicle3. Insertion: Deltoid tuberosity of humerus4. Action: Abducts arm5. Clue: Site of a typical vaccination injectionBy: Jennifer Gleason & Krysta Grotkiewicz
361) Located on the anterior surface of the humerus. 2) The origin is the coracoid process & tubercle above the glenoid cavity of the scapula.3) The insertion is the radial tuberosity of the radius.4) Flexes forearm at the elbow and rotates hand laterally.5) Is an antagonist to the triceps brachii.Biceps BrachiiBy: Josh L. and Teely Y.
37The muscle is found on the posterior side of the arm It’s origins are below the glenoid cavity and lateral and medial surfaces of humerusInsertion is the olecranon process of ulnaExtends forearm at elbowUsed to shoot a basketballTriceps BrachiiBy: Gianni and Jkat
383-Insertion: Base of fifth metacarpal 1- Located in the posterior forearm2- Origin: Lateral epicondyle of humerus3-Insertion: Base of fifth metacarpal4- Action: Extends and adducts wrist5- Runs parallel to ulna bone!Extensor carpi ulnarisAmanda Wiske & Sarah Nelson
39By: Allie Leslie & Olivia Guttormsson Location: The muscle is found in the palm side of the forearm.Origin: The medial epicondyle of humerus.Insertion: The base of the second and third metacarpals.Action: Flexes and abducts the hand at wrist.Named for its action of the wrist.Flexor Carpi RadialisBy: Allie Leslie & Olivia Guttormsson
40Location: Upper arm muscle on anterior side. Origin: Anterior shaft of humerus.Insertion: Coronoid process of ulna.Action: Flexes forearm at elbow.Synergists with brachioradialis.BrachialisBy Katie Freibergs and Darcy McGlinn
41Lateral epicondyle of humerus The posterior forearmLateral epicondyle of humerusPosterior surface of phalanges in fingers 2-5Extends wrist and fingersNext to the Extensor carpi radialis longusExtensor digitorumBlia Xiong & Jenna Gill
42Flexor Carpi Ulnaris by: Samantha and Jaycelyn Located on the posterior side of the forearm.Origin is the medial epicondyle of humerus and olecranon process.insertion is the carpal and metacarpal bones.It flexes and abducts wrist.Its named after its action, location, and it does NOT radiate with the thumb.Flexor Carpi Ulnaris by: Samantha and Jaycelyn
43Location: Anterior forearm Origin: Distal lateral end of humerus Insertion: Lateral surface of radius above styloid processAction: Flexes forearm at elbowClue: A way to strengthen the muscle is a bicep curlBrachioradialisMarty and Marcus
44This muscle is found on the anterior side of the upper arm Origin: Coracoid process of scapulaInsertion: Shaft of humerusAction: Flexes and adducts armThis muscle is sometimes connected to the brachialis muscleCoracobrachialisKelly Ertl and Katherine Crivello
45Extensor carpi radialis longus This muscle is located on the posterior side of the body.The origin is the distal end of the humerus.The insertion is the base of the second metacarpal.The action is extending the wrist and abducting the hand.Part of its name comes from being a long muscle.Extensor carpi radialis longusMatt and Christoph
46Extensor Carpi Radialis Brevis Found in the posterior forearmIt’s origin is lateral epicondyle of humerusIt’s insertion is the base of the second and third metacarpalsIt extends wrist and abducts the hand. (abducts means moves a part from the midline.)Radiates with the thumb.Extensor Carpi Radialis BrevisBy Brianna Schwanke and Sarah Bochat
47Anterior side of the forearm. Origin: Medial epicondyle of the humerus.Insertion: Fascia of the palm.Action: Flexes wrist.The tendon goes out across the palm.Palmaris LongusKaine Vang, Aditi Patel, Olivia Latus
49Location: Anterior side of the lower leg Origin: Lateral condyle and lateral surface of tibiaTibialis AnteriorInsertion: Tarsal bone and first metatarsalAction: Dorsiflexion and Inversion of the footHint: Soccer Players wear pads to protect this area of the legBen S and R, Nick V.
