2Objectives To share on: Latest Technological Trends Value and Potential Risks of TechnologyCyber Wellness Education (MOE)Parents as PartnersA warm welcome to allToday, we will be sharing on some trends with regard to children’s use of technology in general. We will also talk about what cyber wellness is all about and your role in implementing a holistic cyber wellness education. We will spend some time to understand research findings and provide useful ideas and resources in the area of parenting in the digital age.StructureTechnological TrendsValue and Potential Risks of TechnologyCyber Wellness Education (MOE)Parents as Partners
4Latest Technological Trends Data taken from ‘We are Social’, a Singapore-based social media agency. This is a snapshot our ICT penetration and use, as of January 2015.At 152%, every Singaporean owns a mobile phone, with some citizens owning more than 1 set.Internet penetration stands at 81%, which is double of the world average rate (elaboration next slide)Reference:Shared with permission from ‘We are Social’, a Singapore-based social media agency
5Latest Technological Trends Singapore Internet Penetration: 81%World Average: 42%Internet penetration rate refers to the percent of the population using the internet.As of 2015, Singapore has a internet penetration rate of 81%, which is top 10 in the world, and almost double the world average of 42%.Reference:Shared with permission from ‘We are Social’, a Singapore-based social media agency
7Harnessing Technology for Learning Access to informationLearn anytime and anywhereGreater personalisation of learningThe internet provides for an ubiquitous access to technology for learning and students are able to access information easily for their learning. Coupled with the availability of mobile devices, students can now learning anywhere anytime. In addition, ICT also helps to bring about a greater personalisation of learning as it provides students with a choice in the materials that they can learn from, how they want to learn, and the pace of learning as well as receive more individualised feedback even as they learn.
8Harnessing Technology for Good Reference: https://www.gaggle.net/speaks/using-technology-to-teach-gratitude-and-kindness/#.VLs6Fv83J4p.twitterBeBesides harnessing technology for learning, technology can also be used to promote kindness, both online and offline.Here are some examples of social media can be leveraged to help people to learn and get connected.They could also be used to create empathy towards social issues and people around them.For example, While You Were SleepingA social campaign that encourages students to carry out a simple act of kindness while someone is asleep while studying (especially during exam times)Garnered support through a video posted on social media
9Managing Potential Online Risks Being a Digital Citizen : REGULATINGtime and activitiesMANAGINGonline reputationDISCERNinappropriate contentRESPECTintellectual propertyClearly, while technology puts immerse power of anytime everywhere learning in the hands of children, it is also a double edged sword that presents risk, which children must be guided to discern and manage. Issues like:Managing their online reputation to prevent posting content they may regret;Regulating the time and type of activities they do online to prevent addictionRespecting intellectual propertyBeing able to discern inappropriate content and act accordinglyParents and teachers must work together to provide a learning environment where children can grow up digitally in ways that are safe, informed and optimistic, with a balanced view of what it means to be empowered but responsible in the digital space.In school, we have in place structured cyber wellness educationReference:Ohler, J. B. (2010). Digital Community: Digital Citizen. Thousand Oaks, California: Corwin.Being a Digital Citizen :“Balance of individual empowerment with digital technology with the sense of personal, community, global responsibility”(Author of “ Digital Community, Digital Citizen”, Jason B. Ohler, 2010)
10Cyber wellness education (moe) To help our students thrive in the cyber space, MOE provides a holistic cyber wellness education.Cyber wellness education (moe)
11What is Cyber Wellness?Positive well-being of Internet usersUnderstanding of the norms of appropriate useAn awareness of how to protect oneself and other Internet usersAn understanding of the risks of harmful online behaviourRecognition of the power of the Internet to benefit oneself and the communityAccording to MOE and MDA, Cyber Wellness refers to:Positive well being of Internet usersUnderstanding of the norms of appropriate useAn awareness of how to protect oneself and other Internet usersAn understanding of the risks of harmful online behaviourThe aim of the cyber wellness education is to help students recognise the power of the web to benefit oneself and the community , so that they have the skills and knowledge to thrive in this new world.Source: MOE and MDA
12Key Messages for Cyber Wellness ICT is an integral part of the learning environmentCyber Wellness education should move in tandem with the use of ICT for learningPartnership between parents and schools is essential for a holistic Cyber Wellness educationHere are the key messages for cyber wellness that guides and aligns governmental cyber wellness efforts.ICT is an integral part of the learning environment. While ICT plays an essential role to facilitate and enhance students’ learning, there should be judicious use of ICT.In addition, Cyber wellness education should move in tandem with the use of ICT for learning. With the increasing use of ICT for learning, schools need to put in place a holistic cyber wellness education to overcome the potential dangers.Lastly, to complement the schools’ efforts, partnership between parents and schools is essential for a holistic cyber wellness education
13Cyber Wellness Education - MOE FrameworkSince 2008, MOE has provided schools with a Cyber Wellness framework that guides schools in their planning and implementation of their Cyber Wellness programmes* School may like to introduce their own school cyber wellness framework (if any) at this point to show how their framework is aligned to MOE’s
14Cyber Wellness Education: Goal of MOE’s Cyber Wellness Curriculum To equip our children with life-long social-emotional competencies and sound values so that they can become safe, respectful responsible users of ICT.The goal of the MOE CW curriculum is to equip our children with life-long social-emotional competencies in the areas of self-awareness, self-management, social awareness, relationship management and responsible decision making.We also seek to anchor our children in sound valuesso that they can become safe, respectful and responsible users of ICT.
