2IntroductionTraditionally basic fiber of the Indian Economy has been woven around the cow, carrying on farming and transport with bullocks and obtaining nourishing food from cow."Why the cow was selected for apotheosis is obvious to me. The cow was, in India, the best companion. Not only did she give milk, but she also made agriculture possible. products coming from a living cow are thus considered pure and purifying for those who use them. - Mahatma GandhiIn 1940’s it was calculated that through its milk, bullocks, manure, hide and bone, the contribution of the cow to the wealth of India was over Rs. 1,000/- crores annually, an amount which no other industry in India except agriculture could equal. Gandhiji therefore established Go Seva Sangh (association for looking after the cow ) to devote its attention on a countrywide scale to the improvement of the condition of cattle in India. Was Gandhiji wrong then to draw our attention to this most important national industry, and to show us the way to make it yield better results ?Indian rural life heavily depends on cattle for both happiness and economy, hence our objective of this course is to bring forward the significance cow played in traditional India.
3All basic necessities of life were woven around pivotal Cow HousingFarmingTransportCowFodderFuelDefenseHealthFood
4Contribution of Cow to the Universe Cow MilkCow CurdCow GheeCow UrineCow DungBullocksHealth & NutritionPanchgavyaMedicinesFertility of soilBio GasBio PowerBio PesticidesDraught PowerPoverty AlleviationSelf EmploymentSustainable AgricultureEnvironment ProtectionRural Development
5Farming/Agriculture - Quantitative Machinery Vs bullock comparison study.Money spent in building machines – steel, fuel etcFertilizers Vs manure comparison study.Money spent in setting up fertilizer plants and transportation of these fertilizers etc.Ecological impact study.Pesticides Vs cow urine/ cow dung ash.Food storage methods and their comparison..Food stored with cow dung ash Vs modern storage mechanisms.Getting details about the myth of food shortage and the reason being linked to
6Tractor Farming Fantasy 1987 Study – The secular cow economy – Mr. V M VasuWe have nearly 40 crore acres under the crop. To switch this area over to mechanized farming, we shall need 5 million tractors against which we have today only a meagre To make these tractors we will need 30 mln tons of steel and our annual production of steel is 4.5 mln. tons. And as we have during the last 20 years made locomotives, 0.6 mln trucks and automobiles, what a long span of time shall we need to make the needed five million tractors?And from where the capital estimated to be Rs crores has to be raised. The annual depreciation of Rs crores apart from the required spare parts (capital and steel for these) and the astronomical diesel consumption needs to be accounted for to get the complete picture of the Tractor Farming Fantasy.
7Manure Analysis 1000 gallons of this manure contains: Reported on a wet basis%Nitrogen = 0.35%NH4-N = 0.17%Phos = x 2.3 = .17 %P2O5%Potassium = x 1.2 = .43% K2O%H2O = 91.11000 gallons of this manure contains:28 lbs total N (TKN)14 lbs organic Nitrogen14 pounds NH4-N13 pounds P2O534 pounds K20
8Cow dung ManureA scientist in New Zealand had established on the basis of Indian scriptures that cow horns filled with cow dung and buried on a specific date and taken out on another specific date could fertilize an entire acre without any other input.manure applications improve soil tilth, aeration and water holding capacitydecrease soil erosion potential and promote beneficial organismsSource:
