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Islam Team Name: A-Team Presenters: Stacey Oh, Alex Corning, Kurihi Chargualaf and Corina Lopez.

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Presentation on theme: "Islam Team Name: A-Team Presenters: Stacey Oh, Alex Corning, Kurihi Chargualaf and Corina Lopez."— Presentation transcript:

1 Islam Team Name: A-Team Presenters: Stacey Oh, Alex Corning, Kurihi Chargualaf and Corina Lopez

2 Facts of Islam More than1.2 billion believers world wide Dominates in East-and North Africa, in the larger Middle East, in Central Asia and in Indonesia “Islam is the world’s fastest growing religion today. It is a great force in Africa, a middling presence in China and the Soviet Union, a shareholder in the petropolitics of the Middle East, in Central Asia and in Indonesia” – Carmody and Carmody - Stacey Oh

3 Word “Islam”  “submission” : submission under the will and guidance of God Arabic root (s-l-m) : “salam” = peace “salama” = safety and security Islam: - more than a religion - cultures - political ideas - artistic orientation Stacey Oh

4 Muhammad Messenger of Islam Born in Mecca in 570 C.E. Very last prophet in a long line of prophets sent by God Received vision from the angel Gabriel who urged him to repeat the name of “your Lord who has created—created man from a drop.” Koran: Islamic scriptures reciting of the revelations he claimed to received for 22 years Stacey Oh

5 Followers of Muhammad : the lower class and those who were ripple for a new social order “Hejira”: A.D. [TURNING POINT] - travelled to Yathrib - Islam gained political power 630 A.D.: - took over Mecca without resistance - Kaaba (temple in Mecca) became the holiest shrine 632 A.D. : Muhammad died Stacey Oh

6 MECCA : The Holy City Stacey Oh

7 Core Value of Islam Belief in Allah as the one true God Muhammad was a messenger from God Koran: word of God Virtue and Morality : integral part of everyday life The Last Day - This is the belief that the world will eventually come to an end. On that day, there will be resurrection and judgment Destiny - While Muslims believe that we have free will to choose between right and wrong, they also believe that Allah knows what our destiny is Unity of all people Five Pillars of Islam Stacey Oh

8 The Five Pillars of Islam A Muslim must carry out five essential duties which are: –Shahada –Salat –Sawm –Zakah –Hajj Alex Corning

9 The Five Pillars of Islam: Shahada Shahada means the Declaration of Faith A Muslim must acknowledge that, “There is no God, but Allah and Muhammad is his Prophet.” The purpose of the Shahada is to only serve and obey God Can achieve Shahada through the teachings and practices of the Prophet Muhammad Alex Corning

10 The Five Pillars of Islam: Salat Salat means Prayer Muslim Prays Five times a day: –Dawn –Noon –Mid-Afternoon –Dark –After Dark Prayers are versus from the Quran and are spoken in Arabic Need a Clear mind to pray Perform a Ritual Ablution before prayer Alex Corning

11 An Example of a Prayer, “Call to Prayer” Alex Corning

12 Salat Prayer Movement: Takbir Takbir is entering into the state of prayer by honoring Allah. To begin act of the prayer, they say,” Allahu Akbar” meaning God is Great, by raising the hands to the ears. Alex Corning Image From BBC

13 Salat Prayer Movement: Qiyaam Qiyaam means a short supplication glorifying God and seeking his seeking his protection. Notice the Muslim placed his right hand over their left on there naval while in a standing position Alex Corning Image From BBC

14 Salat Prayer Movement: Ruku Ruku means bowing During Ruku, A Muslim says, “Glory be to God, the Most Great” three times Alex Corning Image From BBC

15 Salat Prayer Movement: Brief Qiyamm Brief Qiyamm, the person moves back to an upright position, Hands on loosely at the sides at this time The Muslim says, “God listens to the one who praises Him…To God belongs all praise…God is Great” Alex Corning Image From BBC

16 Salat Prayer Movement: Sujud Sujud means to prostrate In this position, palms, knees, toes, forehead and nose must be the only body parts touching the ground Alex Corning Image From BBC

17 Salat Prayer Movement: Brief Sitting Moving into the sitting position, they will recite “God is Great” In the the Brief Sitting position, the person will pause for a seconds, either in silence or recite a shorter prayer. Alex Corning Image From BBC

18 Salat Prayer Movement: Back to Sujab The the Muslim will go back to the Sujud position And recite more of the prayer, “Glory be to God, the Most High.” Alex Corning Image From BBC

19 Salat Prayer Movement: Tashahhud In the Tashahhud, they recite a set number of short prayers by praising God and sending peace on the Prophet. Muslims ask for forgiveness and mercy and for God to bless them. Alex Corning Image From BBC

