2Iliotibial Band Syndrome What is it ….. ?An inflammation and pain on the outer side of the knee. The iliotibial band is a layer of connective tissue that begins at a muscle near the outer side of your hip, and travels down the outer side of your thigh, crosses the outer side of the knee, and attaches to the outer side of your tibia.
3How does it occur?IT band syndrome occurs when the band repeatedly rubs over the bump of the femur near the knee, causing the band to be irritated. This most often occurs in running. This condition can result from:Having a tight iliotibial bandHaving tight muscles in your hip, pevlis, or legYour legs not being the same lengthRunning on sloped surfacesRunning in shoes with a lot of wear on the outside of the heel
4What are the symptoms?Pain on the outer side of the kneeHow is it treated?Using ice on your IT bandIce massage on the kneeAnti-inflammatory medicineStretching and strengthening exercises/IT band massage with foam roll
5How can it be prevented?Warming up properly and doing stretching exercises can help prevent IT band syndrome, as well as strengthening the gluteus medius
6Groin StrainWhat is it?A strain is a stretch or tear of a muscle or tendon. People commonly call such an injury a “pulled” muscle. The muscles in your groin help bring your legs together. There are two muscles that may commonly get injured in a groin strain: the adductor magnus and the sartorius.
7How does it occur?Most commonly occurs when you are running or jumping or when there is a forced push-off or side to side movement.What are the symptoms?Pain or tenderness along the inner side of the thigh or groin area. You will have pain when you bring your legs together and may have pain when lifting your knee up.
8How is it treated?Icing the strained muscleTaking anti-inflammatory medicineWearing supportive bandage calleda thigh wrap or taping the groinDoing rehabilitation exercisesHow is it prevented?Warming up properly and doing stretching exercises prior to activities can help prevent groin strain or tears.
9Gluteal Strain What is a gluteal strain? When the muscle fibers are stretched or tornHow does it occur?Usually with running or jumping, and is often seen in hurdles or dancersWhat are the symptoms?Pain in the buttocks, pain when walking up or down stairs and when sitting.
10How is it treated?Icing the injured muscleAnti-inflammatory medicineRehabilitation exercisesHow can it be prevented?Warming up properly and doing stretching exercises before activity
11Snapping Hip Syndrome What is it? A condition in which you feel a snap on the outside or front portion of your hip as you walk or run. It may happen only occasionally or all the timeHow does it occur?Several groups of muscles cross the hip as they pass from the thigh bone to the pelvis. When you bring your knee forward during walking, you may have a feeling of snapping in the hip. The snapping usually occurs because of tightness in the iliopsoas or tightness in the tensor fascia latae
12What are the symptoms?Feeling a snapping in the hip as you walk or runHow is it treated?Exercises to both strengthen and stretch your hip and thigh musclesAnti-inflammatory medicines
13How can it be prevented?Stretching the muscles that cross the hip from the pelvis to the femur
14Piriformis Syndrome What is it? Irritation of the sciatic nerve as it passes through or next to the piriformis muscle. This causes pain in the back of the hip that can often travel down the leg.
15How does it occur?The piriformis is located deep in the buttock and pelvis and allows you to rotate your thigh outward. The sciatic nerve travels from your back into your leg by passing through or next to the piriformis muscle. If this muscle is unusually tight or if it goes into spasm, the sciatic nerve can become inflamed or irritated.
16What are the symptoms?Pain deep in your buttock that may feel like a burning pain. The pain usually travels down across your lower thigh.How is it treated?Icing the buttockRestAnti-inflammatory medicineStretching exercises for the muscleHow can it be prevented?By stretching the muscles that rotate your thigh inward and outward. It is important to have a good warm-up before activity.
17Hip PointerWhat is it?A deep bruise on the top portion of your pelvis, called the iliac crest.How does it occur?A hip pointer is caused by a direct blow to the iliac crest. This injury most commonly occurs in a contact sport such as football, when a helmet is driven into the iliac crest.What are the symptoms?Tenderness in the top portion of your hip
18How is it treated?IcingTime to heal itselfAnti-inflammatory medicinesProtect yourself by placing padding over the injuryHow can it be prevented?This injury is usually not prevented. However, if you are playing a contact sport it is important to wear proper protective padding over this area of your body.
19Hamstring Strain What is a hamstring strain? A strain or stretch in the hamstring musclesHow does it occur?It occurs usually when these muscles are contracted forcefully during activities such as running or jumping.
20What are the symptoms?There is often a burning feeling or a popping when the injury occurs. You have pain when walking or bending or straightening the leg. A few days after the injury you may have bruising on your leg just below the injury.
21How is it treated?Icing the injured musclesElevating your legWrapping an elastic bandage around your leg for compression to keep the swelling from getting worseTaking anti-inflammatory medicineUsing crutches if it’s too painful to walkHow can it be prevented?Warming up properly and stretching your hamstring muscles prior to your activities. This is especially important in sprinting or jumping.
22Trochanteric Bursitis What is it?Irritation or inflammation of the trochanteric bursa. The trochanteric bursa is located on the upper, outer area of the thigh (the bump on the outer side of the femur). The bursa is located over the greater trochanter.How does it occur?The trochanteric bursa may be inflamed by a group of muscles or tendons rubbing over the bursa and causing friction against the thigh bone. This injury can occur with running, walking, or bicycling.
23What are the symptoms?Pain on the upper outer area of your thigh or in your hip. The pain is worse when you walk, bike, or go upstairs. You have pain when you move your thigh bone and feel tenderness in the area over the greater trochanter.How is it treated?Icing the injured areaAnti-inflammatory medicineGetting a corticosteroid injection into the bursa to reduce the pain and swellingHow can it be prevented?Warming up properly and stretching the muscles on the outer side of your upper thigh