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THIGH and FEMORAL TRIANGLE. Femoral Triangle Borders: Borders: Medial border of sartorius muscle. Medial border of adductor longus muscle. Inguinal ligament:

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Presentation on theme: "THIGH and FEMORAL TRIANGLE. Femoral Triangle Borders: Borders: Medial border of sartorius muscle. Medial border of adductor longus muscle. Inguinal ligament:"— Presentation transcript:

1 THIGH and FEMORAL TRIANGLE

2 Femoral Triangle Borders: Borders: Medial border of sartorius muscle. Medial border of adductor longus muscle. Inguinal ligament: From ASIS to pubic tubercle.

3 Femoral Triangle Contents (lateral to medial): Contents (lateral to medial): Femoral Nerve (not in femoral sheath) Femoral Artery (in femoral sheath) Femoral Vein (in femoral sheath) Lymphatics (in femoral sheath)

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5 Femoral Triangle Floor: Floor: Iliopsoas muscle. Pectineus muscle. Adductor longus muscle.

6 Femoral Triangle Femoral Sheath: Femoral Sheath:Contents: Femoral artery and vein Lymphatics: In Femoral Canal

7 Anterior Compartment of Thigh Cutaneous Innervation: Cutaneous Innervation: Femoral cutaneous nerves: LateralIntermediateMedialPosterior

8 Anterior Compartment of Thigh Cribriform fascia and fossa ovalis: Cribriform fascia and fossa ovalis: Opening for great saphenous vein: Empties into femoral vein. Drains medial side of dorsal venous arch. May be duplicated distal to the knee. Has 10 to 20 valves.

9 Anterior Compartment of Thigh Adductor Canal: Adductor Canal:Borders:Lateral: Vastus medialis muscle. Posterior: Adductor longus and magnus. Anteromedial: Sartorius muscle.

10 Anterior Compartment of Thigh Adductor Canal: Adductor Canal:Contents: Saphenous nerve: Termination of femoral nerve. Nerve to vastus medialis. Terminal part of obturator nerve. Terminal parts of femoral artery and vein. Deep lymph vessels.

11 Anterior Compartment of Thigh Muscles: Muscles:Iliopsoas.Sartorius.Pectineus.Quadriceps: Rectus femoris. Vastus lateralis. Vastus intermedius. Vastus medialis.

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14 Anterior Compartment of Thigh Blood Supply: Blood Supply: Femoral Artery: Superficial circumflex iliac. Superficial epigastric. Superficial external pudendal. Deep external pudendal. Descending genicular.

15 Anterior Compartment of Thigh Blood Supply: Femoral Artery: Deep femoral (profunda femoris) Lateral femoral circumflex. Medial femoral circumflex. Perforating arteries: Three plus termination of deep femoral.

16 Anterior Compartment of Thigh Innervation: Innervation: Femoral Nerve: Action: Action: Hip flexion. Rectus femoris. Sartorius. Knee extension.

17 Medial Compartment of Thigh Muscles: Muscles:Gracilis. Adductor longus. Adductor brevis. Adductor magnus. Obturator externus.

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20 Medial Compartment of Thigh Blood Supply: Blood Supply: Obturator artery: Branch of internal iliac artery. Innervation: Innervation: Obturator nerve. Tibial nerve: To hamstring portion of adductor magnus. Action: Action:Adduction

21 Posterior Compartment of Thigh Muscles: Muscles:Hamstrings: Biceps femoris: Long head. Short head. Semimembranosus.Semitendinosus. Adductor Hiatus Adductor Hiatus

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24 Posterior Compartment of Thigh Innervation: Innervation: Common peroneal nerve: To biceps femoris brevis. Tibial nerve: Vascular Supply: Vascular Supply: Perforating arteries (from profunda femoris) Action: Action: Hip extension. Knee flexion.


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