20 Salat Prayer Movement: Peace to the Right To end the prayer, Muslims turn their face to the right saying, “Peace be upon you, and the mercy and blessings of Allah.” Right side records all good actions and thoughts Alex Corning Image From BBC

21 Salat Prayer Movement: Peace to the Left Then they turn their head to the left saying the same thing. Left side records all bad actions Alex Corning Image From BBC

22 The Five Pillars of Islam: Sawm Sawm means fasting Muslims fast during Ramadan, the ninth month of the Islamic Calendar Before fasting eat a large meal: Suhur All physically and mentally adult Muslims must give up food/drink, smoking, and sexual activity Didn’t Fast, can make a donation to the poor Alex Corning

23 Sawm: Reasons Why to Fast Obeying God Learning self-discipline Becoming spiritually stronger Appreciating God's gifts to us Sharing the sufferings of the poor and developing sympathy for them Realizing the value of charity and generosity Giving thanks for the Holy Quran Sharing Fellowship with other Muslims Alex Corning

24 Five Pillars of Islam: Zakat Two Types of Zakat –Zakat Al-Fitr –Zakat Mal Kurihi Chargualaf

25 Zakat Al-Fitr Related to breaking of the fast of Ramadan It is a requirement for everyone to give something to the needy at the end of Ramadan Required giving: 2.2kg of food or its monetary equivalent Kurihi Chargualaf

26 Zakat Mal First instituted by Muhammad Similar to the Christian tithe An offering of charity to the poor 2.5% or 1/40 th of a person’s productive assets Kurihi Chargualaf

27 What qualifies in the calculations of the Zakat? Whatever productive assets that a Muslim has: –Money –Gold –Financial Instruments –Livestock –Business Merchandise –Etc. Kurihi Chargualaf

28 What does not qualify in the calculations of the Zakat? Personal needs –Food –Automobile –Clothing –Furniture –Etc. Kurihi Chargualaf

29 How should the Zakat be distributed? There is debate over how a Zakat should be distributed. Some say that it must be given to charity organizations Some say that it must be given directly to those in need Some say that the wealth must be given only to the needy in the places where it was created. Kurihi Chargualaf

30 Benefits of the Zakat Benefits: –Detachment from money –Reminder that a Muslim's possessions are on loan from Allah –Obeying Allah Kurihi Chargualaf

31 Tax Advantages of Donations IRS allows for deductions to be made for charitable donations. General Requirements: –To a qualified organization –To a charitable organization in the U.S. Taxpayer is required to provide substantiation (proof) for their deduction Kurihi Chargualaf

32 Five Pillars of Islam: Hajj The fifth pillar of the Islamic Faith Pilgrimage to the Islamic Holy City of Mecca Required by each and every Muslim once in their lifetime The male pilgrims who are attempting the Hajj are called Hajji The female pilgrims who are attempting the Hajj are called Hajja Allah instructed Ibrahim and Ismail to construct the Ka’ba Muhammad rededicated the Ka’ba to Allah in 630 C.E. Kurihi Chargualaf

33 Hajj Kurihi Chargualaf

34 Requirements of the Hajj Performed in 12 th month ( Dhu-'I-Hijja at) at least once in a person’s lifetime All pilgrimages at other times are not considered part of the Hajj Kurihi Chargualaf

35 Corina Lopez

36 Common Misconceptions of Islam * Muslims are Violent, Terrorists, and Extremists This is the biggest misconception due to stereotypes and the media. Violence is always linked to Islam, however the acts of others should not be based on an entire faith. * Islam oppresses Women. Many Muslim countries do have laws that oppress woman, however they are not ruled by Islamic law. The Qur'an includes the different roles of men and women, and a balance between the two. Corina Lopez

37 * Muslims worship a different God 'Allah' is the Arabic word for God. It is their word of preference to call their God. Muslims, Christians, and Jews worship the same God. * All Muslims are Arabs One out of five people in the World are Muslim. They all come from different races, nationalities, and cultures. * Muhammad was the founder of Islam and Muslims worship him. Muslims honor him for his struggles and dedication to deliver the message of God. He was the last messenger of the message, but is not the founder of Islam. Corina Lopez

38

39 QUIZ 1)What was the TURNING POINT event of the Islam called? 2)How many pillars of Islam are there? 3)Where do Muslims travel to in order to fulfill the Hajj? 4)True or False: All Muslims are Arab?

40 Quiz Answers 1.Hejira Mecca 4.False

41 Word cited http: //i-cias.com/e.o/islam.htm. Visser, H. Islamic Finance: Principles and Practice. Cheltenham, U.K.: Edward Elgar, Print.

42 Works Cited Ahmad, Huma. "Top Ten Misconceptions about Islam." Inter Islamic Net. Web. 29 Nov Photos Misconceptions about Islam 1.jpg The World Muslim Population a7a0970b-800wi


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