Presentation on theme: "CONTRIBUTIONS OF MUSLIMS TO WORLD CIVILIZATION"— Presentation transcript:
1 CONTRIBUTIONS OF MUSLIMS TO WORLD CIVILIZATION CHAPTER 10
2 Muslim ContributionsDuring much of the medieval period, Muslim civilization was in some ways more advanced than othersMade major advancements in: astronomy, zoology, geography, arithmetic, navigation, art, architecture, and technology
3 Muslim ContributionsHad Muslim Scholars not translated classic Greek texts, the European Renaissance would not have happened in the way that it didIn spite of this, Muslims have not always been recognized for their contributions to world civilizations
4 ACTIVITY DIRECTIONSWith your partner(s), examine one of the 16 placard on the walls.Turn to Reading Notes 10 (p 62) and decide which of the 16 topics the placard relates to. Pencil in the letter of the placard next to that topic.Scan sections to find the passage that matches the contribution. Check your answer with the sticky note (DO NOT CHEAT) and then read the passage if you are correct.On the map, draw a symbol for the contribution in the appropriate location. If a contribution isn’t related to a specific location on the map, draw your symbol in an open space.On the page opposite the map, write a summary of the contribution
5 Reviewing Muslim Contributions Each group has several placardsYou are going to present your placard to the class by describing the Muslim ContributionYou will have a few minutes to prepare your sections and then you will present them to the class.Talk to the class, do not read to the class.Be prepared to note the significant contributions and the symbol you put on the map and where you put the symbol.Make sure your presentation is professional and prepared.
6 Flowering of Islamic Civilization – 10.2 (no card) Arab conquests had created a vast Muslim empire – Spain, N. Africa and much of western and central Asia came under Muslim rule.Islamic civilization flourished – great cities where scholars and artists made many advancesBaghdad – important cityCairo – important cityJews, Christians and Muslims worked and studied togther
7 10.3 City Building and Architecture #2 Baghdad – Card I #11 Mosques – Card KBaghdad: Abbasid capital – more central for the entire empireVillage between Tigris and Euphrates Rivers – cross road of trade routes connecting the empireAt center of the city is where the caliph’s palace and grand mosque is – city is roundDouble wall with guards, guarded inner part of cityOne of world’s largest cities
8 10.3 City Building and Architecture #2 Baghdad – Card I #11 Mosques – Card KMosques: Muslim house of worshipHad a minaret (tower) with a small balcony where the call to prayer comes from.Fountain for washingPrayer room inside – worshipers sit on mats and carpetsImam – prayer leader.
9 10.4 Scholarship and Learning #14 Scholarship and Learning – Card J“The ink of scholars is more precious than the blood of martyrs.”8th century, Arabic was the language of scholarship and scienceShared language and love of learning allowed ideas to exchange and build upon others workBuilt schools and libraries in Muslim citiesPeople came from all over world to work together
10 10.4 Scholarship and Learning #14 Scholarship and Learning – Card JHall of Wisdom – Cairo – could visit to read books and studyCordoba, Spain library had 400,000 volumes of booksMuslim people studied Plato and Aristotle and used reasoning and logic
11 10.4 Scholarship and Learning #14 Scholarship and Learning – Card JSometimes wondered how to make reason and logical proof agree with their religious faith.Humans had 2 sources of knowledge: reason and revelation by GodIbn Sina, become Islam’s most famous philosopher – believed all knowledge came from God and that truth could be known through revelation and reason
12 10.5 Science and Technology #1 Astronomy – Card F #16 Zoology Card H #7 Irrigation and Underground Wells – Card MAstronomy – compasses and astrolabes helped locate Makkah. Allowed worshipers far from Holy city pray facing right direction.Also able to find out the exact times for prayer and month of Ramadan using astronomyAlso just wanted to learn about the universe.Also thought Earth was center of universe with the sun and stars going around Earth – is this true?
