Presentation on theme: "P REPOSITIONS, C ONJUNCTIONS, AND INTERJECTIONS 6 th Grade Language Arts and Reading KMS."— Presentation transcript:
P REPOSITIONS, C ONJUNCTIONS, AND INTERJECTIONS 6 th Grade Language Arts and Reading KMS
P REPOSITIONS Introduction Activity Write a few sentences that explain how to find the closest public library. Put your sentences aside for now. Let’s watch the video link on the next slide and then we will share our sentences underlining the prepositions we used to give the directions.
P REPOSITIONS Watch the video linked below to find out what a preposition is and listen for some examples of words that are prepositions as well! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=j- C7Rffelb8&feature=bf_prev&list=PL4E423BB17 1CD8715&lf=results_main Go back to your sentences and share them with your partner and underline any prepositions like down, to, under, near, on, around, and so on….
P REPOSITIONS Answer these questions after the video! What is a preposition? A preposition is a word that relates a noun or a pronoun to some other word in a sentence. Examples: The dictionary on the desk was open. An almanac was under the dictionary. Meet me at three o’clock tomorrow.
P REPOSITIONS Watch out! There are TONS of commonly used prepositions. Make sure you write all of them down on our notes!! Some are already there for you, but make sure you get the rest. Commonly Use Prepositions aboardasdespitenearsince aboutatdownofthrough abovebeforeduringoffto acrossbehindexceptontoward afterbelowforontounder againstbeneathfromoppositeuntil alongbesideinoutup amidbetweeninsideoutsideupon amongbeyondintooverwith aroundbylikepastwithout
P REPOSITIONS A preposition can consist of more than one word. Example: I borrowed the dictionary along with some other reference books. Prepositions of MORE than one word according toalong withbecause ofin spite ofon top of across fromaside fromin front ofinstead ofout of
P REPOSITIONS Read the sentences below. Fill in the blank using a preposition. Use the dictionary that is __________ the table. I took the atlas ________ your room. Notice several prepositions fit each sentence. The preposition you use changes where the item is that you are connecting in the sentence.
P REPOSITIONAL P HRASES Introduction Activity: Write a sentence or two that tells where and when you might read a book. Share your sentences with your table. Underline the prepositions in the sentence based off of yesterday’s lesson.
P REPOSITIONAL P HRASES Now let’s talk about prepositional phrases! A prepositional phrase is a group of words that begins with a preposition and ends with a noun or pronoun, which is called the object of the preposition. Examples: Mr. Fromwiller has an almanac from the nineteenth century. The almanac has a special meaning for him. PrepositionObject of preposition (noun) PrepositionObject of preposition (pronoun)
P REPOSITIONAL P HRASES Now go back to your introduction activity sentences and underline the prepositional phrase. Draw an arrow from the preposition to the noun/pronoun that is the object of the preposition. Example: We met in front of the library at noon. In front- tells where Of the library- tells where At noon- tells when
P REPOSITIONAL PHRASES Prepositional Phrases: can have a compound ( more than one) object. Examples: Almanacs contain lists of facts and figures. Grace shows one to her sisters and her classmates. Prepositional Phrases: can have more than one prepositional phrase Example: We left our notes under the almanac on the shelf.
P REPOSITIONAL P HRASES Prepositional Phrases: Can appear anywhere in the sentence- at the beginning, in the middle, or at the end. Examples: At the library students examind the almanac. Students at the library examined the almanac. Students examined the almanac at the library.
P REPOSITIONAL P HRASES Day 2 Activity and Homework
P RONOUNS AFTER P REPOSITIONS Introduction Activity Read the sentence below. Tell what is wrong with it and then write it correctly. Lisa’s dog ran to Lisa, jumped on Lisa, and stole a cookie with Lisa. Remember back to our pronoun unit? We use pronouns to replace nouns to avoid using nouns over and over. Now that you have corrected the sentence find the prepositions and circle them. Then, Underline the prepositional phrases, and draw an arrow from the preposition to the pronoun in the prepositional phrase.
P RONOUNS AFTER P REPOSITIONS When a pronoun is the object of a preposition, remember to use an object pronoun and not a subject pronoun. Example: Michael handed the dictionary to Sarah. Replace Sarah with object pronoun- HER Michael handed the dictionary to her.
P RONOUNS AFTER PREPOSITIONS Sometimes a preposition will have a compound object consisting of a noun and pronoun. Remember to use an object pronoun in a compound object. Example: I borrowed the dictionary from Sam and Jacob. Replace Jacob with object pronoun HIM I borrowed the dictionary from Sam and him. How do you know to use HIM rather than HE? Test it out- try saying the sentence aloud with only the pronoun following the preposition. I borrowed the dictonary from him (NOT he).
P RONOUNS AFTER PREPOSITIONS Confusing WHO and WHOM The pronouns who and whom are often confused. Who is a subject pronoun, and whom is an object pronoun. Note how the pronouns are used in the following sentences: Who told you about it? (Who is the subject) To whom did you lend the almanac? ( whom is the object) YOU is the subject of the sentence
P RONOUNS AFTER PREPOSITIONS Day 3 Activity and Homework
P REPOSITIONAL P HRASES AS ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS Introduction activity Before starting today’s lesson, let’s learn a song to help us remember some of those commonly used prepositions!! Follow along singing to the tune of Twinkle, Twinkle little star!
