Presentation on theme: "Building Resilience What is it and what builds it"— Presentation transcript:
1Building Resilience What is it and what builds it Ed SiplerSouth Eastern TrustFebruary, 2104Title
2A way of working together… What ground rules can we agree on?What ground rules can we agree on?
3Why is resilience and mental health important? Mental health is the emotional and spiritual resilience which enables us to enjoy life and to survive pain, disappointments and sadness. It is a positive sense of well being and an underlying belief in our own and others dignity and worth.NI Promoting Mental Health StrategyThere is no health without mental healthBy 2020 mental disorders are expected to be second only to heart disease as a leading source of disease.
4What do you think resilience means? The word “resilience” is derived from the Latin verb “salire,” which means to jump. The prefix “re-“ means “back” or “again.” Thus, “resilience” is literally about jumping back.Title
5RESILIENCE is…The capacity for healthy development and successful learning in spite of challenges.”( B Benard )Resilience is the capacity to spring back, rebound, successfully adapt in the face of adversity and develop social, academic, and vocational competence despite being exposed to extreme stress or simply to the stress that is inherent in today’s world. (Henderson and Milstein, 1996)
6The challenge of promoting resilience While our understanding of processes that promote resilience is extensive, we need a better range of practical applications.A ray of hopeOne of the most important thing things that came out of the years of research is that “there is no age that has a monopoly on risks and no age beyond which it is too late to intervene”. (Rutter 2000)
7Are we born with resilience or is it shaped? Risk factors are cumulativeTransition points are both threats and opportunitiesAcute stresses are usually less harmful than chronic onesBuilding our strengths or assets
9Road to resilience… Models of building resiliency The Road to ResilienceWhat we do does matter. Resilience can be built We just need to know how9
10Factors that build resilience Adopted from Resiliency in Schools Making it happen for Students and Educators, Henderson and Milstein 1996OpportunitiesFor MeaningfulParticipationPositiveRelationships& BondingSet andCommunicateHighExpectationsSet Clear,ConsistentBoundariesProvideCareAndSupportAdapted from ‘Resiliency in schools: Making it Happen for Students and Educators’ by Nan Henderson and Mike Milstein (1996)Henderson and Milstein have looked at developing resiliency in schools. We have spent time in schools looking at developing the School Ethos. This is a different lens to look at schools ethos. If you are going to help pupils develop resilience you need these six key building blocks:-Providing care and supportSet and communicate High expectationsOpportunities for meaningful participationPositive relationships and bondingSet clear and consistent boundariesTeach Life SkillsExercise as IndividualsGive out Word handout on ‘How Resilient is your school?’They can mark two numbers per area, one for the whole school and one for their classroom (suggest different coloured pens, or circle and square the issues).Discussion in PairsHave a short discussion in pairs about your assessment.TeachLife-Skills10
13Building blocks of resilience I have, I am , I can Supports and supportive people around each individual to promote resilienceInner strengths of confidence, self-esteem, and responsibilityUse and develop skills/make use of supportGrotberg, E. (1997) ‘The international resilience project’.
14Strengths related to resilience Being in charge of our emotionsCreate thinking timeAnalyzing the cause of problemsMaintaining realistic optimismHaving empathy for othersBelieving in our own competenceReaching outKaren Reivich and Andrew Shatte (2003)The Resilience Factor
16Building resilience thinking Self Calming Deep core beliefs Building skills that build resilience- Low Intensity CBT Tools: Build on skills found in INSYNCBuilding resilience thinkingSelf CalmingDeep core beliefsSelf care- Feeling positive in the midst of stressUsing supportPrinciples of copingAction plan16
17What do you think of this statement? We can’t control everything that happens to us.What we can control is how we how we react.
19Our Thinking Affects What We Feel and Do Something happens. We think about it. We respond.Events Thoughts ResponseTo help us, let’s think of it as learning our ABC’S:(A) Something bad happens (Adversity)(B) We have certain thoughts (Beliefs)(C) Feelings/behaviour follow (Consequences )
20What influences our thinking? Unhelpful thinking habits that are automaticCore beliefs about ourselves and the world.(Rules, demands, assumptions)Emotional and physical well beingStyle of explaining things2020
21How can we deal with stress. It is more than just “think positive” How can we deal with stress? It is more than just “think positive”. It is about recognizing our feelings and developing “good thinking skills”
22Why the ABC’s are so important: The B/C connections Thoughts FeelingsFeeling attacked, our rights violated… AngerLoss or loss of self worth ……… SadnessFuture threat …………………… Fear. AnxietyComparing yourself others neg EmbarrassmentHurting someone else…………… GuiltThe beliefs (our thinking) matter because they will shape the intensity of our feelings and what we do. When we are more resilient we are not saying we don’t have strong feelings… We are able to regulate and control them to respond to situations in ways that work better for us.
23Ten Common Unhelpful Thinking Habits All or nothing thinking Jumping to conclusions Overgeneralising Making a mountain out of a mole hill Emotional reasoning Should Statements Taking things personally Wishful thinking Mental filter Discounting the positiveHave we learned to view life and every day situations with negative goggles on?
24The change skills Catching that unhelpful, initial reaction Putting on the brakes. Stopping that chain of unhelpful self talkCreate thinking time. Examine what is really going onBeing flexible and creative in your thinking. Challenging negative thinking Substitute more reasonable thinking24
25Looking After Yourself So what is stress? Stress is the perception that something is more of a problem than the resources you have for coping with it. Stress puts your well being at risk.2525
26Using positive emotions in the midst of stress 1. Notice positive things2. Express these positive things3. Gratitude4. Mindfulness5. Positive rethinking6. Focus on your strengths7. Attainable goals8. Acts of kindness2626
27I would like to share a poem to finish today with: Attitude Found in the Bouncing Back workbook on page 14
28Our other workSelf help materials for adults and young people affected by substance misuse in the familySelf help material to help people look at their drinking or drug useSelf help material to help people change behaviourAll these resources can be found on the South Eastern Trust web site the under healthy living tab28
29Thanks for having me here today “Blessed are the flexible, for they shall not be bent out of shape.”Dr. Michael McGriffy2929