Presentation on theme: "Warm Up 09.11.14 What shocked you about Olaudah Equiano’s account of slavery?"— Presentation transcript:
Warm Up 09.11.14 What shocked you about Olaudah Equiano’s account of slavery?
Agenda 9.11.14 Announcements/ Houskeeping Remembering September 11, 2001. Unit 1 Exam Tuesday, 9/23. Study Guides Origins of American Slavery Discuss Olaudah Equiano on Slavery (1789) Notes ( 6 slides) Clip from Amistad “ The Middle passage” HW: GML Pgs 101- 108
Origins of American Slavery Chesapeake planters turned to slavery b/c: High demand for workers Spread of tobacco Less risky than indentured servants No protection of English law Terms of service never expire Children = slaves Better immunity
Englishmen & Africans The English: Long held belief of superiority “RACE” and “RACISM” – not a fully developed idea in 1600s Civilization v. Barbarism Christianity v. Heathenism Anti- black & anti- native stereotypes did exist “Enslavable” Difficult to ensalve people on their native soil
Slavery in History Existed for nearly the entire span of human history Ancient Greece & Rome Northern Europe Germans, Vikings, Anglo- Saxons Mediterranean: The term “slavery” derives from “Slav”, which refers to the Slavic peoples of Southeastern Europe American Slavery: Planation/ agriculturally based Brutal, harsh, associated with race
Slavery in the West Indies Governments had to agree with the practice of slavery Well before slavery is entrenched in North America, Brazil & the West Indian Islands had huge slave populations These climates were not attractive to indentured servants Indian pop. wiped out by disease Resulted in a massive importation of African slaves Sugar Slavery developed much slower in North America Cost more than indetured servants! As late as 1680 – only 4,500 blacks in the Chesapeake (~5% of pop.)
Slavery and the Law Early on slaves did have some rights! For much of the 1600s, legal status of slaves was not clear Some managed to become free Marry Testify in court Acquire land Anthony Johnson White and Black labored side by side!
The Rise of Chesapeake Slavery First evidence of blacks being held as slaves for LIFE appears in the historical record of the 1640s. 1660s, explicit laws in VA and MD referring to slavery start showing up White servants status began improving At same time, access to freedom for blacks receded A child’s slave status was determined by the mother Severely prevented opportunities to gain freedom It is here, where we see race and slavery become evident in the law