16Secondary CCE Curriculum FTGP CW LessonsP1 – 1 Lesson per yearP2 – 2 Lessons per yearP3 – 3 Lessons Per yearP4 – 2 Lessons Per yearP5 – 2 Lessons Per YearP6 – 4 Lessons per year(As of 2014)Cyber WellnessGuidance ModuleSecondary CCE CurriculumCCE Sec CW LessonsSec 1 to 4-4 hrs for each academic level per yearSec 52 hrs per year(From 2014)The syllabus is designed with students’ developmental needs in mind, and the content is structured to build up from what students have learnt at the primary level. They progress from the Awareness stage, to the Application stage and finally to the Advocacy stage.There are 13 Primary school lessons conducted during Form Teacher Guidance Period, 18 lessons during Character and Citizenship Education in Secondary schools. At Pre-University level, we will have 2 CW lessons and 3 lessons with CW contexts which would be rolled out in 2016.Pedagogy will encourage reflection that leads to action and behavioural changes including peer-led teaching approachesAssessment will be used for feedback purposes and to inspire students’ motivation for changes in attitude and behaviourParental involvement activities will be included to enhance students’ learning, where possible.Form Teacher Guidance Period - Primary CCE curriculum
17Key Messages to Students MOE’s Key Message to Students1Embrace ICT yet maintain a balanced lifestyle between the physical and the cyber worldHarness the power of ICT for positive purposesMaintain a positive presence in cyberspaceBe a safe and responsible user of ICT23To sum up, MOE’s key message to students are1. Embrace ICT yet maintain a balanced lifestyle between the physical and the cyber world2. Harness the power of ICT for positive purposes3. Maintain a positive presence in cyberspace4. Be a safe and responsible user of ICT4
18Parents play an important role as partners, giving the child a holistic cyber wellness environment to harness technology for learning and innovation. In this section, we share some strategies that parents can adopt as our students navigate the cyber world.Parents AS Partners
19Do you know your child’s online social lives? Content Sharing sitesSocial Networking sitesMessaging appsDo you know your child’s online social lives?The risks they face depend on Who they Follow, Who they are Friends with, and What they Share.- Does your child know about privacy settings and what can be shared and what is private info?- Can your child deal with criticisms and bullying online?
20From EU Kids Online Final Report (2009) Research: Active Mediation Strategy Key findings:Children’s exposure to online risks tends to be less when parents actively mediate their children’s use.Active mediation is linked to MORE (not fewer) online activities and skillsActivity 1:View Videos from Child Exploitation and Online Protection (CEOP) or ThinkUKnow YouTube Channels together with your child and discuss the following questions after viewing each video:Why do you think the incident happen?What would you do if you are the character in the video?What do you think the parent of the character should do/could have done? Why?Reference:EU Kids Online Final Report (2009)In the large scale research EU Kids Online in 2011, it is found that parents play a vital role in empowering their child to lead a healthy digital life and stay safe online.Active mediation means role modelling and having open discussions about the risks present in online spaces. Parents may make use of relevant news articles or stories to inculcate values and encourage their children to talk about their own experiences online.Parents can engage in regular conversations with children by seizing learning moments such as using relevant news or TV programmes or use the self-sess.These cases would highlight the dangers of the online world and are able to bring out relevant contexts for the discussion of values in complex situations. Real-life stories have been recognised as an important pedagogical/teaching strategy for teaching values and character.Alternatively, parents can view videos created by CEOP or ThinkUKnow to together with their children discuss questions such as:Why do you think the incident happen?What would you do if you are the character in the video?What do you think the parent of the character should do/could have done? Why?