9Importance of Cow in Agriculture While ploughing, the oxen stride with gentle gait, not harming the surface of the earth, unlike tractors.Even as they plough the land, the oxen defecate and urinate, fertilizing the land.Cattle Manure : organic manure, green leaf manure, earth-worms, and slurry manure with cattle manure bond with the nature and make the land fertile. They do not create the challenge of chemical waste.99% of the insects in nature are beneficial to the system. Insecticides prepared from cow urine or well fermented butter milk do not affect these helpful insects.Dung from one cow is adequate to fertilize 5 acres of land and its urine can protect 10 acres of crop from insects.20-25 kgs of bio-fertilizer can be produced from one kg of cow dung by mixing it with biomass.The application of Urine resulted in a marked increase of grass growth and this did not effect soil quality.Source: Aoyagi Noojiro et- at Gumma Ken Nogyo, Skikenjo Hokokku 1974.Central Institute of Medical & Aromatic Plants, Lucknow –
10Case Study-1A plot was ploughed seven inches deep by the tractor implement i.e. by the soil inverting plough followed by the cultivator and the harrow. Another similar plot was ploughed to a depth of four to five inches with the bullock plough called ‘Victory’ and supplemented with the local country plough. The above experiments were continued for a period of six years with these implements. It was found that with the tractor implements i.e. with plough, cultivator and disc, the average yield of wheat throughout this period was maunds per acre, while with the ‘Victory’ cum country plough the corresponding average yield was maunds per acre. In these experiments the manuring and other cultural treatments were the same for all the plots. This experiment clearly brought out that the deep ploughing of the tractor is harmful for wheat cultivation. The tractor cultivation tends to pulverise the soil too much. This encourages its packing after irrigation or a shower of rains. The air moisture relationship is thus disturbed with the result that the crop suffers.Source: The cow in our economy by JC Kumarappa
11Case Study - 2Similar plots were taken. One of the plots was ploughed 9-10 inches deep with tractor soil inversion plough in the first instance and followed by normal cultivation with tractor implements to achieve a suitable seed bed for two crops, (1) Maize in kharif and (2) Wheat in Rabi. The Second plot was ploughed five inches deep with soil inverting plough drawn by bullocks followed by normal cultivation with the local country plough.A third plot was ploughed up to 4-5 inches deep with the local country plough without inversion throughout the season and the fourth plot was ploughed by tractor discs to depth of about four inches. It was found that the deep ploughing with tractor gave an average yield of maunds per acre of wheat while the shallow ploughing with tractor gave an average yield of mds. per acre of wheat. The highest yield was mds. per acre when only the country plough was used. The use of bullock soil inverting plough followed by local country. plough gave a yield of mds. per acre. All the four plots were treated in the same way as regards manures and other things. Thus we note that the deep as well as shallow ploughing with tractor gives comparatively low yields while the highest yield is given by the country plough.Source: The cow in our economy by JC Kumarappa
12Fertilizer and Farmers The secular cow economy – Mr. V M VasuOur 400 mln. acres under agriculture will need (every season) 40 mln. tons of fertilizer. To produce these 40 mln. tons of fertilizers annually, how many billions of rupees will be needed? One fertilizer factory established in 1946 with a capital of Rs. 7 crores is manufacturing about 2, tons of fertilizers annually. On this basis, capital requirements to meet our 40 mln. tons needs may be estimated. Further, the use of these fertilizer costs Rs. 90 per acre while the food grain produce attained is only 15 mds. meaning an additional expense of Rs per md. of food grain. And by these fertilizers the agriculture is extra-burdened by As. 36,000 min. Can the farmer bear the burden?
13Transport - Quantitative Good transport statistics.Transport by railsTransport by trucksBullocksThe cost impact of using the mechanized transport.Some analysis on decentralized approach. Where the food is grown and consumed locally or transported to nearby towns and cities only using non-mechanized means like bullocks.