50By Matt Brunner and Chloe MacKinnon Found on the anterior side of the thighOrigin is spine of ilium and margin of acetabulumInsertion is patella by the tendon, which continues as patellar ligament to tibial tuberosityExtends leg at kneePart of the quadriceps groupRECTUS FEMORISBy Matt Brunner and Chloe MacKinnon
51Found in anterior thigh Origin: Anterior superior iliac spine Insertion: medial surface of tibiaAction: flexes leg and thigh, abducts thigh, rotates side laterally & rotates leg mediallyThe longest muscle in the bodySartoriusBy: Chelsea Glass & Gozoua Xiong
52Origin: Greater trochanter and posterior surface of the femur Location: the most lateral of the four quadriceps muscles and is felt on the outside top of the thigh.Origin: Greater trochanter and posterior surface of the femurInsertion: Patella by tendon, which continues as patellar ligament to the tribial tuberosityAction: Extends leg at the kneeClue: Tear drop shapedVASTUS LATERALIISBy: Mitchell Gasper
53The origin is the Pubic bone near the symphysis pubis. Located on the posterior side of the thigh.The origin is the Pubic bone near the symphysis pubis.The insertion is the posterior surface of the femur.Adducts, flexes, rotates, thigh laterally.Adductor LongusBy: Mitch Olson, Ian RayIt is a “long” muscle that can be considered a pulled groin.
54By: Aly Eichman and Amie Eichman This muscle is located on the posterior side of the thigh.Origin: sacrum, coccyx, and posterior surface of the iliumInsertion: posterior surface of femur and fascia of thighAction: extends thighLargest muscle in the bodyGluteus maximusBy: Aly Eichman and Amie Eichman
55Location: Posterior Thigh Origin: Lower edge of symphysis pubis Insertion: Medial surface of tibiaAction: Adducts thigh, flexes and rotates lower limb medially.Hint: Long skinny muscle, on medial side of the thigh.By: Brittany Alba & Cory WunrowGracilis
56The muscle is found on the posterior side of the thigh. Origin: Ischial tuberosityInsertion: Medial surface of tibiaAction: flexes leg, extends thighPart of the hamstring groupSemitendinosusSara Mogensen and Ryan Lepkowski
57Located on the anterior side of the thigh. Origin: Medial surface of femur.Insertion: Patella by the tendon, which continues as patellar ligament to tibial tuberosity.Action: Extends leg at kneePart of the quadriceps group.Vastus MedialisAriana HansenBrittany Brezgel
581. This muscle is found on the lateral surface of the leg 2. Origin: lateral condyle of tibia and head and shaft of fibula3. Insertion: Tarsal and metatarsal bones4. Action: Plantar flexion and eversion of foot; also supports arch5. You use it daily when walking on uneven surfacesFibularis LongusBy: Shannon and Tess
59Found near the medial part of the upper thigh Origin: Ischial tuberosityInsertion: Posterior surface of femurAction: Adducts, extends and rotates thigh laterallyIt’s the muscle associated with a pulled groinAdductor MagnusTony
60Anterior side of the upper leg 2. Origin: Iliac fossa of ilium3. Insertion: lesser trochanter of femur4. Action: Flexes thigh5. Many dancers have inflammation of this muscleIliacusBy: Zach B & Becky
61Tensor Fasciae Latae 1) Located on lateral anterior part of thigh 2) Origin is anterior iliac crest3) Insertion is fascia of thigh4) Abducts, flexes, and rotates thigh medially5) Although this muscle isn't used as frequently as other thigh muscles, it is key in stabilizing leg movementTensor Fasciae LataeTaylor M. and Jocelyn S.
62This muscle is located on the posterior side of the leg. The origins are the lateral and medial condyles of femur.The insertion is the posterior surface of the calcaneus.The action is plantar flexion of foot and flexion of leg at knee.This muscle’s common name is the calf.GastrocnemiusDushan and Josh
631. Location: Posterior lower leg. 2. Origin: Lateral surface of ilium.3. Insertion: Greater trochanter of femur.Gluteus medius4. Action: Abducts and rotates thigh medially.Britt Mayek, Alyssa Dombrowski5. Clue: Trigger points of lower back pain.
641. This muscle is found on the posterior lower leg 2. Origin: head and shaftof the fibula andposterior surface oftibia3. Insertion: Posteriorsurface of calcaneusSoleus4. Action: Plantar flexionof footBy: Alyssa MoffattDeon Gill5. The muscle that can pull with the greatest force.
65Biceps Femoris! Posterior side of the thigh Origin: Ischial tuberosity and posterior surface of the femurInsertion: Head of fibula and lateral condyle of tibiaAction:Flexes leg and extends the thigh1 of the 3 muscles that make up the hamstringBiceps Femoris!By: Eric Windt and Harrison Wilkes