Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

EXTREMITAS CAUDALIS (HIND LIMB). THE HIND LIMB HAVE FOUR SEGMENTS : CINGULUM MEMBRI PELVINACINGULUM MEMBRI PELVINA (PELVIC GIRDLE) FEMURALISFEMURALIS.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "EXTREMITAS CAUDALIS (HIND LIMB). THE HIND LIMB HAVE FOUR SEGMENTS : CINGULUM MEMBRI PELVINACINGULUM MEMBRI PELVINA (PELVIC GIRDLE) FEMURALISFEMURALIS."— Presentation transcript:

1 EXTREMITAS CAUDALIS (HIND LIMB)

2 THE HIND LIMB HAVE FOUR SEGMENTS : CINGULUM MEMBRI PELVINACINGULUM MEMBRI PELVINA (PELVIC GIRDLE) FEMURALISFEMURALIS (THIGH) CRURISCRURIS (LEG) PEDISPEDIS (PES)

3 OSSA COXARUM  THE OSSA COXARUM ARE COMPOSED OF THE OS COXAE OF EACH SIDE, WHICH FORM A CARTILAGINOUS JOINT ALONG THE MEDIAN LINE (PELVIC SYMPHYSIS).  THE PELVIC SYMPHYSIS, IN TURN, CONSISTS OF THE PUBIC SYMPHISIS AND THE ISCHIATIC SYMPHYSIS.  THE COXAE CONSISTS PRIMARILY OF THREE PARTS, *OS ILEUM *OS ISCHIUMACETABULUM *OS PUBIS

4 PELVIS ILEUM ISCHIUM PUBIS ACETABULUM FOR.OBT. ilis p

5 GAMBARAN UMUM PELVIS PADA BEBERAPA SPESIES Ileum Pubis Ischium

6 CAVUM PELVIS  OS COXAE + OS SACRUM + OS Cy I – III  VENTRAL = OS ISCHIUM + OS PUBIS  DORSAL = OS SACRUM + OS Cy I – III  LATERAL = OS ILEUM + OS ISCHIUM  PELVIS INLET (APPERTURA PELVIS CRANIALIS) PELVIS INLET PELVIS INLET  PELVIS OUTLET (APPERTURA PELVIS CAUDALIS) PELVIS OUTLET PELVIS OUTLET

7 OS ILEUM KUDA TUBER SACRUM TUBER COXAE CRISTA ILIACA CORPUS OSSIS ILEUM ALAE OSSIS ILEUM INSERTIO TENDON M. RECTUS FEMORIS

8 OS ILEUM INCISSURA ISCHIADICA MAJOR SPINA ISCHIADICA INCISSURA ISCHIADICA MINOR

9 OS ISCHIUM SAPI (lateral view) CORPUS TABULA INC. ISC. MINOR TUBER ISCHIADICUM SYMPHISIS PELVIS

10 OS ISCHIUM SAPI (medial view) TUBER ISCHIADICUM TABULA RAMUS OSSIS ISCHII

11 ARCHUS ISCHIADICUS

12 OS PUBIS KUDA (DORSAL)

13 FACIES PELVINA

14 OS PUBIS KUDA (DORSAL) EMINENTIA ILIOPUBICUM SULCUS A/V/N OBTURATORIUS

15 ACETABULUM FACIES LUNATA FOSSA ACETABULARIS

16 INCISSURA ACETABULARIS FORAMEN OBTURATORIA

17 OS FEMUR Thigh bone, is the largest and most massive of the long bones. It extends obliquely distally and craniad, articulating with acetabulum proximally and the tibia and patella distally. The structure of the thigh bone, divided into 3 part : 1. Extremitas proximalis 2. Corpus ossis femoris 3. Extremitas distalis

18 EXTREMITAS PROXIMAL OSSIS FEMUR CORPUS OSSIS FEMUR EXTREMITAS DISTAL OSSIS FEMUR

19 CAPUT FEMUR FOVEA CAPITIS COLLUM FEMUR PARS CAUDAL TROCHANTER MAJOR PARS CRANIAL TROCHANTER MAJOR FEMUR HORSE (CAUDAL VIEW)

20 TMj TT TMn INCISSURA TROCHANTERICA CI FT ONLY IN HORSE

21 CORPUS FEMUR

22 TROCHANTER TERTIUS FOSSA SUPRACONDYLOIDEA (FOSSA PLANTARIS)

23 EXTREMITAS DISTAL OS FEMUR CONDYLUS TROCHLEA

24 TUBERCULUM TROCHLEARIS MEDIALIS TUBERCULUM TROCHLEARIS LATERALIS CONDYLUS MEDIALIS CONDYLUS LATERALIS * *

25 OS PATELLA (CRANIAL) BASIS APEX MARGO MEDIAL MARGO LATERAL

26 OS PATELLA (CAUDAL) PROC. CARTILAGINOUS

27 OS TIBIA et FIBULA EXT. PROX. TIBIA CORPUS TIBIA EXT. DISTAL TIBIA OS FIBULA

28 EXTREMITAS PROXIMAL TIBIA CONDYLUS LATERALIS CONDYLUS MEDIALIS TUBEROSITAS TIBIALIS

29 EXTREMITAS PROXIMAL TIBIA EMINENTIA INTERCONDYLOIDEA T.I.LAT. T.I.MED.

30 CMCL TT STT SE IP

31 CORPUS OS TIBIA TUBEROSITAS TIBIALIS TUBERCULUM TIBIALIS CRISTA TIBIALIS IMPRESIO A/V. TIBIALIS SULCUS TENDON M. EXT. DIG. LATERALIS

