Presentation on theme: "REMEMBER The subject. Definition : Prepositional phrase A prepositional phrase is a group of words containing a preposition, a noun or pronoun object."— Presentation transcript:
Definition : Prepositional phrase A prepositional phrase is a group of words containing a preposition, a noun or pronoun object of the preposition, and any modifiers of the object. A preposition sits in front of (is “ pre- positioned” before) its object.
aboutbelowexceptingofftoward abovebeneathforonunder acrossbeside(s)fromontounderneath afterbetweeninoutuntil againstbeyondin front ofoutsideup alongbutinsideoverupon amongbyin spite ofpastup to aroundconcerninginstead ofregardingwith at despiteintosincewithin because ofdownlikethroughwithout beforeduringnearthroughoutwith regard to behindexceptoftowith respect to The following words are the most commonly used prepositions:
There are prepositions of both space and time. Space: under, in, on, near, above, to, beside... etc. Time: before, after, until, during... etc. The reason it's so useful to recognize prepositional phrases is that if you can identify them, it's easier to find the subject(s) and verb(s) of your sentences. The noun in the prepositional phrase can't be the subject of the sentence, because grammatically it's the OBJECT of the preposition! Tip: Cross out the prepositional phrases in your sentences, and almost all that's left are the subject and verb! Try it! Examples: The rim of that antique pitcher on the corner table in the kitchen by the stove is chipped. The sparkles of your jewelry out here in the moonlight are beautiful. The shadows of the figurines in the window over the sink are long at the end of the day.
Examples of prepositional phrases There are two children on a sled. In this garden there are many strawberries. She likes to spend a lot of time with her baby. He's standing behind a tree. My bike is leaning against the shed She spilled coffee on her report for class. prepositional phrases: on her report and for class
REMEMBER The subject cannot be in a prepositional phrase. A prepositional phrase begins with a preposition and ends with a noun or pronoun. Prepositional phrases can occur anywhere in the sentence---beginning, middle, or end. Example: In the story, the drab life of Cinderella was changed by the fairy godmother. REMEMBER The subject