14IrrigationIrrigation by huge dams is a folly. Wells are the only answer. But are we to fitpumps to these wells? If use pumps, we would need 100 mln. engines and 20 min. engine rooms. These engine rooms would eat away fully our entire years cement production as also iron sheets and steel in huge tonnage. And we are miserably short of all these commodities. Moreover all these costs would be on farm produce. Now if we propose to use bullock-drawn Kosh (leather water lifters) for water drawing, no extra costs are added. The bullock will plough and irrigate the land, carry loads and give manure. Mechanized farming involving tractors, motors and pumps, fertilizers and trucks for transport would add very heavily to the costs so that the farmer will never be able to sell his products below the present prices and people can \never hope for a relieved and easy life.Source: The secular cow economy – Mr. V M Vasu
15Importance of bullocks in transport The secular cow economy – Mr. V M VasuAgriculture and industrial production aggregates to more than 1,000 mln. tons. This 1,000 mln. tons of commodities have to be transported from fields to factories and from factories to the consuming centres which are spread over this vast areas, and the major bulk of this transport is carried by the bullock. For transport we have 1.21 min. bullock-carts, 3,58,000 railway wagons and 2,20,000 motor trucks. Obviously, if these 12.1 mln. bullock-carts were to be removed from the operation, our transport and distribution system, and as a result both agriculture and industries and the resultant national life, would be in a chaos, for the reason that the railway carries only 180 mln. tons and trucks only 120 min. tons. whereas the balance 70 per cent, or 700 mln. tons, is carried by the age old bullock-carts
16Nourishment - Quantitatives Panchagavya : five cow products viz. milk, curd, ghee, urine and dung.pure ghee is socialism, while, vegetable ghee is capitalismPer person milk consumption Vs requirement statistics.Statistics of milk, and milk products production.Ghee Vs vegetable oil economics.Statistics or analysis of oil produced locally through oil- Ghani’s and consumed locally.Health index of milk and milk product consumption Vs physical well being.Cow has been treated as auspicious and also a symbol of compassion and piousness.Source:
17Cow dung pesticideReport on Kamadhenu bio-pesticide (Study done by Dr.T.P. Rajendran, CICR).There was significant reduction in the pink bollworm incidence in plots treated with Kamdhenu bio-pesticide.Strong reduction of egg laying of American bollworm moths.Study of plant growth promoting effect of bio-pesticide (work done by Dr.C.S.Nautiyal et al, NBRI, Lucknow)Study showed significant increase in the shoot length, root length and plant biomass, which is an indication of the excellent plant growth promoting effect of bio-pesticide treatment on the growth of maize.
18Why our social and economic life is disorganized? The secular cow economy – Mr. V M VasuPer capita milk consumption in America is 5 lbs. while in Britain it is 2½ lbs. The British Medical Council has prescribed minimum two and a half pounds of milk per man for him to keep physically fit. Provision of two and a half pounds of milk per capital four our people, would need 1250 m.lbs. of milk per day. To obtain this quantity of milk we would need 62.5m. milk cows and an equal number for dry period replacements averaging 20 lbs per cow. However against our need of 125 m. cows we have today 54 m. cows and 49 m. heifers. Most of the 54 m. cows give less than 3 lbs. milk a day and possibly less in the case of about 80% of the cows. Because of this reason along their slaughter is unwarranted; and if they are slaughtered the entire social and economic life of the country would be disorganized and in a mess.If these 40 m. cows are slaughtered, then crores of Rupees worth milk powder and condensed milk shall have to be imported annually for our children, pregnant women and the sick only. Higher prices may be demanded in our such dire need and moreover we shall yearly lose 65 m. tons of cow dung. A life of 15 years for such cows would result in a loss of 972 m. tons of cow dung amounting to loss of fuel to the villager, manure and 12,000 m. lbs. of milk.”
19Ghee Vs Vegetable Oil 1987 - The secular cow economy – Mr. V M Vasu Instead of pure ghee, if we were to provide Vanaspati ghee the requirement would be 255 mln. ounces or 6975 tons per day. Today we produce 1000 tons. (Here we do not propose to go into its demerits on human health and consider it only from its economic aspects). Our dehusked groundnut production is 4 min. tons which quantity if fully crushed would give 1 .6 mln. tons of oil. (Of course we do not crush entire production of groundnut). To get this daily production of tons of vegetable ghee we use tons of the oil annually. To get daily 6975 tons of vanaspati we would need 2.6 mln. tons of oil annually. For this purpose only 9.7 min. tons of groundnut will have to be harvested and the area under groundnut crop will have to be increased six times. The result would be so much less acreage for food grains. The loss of food grains on account of this six fold acreage under groundnut would be of such a magnitude that the deficit cannot be made up with any large scale means of whatever nature. Then again the transport problem arise. These 9.7 mln. tons of ground have to be transported from fields to oil mills and more than two and a half min. tons of vegetable ghee to be returned to villages.
