Presentation on theme: "Genesis 15:15 15 As for you, you shall go to your fathers in peace; you will be buried at a good old age."— Presentation transcript:
Genesis 15:15 15 As for you, you shall go to your fathers in peace; you will be buried at a good old age.
Genesis 15:15 Even the ‘friend of God’ [as Abraham is called in James 2:23] and favorites of Heaven are not exempted from the stroke of death. Are we greater than our father Abram, who is dead? Good men die willingly; they are not fetched, they are not forced, but they go; their soul is not required, as the rich fool’s (Luke 12:20 – “But God said to him, “You fool! This very night your soul is required of you; and now who will own what you have prepared?”), but cheerfully resigned because they know they would not live in the flesh forever
Genesis 15:15 At death we go to our “fathers”, to all our fathers that have gone before us to the state of the dead (Job 21:32, 33), to our godly fathers that have gone before us to the state of the blessed (Heb. 12:23 “to the spirits of righteous men made perfect”). The former thought helps to [remove] the terror of death, the latter puts comfort into it. Whenever a godly man dies, he dies in peace. If the way be piety, the end is peace, Ps. 37:37 – “Mark the blameless man”. Outward peace, to the last, is promised to Abram, peace and truth is his days…peace with God, and everlasting peace, are sure to all the descendants.
Genesis 15:15 He shall be buried at a good old age. Perhaps mention is made of [Abram’s] burial here, where the land of Canaan is promised him, because a burying place was the first possession he had in it. He shall not only die in peace, but die in honor; and be buried decently; not only die in peace, but die in season, Job 5:26. Old age is a blessing. It affords a great opportunity for usefulness.
Genesis 15:15 Especially, if it be a good old age. [Our death] may be called a good if: First, They are old and healthy, not loaded with such distempers as make them weary of life. Secondly, if they are old and holy, old disciples (Acts 21:16), whose white head is found in the way of righteousness (Prov. 16:31), old and useful, old and exemplary for godliness; theirs is indeed a good old age Matthew Henry Commentary
16 Then in the fourth generation they will return here [to Canaan], for the iniquity of the Amorite is not yet complete.”
Genesis 15:16 Q: What does he mean “for the iniquity of the Amorite is not yet complete?” 2 Peter 3:9 “The Lord is not slow about His promise, as some count slowness, but is patient toward you, not willing that any should perish, but for all to come to repentance” As God delayed judgment in the days of Noah for 120 years, so he waits 400 years for the nation of Egypt and the Canaanites to repent
Genesis 15:16 Q: Are the Amorites the same as the Canaanites? Amorite is the name of the most powerful tribe of the Canaanites at that time (K & D, p. 216). It is used as a common name of all the inhabitants of Canaan, just as it is in Joshua 24:15 ( “And if it is disagreeable in your sight to serve the LORD, choose for yourselves today whom you will serve: whether the gods which your fathers served which were beyond the River, or the gods of the Amorites in whose land you are living; but as for me and my house, we will serve the LORD” ), Judges 6:10, etc.
Genesis 15:16 By God’s declaration, Abram had the future history of his ancestors pointed out to him in general outlines, and was informed at the same time why neither he nor his descendants could obtain immediate possession of the promised land The Canaanites were not ripe for the sentence of extermination
Genesis 15:16 The reason why they must not have the land of promise in possession till the fourth generation was because the iniquity of the Amorites was not yet full. Israel cannot be possessed of Canaan till the Amorites be dispossessed; and they are not yet ripe for ruin. The righteous God has determined that they shall not be cut off till they have persisted in sin so long, and arrived at such a pitch of wickedness, that there may appear some equitable proportion between their sin and their ruin; and therefore, till it come to that, the [descendants] of Abram must be kept out of possession. (Matthew Henry Commentary)
Genesis 15:16 (1.) The measure of sin fills gradually. Those that continue impenitent and unrepentant in wicked ways are treasuring up for themselves wrath. (2.) Some people’s measure of sin fills slowly. a. a.The Sodomites, who were sinners before the Lord exceedingly, soon filled their measure (Gen. 18-19) b. b.Prov. 1:26-33
Genesis 15:16 Prov. 1:26 I in turn will laugh when disaster strikes you; I will mock when calamity overtakes you— 27 when calamity overtakes you like a storm, when disaster sweeps over you like a whirlwind, when distress and trouble overwhelm you.2627 2828 “Then they will call to me but I will not answer; they will look for me but will not find me, 29 since they hated knowledge and did not choose to fear the L ORD. 30 Since they would not accept my advice and spurned my rebuke, 31 they will eat the fruit of their ways and be filled with the fruit of their schemes.293031 3232 For the waywardness of the simple will kill them, and the complacency of fools will destroy them; 33 but whoever listens to me will live in safety and be at ease, without fear of harm.”33
