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I Have a Dream MARTIN LUTHER KING Pre-reading questions 1.What do you know about Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.? 2.Have you ever experienced any racial.

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Presentation on theme: "I Have a Dream MARTIN LUTHER KING Pre-reading questions 1.What do you know about Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.? 2.Have you ever experienced any racial."— Presentation transcript:

1

2 I Have a Dream MARTIN LUTHER KING

3 Pre-reading questions 1.What do you know about Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.? 2.Have you ever experienced any racial or other type of discrimination? Do you know of anyone who has? 3.What do you know about African-Americans?

4 I. Introduction Martin Luther King,Jr., a minister and the grandson of a slave, was awarded the Nobel Peace Prize in The award was a fitting recognition of the worldwide awareness of and respect for Dr. King’s achievements. Dr. King promoted his philosophy of nonviolent protest against segregation and other kinds of social injustice throughout his life. His idea of non-violence was simple--changes must be made without fighting and without damaging other people’s rights. With non-violence, he gained many victories in the struggle for equal rights for blacks. II. Dr.King’s speech What follows is some excepts of the famous speech he delivered in front of the Lincoln Memorial in Washington, D.C. on Aug The audience of more than two hundred thousand people was deeply moved by the eloquence of Dr. King’s rhetoric.

5 I say to you today, my friends, that in spite of the difficulties and frustrations of the moment I still have a dream. It is a dream deeply rooted in the American dream. I have a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of its creed: "We hold these truths to be self- evident: that all men are created equal."

6 I have a dream that one day on the red hills of Georgia the sons of former slaves and the sons of former slave owners will be able to sit down together at the table of brotherhood. I have a dream that one day even the state of Mississippi, a state sweltering with the heat of injustice and sweltering with the heat of oppression, will be transformed into an oasis of freedom and justice.

7 I have a dream that my four little children will one day live in a nation where they will not be judged by the color of their skin but by the content of their character. I have a dream today.

8 I have a dream that one day down in Alabama, with its vicious races, with its governor having his lips dripping with the words of interposition and nullification; one day right down in Alabama, little black boys and black girls will be able to join hands with little white boys and white girls as sisters and brothers. I have a dream today.

9 I have a dream that one day “every valley shall be exalted, every hill and mountain shall be made low; the rough places will be made plains, and the crooked places will be made straight; and the glory of the Lord shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together.”

10 This is our hope. This is the faith that I go back to the South with. With this faith we will be able to hew out of the mountain of despair a stone of hope. With this faith we will be able to transform the jangling discords of our nation into a beautiful symphony of brotherhood. With this faith we will be able to work together, to pray together, to struggle together, to go to jail together, to stand up for freedom together, knowing that we will be free one day.

11 This will be the day when all of God's children will be able to sing with a new meaning: "My country, 'tis of thee, Sweet land of liberty, Of thee I sing. Land where my fathers died, Land of the pilgrims’ pride, From every mountainside, Let freedom ring!"

12 And if America is to be a great nation this must become true. So let freedom ring from the prodigious hilltops of New Hampshire. Let freedom ring from the mighty mountains of New York. Let freedom ring from the heightening Alleghenies of Pennsylvania. New Hampshire New York Pennsylvania

13 Let freedom ring from the snowcapped Rockies of Colorado. Let freedom ring from the curvaceous slopes of California. But not only that--let freedom ring from Stone Mountain of Georgia. Let freedom ring from Lookout Mountain of Tennessee. Let freedom ring from every hill and molehill of Mississippi. From every mountainside, let freedom ring.

14 When we let freedom ring, when we let it ring from every village and every hamlet, from every state and every city, we will be able to speed up that day when all of God's children, black men and white men, Jews and Gentiles, Protestants and Catholics, will be able to join hands and sing in the words of the old Negro spiritual: "Free at last! Free at last! Thank God Almighty, we are free at last!"

