Presentation on theme: "1.ban 2.abuse 3.comprehend 4.embarrass 5.quit 6.strengthen 7.spill 8.accustom 9.weaken 一。 Explain the following words in simple English."— Presentation transcript:
1.ban 2.abuse 3.comprehend 4.embarrass 5.quit 6.strengthen 7.spill 8.accustom 9.weaken 一。 Explain the following words in simple English.
二。词语辨析 because of ； due to ； owing to ； thanks to 与 on account of （ 1 ） because of 是介词短语, 意思是 “ 由于 ”, 较口语化, 使 用范围最广。 （ 2 ） due to 往往强调直接原因，习惯上不位于句首。 （ 3 ） owing to 是介词短语, 意思是 “ 因为 ”, 较正式, 与 due to 意思相同，但常位于句首。 （ 4 ） thanks to 是介词短语, 意思是 “ 幸亏，由于 ”, 带有一 种感激的意味。 （ 5 ） on account of 较 because of 更为正式。
◆即学即练 用 because of ， due to ， owing to ， thanks to 与 on account of 填空。 （ 1 ） He didn ， t come _____________ the heavy rain. （ 2 ） The trouble was _____________ his bad behavior. （ 3 ） _________the bad weather, all the planes were late. （ 4 ） _____________ your help, we accomplished the task ahead of time. （ 5 ） He didn ， t turn up _____________ his busy work. 答案： (1)because of/on account of (2)due to (3)Owing to (4)Thanks to (5)on account of/because of
◆即学即练 用 although/though 与 in spite of 填空。 1._____________she smiled, she was unhappy in fact. 2.We are living happily _____________our poverty. 3._____________ the bad weather, they still decided to go out. 答案： (1)Although/Though (2)in spite of (3)In spite of
Ⅲ. 翻译下列必背短语 1. 对 …… 有瘾，入迷 _____________ 2. 习惯于 _____________ 3. 对 …… 作出决定 _____________ 4. 不顾，尽管 _____________ 5. 想要做 _____________ 6. 冒险 _____________ 7. 处于危险之中 _____________ 8. 陷入，染上（坏习惯） _____________ 9. 由于 _____________ 10. 对 …… 感到羞愧 _____________ be addicted to be accustomed to decide on in spite of feel like(doing) take risks/a risk at risk get into due to be ashamed of
◆活学活用 根据括号中的解释，从 “ 必背短语 ” 中找出恰当的短语完成 下列句子。 1.I think my long and active life must be _____________ （ because of ） the healthy life I live. 2.Many middle school students begin to smoke and they ___________ (be excessively physical or psychological dependence on) cigarettes easily. 3.It is not easy for today ， s only-child to _____________ (get used to) the new life without parents ， company. 4._____________(despite)the heavy rain, we kept on playing football on the ground.
5.Do you _____________(to want sth. or want to do sth.) going for a swim this afternoon? 6.A good pilot never _____________(to do sth. unpleasant or dangerous) when he is flying in the sky. 7.Those kids are always ___________(to become involved in a bad situation) trouble. 8.The student ____________(feeling guilty or embarrassed) his behavior to his teacher last night. 答案： 1.due to 2.are addicted to 3.be/get/become accustomed to 4.In spite of 5.feel like 6.takes risks7.getting into 8.was ashamed of
Ⅵ. 语篇领悟 根据课文 Advice From Grandad 完成下列短文 It ， s easy for you to start smoking, but 1 you become addicted to it, you may find it 2 for you to quit. Firstly, you may become 3 (physical) addicted to nicotine, one of the hundreds of harmful chemicals that consist in cigarettes. 4,you may develop the habit of smoking and finally become mentally addicted to it. You may believe that you will only feel good when you smoke and may find all kinds of negative emotions in you when you stop smoking. Smoking may have all kinds of harmful effects on the health of both the smokers themselves and non- smokers around them. 5 not only affects your physical fitness,
but also does harm 6 your heart and lungs and causes a variety of diseases. Being a smoker, the offensive smell and appearance of you may drive people around you away. So, it ， s important 7 one quit smoking and live a healthier life. To quit smoking, you should be well-prepared and make 8 list of all the benefits you may get after quitting. Developing some new habits like listening to music, reading novels or 9 (do) housework may distract your attention 10 help you to forget your need for a cigarette. But if you really feel bad, you should consult a doctor or chemist to get some professional help. Remember, if you keep trying, you will eventually succeed.
1. 解析： once 引导条件状语从句，意思是 “ 一旦 ” 。 答案： once 2.difficult/hard 3. 解析： physically 是副词，修饰形容词 addicted 。 答案： physically 4.Secondly 5. 解析： It 代替前面的 smoking 。 答案： It 6.to 7. 解析： that 引导主语从句。 答案： that 8.a 9.doing 10. 解析： and 连接两个并列谓语 distract your attention 和 help you to forget... 答案： and
答案： Tom, the CEO of a company, always tried to do his work well so that he could not relax himself. One day, he couldn ， t help being tempted by a bad guy and took a risk—taking the banned drugs. Of course, resorting to drugs wasn ， t a good idea because he soon found he was addicted to drugs by injecting, which affected his life and weakened his health. Fortunately for him, his president heard of his abusing drugs and asked him to quit. Now Tom knew it was time to strengthen himself, both in mind and in physical health.
Though it is generally 1 (accept) that junk food is not 2 (health), American fast-food restaurants are popping up all over the world. These restaurants are for people who are always in 3 rush. if they don’t have time to sit down 4 a regular meal, they race over to the nearest McDonald’s. There they can quickly satisfy their 5 (hungry). Because Americans like things 6 (do) immediately, they often 7 (order) their food quickly at fast-food restaurants. They say, “A burger, fries and a coke !” __8___ it’s not polite, it’s efficient. So when you are in the States, try to order this way. 9, in America do 10 the Americans do. 1.Accepted 2.healthy 3. a 4.to 5.hunger 6.done 7. order 8.Although 9.However 10.as