20HealthCow Provides Emotional stabilityPanchgavya is said to be a cure for all diseases.Mid wives in Indian villages had been using cow dung fomentation to pregnant women, small babies and women who had just delivered babies.Cow urine and dung was always pure, toxin destroyer, germicide, balances bile, mucous and air (kapha, vata, pitta),Cow milk has amino acids which makes its protein easily digestible and is good for kidneyrich source of Vitamins like B2, B3 and A which help increasing immunityhelp in reducing acidity, chances of peptic ulcer, breast and skin cancer, formation of serum cholesterol, check obesityControl diabetes but has good sugar for diabetic patientsone of the best natural anti-oxidants.Cow urine contains many minerals especially Copper, gold salts, etc. It compensates for bodily mineral deficiency.Cow urine is called medhya and hradya, which means it, gives strength to brain and heart.protects heart and brain from damages caused by mental tension and protects these organs from disorders and diseases.A.Subramaniam, MD – CDCMPU. Pachapalayan, Coimbatore
21HealthUnited States Patent , Khanuja, et al., June 25, 2002Pharmaceutical composition containing cow urine distillate and an antibiotic (Kamdhenu Ark)US Patent No. :Use of bioactive fraction from cow urine distillate (Gomutra) as a bioenhancer of anti-infective anticancer agent and nutrientsA pharmaceutical composition comprising an antibiotic and cow urine distillate in an amount effective to enhance antimicrobial effect of the antibiotic is disclosed. The antibiotic can be an antifungal agent. The antibiotic can be a quinolone or a fluoroquinolone. The antifungal agents are azoles, clotrimazole, mystatin or amphotericin
22FuelThoughtless use of wood and coal as fuel has result in depletion of jungles,; producing water shortage.it is unlikely that tractors, petrochemicals and even nuclear power will ever replace the simple bull and cowFuel through bio-gas from cow dungCow Dung cake burned to provide heat for cooking. And Cow-dung cake ash becomes a very good fertilizer, also used for food storage for long duration.Indian cattle excrete 700 million tons of manure annually, half of which is used as fertilizer to maintain the soil. The rest is burned to provide heat for cooking. It was estimated that cattle dung provides Indian housewives with the thermal equivalent of "27 million tons of kerosene, 35 million tons of coal, or 68 million tons of wood."Statistics for non-renewable sources saved by using cow dung as fuel source.Energy saved in transportation by bullocks.Generation of bio-gas from cow dung and urine is a very simple cost- effective way of producing energy for lighting as well as cooking
23FuelFor 70% population of India in villages, kerosene, gas or electricity is neither available nor within the villager’s means. Gas, electricity, kerosene and coal are costly.Economic and easily available fuel is cow dung cakes and firewoodFor such fuel requirements we would further need 200 m. cows, and if these cows were to give us 5 lbs. of milk, a lb. per capital supply can be assured.This milk supply would save 5 ounces of food grains per head, annual saving being m. tons. Cow-dung cake ash becomes a very good fertilizer.Essarkay Pharmaceuticals Ltd (EPL), has set up a Rs 100-crore project for mass production of bio-gas from cow dung which would be sufficient to replace the LPG as cooking gas and CNG as auto fuel to a large extent.According to the UP Biogas Research Station, cow dung from one cow in a year could provide energy worth 225 litres of petrol.Source:
24Electricity from cow dung Cow dung saves 35 million tonnes of coal, 68 million tonnes of fuel wood. In other words nearly 140 million trees of 20 –25 years old would be required to be felled each year otherwise.Now bio-gas is being successfully filled in cylinders like C.N.G. and vehicles / train is running with bio-gas as fuel.10,000 cows to produce enough manure to power a small computer center for a bank- Study by Hewlett-Packard - Design of Farm Waste-Driven Supply Side Infrastructure for Data CentersSource:
25Environmental Protection Suryaketu: Nerve on cow’s back absorbs harmful radiations and cleanses atmosphereIndia (30 crore cattle) can produce bio gas, that can save 6.0 crore ton of firewood every year. This would arrest deforestation to that extent.Cow dung has antiseptic, anti radioactive and anti thermal properties. When we coat the walls and clean the floors of house with cow dung, it protects the dwellers.In 1984, gas leak in Bhopal killed more than 20,000 people. Those living in houses with cow dung coated walls were not affected. Atomic power centres in India and Russia even today use cow dung to shield radiation.When we offer ghee in fire as part of ritualistic sacrifices, it strengthens the ozone layer and shields the earth from harmful radiations from Sun.
