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CMIP5 Model Analysis Workshop Impressions from Organizing Committee (represented by Jerry Meehl, Sandrine Bony, Karl Taylor) with input welcome from participants.

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Presentation on theme: "CMIP5 Model Analysis Workshop Impressions from Organizing Committee (represented by Jerry Meehl, Sandrine Bony, Karl Taylor) with input welcome from participants."— Presentation transcript:

1 CMIP5 Model Analysis Workshop Impressions from Organizing Committee (represented by Jerry Meehl, Sandrine Bony, Karl Taylor) with input welcome from participants

2 What have we learned? This is about as close as most of us will ever get to a La Niña event

3 And we have personally experienced a La Niña teleconnection: it can be wet in Hawaii during a La Niña event

4 In spite of some delays in model availability and challenges in downloading model data (though still farther along than in a similar stage for CMIP3), analyses so far usually could include between 15 and 22 AOGCMs, 4 to 8 decadal prediction simulation sets, about 6 high-top models, and 3 to 8 ESMs included in analyses, and there is considerable interest and excitement in analyzing model data to learn new things about the climate system

5 The concern that the spread of future projections from the new generation of AOGCMs with more complexity, or from ESMs with coupled carbon cycle, would be wildly greater than from the AOGCMs of CMIP3 appears to have been unfounded—spread of projections in CMIP5 AOGCMs comparable to CMIP3, and most first generation ESMs are well-behaved and produce comparable first order results to AOGCMs, but with all their additional capabilities

6 Patterns of future change of temperature and precipitation, equilibrium climate sensitivity, and spread among CMIP5 models similar to previous generations of models and we have the opportunity to better understand the spread; this increases confidence in these results Characteristics of model simulations in CMIP5 are either similar to CMIP3 or have improved somewhat; nothing appears to have degraded Some quantities show considerable improvement (e.g. rate of sea ice loss in Arctic, reduction in cloud brightness) or a decrease in model spread (e.g. AMOC, seasonal cycle of precipitation in Caribbean, Greenland ice sheet mass balance from temperature and precipitation, Nino3 standard deviation) Some things have not significantly improved (e.g. double ITCZ, Arctic clouds and atmospheric circulation, Antarctic sea ice loss, southern ocean too warm, SPCZ too zonal, humidity in subtropical descent regimes too high)

7 CMIP5 provides many more capabilities and new types of climate change information -- carbon cycle feedback, quantifying sources and sinks of carbon for land vs ocean, allowable emissions for different levels of mitigation in the RCP scenarios, ocean acidification, physiological effects of vegetation changes -- high resolution time slices to study tropical cyclones -- decadal climate prediction for short term climate change and possible climate shifts --paleoclimate simulations that allow analysis of climate response across past, present and future climates, and that provide “out of sample” insights to build model credibility and provide possible constraints on nature and magnitude of future climate change --analysis of cloud feedbacks --revisiting of forcing and feedback better helps to interpret the spread of model projections --attempts to relate 20 th century model biases to projections

8 New types of results, just a few examples (many more presented): --AMO more predictable than PDO --critical thresholds for Arctic sea ice loss --regional climate regimes like Indian Ocean Dipole and connections to east African rainfall --South Pacific Convergence Zone --ocean wave heights --changes in monsoon onset characteristics, --role of salinity and patterns of changes connected to hydrological cycle and ocean response -- effects of aerosols on Atlantic SSTs -- tracking regional ocean heat content changes and relation to regional patterns of sea level rise --better quantification of factors affecting cloud feedback -- mechanisms for regional precipitation and temperature changes and extremes—Caribbean drying, SE US wetter, drying Amazon, connecting Arctic sea ice loss to European cold extremes, atmospheric rivers and extreme precipitation, importance of circulation changes, blocking, what will not change in a future climate is also useful information

9 Refer to the model runs as “CMIP5 models”, not “IPCC models” or “AR5 models” Include acknowledgment found at: Refer to models by “official” acronyms found at: Enter CMIP5 publication information on the PCMDI website (coming very soon!); send publications for assessment in AR5 directly to lead authors, or to before July 31, Consult and interact with modeling groups when you find interesting or confusing results, or you find anything you think will help them understand/improve their models (can go through PCMDI) If you want to volunteer to be a beta tester for new ESG software system, contact

10 We encourage CMIP5 analysts to look at the new classes of CMIP5 experiments that provide the opportunity to analyze what the models produce More model data will continue to come in to CMIP5, so continue checking to include more models in your multi-model results The ppt slides from this meeting will be made available on the password- protected web page maintained by WCRP. In the next week or so you will receive an from WCRP asking your permission to post your ppt slides. If you do not want your ppt slide posted in this way, please respond to the and request your slide be removed

11 Thanks to all of you for your interest, and for taking on the challenges of analyzing the CMIP5 model simulations to advance the state of human knowledge of climate science

12 Thanks to all of you for your interest, and for taking on the challenges of analyzing the CMIP5 model simulations to advance the state of human knowledge of climate science “A lot of work has been done, and there’s a lot more to do” –David Karoly

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