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The Crusader States And the Military Orders
The Modern Middle East
ME in 6 th Century
The Strategic Setting A Bi-Polar World Two Major Powers –Sassanian Persia –Byzantine Empire –World War for Ten Years
Mean Rainfall Determines All
The Hydraulic Theory Too little water Unevenly delivered in space and time. Drought drives waves of immigration. Such a drought drove Islamic expansion.
Early Stability Equilibrium quickly reached. Christian pilgrimages permitted Holy Land in the hands of Egyptian Fatimids in 11 th Century.
Seljuk Turks Ended That Battle of Manzikert in 1071 Byzantine Defeat Catastrophe for Christendom Emperor appealed to pope for help in spite of schism.
Seljuq Turk Invasion
Onset of the Turks Manzikert 1071
Emperor Alexis Comnenus
Urban II Preaching the Crusade
An Armed Pilgrimage
Muhammad’s Trip to Paradise
Godfrey, Bohemund and Tancred
Raymond of Toulouse
Christ Leading the Crusaders
The Siege of Jerusalem 1099
Jerusalem Besieged 1099
Godfrey and his men at the Stone of Anointment
May God Forgive Me
Duke Godfrey of Bouillon “Advocate of the Holy Sepulchre”
Royal Arms of Jerusalem
The Crusader States
The Holy Sepulchre
12 th Century Knight
Near East 1135
Founder of the Hospitallers The Blessed Gerard
After the Fight
An Aged Templar
Kerak of Moab
Krac des Chevaliers
The Moat at Krac des Chevaliers
Another View of Kerak
Baldwin’s Leper Mask
Baldwin the IV and William of Tyre
The King Baldwin IV
Sybilla, Queen of Jerusalem
Guy De Lusignan
Battle of Hattin
Defeat at Hattin
Defense of Jerusalem 1187
After Hattin 1190
The Military Orders
The 3 rd Crusade
King Richard at Acre
A Modern Muslim Image of Saladin
The 13 th Century
Emperor Manuel Comnenus
Crusade in Egypt
Defense of Acre 1292
The Defense of Rhodes by the Hospitallers
Bodrum, St. Peter’s Castle
Knights in Prayer
In the Name of God…
Religious Conflict and Warfare: The Age of the Crusades Terms: Pilgrimage= iter or peregrinatio (Latin) pelerinage (French) Holy War = bellum sacrum guerre.
The Crusades AD s. Periods of Byzantine Empire.
The Seljuk Turks Turkish Muslims who began to overrun the Christians in the Middle East during the 1000’s-1300’s.
The Crusades Background to the Crusades Islam and the Seljuk Turks Islam and the Seljuk Turks Change and disintegration in the Muslim world Seljuk Turks.
Nunc Agenda: Work in groups of four to complete the reading questions from yesterday titled “Clash of Powers”
Rise of Nation-States & the Crusades OUTLINE Spread of Christianity Rise of Nation States France England Germany Crusades IDENTIFICATIONS Capetians William.
Holy Warriors The Crusades University of South Alabama Wayne E. Sirmon, M.A.Ed.
The Crusades: The Crusades: A Quest for the Holy Land World History I.
A Quest for the Holy Land Crusades A series of wars between European Christians and Muslims From They fought over control of Jerusalem.
The Crusades Islam, Byzantium and the Church. Crusades of the 11 th and 12 th Strengthened the papal claim to leadership of Christian society The.
Crusades. I. Motives for the Crusades A.Pope Urban calls for crusade, Motive—to liberate the church A.Religious significance of Jerusalem C. Apocalyptic.
The Crusades “It is God’s will!”. The Beginning 11 th -13 th centuries Euro-Christians out to regain the Holy Land known as Jerusalem The Kingdom of Jerusalem.
List three details you see in this picture. Pope Urban II at Clermont World History I.
The Crusades. Muslim Seljuk Turks conquered nearly all Byzantine provinces in Asia Minor.
Byzantium The Turkish Threat and The Crusades. Byzantine Empire in 650.
Feudalism. What were the Crusades? Seljuk Turks threatened Byzantium 1093, Byzantine Emperor Alexius Comnenus asked Pope Urban II in Rome for help.
