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Evolution – a Theory in Crisis

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Presentation on theme: "Evolution – a Theory in Crisis"— Presentation transcript:

1 Evolution – a Theory in Crisis
Part 1 of 3 The Scientific Bankruptcy of Darwinian Evolution Also available: Part 2 of 3 – The Philosophical Bankruptcy of Darwinian Evolution Part 3 of 3 – The Biblical Creation Alternative & Its Implications

2 Richard Dawkins “No qualified scientist doubts evolution is a fact.”
100 Scientists dissent: “We are sceptical of claims for the ability of random mutation and natural selection to account for the complexity of life.”

3 Charles Darwin ( ) ‘Natural selection’

4 Definition of Evolution? Variation within a ‘kind’ or ‘prototype’?

5 Relatives?

6 Darwinian evolution’s ‘tree of life’

7 A caricature of the ‘creation model’

8 The actual creation model

9 The central Darwinian Claim
Small changes (micro-evolution) + Millions of years = Big changes (macro-evolution)


11 A sample of what’s involved
To turn into a mammal, a reptile must: Evolve a 4th chamber in its heart Evolve mammary glands and a milk supply Evolve a hair covering Evolve a temperature control system Evolve a corti in the inner ear Evolve a diaphragm

12 Carl Sagan’s challenge:
(1934 – 1996) “Extraordinary claims demand extraordinary proof.”

13 Outline 14 ‘Proofs’ dismissed 8 Problems discussed 3 Pathways discovered

14 Proof No. 1 The Giraffe J. Baptiste de Lamarck (1744-1829)
“Inheritance of acquired characteristics”

15 The Natural History Museum
- London

16 Proof No. 2 Dog Breeding Variations between dogs tell us nothing about where dogs came from in the first place.

17 Proof No. 3 Galapagos Finches
Variations between finches tell us nothing about where finches came from in the first place.

18 Proof No. 4 The Horse sequence
‘‘The family tree of the horse is beautiful and continuous only in the textbooks.’’ - Heribert-Nilsson, Biologist.

19 Proof No. 5 - Peppered Moths
Population shifts between light and dark moths tell us nothing about where the moths came from in the first place.

20 Proof No. 6 The Fruit Fly Variations between fruit flies tell us nothing about where fruit flies came from in the first place.

21 Darwin’s “three great classes of facts”
1. Similar Body Structure (homology) 2. Similar Embryonic Development 3. Rudiments (vestigial organs)

22 Proof No. 7 Homology Rat Dog Horse Bat Mole Porpoise Man
Darwin’s claim: Structural similarity proves common ancestry.

23 Or does it? Claim: arms evolved from pectoral fins u
Claim: legs evolved from pelvic fins u

24 Proof No. 8 Similar Embryonic Development
Ernst Haeckel ( )

25 Darwin’s ‘marvelous fact’…
…is actually fiction.

26 Proof No. 9 Vestigial Organs
The coccyx is neither functionless nor useless.

27 Proof No. 10 Antibiotic Resistance in Bacteria
“Resistance is gained…not by adding something, but by losing it ” – Dr. Lee Spetner Ph.D

28 Proof No. 11 Sickle Cell Anemia
This haemoglobin mutation tells us nothing about where haemoglobin came from in the first place.

29 Proof No. 12 Molecular similarity Anomalies:
Chimp & human - 7.7% diff. No. of chromosomes Amount of DNA Distance between proteins

30 Proof No. 13 Archaeopteryx

31 The Hoatzin Young Hoatzins have claws on their wings for climbing.

32 Proof No. 14 ‘Ape-men’ Australopithecus afarensis - ‘Lucy’

33 A picture’s worth a thousand words

34 ….and a few more thousand words

35 Proof No. 14 ‘Ape-men’ Australopithecus afarensis - ‘Lucy’

36 10 Design features for Upright Posture

37 Prof. Simon Conway Morris (Cambridge palaeontologist)
“When discussing organic evolution the only point of agreement seems to be: ‘It happened.’ Thereafter, there is little consensus…” (Evolution: Bringing Molecules into the Fold, Cell 100, (Jan ):1-11)

38 1. The nature of mutations
8 Problems with Darwinism: 1. The nature of mutations 2. The limits of mutation 3. Natural selection’s limits 4. The Cambrian explosion 5. Lack of transitional fossils 6. Complex beginnings 7. Irreducible complexity 8. Mathematics/Probability

39 Three Pathways to a Creator
Information Complex specified information demands an intelligent designer. Elimination Only 4 options. Revelation Evidences that God has spoken.

40 Harvard geneticist Richard Lewontin
‘‘We take the side of [neo-Darwinian] science in spite of the patent absurdity of some of its constructs, in spite of its failure to fulfil many of its extravagant promises of health and life, in spite of the tolerance of the scientific community for unsubstantiated just-so stories, because we have a prior commitment, a commitment to materialism. It is not that the methods and institutions of science somehow compel us to accept a material explanation of the phenomenal world, but, on the contrary, that we are forced by our a priori adherence to material causes to create an apparatus of investigation and a set of concepts that produce material explanations, no matter how counter-intuitive, no matter how mystifying to the uninitiated. Moreover, that materialism is an absolute, for we cannot allow a Divine Foot in the door.’’ (Billions and billions of demons, The New York Review, January 9, 1997, p. 31).

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