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BUILDING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press.

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Presentation on theme: "BUILDING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press."— Presentation transcript:

1 BUILDING VOCABULARY SKILLS Fourth Edition Sherrie L. Nist © 2010 Townsend Press

2 Unit Five: Chapter 30 accelerate comparable adverse competent advocate consecutive audible conspicuous coherentdeteriorate

3 The sleds began sliding down the hill slowly and then accelerated to top speed. Brendan’s car accelerated rapidly, allowing him to catch up with the slowly moving ice-cream truck. TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. 1 accelerate Accelerate means A. to go down. B. to go faster. C. to hesitate. – verb

4 The sleds began sliding down the hill slowly and then accelerated to top speed. Brendan’s car accelerated rapidly, allowing him to catch up with the slowly moving ice-cream truck. TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Accelerate means A. to go down. B. to go faster. C. to hesitate. If the sleds started slowly and ended up at top speed, they must have gone faster as they moved down the hill. If Brendan caught up with the ice-cream truck, he must have made his car go faster. 1 accelerate – verb

5 2 adverse Mozart created musical masterpieces in spite of his adverse circumstances—illness and debt. Adverse newspaper reviews persuaded many people not to see the violent new movie. TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Adverse means A. unknown. B. unfavorable. C. unnecessary. – adjective

6 Mozart created musical masterpieces in spite of his adverse circumstances—illness and debt. Adverse newspaper reviews persuaded many people not to see the violent new movie. TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Adverse means A. unknown. B. unfavorable. C. unnecessary. Illness and debt are unfavorable circumstances. Unfavorable reviews would persuade people not to see the movie. 2 adverse – adjective

7 3 advocate My physician is an advocate of using nicotine gum to quit smoking. She says the gum helps people resist cigarettes. Our mayor is a strong advocate of a drug-free America. He often mentions it in his talks to different civic groups. TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Advocate means A. a critic. B. an example. C. a supporter. – noun

8 My physician is an advocate of using nicotine gum to quit smoking. She says the gum helps people resist cigarettes. Our mayor is a strong advocate of a drug-free America. He often mentions it in his talks to different civic groups. TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Advocate means A. a critic. B. an example. C. a supporter. If the physician thinks the gum helps, she would be a supporter of it. If the mayor often mentions the idea of a drug-free America, he must be a supporter of the idea. 3 advocate – noun

9 4 audible TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Audible means A. useful. B. logical. C. hearable. Dogs, bats, and other animals can hear high-pitched sounds that are not audible to humans. The argument next door was barely audible. So I put a plastic cup on the wall and put my ear to the cup so I could hear better. – adjective

10 TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Audible means A. useful. B. logical. C. hearable. In both items, the word hear suggests that audible means “hearable.” Dogs, bats, and other animals can hear high-pitched sounds that are not audible to humans. The argument next door was barely audible. So I put a plastic cup on the wall and put my ear to the cup so I could hear better. 4 audible – adjective

11 5 coherent To be sure that your essay has a coherent organization, write an outline first. The article about the robbery was not coherent. The events were not presented in logical order. TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Coherent means A. clear. B. complicated. C. long. – adjective

12 To be sure that your essay has a coherent organization, write an outline first. The article about the robbery was not coherent. The events were not presented in logical order. TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Coherent means A. clear. B. complicated. C. long. An outline helps give the essay clear organization. In the second item, if the events were not presented in logical order, the article would not be clear. 5 coherent – adjective

13 Since the quality of low-mileage used cars is often comparable to that of brand-new ones, my parents never buy new cars. Because the two jobs were comparable in challenge, interest, and salary, Santos had trouble deciding which to take. 6 comparable TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Comparable means A. helpful. B. nearly alike. C. different. – adjective

14 Since the quality of low-mileage used cars is often comparable to that of brand-new ones, my parents never buy new cars. Because the two jobs were comparable in challenge, interest, and salary, Santos had trouble deciding which to take. TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Comparable means A. helpful. B. nearly alike. C. different. If the parents buy used cars, the quality of used cars and new cars must be nearly alike. If Santos had trouble deciding which job to take, they must have been nearly alike in challenge, interest, and salary. 6 comparable – adjective

15 Some secretaries are more competent than their bosses. They know more about the business, are better organized, and work much harder. To be a competent juggler takes a lot of practice. 7 competent TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Competent means A. honest. B. friendly. C. skilled. – adjective

16 Some secretaries are more competent than their bosses. They know more about the business, are better organized, and work much harder. To be a competent juggler takes a lot of practice. TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Competent means A. honest. B. friendly. C. skilled. Secretaries who know more about the business and are better organized than their bosses are more skilled than their bosses. Practice would make one a skilled juggler. 7 competent – adjective

17 The reporters would work nights for two consecutive weeks, and then they’d work days for a month straight. First Reiko had the flu. That was immediately followed by strep throat, which was followed by pneumonia. These consecutive illnesses kept her out of work for two months. 8 consecutive TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Consecutive means A. minor. B. obvious. C. happening in a row. – adjective

18 The reporters would work nights for two consecutive weeks, and then they’d work days for a month straight. First Reiko had the flu. That was immediately followed by strep throat, which was followed by pneumonia. These consecutive illnesses kept her out of work for two months. TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Consecutive means A. minor. B. obvious. C. happening in a row. The fact that the reporters worked days for a month straight suggests that they worked nights for two weeks in a row. Reiko’s three illnesses are described as happening in a row. The words first and followed are clues. 8 consecutive – adjective

