Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Hey, teacher. When are you going to teach us something valuable, like how to survive in the belly of a whale?

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Hey, teacher. When are you going to teach us something valuable, like how to survive in the belly of a whale?"— Presentation transcript:

1

2 Hey, teacher. When are you going to teach us something valuable, like how to survive in the belly of a whale?

3 Do-Over Have you ever received a second chance to do something you had failed to do, or do properly, the first time? How did that feel? Did you do things differently the second time around?

4 Jonah’s Deliverance and Prayer (Jonah 2:4 - 10) Quick Review of Week 11 ….

5 Jonah Going Down 1:3“went down to Joppa” “went down into it” [the ship] 1:5“gone down into inner part of ship” “lain down” fell “fast asleep” 1:7 The sailors “cast [down] lots” “the lot fell [down] on Jonah” “the lot fell [down] on Jonah” 1:15 The sailors “hurled him [down] into the sea” 2:3 “you cast me into the deep” [on the surface of the water] 2:5a “waters closed [down] over me [in midst of the sea] 2:5d “at the roots of the mountains” [the sea bottom] 2:6 “down to land whose bars closed upon me forever” “the pit” [Jonah is in “Sheol,” the lowest point he could possibly go]

6 Jonah’s Resurrection 2:10 “the LORD spoke to the fish, and it vomited Jonah out upon dry land” 2:7 “my prayer came to you, into your holy temple” [mount] 2:6 “you brought up my life from the pit, O LORD my God” 2:6 “you brought up my life from the pit, O LORD my God” 1:17 “the LORD appointed a great fish to swallow up Jonah”

7 Big Picture Yahweh threw Jonah into the deep, and before the fish arrived Jonah recognized that he had been cast out of God's sight Yahweh threw Jonah into the deep, and before the fish arrived Jonah recognized that he had been cast out of God's sight Still, he looked toward God's holy temple in prayer Still, he looked toward God's holy temple in prayer As time wore on he sank as low as possible before finally being rescued by the fish As time wore on he sank as low as possible before finally being rescued by the fish Jonah then contrasts himself with “those who regard worthless idols,” and contrasts Yahweh with those same idols, expressing his confidence that only those who hold faithfully to Yahweh will be delivered Jonah then contrasts himself with “those who regard worthless idols,” and contrasts Yahweh with those same idols, expressing his confidence that only those who hold faithfully to Yahweh will be delivered Finally, he resolves to demonstrate his permanent fidelity to Yahweh, and summarizes the whole episode in one brilliant line: salvation comes from Yahweh Finally, he resolves to demonstrate his permanent fidelity to Yahweh, and summarizes the whole episode in one brilliant line: salvation comes from Yahweh

8 Theology of the Cross So the belly of the great fish appeared to be a knife, but it was really a scalpel So the belly of the great fish appeared to be a knife, but it was really a scalpel Jonah’s torture is also his treatment, his imprisonment is also his care Jonah’s torture is also his treatment, his imprisonment is also his care His pain is part of God’s corrective re-education program His pain is part of God’s corrective re-education program The great fish was not an instrument of God’s punishment, but rather a vehicle of deliverance The great fish was not an instrument of God’s punishment, but rather a vehicle of deliverance It will enable him to continue his ministry and also to save the Ninevites It will enable him to continue his ministry and also to save the Ninevites