The Crusades Social Studies 08 Sutherland Secondary.
A. European Christians had made journeys to Jerusalem and the Holy land since 200 AD. (Holy land-places of Bible –Israel, Palestine, and Jordan) B
East Meets West The Crusades Crusades A long series or Wars between Christians and Muslims They fought over control of Jerusalem which was called the.
The Crusades. Where What Crusade 1,2,3 Main crusades. Actually a total of 8. A fight between Muslims and Christians.
The Crusades Background: Krak des Chevaliers, located in modern-day Syria.
34e – describe the impact of the Crusades on both the Islamic World and Europe WARM-UP:
The Crusades Feudalism. The Crusades / A series of holy wars between Christians and Muslims for control of the holy land of Jerusalem.
Later Crusades: Fourth Crusade, Albigensian Crusade Scene of the crusader sack of Constantinople from a fourteenth-century Venetian chronicle.
Https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=qukqOk5vjl0. What’s a schism? What were two events/disagreements that caused the “Great Schism” in 1054? What were.
First Crusade (1096 – 1099) Chapter 14-1 (pp )
Why do people fight? Imagine you are a character in one of these pictures. You have traveled thousands of miles and are now in a brutal battle. Why are.
The Crusades The Fight for the Holy land. Causes of the Crusades The Pope –Wanted to reunite with Byzantine Empire (Eastern Orthodox) –Wanted to show.
The Crusades "God wills it!" That was the battle cry of the thousands of Christians who joined crusades to free the Holy Land from the Muslims. From.
THE CRUSADES “Das Vault” God Wills it Crusades Crusade = “To the Cross:: Christian Holy War. 1 st, 2 nd 3 rd Crusades Purpose to gain control of.
THE CRUSADES “Holy Wars”. Question How is it that normal, reasonable humans living during the Middle Ages, could become such evil, monsters during the.
The Seljuk Turks Seljuk was the chieftain of a group of Turkish tribes These tribes were originally from the steppes of central Asia In the late 10 th.
THE CRUSADES A Quest for the Holy Land. Crusades Questions Essential Question: – What happens when cultures collide? Inquiry Questions: – What were the.
The Crusades: Military expeditions from Christian Europe to Palestine between the 11 th and 13 th centuries. 7 th Grade World History.
Background: Krak des Chevaliers, located in modern-day Syria.
The Crusades An extended religious war fought between Christian and Muslim forces for possession of Jerusalem and the Holy Land
The Crusades, and the Reconquista. The Crusades and Reconquista How can we best describe Latin-Greek relations in light of the Crusades? How can we best.
The Crusades Compiled by Amy. Alexios I Komnenos Byzantine Emperor from His lands were being torn apart by raiding warriors known as the Seljuq.
THE CRUSADES A Quest for the Holy Land. What Do You Know?? What are the Crusades? What do you think of when you hear the term Crusades? What area of the.
The Crusades AD s. ESSENTIAL QUESTION WHAT WERE THE CAUSES AND EFFECTS OF THE CRUSADES? CAN THE IMPACT OF THE CRUSADES STILL BE SEEN TODAY?
The Crusades Coach Parrish OMS Chapter 14, Section 3.
Caliph (head of Muslim world) Fatimids (Shi‘ites) Seljuks (Sunnis), since Seljuks defeat Byzantines at Manzikert.
THE CRUSADES. Launching the CRUSADES A long series or Wars between Christians and Muslims They fought over control of Jerusalem which was called the.
THE CRUSADES THE CRUSADES: HEADING FOR HOLY WAR 11 th Century CE, Western Europe began to grow in power and influence Still less powerful.
THE CRUSADES FROM THE PERSPECTIVE OF London, Constantinople, or Jerusalem.
Preview Starting Points Map: Europe,1095 Main Idea / Reading Focus Launching the Crusades Fighting the Crusades Map: The Crusades Effects of the Crusades.
Knights of Malta. The knights of Malta were first called St. John’s knights; when they settled in the island of Rodi they took the name of Rodi’s knights.
Foreign Invaders of the Middle East Imperial Map Imperial Map.
» Please Answer in complete sentences » What was the significance of the White Ship incident? » What were the Christian military orders and what was their.
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