19 Nina’s wide-brimmed red hat is so conspicuous that it’s impossible not to catch sight of her in a crowd. The new skyscraper stands fifty stories high, making it the tallest and thus the most conspicuous building in the city’s skyline. 9 conspicuous TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Conspicuous means A. noticeable. B. poor in quality or condition. C. serious. – adjective

20 Nina’s wide-brimmed red hat is so conspicuous that it’s impossible not to catch sight of her in a crowd. The new skyscraper stands fifty stories high, making it the tallest and thus the most conspicuous building in the city’s skyline. TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Conspicuous means A. noticeable. B. poor in quality or condition. C. serious. If it’s impossible not to catch sight of Nina in a crowd, the hat must be noticeable. The tallest building in the skyline would be the most noticeable building. 9 conspicuous – adjective

21 10 deteriorate Over many years, the abandoned house had deteriorated until its walls crumbled and its floorboards rotted. Tonya’s health continued to deteriorate until her classmates started to visit her regularly. Then she began to improve. TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Deteriorate means A. to stay the same. B. to improve. C. to decay. – verb

22 Over many years, the abandoned house had deteriorated until its walls crumbled and its floorboards rotted. Tonya’s health continued to deteriorate until her classmates started to visit her regularly. Then she began to improve. TEN WORDS IN CONTEXT Choose the meaning closest to that of the boldfaced word. Deteriorate means A. to stay the same. B. to improve. C. to decay. Crumbled walls and rotted floorboards suggest the house has decayed. In contrast with Tonya’s health improving, her health had been decaying before her classmates’ regular visits. 10 deteriorate – verb

23 SENTENCE CHECK 1 2.Anyone can become a(n) _______ cook, but few people develop into great chefs. 1.Dee doesn’t like to be __________, so she sits in the back of the classroom, where few people can see her. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. accelerateB. adverseC. advocateD. audibleE.coherent F. comparableG. competentH. consecutiveI. conspicuousJ.deteriorate

24 SENTENCE CHECK 1 2.Anyone can become a _________ cook, but few people develop into great chefs. 1.Dee doesn’t like to be __________, so she sits in the back of the classroom, where few people can see her. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. accelerateB. adverseC. advocateD. audibleE.coherent F. comparableG. competentH. consecutiveI. conspicuousJ.deteriorate conspicuous competent Sitting in the back where she can’t be seen would help Dee avoid being easily noticed. Being a capable cook is contrasted with being a great chef.

25 4.Since I care about the environment, I’m a(n) _______ of passing laws that limit the amount of pollution in the air. SENTENCE CHECK 1 5.When the comedian sensed his audience was becoming bored, he _________d his pace to more jokes per minute. 3.The weather was bad, and two of the astronauts were sick. Because of these __________ conditions, the shuttle flight was canceled. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. accelerateB. adverseC. advocateD. audibleE.coherent F. comparableG. competentH. consecutiveI. conspicuousJ.deteriorate

26 4.Since I care about the environment, I’m an ________ of passing laws that limit the amount of pollution in the air. SENTENCE CHECK 1 5.When the comedian sensed his audience was becoming bored, he __________ his pace to more jokes per minute. 3.The weather was bad, and two of the astronauts were sick. Because of these __________ conditions, the shuttle flight was canceled. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. accelerateB. adverseC. advocateD. audibleE.coherent F. comparableG. competentH. consecutiveI. conspicuousJ.deteriorate Bad weather and illness are two examples of unfavorable conditions. If the comedian began telling more jokes per minute, he must have speeded up his pace. Someone who cares about the environment would be a supporter of laws limiting air pollution. accelerated adverse advocate

27 SENTENCE CHECK 1 6.At the movies, Tina put her arm around Ben and said in a barely __________ whisper, “I love you. Pass the popcorn.” 7.Ben and Tina’s relationship began to __________ after they had a big fight over money. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. accelerateB. adverseC. advocateD. audibleE.coherent F. comparableG. competentH. consecutiveI. conspicuousJ.deteriorate

28 SENTENCE CHECK 1 6.At the movies, Tina put her arm around Ben and said in a barely __________ whisper, “I love you. Pass the popcorn.” 7.Ben and Tina’s relationship began to __________ after they had a big fight over money. Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. accelerateB. adverseC. advocateD. audibleE.coherent F. comparableG. competentH. consecutiveI. conspicuousJ.deteriorate If Tina is whispering, she would barely be able to be heard. Having a big fight over money is likely to make a relationship become weaker. audible deteriorate

29 9.During her high fever, Celia loudly called out broken words and phrases. She seemed unable to speak in full, __________ sentences. 10.There was no break in the summer’s heat. Records were set nationwide for the number of __________ days above ninety degrees. 8.People often bring up their own children in a manner that is __________ to the way they were raised. Thus abused children may become abusing parents. SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. accelerateB. adverseC. advocateD. audibleE.coherent F. comparableG. competentH. consecutiveI. conspicuousJ.deteriorate

30 9.During her high fever, Celia loudly called out broken words and phrases. She seemed unable to speak in full, __________ sentences. 10.There was no break in the summer’s heat. Records were set nationwide for the number of __________ days above ninety degrees. 8.People often bring up their own children in a manner that is __________ to the way they were raised. Thus abused children may become abusing parents. SENTENCE CHECK 1 Complete each item with the correct word from the box. A. accelerateB. adverseC. advocateD. audibleE.coherent F. comparableG. competentH. consecutiveI. conspicuousJ.deteriorate The second sentence gives an example of parents raising their children in a manner similar to the way the parents were raised. If Celia is using broken words and phrases, she is not speaking in an organized way. If there was no break, the ninety-degree days must have followed one after another without interruption. comparable coherent consecutive


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