What is it? The Bill of Rights is the first 10 amendments to our Constitution Amend – to change or add
1 st Amendment Freedom of religion (practice any religion) Freedom to assemble (meet or gather) Freedom of the press (publish newspapers, TV and Internet posts) and Petition (address the government) Freedom of speech (speak freely) RAPPS
Limitations on Speech “Clear and Present Danger” Clause Cannot publish any material that endangers our national security. Cannot pose any threat to the safety concerns of the people of the United States. ○ EX – Yelling “bomb” on an airplane
Limitations on Speech Defamation – knowingly making false statements about a persons reputation, thus giving them a “negative image” to the public.
2 nd Amendment The right to bear arms (having and carrying a weapon)
3 rd Amendment The right to not have soldiers quartered in your home.
4 th Amendment Proper search and seizure procedures Note: Warrant and probable cause needed.
5 th Amendment 1. Cannot be tried twice for the same offense (double jeopardy) 2. Do not have to testify against yourself in court.
6 th Amendment 1. Speedy, public trial 2. Jury decides the case 3. Right to a lawyer
7 th Amendment Right to a jury in a civil lawsuit (one where money is at stake) $20 or more A civil trial differs from a criminal trial. A civil trial is when one citizen sues another citizen.
8 th Amendment 1. No excessive bail/fines 2. No cruel and unusual punishment. (Electric Chair for stealing gum)
9 th Amendment You have more rights than what are listed in the Constitution. EX – Just because the Constitution doesn’t say you can drive in the rain, doesn’t mean you can’t drive in the rain.
10 th Amendment States have their own rights that are not given to the federal government. In other words, Laws that aren’t said in the Constitution, are in the hands of the States. Examples: Same-sex marriage, drug laws (marijuana), etc.