21Activity 2: Use the self-assessment checklist with your child to engage him/her in an open discussion on his/her digital lifestyle so that you can better support him/her home cyber wellness educationIn addition, parents can also use this self-assessment checklist with your child to engage him/her in an open discussion on his/her digital lifestyle so that you can better support him/her home cyber wellness educationIf your child has more than 5 “Yes” for the questions, there is a concern of unhealthy internet use.Reference: Adapted from Choo, H., Gentile, D.A., Sim, T., Li, D., Khoo, A., & Liau, A.K. (2010). Pathological Video-Gaming Among Singaporean Youth. Annals Of The Academy Of Medicine Singapore, Vol 39(11), ppSource: Adapted from Choo, H., Gentile, D.A., Sim, T., Li, D., Khoo, A., & Liau, A.K. (2010). Pathological Video-Gaming Among Singaporean Youth. Annals Of The Academy Of Medicine Singapore, Vol 39(11), pp
22Be informed and aware of healthy online practices and activities. From EU Kids Online Final Report (2009) Research: Active Mediation StrategyBe informed and aware of healthy online practices and activities.Discuss online activities with your children to stimulate better critical thinking skillsEncourage your children to be active participants, instead of passive recipients, of online content and interactionsRole model positive online behaviour.Hence, to help manage your child’s internet use, you need to practise the active mediation strategy.Our children are no longer passive recipients of online content. Instead, they now also actively contribute to the space. As parents, we have to actively mediate their online behaviour so as to guide and encourage them as they harness technology to improve their learning and knowledge.It is also important for parents to role model balanced use and balanced lifestyle at home, e.g. disconnect from electronic gadgets during meal or family times to connect with family members. For example, a good reflection question to check ourselves is “Do we, adults, make it a point to disconnect from our Whatsapp/ /Social Media or phone calls over a meal or when we are interacting with our kids?”Reference:EU Kids Online Final Report (2009)
23Restrictive Mediation From EU Kids Online Final Report (2009) Research: Other Parenting StrategiesMonitoringTechnical MediationRestrictive MediationEnsure that passwords are secure and updated regularlySet parental control on devices to regulate children’s useSet rules for ICT usage to control the amount of time spent online‘Friend’ their children on social media platforms.Set parental filter on web browsers to sieve out inappropriate contentDo not allow children to have their own personal device or data-plan.Check the cache regularlyHere are other parenting strategies that can accompany active mediation.Although setting parental controls and limiting ICT usage are useful, it is important for parents to practise active mediation as the main strategy in order to engage their child offline, ensuring that there is balance in both online and offline interactions.
24Reinforcing Learning at Home “Family Time” activities in Primary Lessons:Sample ActivitiesP1 Lesson on Surf SafePupils share the three Surf Safe Rules with parents/guardians and have them sign on the journal pageP4 Lesson on Too Much Too LittlePupils enlist the help of family members to keep track of their ‘Screen Time’ habits.Pupils initiate conversations with their family members to have them reflect on the role of media-related technology in their everyday lives.As a start, you can look at some examples of the CW content covered at the Primary levels and how as parents, you can support your children’s learning:Embedded within the CW lessons, is a segment called “Family Time” for children to share their learning with their parents or other family members. This provides opportunities for parents to be aware of what our children are learning in school and to help reinforce the learning at home.In the P1 lesson on “Surf Safe”, your child will learn 3 simple rules to help them surf the internet safely. Your child will be encouraged to share the 3 rules with you. Parents can then reinforce the application of the 3 rules whenever your child is online at home.For parents of upper primary children, you help them think deeper by discussing some of the CW-related issues with your children. In the next example of a P4 lesson entitled “Too Much Too Little”, your children will learn how to evaluate their on-screen time. During “Family Time”, your children will be encouraged to enlist your help to keep track of their weekly ‘screen time habits’ using a media log.As our children grow up into teenage years, the role of parents in promoting CW continues to be important. Parents should seek to stay in touch with what is happening in our teenagers’ cyber world. We should seek to understand their motivations for their interests and activities in the cyber space.
25Every Parent, A Supportive Partner In conclusion, as a parent, you have a unique overview of the home and school environments that will greatly influence your child’s attitudes, beliefs, values and behaviour. You want the best for your child and to help your child get the most out of his/her school experience. As schools make the shift to 21 st century learning, parents need to partner schools to grow each student into a healthy, well-adjusted adult who is undergirded by strong values and an outstanding character so as to create a better Internet for everyone. Together, play an important role in your child’s life.