9 Jonah’s Psalm God does not expect everyone who praises or thanks Him will have resolved every doubt or question concerning the nature of the world or of existence God does not expect everyone who praises or thanks Him will have resolved every doubt or question concerning the nature of the world or of existence Jonah still disagrees with Yahweh concerning Nineveh Jonah still disagrees with Yahweh concerning Nineveh In his thanksgiving and praise, Jonah concedes God’s call on his life to be his own and vows to follow that calling In his thanksgiving and praise, Jonah concedes God’s call on his life to be his own and vows to follow that calling He can continue to protest, but he cannot continue to run He can continue to protest, but he cannot continue to run  In the end, Jonah’s prayer is a witness of hope to us as believers He gives thanks in spite of the uncertainty of still being at sea He gives thanks in spite of the uncertainty of still being at sea He give thanks knowing that he did not deserve rescue He give thanks knowing that he did not deserve rescue He gives thanks for a haven in an unlikely place He gives thanks for a haven in an unlikely place He gives thanks in spite of deep discomfort He gives thanks in spite of deep discomfort Jonah gives thanks in spite of his unresolved questions & issues Jonah gives thanks in spite of his unresolved questions & issues His is a real and hopeful faith His is a real and hopeful faith

10 … Now Week 12

11 “Woe to him whom this world charms from Gospel duty. Woe to him who seeks to pour oil upon the waters when God has brewed them into a gale. Woe to him who seeks to please rather than to appal [dismay]. Woe to him whose good name is more to him than goodness. Woe to him who, in this world, courts not dishonor! Woe to him who would not be true, even though to be false were salvation. Yea, woe to him who, as the great Pilot Paul has it, while preaching to others is himself a castaway.” Herman Melville, Moby Dick

12 “We know that the great fish was an Arminian b ecause no sooner did Jonah pray, ‘Salvation is of the LORD!’ than the great fish spat him out of its mouth!“ -- Spurgeon

13 Jonah 2:10 And the LORD spoke to the fish, and it vomited Jonah out upon the dry land. What was the prophet’s condition after being brought back to land? Sometimes when we sin, God saves us but the experience leaves us a little "smelly." Should we be grateful? Why is it important that Jonah is back on land at the end of chapter 2?

14 The Structure of the Book of Jonah  Scene 1: Jonah’s First Call (1:1-3)  Scene 2 : The Storm at Sea (1:4-16)  Scene 3: Jonah’s Deliverance & Prayer (1:17 – 2:10)  Scene 4: Jonah’s Second Call (3:1-3a)  Scene 5: Jonah’s Preaching Converts (3:3b-10) Nineveh & Yahweh Changes His Verdict  Scene 6: Jonah’s Response to Yahweh’s (4:1-3) Change of Verdict to Save Nineveh  Scene 7: Yahweh’s Provisions and (4:4-11) Jonah’s Response

15 2 Gath-hepher Joppa Nineveh Tarsus = Tarshish

16 The Structure of the Book of Jonah Chapters 1-2 (At Sea) Word of God to Jonah 1:1 Word of God to Jonah 1:1 Content of the Word 1:2 Content of the Word 1:2 Response of Jonah 1:3 Response of Jonah 1:3 Gentile Response 1:5 Gentile Response 1:5 Action of Captain 1:6 Action of Captain 1:6 Sailors and Jonah 1:7-15 Sailors and Jonah 1:7-15 Disaster Averted 1:15c Disaster Averted 1:15c Response of Sailors 1:16 Response of Sailors 1:16 God and Jonah 2:1-11 God and Jonah 2:1-11 God’s Response 2:11 God’s Response 2:11 Chapters 3-4 (At Nineveh) Word of God to Jonah 3:1 Word of God to Jonah 3:1 Content of the Word 3:2 Content of the Word 3:2 Response of Jonah 3:3-4a Response of Jonah 3:3-4a Gentile Response 3:5 Gentile Response 3:5 Action of King 3:6-9 Action of King 3:6-9 Ninevites and God 3:10 Ninevites and God 3:10 Disaster Averted 3:10c Disaster Averted 3:10c Response of Jonah 4:1 Response of Jonah 4:1 God and Jonah 4:2-3 God and Jonah 4:2-3 God’s Response 4:6-11 God’s Response 4:6-11 Depicts Yahweh’s power beyond Israel’s territory and across the sea Depicts Yahweh’s power beyond Israel’s territory … into Nineveh