Genesis 15:16 c. c.So did the Jews, who were, in profession, near to God but failed miserably (2 Chron. 36:15-16 “And the LORD, the God of their fathers, sent word to them again and again by messengers, because He had compassion on His people and on His dwelling place; but they continually mocked the messengers of God, despised His words and scoffed at His prophets, until the wrath of the LORD arose against His people, until there was no remedy”) d. d.But the iniquity of the Amorites was long in the filling up (it would take 400+ years until the end would come)
Genesis 15:16 (3.) The reason for the prosperity of wicked people is because the measure of their sins is not yet full. Sometimes, the wicked live, become old, and are mighty in power, while God is laying up their iniquity for their children Job 21:7, 19 – “Why do the wicked still live, continue on, also become very powerful?...God stores away a man’s iniquity for his sons. Let God repay him so that he may know it”
Genesis 15:16 Mt. 23:32 – “Fill up then the measure of the guilt of your fathers, you serpents, you brood of vipers” (Jesus) Deut. 32:35 – “Vengeance is mine, and retribution. In due time their foot will slip; for the day of their calamity is near, and the impending things are hastening upon them”
Genesis 15:17-18 An Unconditional Covenant with Abram
Genesis 15:17-18 17 It came about when the sun had set, that it was very dark, and behold, there appeared a smoking oven and a flaming torch which passed between these pieces. 18 On that day the L ORD made a covenant with Abram God set before Abram the condescension of the Lord to his ancestors, in the fearful glory of His majesty as the judge of their foes. Hence the sacrificial pieces were not consumed by the fire; for the transaction had reference not to sacrifice, which God accepted, and in which the soul of the offerer was to ascend in the smoke to God, but to a covenant in which God came down to man. From the nature of this covenant, God alone went through the pieces.
Genesis 15:17-18 Man does not stand in equality with God God established the relation of fellowship by His promise and His gracious condescension to the man, who was at first purely a recipient, and was only qualified and bound to fulfill the obligations consequent upon the covenant by the reception of gifts of grace. Eph. 2:8-10 “For by grace are you saved through faith; and that not of yourselves, it is the gift of God; not as a result of works, that no one should boast. For we are His workmanship created in Christ Jesus for good works, which God prepared beforehand, that we should walk in them”
Genesis 15:19-21 Only God passed through the sacrificial animals, not Abram – signifying an unconditional covenant The phenomenon was something like the pillar of fire by night that would accompany the Israelites as they left Egypt [Exodus 13:22]. Passing through the pieces, His glory was enveloped in fire and smoke -- the product of the consuming fire Ps. 18:9 – 15 – “He bowed the heavens and came down, with thick darkness under His feet…” Ex. 3:2 – “The angel of the Lord appeared to him in a blazing fire from the midst of the bush…”
Genesis 15:19-21 “To your descendants I have given this land, From the river of Egypt as far as the great river, the river Euphrates: 19 the Kenite and the Kenizzite and the Kadmonite 20 and the Hittite and the Perizzite and the Rephaim 21 and the Amorite and the Canaanite and the Girgashite and the Jebusite.”
Genesis 15:19-21 Q: What does God mean by “from the river of Egypt to the Euphrates?” The river in Egypt is the Nile, and not a brook of Egypt ( K & D ); but Walvoord ( Bible Knowledge Commentary, p. 56 ) says it is the Wadi el-Arish, at the border to Egypt; either meaning is possible, but the Nile seems more likely The boundaries of the children of Abram would be all the land between these rivers. If it is the Nile River, it would include a large portion of the Nation of Egypt, and half of Saudi Arabia, half of Iraq, and most of Syria
Genesis 15:19-21 Q: Who are the tribes mentions at the end of chapter 15? 19 the Kenite (Numb. 24:22; Judges 4:11; Jethro, Moses father-in-law is said to be a Kenite in Ex: 3:1; Judges 4:17 describes Heber, the Kenite, at peace with the Midianites. There were Kenites living among the Amalakites at the time of Saul (1 Sam. 15:6) where they were spared from war; they with the Kenizzite and Kadmonite were nomadic tribes in southern Judea (ISBE, p. 1792)
Genesis 15:19-21 the Kenizzite – Japhunneh, the father of Caleb was from this family (Numb. 32:12; Joshua 14:6) the Kadmonite – meaning “ancient race,” or “easterner”; a nomadic tribe 20 the Hittite – a semitic people group, centered in Syria, and mentioned often in the Bible; they contested with Egypt as far back as 1400 BC for control of Palestine (see ISBE, p. 1395)
Genesis 15:19-21 the Perizzite - used interchangeably with ‘Canaanite’ for those dwelling in villages in central Canaan (such as at Shechem) the Rephaim – giants; “a race of aboriginal or early inhabitants east of the Jordan (Gen. 14:5) and SW of Jerusalem (Josh. 15:8). They associated with other giant races, called the Emim and Anakim (Deut. 2:10-11) and the Zamzummim (Deut. 2:20). Goliath and his brothers were from the Rephaim, and resided along the Mediterranean Sea, in the land of the Philistines
Genesis 15:19-21 21 the Amorite – is used in several ways in Scripture: 1) 1)for the inhabitants of Palestine in general; 2) the population of the hill country in the central area; 3) a specific people under a king of their own; 4) they seem to have lived on the west shore of the Dead Sea (Gen. 14:7) at Hebron (Gen. 14:13) and Shechem (Gen. 48:22), and below Mt. Hermon (Deut. 3:8); 5) they are listed by name as a group the Israelites are to exterminate (Gen. 15:16, etc.). They also conquered the northern half of Moab (Numbers 2:21-31; Deut. 2:26-35).