15 Comprehension check 1.What’s the main concern in Dr. King’s speech? 2.What is Dr. King’s dream? 3.How many states does Dr. King mention in his speech? And what are they? 4.What does the word jangling mean in “---transform the jangling discords of our nation into a beautiful symphony of brotherhood? (A) noisy (B) pleasant (C) silent

16 Rhetorical Devices I. Metaphor and Parallelism 1. the sons of former slaves ←→ the sons of former slave owners 2. a desert state sweltering with the heat of injustice and oppression ←→ an oasis of freedom and justice 3. the mountain of despair ←→ a stone of hope 4. Jangling discords of our nation ←→ a beautiful symphony of brotherhood II. Parallelism 1. by the color of their skin ←→ by the content of their character

17 III.Repetition 1. I have a dream that one day… (6 times) 2. I have a dream today. ( 2 times) 3. With this faith… ( 3 times) 4. Free at last! ( 3 times) 5. Let freedom ring… ( 10 times) IV. Allusion 1. All men are created equal. (quoted from Declaration of Independence) 2. “ every valley shall be exalted, and every hill and mountain… rough places…crooked places…” (from the Book of Isaiah, The Old Testament) V. Simile 1. … white boys and white girls as sisters and brothers.

18 Sentence Patterns 1.Now is the time to V  It is (high) time +to V/ (that) + S + 過去式動詞 2.in spite of / despite + N or Ving  (Al)though + S + V… 3. have a dream + that clause

19 Games /Competition in Class

20 A. in spite of /despite+< N Ving 1. Although we face the difficulties and frustrations of the moment, I still have a dream. Answer: In spite of the difficulties and frustrations of the moment, I still have a dream.

21 Games /Competition in Class

22 A. in spite of /despite+< N Ving 2. He has few friends in spite of his good temper. Answer: Although he has a good temper, he has few friends.

23 Games /Competition in Class

24 A. in spite of /despite+< N Ving 3. Although black slaves worked hard,they were often beaten, sometimes to death. Answer: Despite working hard, black slaves were often beaten, sometimes to death.

25 Games /Competition in Class

26 A. in spite of /despite+< N Ving 4. Although America in the 1800s was a land of hope and freedom for the Europeans, it was a different place for black people. Answer: Despite being a land of hope and freedom for the Europeans, America in the 1800s was a different place for black people.

27 Games /Competition in Class

28 A. in spite of /despite+< N Ving 5. Although there was segregation, the KKK (Ku Klux Klan)still killed hundreds of black people by hanging them in public or burning them alive. Answer: Despite segregation, the KKK (Ku Klux Klan) still killed hundreds of black people by hanging them in public or burning them alive.

29 Games /Competition in Class

30 B. Now is the time to V It is (high) time+to V/(that)+S+ 過去式動詞 1. Now is the time to make real the promise of democracy. Answers: 1. It is (high) time that the government made real the promise of democracy. 2. It is (high) time to make real the promise of democracy.

31 Games /Competition in Class

32 2. Now is the time to make justice a reality for all of God’s children. Answers: 1. It is (high) time that we made justice a reality for all of God’s children. 2. It is (high) time to make justice a reality for all of God’s children. B. Now is the time to V It is (high) time+to V/(that)+S+ 過去式動詞

33 Games /Competition in Class

34 3. Now is the time to prohibit the act of prostitution. Answers: 1. It is (high) time that the law prohibited the act of prostitution 2. It is (high) time to prohibit the act of prostitution. B. Now is the time to V It is (high) time+to V/(that)+S+ 過去式動詞

35 Games /Competition in Class

36 4. Now is the time to do something about deforestation. Answers: 1. It is (high) time that the government did something about deforestation. 2. It is (high) time to do something about deforestation. B. Now is the time to V It is (high) time+to V/(that)+S+ 過去式動詞

37 Games /Competition in Class

38 5. Now is the time to improve educational access and excellence. Answers: 1. It is (high) time that the government improved educational access and excellence. 2. It is (high) time to improve educational access and excellence. B. Now is the time to V It is (high) time+to V/(that)+S+ 過去式動詞

39 Games /Competition in Class

40 C. have a dream that one day…. 1. Albert Schweitzer(French Equatorial Africa) people in Africa/receive good medical care He had a dream that…… Answer: He had a dream that one day all people in Africa would receive good medical care.