17 Jonah 3:1-3a 3:1 Then the word of the LORD came to Jonah the second time, saying, 2 “Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and call out against it the message that I tell you.” 3a So Jonah arose and went to Nineveh, according to the word of the LORD. SCENE 4 When and where did the LORD’s second call to Jonah take place? After Jonah’s disobedience and attempted flight to Tarshish, God could have called a different prophet to do His will in Nineveh. Why didn’t He? What application does this have for us as believers? Jonah is the only biblical prophet who must be given his assignment a second time because of his prior disobedience Moses twice is given the assignment to ascend Mount Sinai and receive the 10 Commandments, but that was necessitated by Israel’s disobedience At this point in the narrative, Jonah has been to hell and back; he has experienced Yahweh’s gracious deliverance from Sheol The “salvation” that “belongs to the LORD” has given Jonah a new start The bedraggled, seaweed-draped, vomit-stained, and traumatized prophet was likely a bit more receptive to the Word of God this time!

18 Plane Crash in Jungle Imagine a plane transporting criminals forced to crash land in a tropical jungle Imagine a plane transporting criminals forced to crash land in a tropical jungle One hundred criminals and one warden survived One hundred criminals and one warden survived Once the plane crashed, all of the criminals fled the scene and hid out in the jungle Once the plane crashed, all of the criminals fled the scene and hid out in the jungle The warden determined to take the initiative to hunt down the others to bring them to safety The warden determined to take the initiative to hunt down the others to bring them to safety He began by finding one man and told him that he would pardon his offence He began by finding one man and told him that he would pardon his offence He then enlisted him to help find the others He then enlisted him to help find the others One by one the warden and the former criminals hunted down many of the other men One by one the warden and the former criminals hunted down many of the other men Eventually the warden had rescued a large number who returned to their homes to live good productive lives Eventually the warden had rescued a large number who returned to their homes to live good productive lives

19 Warden and Criminals Some, however, refused the offer of pardon; they instead chose to cower in the wilderness where they eventually died of starvation, disease or animal attack Some, however, refused the offer of pardon; they instead chose to cower in the wilderness where they eventually died of starvation, disease or animal attack God is seeking fallen men and women … He tracks some for most of their lives God is seeking fallen men and women … He tracks some for most of their lives He saves them by forgiving their offences; He then enlists them as means in that great work of rescue He saves them by forgiving their offences; He then enlists them as means in that great work of rescue Obedience should never be separated from the great rescue mission of God to which we have been called Obedience should never be separated from the great rescue mission of God to which we have been called God sought Jonah that he might bless others; that is why he tracked him down God sought Jonah that he might bless others; that is why he tracked him down If he has sought you, please understand it is for no other reason than that you might bless others If he has sought you, please understand it is for no other reason than that you might bless others Jonah had a false contentment as he slept in the belly of the ship Jonah had a false contentment as he slept in the belly of the ship You will never know true contentment until you are living out that purpose for which God has sought you You will never know true contentment until you are living out that purpose for which God has sought you

20

21 Jonah 3:1-3a 3:1 Then the word of the LORD came to Jonah the second time, saying, 2 “Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and call out against it the message that I tell you.” 3a So Jonah arose and went to Nineveh, according to the word of the LORD. SCENE 4 Yahweh was gracious to Jonah by bringing him the word of the LORD a “second time.” In what others ways was God’s grace displayed? God makes no reference to Jonah’s previous failure God does not remind him of his deliverance from Sheol, nor of his promise, “what I have vowed I will pay” (2:9) God’s words carry no rebuke for Jonah and no warning of what will happen if he fails to respond once again