13 10.5 Science and Technology #1 Astronomy – Card F #16 Zoology Card H #7 Irrigation and Underground Wells – Card MZoology – scientific study of animalsWrote books describing animal bone structureHow to make medicine for animalsEvolution of animalsEstablished zoos
14 10.6 Geography and Navigation # 5 Geography and Navigation – Card PExamined plants and animals in different regionsDivided world into climate zonesCalculated Earth’s circumference accuratelyCreated accurate mapsTravelers could get information for water resources to help in travel and tradeWrote guidebooks for travelersUsed compasses – probably learned from ChineseIrrigation and Underground WellsIrrgation and Underground Wells
15 10.6 Geography and Navigation # 5 Geography and Navigation – Card PExamined plants and animals in different regionsDivided world into climate zonesCalculated Earth’s circumference accuratelyCreated accurate mapsTravelers couldget information for water resources to help in travel and tradeWrote guidebooks for travelersUsed compasses – probably learned from ChineseIrrigation and Underground WellsIrrgation and Underground Wells
16 10.7 Mathematics #9 Mathematics – Card O Based work on India and classical GreeceLearned from EuclidKhwarizmi – worked at House of Wisdom – father of algebraHelped populate Arabic numbers in EuropePopulated the use of the number ZeroZero makes it easier to write large numbers
17 10.8 Medicine #10 Medicine – Card L Some of most contributions in this fieldLearned from Greeks, Mesopotamians, EgyptiansEstablished 1st hospitals – Baghdad had 5Doctors treated disease with diet, drugs and exerciseDid surgery – hospitals were advancedal-Razi, realized bacteria spread infection – studied smallpox and measles
18 10.9 Bookmaking and Literature #8 Bookmaking and Literature – Card NPaper making helped literature growBookmaking was an artformBookmaking was a big businessArabs had rich story telling tradition – now they could share it in writingArabian Nights – famous Arabic bookSufism or Islamic mysticism – helped enhance this through poetry
19 10.10 Art and Music#3 Calligraphy – Card D #12 Music – Card G #6 Geometric/floral design – B #15 Textiles - EGeometric and Floral Design- famous for decorative artIllustrated ManuscriptsApplied talent to everyday items – plates, glassware, clothes, walls of mosquesArabesque – natural world – leaves, flowers, etc.Made metal boxes, ceramic bowls, tiles, carpetsUsed geometric shapes in designs
20 10.10 Art and Music#3 Calligraphy – Card D #12 Music – Card G #6 Geometric/floral design – B #15 Textiles - ECalligraphy – highest form of decorative artQur’an – felt only calligraphy would do for writingUsed Calligraphy to decorate everyday items
21 10.10 Art and Music#3 Calligraphy – Card D #12 Music – Card G #6 Geometric/floral design – B #15 Textiles - ETextiles: cloths or textiles, rugs, etc.Great effort in making these artisticSometimes had inscriptions or designs showing important eventsSometimes embroideredClothes showed rank and served as a status in Muslim world
22 10.10 Art and Music#3 Calligraphy – Card D #12 Music – Card G #6 Geometric/floral design – B #15 Textiles - EMusic: Baghdad, Damascus – centers of Muslim Music worldZiryab, talented musician and singer from Baghdad – established first music schoolSinging was essential part of Muslim Spain’s musical cultureCreated songs about love, nature and glory of the empire
23 10.11 Recreation #13 Polo – Card C #4 Chess – Card A Polo – learned about it from the PersiansPlayed on horses – Muslims saw horses as a status symbolChess: invented in India. Persians introduced it to MuslimsCaliphs invited chess champions including women and slaves to their palaces to play in matches - intellectual challenge
24 Friday, November 11, 2011On a separate sheet of paper answer the following question WITH DETAIL – to be turned in when finished!In your opinion, what was the most important Muslim achievement? Why? Give detail.
25 Human SpectrumWith your partner(s) go through the list of contributions and rank them. You are going to do this 2 ways1. in order of importance (1 -16) 1 meaning the most important, 16 being the least important2. go through each contribution and rank it on a scale of 1-4; 1 being really important, 4 being least importantExample: Mathematics – Rank #8; and 1 on a scale of 1-4