Genesis 15:19-21 the Canaanite – Canaan was a son of Ham, a grandson of Noah; and brother of Mizraim, or Egypt. At the time of Moses, the land of Canaan was in Egyptian control under Pharaoh Meneptah (the Exodus). They dwelled from the Mediterranean Sea to the Jordan River. They are also known as Phoenicians (Ex. 16:35; Joshua 5:12) (see ISBE, p. 549f). the Girgashite – son of Canaan (Gen. 10:16); they seem to live on the east side of the Sea of Galilee, perhaps as far north as Syria and over into Asia Minor, mixing with the Hittites.
Genesis 15:19-21 the Jebusite – and old name for Jerusalem (Judges 19:10- 11; I Chron. 4:5; 2 Sam. 5:6-9). Jebusite is the 3 rd son of Canaan (Gen. 10:16); they are always listed last, perhaps referring to their small numbers. Their king Adoni- zedek led the forces against Joshua when the Israelites conquered Palestine (Josh. 10:1). When David conquered Jerusalem, the Jebusites were spared and continued living there. They blended in with the Israelites.
Genesis 15:19-21 Why would God displace all of these ‘Canaanites” or “Amorites” or “Palestinians”? (1.) In David & Solomon’s time, their jurisdiction extended to the utmost of these limits, 2 Chr. 9:26. (2.) It was these nation’s own fault that they were not in possession of all these territories. They forfeited their right by their sins, and by their own sloth and cowardice kept themselves out of possession.
Genesis 15:19-21 (3.) The land granted is here described in its utmost extent because it was to be a type of the heavenly inheritance, where there is room enough for all of us: “in My father’s house are many mansions” The present occupants are named, because their number, and strength…, should be no hindrance to the accomplishment of this promise in its season, and to magnify God’s love to Abram and his [descendants], in giving to that one nation [of Israel] the possessions of many nations, so precious were they in his sight, and so honorable (Isa. 43:4)
Genesis 15:19-21 “For Abram God’s message was clear: in spite of the prospects of death and suffering (enslavement in bondage in Egypt), his descendants would receive the promises, for God assured it. So Israel could be encouraged by this at the Exodus as well as in subsequent times of distress, even during the Babylonian Captivity. God’s solemn covenant assures the Chosen People of the ultimate fulfillment of His promises in spite of their times of death and suffering.” (Walvoord, Bible Knowledge Commentary, p. 56)
Genesis 15:19-21 “Israel would also notice the parallel touch at the beginning of this narrative: “I am the LORD [Yahweh] who brought you out of Ur of the Chaldees” (Genesis 15:7) with “I am the LORD [Yahweh] who brought you out of Egypt.” (Exodus 20:2) This assured Israel that in spite of opposition and bondage God would judge their enslavers and fulfill His promises
Genesis 15:19-21 Q: What about New Testament Christians? “This passage encourages New Testament believers as well. God affirms solemnly that He will fulfill His promises concerning salvation and all the blessings that pertain to that life (cf. 2 Peter 1:3-4); despite opposition, suffering, and even death, He keeps His promises” (Walvoord, BKC, p. 56)
Genesis 15:19-21 Q: How do we apply our study of the Book of Genesis? Keep God, not just the people, in mind as you read through the book. Consider His character qualities. Marvel at God’s power over creation. Marvel at His anger over sin? Marvel over the way He fulfilled His promises? Worship the Lord who is strong, faithful, and just. His desire to bless His creation will one day be fully realized.
Genesis 16:1—22:19 Abraham’s Faith is Developed Through Testing
Genesis 16-22 Some things we cannot feel to be true until we believe them to be true, and act as if they are true How can faith be faith if it has no difficulties to contend with or surmount? Genesis 16-18:19: No baby! Ishmael; Isaac Genesis 18:20 – 19: The stench of Sodom & judgment Genesis 20-21 – Abraham fails in his faith; ‘she’s my sister’ Genesis 22 – Abraham’s faith is realized
Genesis 16-22 “This cycle of narratives presents the struggle Abram the patriarch underwent while he was waiting for God’s promises to be fulfilled. At times he stumbled, but eventually his faith was proved. As Abram’s faith was developed and tested, delay was seen in the fulfilling of God’s promise. In moments of weakness there are suggestions of alternative plans--- plans not characterized by faith. Human efforts to assist in the fulfilling of divine promises complicated the matter. Later Israel too would learn that when she tried to do things without God, those things would get complicated” (Walvoord, BKC, p. 56)