22 1:2 “Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and call out against it (qara’ ‘al), for their evil has come up before me.” 3:2 “Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and call out against it the message that I tell you.” 3:2 “Arise, go to Nineveh, that great city, and call out against it (qara’ ‘el) the message that I tell you.” What is the same in these two passages? What is different? Our ESV text doesn’t catch the subtle difference in 1:2 to “call out against it” (qara’ ‘al, with connotation “to denounce”) compared with 3:2 to “call out to it” (qara’ ‘el, meaning “to proclaim to”) The content of what Jonah was to preach isn’t given in 1:2, but the construction makes it clear that it was to be a message of judgment In 3:2 Yahweh commands Jonah to announce “to” Nineveh an as-yet unspecified message Jonah 1:2 and 3:2 What does God say at the end of verse 3:2 about the message Jonah is to deliver in Nineveh? The message he is to communicate is not his own; it comes from God … the focus is on the need for him to simply obey When he gets to Nineveh, God will give him the message that he has for the city … but has Jonah learned to get on with doing what God says? What admonition should pastors take from this? What nuance in Jonah’s prophetic status is potentially signaled here in comparing these two verses? Verse 1:2 might suggest that Jonah was given a measure of freedom in how to word his judgment oracle Verse 3:2 specifies that Jonah is to be completely dependent on Yahweh for the wording of his prophetic statement … It will not even be given to him until it is time to preach it

23 But Jonah rose to flee to Tarshish from the presence of the LORD 1:3a But Jonah rose to flee to Tarshish from the presence of the LORD 3:3a 3:3a So Jonah arose and went to Nineveh, according to the word of the LORD. What is the difference between Jonah’s response in chapter 1 and chapter 3? What are some possible reasons why Jonah obeyed the LORD’s second call? Jonah 1:3a and 3:3a

24 Why does Jonah go to Nineveh this time? One answer might be that Jonah realizes he cannot escape Yahweh One answer might be that Jonah realizes he cannot escape Yahweh This God has pursued him from Israel, across the sea, into the ocean depths, met him in Sheol, then out onto the land again This God has pursued him from Israel, across the sea, into the ocean depths, met him in Sheol, then out onto the land again At this point Jonah may simply be giving in, crying “uncle,” passively acquiescing to what Yahweh wants At this point Jonah may simply be giving in, crying “uncle,” passively acquiescing to what Yahweh wants Perhaps he hopes or anticipates that the Ninevites will not respond, in which case they will be destroyed Perhaps he hopes or anticipates that the Ninevites will not respond, in which case they will be destroyed If Jonah is given any freedom in crafting his sermon, he might attempt to steer the Ninevites to destruction If Jonah is given any freedom in crafting his sermon, he might attempt to steer the Ninevites to destruction He could deliver a very short sermon containing no call to repentance and saying nothing about escape or salvation He could deliver a very short sermon containing no call to repentance and saying nothing about escape or salvation Perhaps Jonah goes because of his renewed faith Perhaps Jonah goes because of his renewed faith Yahweh had provided a great fish for his deliverance, not abandoned him in Sheol, raised him up to new life, and reinstalled him into the prophetic office Yahweh had provided a great fish for his deliverance, not abandoned him in Sheol, raised him up to new life, and reinstalled him into the prophetic office God has come “to seek and to save what was lost” (Luke 19:10) God has come “to seek and to save what was lost” (Luke 19:10)

25 At last, Jonah “went” (halak) – literally, he walks to Nineveh At last, Jonah “went” (halak) – literally, he walks to Nineveh In Hebrew thought, halak is walking through life following the way of God’s teaching In Hebrew thought, halak is walking through life following the way of God’s teaching This verb is often used to describe a person’s life of faith in response to God’s word This verb is often used to describe a person’s life of faith in response to God’s word The LORD called Abraham, saying, “Walk (halak) before me, and be blameless” (Gen 17:1) The LORD called Abraham, saying, “Walk (halak) before me, and be blameless” (Gen 17:1) This was not simply an instruction concerning Abraham’s mode of transport! This was not simply an instruction concerning Abraham’s mode of transport! Nor was it to do with the number of miles he covered Nor was it to do with the number of miles he covered It’s about his way of living … He was called to walk in God’s way It’s about his way of living … He was called to walk in God’s way Jonah’s response to God’s second call was to walk in God’s ways in response to Yahweh’s grace Jonah’s response to God’s second call was to walk in God’s ways in response to Yahweh’s grace In the NT, Paul uses “walk” (peripateo) to convey a similar meaning (Rom 6:4; Gal 5:16; Eph 4:1; Col 1:10; 1 Thess 2:12) In the NT, Paul uses “walk” (peripateo) to convey a similar meaning (Rom 6:4; Gal 5:16; Eph 4:1; Col 1:10; 1 Thess 2:12) Jonah 3:3a – Jonah 3:3a – So Jonah arose and went to Nineveh, according to the word of the LORD.