41 Games /Competition in Class

42 C. have a dream that one day…. 2. Rev.Martin Luther King,Jr.(U.S.) races/treated equally He had a dream that…… Answer: He had a dream that one day all races would be treated equally.

43 Games /Competition in Class

44 C. have a dream that one day…. 3. Mother Teresa of Calcutta(India) the unwanted and unloved people/cared for She had a dream that…… Answer: She had a dream that one day all the unwanted and unloved people would be cared for.

45 Games /Competition in Class

46 C. have a dream that one day…. 4. Yasir Arafat (Palestine), Shimon Peres (Israel) & Yitzhak Rabin (Israel) peace/in the Middle East Answer: They have a dream that one day there will be peace in the Middle East.

47 Games /Competition in Class

48 C. have a dream that one day…. 5. Rev.Martin Luther King Jr.(U.S.) this nation/rise up/live out He had a dream that…… Answer: He had a dream that one day this nation will rise up and live out the true meaning of his creed.

49 Games /Competition in Class

50 D. Translation 1. 金恩博士的夢想是深深紮根於美國夢之中的. Answer: Dr. King’s dream was deeply rooted in the American dream.

51 Games /Competition in Class

52 D. Translation 2. 他夢想有一天他的國家會實現其信條的真諦. Answer: He had a dream that one day his country would live out the true meaning of its creed.

53 Games /Competition in Class

54 D. Translation 3. 他也希望他的孩子們不是按他們的膚色被論斷. Answer: He also hoped that his children would not be judged by the color of their skin.

55 Games /Competition in Class

56 D. Translation 4. 為了自由他挺身而出. Answer: He stood up for freedom.

57 Games /Competition in Class

58 D. Translation 5. 僅管有困難和挫折, 他仍懷抱著夢想. Answer: In spite of difficulties and frustrations, he still had a dream.

59 Games /Competition in Class

60 E. Comprehension Question 1. What is Dr. King’s dream? Answer: His dream is that one day all people can live in harmony, equality, and freedom.

61 Games /Competition in Class

62 E. Comprehension Question 2.What do you think was the most basic idea of Dr. King’s speech? Answer: All races would be treated equally.

63 Games /Competition in Class

64 E. Comprehension Question 3.What is the main concern in Dr.King’s speech? Answer: freedom and justice

65 Games /Competition in Class

66 E. Comprehension Question 4. How many states does Dr. King mention in his speech and what are they? Answer: Nine They are New Hampshire, New York, Pennsylvania, Colorado, California, Georgia, Tennessee, Mississippi, Alabama

67 Games /Competition in Class

68 E. Comprehension Question 5. According to Dr. King, when will all of God’s children live in harmony? Answer: All of God’s children live in harmony when black people no longer suffer from injustice and oppression.

69 Games /Competition in Class

70 How to write a speech 1. Introduction A. Greetings B. Purpose and central idea 2. Body A. Main point 1 Supporting sentences B. Main point 2 Supporting sentences … 3. Conclusion A. Summary B. Thanks

71 WEBSITES ABOUT DR. KING

72 Group discussion 1.Do you think this is a successful speech? If yes, in what ways? 2.Have you noticed any injustice present in Taiwan’s society? Give examples to back up your observations. 3.Compare “Dreams” by Langston Hughes with “ I Have a Dream”. What inspirations do you get? (see the handout for the poem “Dreams”) 4.What is your dream? Share it with your classmates.

73 Assignments: (only choose one of them) 1.Write a summary for the speech. 2.Tell an unjust story that happened to you or someone you know. 3.Search Dr. King’s data and present them by “Show and Tell”. 4.Write a letter to Dr. King from any people’s stance


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