32 SPATIUM INTEROSSEUS CRURIS LINEA POPLITEA INCISSURA POPLITEA LIGAMENTUM CRUCIATUM CAUDALIS

33 EXTREMITAS DISTAL OS TIBIA (COCHLEA TIBIA) MALLEOLUS LATERALIS MALLEOLUS MEDIALIS FUSI TIBIA & FIBULA SULCUS ARTICULARIS FOSSA SYNOVIALIS

34 OSSA TARSUS ANIMAL∑TALUS CALCA NEUS CENTRALEIVIIIIII HORSE6+++++ - FUSI - COW RUMINA NSIA 5++ - FUSI - + PIG7+++++++ DOG7+++++++

35 VARIASI OSSA TARSUS

36 OS CALCANEUS TUBER CALCIS DORSAL VIEW PLANTAR VIEW LATERAL VIEW

37 DORSAL VIEW SULCUS CALCANEI FACIES ARTICULARIS TALARES FOSSA SYNOVIALIS (SINUS TARSI)

38 LATERAL VIEW PROCESSUS CORACOIDEUS TUBER CALCIS

39 PLANTAR VIEW SULCUS TENDON M. FLEXOR DIGITI I HALLUCIS LONGUS SUSTENTACULUM TALI

40 OS TALUS DORSAL VIEW PLANTAR VIEW LATERAL VIEW

41 DORSAL VIEW TROCHLEA TALI FACIES ARTICULARIS NAVICULARIS

42 PLANTAR VIEW FACIES ARTICULARIS CALCANEI FOSSA SYNOVIALIS (SINUS TARSI)

43 OS METATARSAL DORSAL VIEWPLANTAR VIEW COW HORSE

44 PERBEDAAN MC - MT METACARPAL METATARSAL

45

46 PELVIC GIRDLE  OS SACRUM  OSSA CAUDALIS  OSSA COXAE AXIALIS

47 OS FEMUR

48 OS TIBIA OS FIBULA OS PATELLA OS TIBIA OS FIBULA OS PATELLA

49  OSSA TARSAL  OSSA METATARSAL  OSSA PHALANX  OSSA SESSAMOIDEA  OSSA TARSAL  OSSA METATARSAL  OSSA PHALANX  OSSA SESSAMOIDEA

50 PELVIS INLET PELVIS INLET DORSAL = BASIS OSSIS SACRUM LATERAL = LINEA ILIOPECTINEAL VENTRAL = PECTEN OSSIS PUBIS

51 PELVIS INLET HAS TWO PRINCIPAL DIAMETERS ; DIAMETERS KKKKONJUGATA ANATOMICA (SACROPUBICUM) = is measured from the sacral promontory to the cranial end of the symphysis. TTTTRANSVERSARIUM = Is measured at the greatest width, i.e. just dorsal to the psoas tubercle.

52 K T

53 PELVIS OUTLET DORSAL = OS VERT. Cy III DORSAL = OS VERT. Cy III VENTRAL = ARCHUS ISCHIADICUS VENTRAL = ARCHUS ISCHIADICUS In the fresh state, it is completed laterally by the broad sacrotuberal ligament and the semimembranosus muscle, thus enclosing the perineum. In the fresh state, it is completed laterally by the broad sacrotuberal ligament and the semimembranosus muscle, thus enclosing the perineum.

54 ALLAE OSSIS ILEUM Its gluteal surface faces dorsolaterally and caudally. The wide part is crossed by the curved gluteal line, which extends from the middle of the medial border toward the coxal tuber. This surface gives attachment to the glutei medius et profundus. The sacropelvina surface faces in the opposite direction. The iliac surface is roughned for ligamentous attachment and bears an irregular facet, the auricular surface, for articulation with the sacrum.

55 TUBER SACRUM THE STRUCTURE AT THE CARNIVORA IS MORE PROMINENCE, WHICH CALLED SPINA ILIACA DORSALIS. OCCASIONALLY, ITS STRUCTURE HAVE TWO PROMINENCE

56 PECTEN OSSIS PUBIS

57 The cranial border of the pubis. Laterally it bears the rough iliopubicum eminence. Near the symphysis is a variable porminance, the ventral pubicum tubercle.