26 But Jonah rose to flee to Tarshish from the presence of the LORD 1:3a But Jonah rose to flee to Tarshish from the presence of the LORD 3:3a 3:3a So Jonah arose and went to Nineveh, according to the word of the LORD. Jonah 1:3a and 3:3a When God gives us a second chance to obey Him, it's tempting to think that this means God doesn't mind much whether we live His way or not But a second chance isn't a sign of God's disinterest: it's a sign of God's mercy, giving us another opportunity to be part of His plans Are there areas of your life where you feel God is giving you a "second (or third or fourth!) chance"? Will you gratefully obey Him this time? And are you the kind of person who is like God in giving others a second (or third or fourth!) chance?

27 John 21:15-19 When they had finished breakfast, Jesus said to Simon Peter, “Simon, son of John, do you love me more than these?” He said to him, “Yes, Lord; you know that I love you.” He said to him, “Feed my lambs.” He said to him a second time, “Simon, son of John, do you love me?” He said to him, “Yes, Lord; you know that I love you.” He said to him, “Tend my sheep.” He said to him the third time, “Simon, son of John, do you love me?” Peter was grieved because he said to him the third time, “Do you love me?” and he said to him, “Lord, you know everything; you know that I love you.” Jesus said to him, “Feed my sheep. Truly, truly, I say to you, when you were young, you used to dress yourself and walk wherever you wanted, but when you are old, you will stretch out your hands, and another will dress you and carry you where you do not want to go.” (This he said to show by what kind of death he was to glorify God.) And after saying this he said to him, “Follow me.” How do we see God's compassion here? What are the similarities with what happens in Jonah 3? Peter had denied Jesus three times (John 18:15-18, 25-27); here, Jesus gives Peter the same number of opportunities to pronounce his love for Jesus Peter's betrayal is met with Jesus' compassion: the one who turned his back on his Lord is restored by Him, and given a role in His plan – just as Jonah is in Jonah 3  After He rose from the dead, Jesus went for a walk with His disciple Peter … it was the first time the two had spoken since Peter had denied knowing Jesus while his Lord was on trial for His life Does God have to have compassion or offer a second chance? No. See the example of the case of Ananias and Sapphira (Acts 5:1-11) What will Peter's second chance to serve Jesus lead to? Martyrdom. Jesus is giving Peter a second chance, but that doesn't mean the second chance is easy! It still requires costly commitment.

28 The Structure of the Book of Jonah  Scene 1: Jonah’s First Call (1:1-3)  Scene 2 : The Storm at Sea (1:4-16)  Scene 3: Jonah’s Deliverance & Prayer (1:17 – 2:10)  Scene 4: Jonah’s Second Call (3:1-3a)  Scene 5: Jonah’s Preaching Converts (3:3b-10) Nineveh & Yahweh Changes His Verdict  Scene 6: Jonah’s Response to Yahweh’s (4:1-3) Change of Verdict to Save Nineveh  Scene 7: Yahweh’s Provisions and (4:4-11) Jonah’s Response

29 Revival! Great revivals have occurred throughout history: Among the Jews in the first century The tribes of Ireland in the fifth century The Protestants in the sixteenth century The people of Wales in the twentieth century Yet one of the greatest revivals of all time occurred hundreds of years before any of these – the amazing revival in Nineveh in the 8 th century BC If a genuine revival were to occur in this country, what results would you expect to see? If God answered right now, in one fell swoop, every prayer you prayed last week, would anybody new be in the kingdom?

