2Introduction Paul Bernardo was a serial killer and rapist He raped and murdered three main young girls, that we know aboutBernardo and wife Karla Homolka video taped themselves sexually assaulting these girlskept the girls in their home as sex slaves for many days, after finished with them, they both killed and disposed of the girls bodies immediatelyThere was a major difference between the charges against Bernardo and Homolka because Homolka decided to testified against Bernardo in order to obtain a plea bargain. This was decided before the video tapes were released
3Paul Bernardo Born August 27, 1964 in Scarborough Ontario Raised in a very dysfunctional homeHis father was charged with child molestationLater in his life, Paul’s father began abusing his younger sister , sexually and physicallyHis mother had clinical depressionAt the age of 16,Paul found out from his mother that he was the product of an affair with a former lover
4Karla Homolka Born May 4th, 1970 in Port Credit, Ontario Had 3 sisters and was the oldest. Her youngest sister Tammy was a victim of the assaultsHad a strong love for animals and began working at a veterinary clinicShe seemed like a good child growing up, normal home lifeAfter meeting Paul, she was said to have deep psychotic thoughts
5CrimesChristmas Eve, 1990, Paul and Karla drugged and raped her 15 year old sister Tammy (This was Karlas Christmas gift to Paul)As they are videotaping Tammy unconscious , while sexually assaulting her, she chokes on her own vomit and dies.June 15th, 1991, Bernardo kidnaps 14 year old Leslie Mahaffey from the yard of her Burlington home and takes her home as a sex slaveAccording to Karla, he strangles Leslie to death and cuts up her body, putting the pieces into cement blocksPaul did all this while Karla was “blow drying” her hair
6Crimes Continued14 days later, Leslies body parts are discovered in Lake Gibson, just south of St. Catherines.THE EXACT SAME DAY PAUL AND KARLA GOT MARRIEDApril 16th 1992, Bernardo AND Karla kidnap 15 year old Kristen French and take her home as a sex slave3 days later, Bernardo strangles Kristen to death and disposes of her naked body in the woods, just minutes from where Mahaffy is burried in Burlington
7Facts and Prosecution Arguments On May 18th 1993, Bernardo is charged with two counts of first-degree murder and seven other serious crimes in connection with the murdersHomolka is charged with two counts of manslaughterShe is sentenced to 12 years in prison due to her plea bargain she will then testify in court against PaulBernardo pleas not guilty to all chargesAfter Ken Murray, Bernardos lawyer, receives a call from Bernardo telling him that there are video tapes in the bathroom ceiling at his house, he resigns as his lawyer.
8The tapes show Bernardo AND Homolka raping Tammy, Leslie andKristen The strength of the conviction was heavily dependant on Karla’s testimony against PaulThese tapes are used as evidence to support the charges against Bernardo in courtThis evidence was the key piece to prove how Bernardo was guilty
9Defense presentedBernardo pleaded not guilty to all murder charges, and accepted the rape charges because of the evidenceHe claims that all the girls deaths were “accidental”Later he states that Karla was the one to murder them… he only raped themHis statement in court is as follows: “that he left the house to get takeout food and to rent a movie, every time he came back home the girls would be dead with Karla standing over top of them”There is absolutely no evidence to prove any of his statements that he said in courtKarla testifies and says she has nothing to do with any of it…Bernardos defense was weak and had no evidence to support himThe jury found him guilty of all 9 charges
10Evidence summaryThe police found detailed written descriptions of all the Scarborough rapes, plus a library of books and videos on sexual deviation, pornography and serial killers in the home of Paul and KarlaThis is significant because it is physical evidence that Bernardo did rape a large number of girls, he had admitted to it in his letters and journalsThe 6 videotapes found in the bathroom ceiling of Pauls home showed the sexual assault of the 3 teenagers and has both Paul and Karla starring in them
11Significant to the case because it provides physical evidence of Bernardo and Homolka with the girls sexually assaulting themAfter Karla was checked into a psychiatric hospital for an assessment, she wrote a letter to her parents saying that it was her and Paul who were the ones to kill her sister Tammy.
12Jury decision and sentence On September 1st 1995, Paul Bernardo was convicted on a number of offences including two first-degree murders of Leslie and Kristen and two aggravated sexual assaultsHe was sentenced to life in prisonSince his conviction, he has been held in solitary confinement at Kingston Penitentiary in Kingston OntarioHe spends 23 hours a day in a cellIn return for a plea bargain (12 years in prison for manslaughter) Karla testified against Bernardo in his murder trialKarla was released from prison on July 4th 2005
13TheoriesThe differential Association theory: is a theory proposing that through interaction with others, individuals learn the values, attitudes, techniques, and motives for criminal behaviorLearning criminal behaviour occurs within primary groups like family, friends and peers.The first interaction is family, so that is who an individual is most influenced byFor Bernardo’s case, his behaviour is influenced by his father being a child molester, and his mother being unfaithful
14TheoriesSocialization theory: suggests that the key influences leading to criminal behavior are found in your upbringing, peer groups, and role modelsBernardo was exposed to a world of sexual abuse at such a young age that it influenced himBecause of his father, Bernardo saw the world of child molestation and every trial his father went throughSubconsciously aspire to be like him