58 EMINENTIA ILIOPUBICUM LATERAL PECTEN OSSIS PUBICUM CONTINUED WITH LINEA ILIOPECTINEAL

59 TUBERCULUM PUBICUM DORSALIS JANTAN (+)BETINA (-) TUBERCULUM PUBICUM VENTRALIS JANTAN (+)BETINA (+)

60 The acetabulum is a cotyloid cavity which lodges the head of the femur. It faces ventrolaterally and consist of an articular and a non- articular part. The articular part (facies lunata) is crescentic and is cut into internally by a rough non articular depression, the acetabular fossa. The medial part of the rim is correspondingly cut into a foramen by the transverse acetabular ligament in the fresh state and transmite the accessory ligament and the ligament to the head of the femur.

61 THE SITE OF UNITED TWO BONES : 1.OS ISCHIUM 2.OS PUBIS

62 OS PUBIS HORSE (DORSAL)

63 CORPUS FEMUR FACIES CRANIALIS, LATERALIS ET MEDIALIS CLOSED BY QUADRICEPS FEMORIS MUSCLE FACIES CRANIALIS, LATERALIS ET MEDIALIS CLOSED BY QUADRICEPS FEMORIS MUSCLE FACIES CAUDALIS CLOSED BY ADDUCTOR MUSCLE FACIES CAUDALIS CLOSED BY ADDUCTOR MUSCLE

64 TROCHANTER TERTIUS POSITION AT LATERAL & ONLY AT THE FEMUR HORSE NOT OTHER ANIMALS TROCHANTER TERTIUS POSITION AT LATERAL & ONLY AT THE FEMUR HORSE NOT OTHER ANIMALS

65 MARGINAL RIDGE OF THE FOSSA SUPRACONDYLOIDEA IS CALLED CRISTA SUPRACONDYLOIDEA LATERALIS & THIS STRUCTURE DOES NOT FIND AT THE DOG AND PIG MARGINAL RIDGE OF THE FOSSA SUPRACONDYLOIDEA IS CALLED CRISTA SUPRACONDYLOIDEA LATERALIS & THIS STRUCTURE DOES NOT FIND AT THE DOG AND PIG

66 FOSSA OF THE POPLITEAL MUSCLE

67 FOSSA EXTENSORIA, THE SITE FOR ATTACH THE TENDON OF: 1.EXTENSOR DIGITORUM LONGUM MUSCLE 2.PERONEUS TERTIUS MUSCLE

68 The synonim is cartilago patellaris Cartilago patelllaris of the carnivora find at the lateral, called cartilago patellaris lateralis or fibrocartilago parapatellaris and the medial, called cartilago patellaris medialis The synonim is cartilago patellaris Cartilago patelllaris of the carnivora find at the lateral, called cartilago patellaris lateralis or fibrocartilago parapatellaris and the medial, called cartilago patellaris medialis

69 EMINENTIA INTERCONDYLOIDEA THE SYNONIME IS SPINA TIBIALIS THE SYNONIME IS SPINA TIBIALIS ITS STRUCTURE CONSISTS OF TUBERCULUM INTERCONDYLOIDEA LATERALIS ET MEDIALIS ITS STRUCTURE CONSISTS OF TUBERCULUM INTERCONDYLOIDEA LATERALIS ET MEDIALIS ITS NOT ARTICULATES AREA ITS NOT ARTICULATES AREA THE MENISCUS ATTACHED AT THIS SITE THE MENISCUS ATTACHED AT THIS SITE THE CRANIAL & CAUDAL AREA OF THE SPINA CALLED FOSSA INTERCONDYLOIDEA THE CRANIAL & CAUDAL AREA OF THE SPINA CALLED FOSSA INTERCONDYLOIDEA

70 FOSSA INTERCONDYLOIDEA CRANIALIS FOSSA INTERCONDYLOIDEA CRANIALIS

71 FOSSA INTERCONDYLOIDEA CENTRALIS FOSSA INTERCONDYLOIDEA CENTRALIS

72 FOSSA INTERCONDYLOIDEA CAUDALIS FOSSA INTERCONDYLOIDEA CAUDALIS

73 CONDYLUS LATERALIS BIGGER THAN CONDYLUS MEDIALIS, SQUARE, SOMEWHAT SHADLE-SHAPED AT SURFACE BIGGER THAN CONDYLUS MEDIALIS, SQUARE, SOMEWHAT SHADLE-SHAPED AT SURFACE ITS HAS AN OVERHANGING LATERAL MARGIN, CALLED MARGO INFRAGLENOIDALES, DISTAL TO WHICH THERE IS A FACET FOR ARTICULATION WITH THE HEAD OF FIBULA ITS HAS AN OVERHANGING LATERAL MARGIN, CALLED MARGO INFRAGLENOIDALES, DISTAL TO WHICH THERE IS A FACET FOR ARTICULATION WITH THE HEAD OF FIBULA AT THE SURFACE FIND A GROOVE FOR ATTACHED THE TENDON OF POPLITEAL MUSCLE AT THE SURFACE FIND A GROOVE FOR ATTACHED THE TENDON OF POPLITEAL MUSCLE


Download ppt "EXTREMITAS CAUDALIS (HIND LIMB). THE HIND LIMB HAVE FOUR SEGMENTS : CINGULUM MEMBRI PELVINACINGULUM MEMBRI PELVINA (PELVIC GIRDLE) FEMURALISFEMURALIS."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google