30 Jonah 3:3b-10 SCENE 5 Now Nineveh was an exceedingly great city, three days' journey in breadth. 4 Jonah began to go into the city, going a day's journey. And he called out, “Yet forty days, and Nineveh shall be overthrown!” 5 And the people of Nineveh believed God. They called for a fast and put on sackcloth, from the greatest of them to the least of them. 3:3b Now Nineveh was an exceedingly great city, three days' journey in breadth. 4 Jonah began to go into the city, going a day's journey. And he called out, “Yet forty days, and Nineveh shall be overthrown!” 5 And the people of Nineveh believed God. They called for a fast and put on sackcloth, from the greatest of them to the least of them. 6 The word reached the king of Nineveh, and he arose from his throne, removed his robe, covered himself with sackcloth, and sat in ashes. 7 And he issued a proclamation and published through Nineveh, “By the decree of the king and his nobles: Let neither man nor beast, herd nor flock, taste anything. Let them not feed or drink water, 8 but let man and beast be covered with sackcloth, and let them call out mightily to God. Let everyone turn from his evil way and from the violence that is in his hands. 9 Who knows? God may turn and relent and turn from his fierce anger, so that we may not perish.” 10 When God saw what they did, how they turned from their evil way, God relented of the disaster that he had said he would do to them, and he did not do it.

31 Jonah 3:3b-5 What information are we given about the city of Nineveh? In Hebrew, the city is literally “a great city of God” as seen in the ESV footnote. What does this lead us to conclude about God’s attitude toward the inhabitants of Nineveh? Based on what we know about the Assyrian Empire, why do you think God was so concerned about the cruel and sinful people who lived in Nineveh? Now Nineveh was an exceedingly great city, three days' journey in breadth. 4 Jonah began to go into the city, going a day's journey. And he called out, “Yet forty days, and Nineveh shall be overthrown!” 5 And the people of Nineveh believed God. They called for a fast and put on sackcloth, from the greatest of them to the least of them. 3:3b Now Nineveh was an exceedingly great city, three days' journey in breadth. 4 Jonah began to go into the city, going a day's journey. And he called out, “Yet forty days, and Nineveh shall be overthrown!” 5 And the people of Nineveh believed God. They called for a fast and put on sackcloth, from the greatest of them to the least of them.

32 The City of Nineveh Genesis 10:8-12 – “Cush fathered Nimrod; he was the first on earth to be a mighty man. He was a mighty hunter before the LORD. Therefore it is said, “Like Nimrod a mighty hunter before the LORD.” The beginning of his kingdom was Babel, Erech, Accad, and Calneh, in the land of Shinar. From that land he went into Assyria and built Nineveh, Rehoboth-Ir, Calah, and Resen between Nineveh and Calah; that is the great city.” The Hebrew word gadol (“great”) occurs several times in the book of Jonah. This word is used to describe the city of Nineveh in Genesis 10:11-12, Jonah 1:2, Jonah 3:2, and Jonah 3:4. In what ways was Nineveh great?

33 Greater Nineveh? In the 8 th century BC, Nineveh was one of three royal cities in the Assyrian Empire, the two others being Calah and Ashur In the 8 th century BC, Nineveh was one of three royal cities in the Assyrian Empire, the two others being Calah and Ashur Adad-Nirari III ( ) had even built a royal palace there just a short while before Jonah came on the scene Adad-Nirari III ( ) had even built a royal palace there just a short while before Jonah came on the scene Thus, the city was very closely associated with Assyria’s monarchy and all that went with it Thus, the city was very closely associated with Assyria’s monarchy and all that went with it Neo-Assyrian Empire


Download ppt "Hey, teacher. When are you going to teach us something valuable, like how to survive in the belly of a whale?"

Similar presentations


Ads by Google