26Benefit and usage of cow dung By keeping one old cow or bull alive we can protect 6 large trees per annum from felling.Dung available from one fully grown cow/ bull is around 5.4 tonnes per annum. so dry dung will be around 5.4. x 0.30 = kg per annum.This is equivalent to 712 kg of dry wood.This amount of wood comes from 6 large treesIn Vedic culture there are 16 samskaras. These samskaras are ment to put a person in right state of consciousness or mind.In performing all the samskaras actually cow dung is required.5000 – 6000 cakes can be made from one cow’s dung in a yearCow dung cakes when burned are very good eco friendly, health friendly and mosquito repellent.Tooth powder can be made from cow dung
27HousingRigveda describes five types of houses, in detail. namely, those of stone, of bricks, of wood and bamboos, of cow-dung and mud and of tree leaves.Cow dung is mixed with water and used as a paste to make household flooring.Cow dung-cum-mud dwellings. more suited to the climate, necessities, circumstances and most important to the finances of the people of our country.Cement structures :repairs 5 years time while the garmati, dwellings need a fresh wash with the dung and earth carried out by the owner involving no monetary expensesAnalysis regarding how much money have been wasted in producing, transporting and using cement.Any other quantitative information which can be presented?.Source: The secular cow economy – Mr. V M Vasu
28Cow: provides solution to housing problem Villagers having lost their independent small trades and professions as a result of mechanization, to escape from the increasing grip of shortages created by rationing, zonal restrictions and controls, rush to cities to earn bread.Deprived of any human facilities, their children either succumb to many sicknesses or, if they survive they add, to the growing anti-social elements. If this process is not checked in time a large section of such anti-social roughs will form in the society endangering the very existence of the cultured and good and the entire Indian culture and religions would face extinction.Choice of housing should be in consideration of time, financial reach of the people concerned, the circumstances and climate.we should adopt the practical and sensible way of providing cow dung-cum-mud dwellings. more suited to the climate, necessities, circumstances and most important to the finances of the people of our country. Cement structures demand repairs in about five years time while the garmati, dwellings need a fresh wash with the dung and earth carried out by the owner involving no monetary expenses.Source: The secular cow economy – Mr. V M Vasu
29Mud-Dung House 1987 - The secular cow economy – Mr. V M Vasu Housing requirements of the country is 9.3 min. in cities and 56.1 min in the rural area. To provide one room dwellings to the villages only would need 170 min. tons of cement and our annual cement production is only 10 min. tons. We cannot wait for generations to build cement structures. This mud-dung dwellings would require dung of 6.30 mln. cows and with this the entire rural housing requirements can be met and comfortably solved.
30FodderThe difficulty experienced in feeding cows is due to the fact that our agriculture is industry-oriented and not food oriented, which means that instead of meeting human needs, the agricultural priorities are made to serve industrial needs.Example Groundnut oil Vs Til OilMan and Cows food interests are interdependent and correlated.
