Paper-and-pencil personality tests Computer-administered personality tests Objective test of personality (multiple choice, rating)? Items in this format can be answered, scored, analyzed, and interpreted quickly.
What is objective? Problems of self-report data Reactions against objective tests: Moving away from norms, more personalized Fix faking: Project structures on unstructured objects so that hidden, unconscious thoughts can be uncovered (assume that the subjects do not know how you would interpret the results and so they cannot fake their responses)
Rorschach test Unveil hidden thought process Moving away from norm-referenced (objective) tests, but over the years psychologists developed “norms” and standards to interpret the results Psychometric soundness is an issue Some consider this a structured interview, not a “test”
In the following exercise please try to give your honest response (What pops up in your mind immediately). Don’t worry about whether it is socially acceptable or not. There will be no ethical or legal consequences. The instructor has put this in writing.
Inkblots as Projective Stimuli The Rorschach Pictures as Projective Stimuli The Thematic Apperception Test: Some components may predict important outcomes in spite of low reliability Other tests using pictures as projective stimuli Words as projective stimuli Word association tests Sentence completion tests
The Production of Figure Drawings Very often for children who have limited verbal skills. Figure-drawing tests: Multi-dimensional? Affected by drawing skills Projective Methods in Perspective Assumptions: Projective hypothesis Situational variables Psychometric considerations
Mary is 35-year old. She is attractive and has a doctorate in nuclear physics from MIT. Her career is considered very successful because by the age of 30 she became a full professor in UCLA. But she has problems in relationship. She tried e-harmony.com and were approached by several men. But none of them continued dating with her after three meetings. How can you help her? What personality assessment approach will you use?
Next time when she has a date, you can go with her and observe how she interacts with the man from a distance (use a camera with a telephoto lens)
Approaches to Behavioral Assessment Behavioral observation and rating scales Situational performance measures Role play Psychophysiological methods Unobtrusive measures e.g. Website traffic log Advantages: provide behavioral baseline data. provide behavioral strengths and weaknesses across a variety of situations and environmental conditions.
Tell a story by looking at a picture. You may expose your conscious or unconscious ideas through your language usage. http://www.utpsyc.org/TATintro/
The woman in the picture is a female scientist. She is brilliant, but she is under the supervision of a male scientist. The man is not as good as the woman, but he is the boss. He will take the findings as his own and claim the credit. It is unfair.