P REPOSITIONAL P HRASES AS ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS Preposition Song (To the tune of Twinkle, Twinkle Little Star) At, around, above, about Over, nearer, nearest, out For, becoming, after, through From, beneath, beyond, of, to Since, beside, between, by, at Off, on, up, along, into
P REPOSITIONAL P HRASES AS ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS Now that we reviewed some of the many prepositions that are out there, write FIVE sentences that have at least one prepositional phrase in each. We will come back to those sentences at the end of our lesson.
P REPOSITIONAL P HRASES AS ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS Prepositional phrases function as adjectives and adverbs in sentences. A preprepositional phrase functioning as an adjective describes a noun or pronoun. These phrases usually come directly after the noun or pronoun it describes. Example: (underline the prepositional phrase, and then draw an arrow to the noun/pronoun it is describing) Africa is continent with many natural resources. One of the articles describes Africa vividly. The wildlife of Africa is varied and abundant.
P REPOSITIONAL P HRASES AS ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS A prepositional phrase functioning as an adverb describes a verb, an adjective, or another adverb. Adverb Phrases FunctionExamples Describes a VERB Wildlife abounds in Africa. Dry savannas extend over many acres. Describes an ADJECTIVE Birds are exotic in color. Describes an ADVERB The Nile River flow west of Cairo.
P REPOSITIONAL P HRASES AS ADJECTIVES AND ADVERBS Go back to the sentences you wrote at the beginning of the lesson. Now, exchange papers at your tables. Draw a line from each prepositional phrase in the sentence to the word being described. Day 4 Activity and Homework
T ELLING PREPOSITIONS AND ADVERBS APART Introduction Activity: Let’s practice our song we learned from yesterday first! Now, I would like you to create FOUR sentences using the following words: ABOVE OVER INSIDE BEFORE For each sentence write the word or words that answer the question where? Or when? Example: The clock is above the door. Where is the clock? (above the door)
T ELLING PREPOSITIONS AND ADVERBS APART Sometimes it is difficult to tell whether a word is a preposition or an adverb. Both types of words can answer the questions: Where? And When? as we just saw with our introduction activity. Several words are commonly used as prepositions and adverbs. These are the words you want to look at carefully when you see them! Words that can be used as Prepositions or Adverbs aboutbelowout abovedownoutside aroundinover beforeinsidethrough behindnearup
T ELLING PREPOSITIONS AND ADVERBS APART Having trouble decided whether a word is used as preposition or adverb? LOOK at the other words in the sentence Followed closely by a noun- it is most likely a preposition and it is the object of the preposition. A preposition will be followed by the prepositional phrase, whereas the adverb will not. Examples: We ate our lunch outside the library. Preposition or Adverb? Preposition OUTSIDE is followed by LIBRARY prepositional phrase : outside the library. We ate our lunch outside. Adverb OUTSIDE answeres the question where? But is not followed by a noun, which makes it an adverb in this sentence.
P REPOSITIONS Wrap up video: http://www.brainpop.com/english/grammar/prepo sitionalphrases/ http://www.brainpop.com/english/grammar/prepo sitionalphrases/ Day 5 Activity and Homework
C ONJUNCTIONS Introduction Activity On your notes, write four sentences using each of the following conjunctions: AND, BUT, OR, EITHER Volunteers to share sentences on board? What does each conjunction connect? Underline the words in your sentences that the conjunctions connect
C ONJUNCTIONS Now that you can see conjunctions connect things, lets find out what types of things they connect Watch the video and listen for what types of things conjunctions connect AND other examples of conjunctions! http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=eZqI5b5wGA4 &feature=related
C ONJUNCTIONS Fill in your notes as you follow along A conjunction is a word that joins words or groups of words in a sentence. The most common conjunctions are: And But Or They are called Cordinating conjunctions
C ONJUNCTIONS What do and, but, and or combine? Using Conjunctions to Form Compounds Compound Subject Mrs. O’Toole and Mr. Malloy are both science teachers at Kenston. Compound Predicate Students can draw an elephant or a lion. Compound Sentence I would lend you my pencil, but Andrea already borrowed it.
C ONJUNCTIONS A comma should be placed before the conjunction in a compound sentence. BE CAREFUL!! Conjunctions are all used to join words or groups of words together. However, they are not interchangeable. Each has a different meaning. Coordinating Conjunctions ConjunctionMeaningExample AND Introduces an additional ideaThe pizza and pop were so tasty. BUT Introduces contrasting ideasMrs. Cingcade likes chocolate cake, but she enjoys cheesecake even more. OR Introduces a choice or second possibility Mrs. Miller could eat a chicken or turkey sandwich for lunch.
C ONJUNCATIONS Conjunctions ALSO come in PAIRS! These pairs are called correlative conjunctions. Examples: Either, or Neither, nor Both, and Either Jake or I will hit a home run tomorrow!
I NTERJECTIONS Watch the video and listen for what types of words interjections are! http://www.schooltube.com/video/5eb2d59975159f 0343b7/School-House-Rock-Interjections
I NTEJECTIONS An interjection is word or group of words that expresses strong feeling. Common Interjections ahagreatohphew awesomehaoh, nowell come onheyoopswow geehoorayouchyes
I NTERJECTIONS Expressing a strong feeling: May stand alone Either before or after a sentence Followed by an exclamation mark Example: Oh no! I wrote there instead of their.
I NTERJECTIONS Expressing a milder feeling: Appears as part of the sentence Separated from the rest of the sentence by a comma Example: Oh, I thought I knew the definition of that word. Use interjections sparingly. Overuse ruins the effect.