31Groundnut Oil Vs Til Oil The secular cow economy – Mr. V M VasuGroundnut is sown in 2.40 crores of acres, yielding 16 lakh tons of oil. To get, this 16 lakh tons of oil til sowing needs only 60 lakh acres. But til oil cannot be converted into vegetable ghee. Therefore, til is neglected by the farmer because the industrial consumer, the vanaspati ghee manufacturer would not buy this, as also the farmer is encouraged by the Government to produce groundnut. In fact til sowing would not only create a surplus of 1 .8 crore acres of land for foodgrains, amounting to 45 lakh tons of excess food, but would benefit soil, it not being deteriorated as in the case of groundnut cultivation. Further, til-oil-cake is the best food for cattle. In India rice eaters are about 16 crores as against 32 crores of wheat eaters. For this wheat eating population 8 crores tons of wheat plus a further stock of 3 crores tons for famine and war contingencies, totaling to 11 crores of tons has to be provided for. To meet this tonnage, 16 crores acres have to be under wheat (our present land under cultivation cover 40 crore acres). There is no alternative but to achieve the target. Huge dams and fertilizer factories have, instead of helping towards this target, actually retarded the progress. Therefore 16cr. acres should be allotted for wheat sowing only. Of these 32 crores wheat-eaters about 6 crore are Jowar eaters, 3 crore Bajri eaters and 5 crore maize eaters. Now jowar, bajri and maize are kharitf crops while wheat is a Rabbi crop. Khariff crops will yield 5 crore tons of food grains alongwith 140 crore tons of kadab (stalks). Immediately on harvesting kharif crops gadab should be sown yielding 100 cr. tons. This gadab is also a good fodder and dried gadab is a good fertiliser. The same land can then be utilised for wheat sowing, yielding 5 crores tons of wheat.
32DEFENCE Decentralized approach Self-sufficient and vibrating villages. Local produced and local consumed approach.Case StudiesGermanyVietnamChinaIndia
33Ulhasnagar Goshala Visit Summary Not fully self sustainable it is funded by outsideIncome from milk, cow dung and selling other cow products is not sufficient to bear it’s costCow food was fully procured from out sideNo cow used to sent slaughter house after retirementNot generating medicines from cow products to generate incomeSome income was generated by promoting Goshala as tourist placeCalf are used to come near the cow by calling their number at the time of milking the cowInaugurated by His Divine Grace Srila Prabhupad
34Fodder Misconception Man does not get food from where to feed the cow? his argument is clearly misleading and false for the fact that men do not eat grass and cows do not eat rice, dal and chapaties.Our food interests are interdependent and correlated.The difficulty experienced in feeding cows is due to the fact that our agriculture is industry-oriented and not food oriented63 crores cows will need 175 crore tons of grass and sowing jowar and bajri only we get a grass yield in excess of this need. Further by developing graze fallow lands an additional crore tons of grass can be made available. If the people’s need of one ounce edible oil is met 6.25 crore tons of oil-cake would be available. Twenty-six Iakh tons of cotton seed is produced, lakhs of tons of jowar is produced and having procured sufficient manure and bullock supply for farming our food grain production would rise threefold. With such huge food production the cattle fodder does not remain a problem at all. Along with this, because of superior quality, world markets would willingly pay higher prices for our food grains.Source:
35Organic Farmer: Suresh Waghdhare Mr. Suresh have done B.Com and worked as accountantHe left his job in sugar mill and started working on the 20 acres farm( Previously barren land)He is now doing organic farming since 20 yearsHe has complete faith in God (Lord Dattatrey ) and using holistic approach of farmingHe faced many problems mainly water, high input cost and labor in early daysHe had nature of never give up in any kind of situationAchieved many awards from state as well centre government.He had wife and one daughter and one son, all are involve in farming related activitiesHe is doing nursery farming in that he growing the plants of Mango, Chikoo, Jambhul, Aawala, Coconut and many others
36Biogas From Cow Dung 70 cows all are local breed Purpose of cow is to get manure and run biogas plantHe is taking the milk form cow only of his personal use, rest of milk is given to the calvesThere are 6 bio gas plants on the farm capacity of each plant is 60 m3 volume of the pit.All the slurry(outlet from biogas plant) is finally going to the big well, and the water from that well is lifted to sprinkle on the nursery plantsOn farm there is setup of biogas engine generator(capacity10 KVA)A big bio gas storage tank is kept in one room, its capacity is approximately 140m3He constructed very beautiful temple of Lord Dattatray on the farmHe also constructed bio gas storage tank of capacity of m3He is using vermi wash as fertilizer and herbicideA plant of vermi compost is in the farm to take care of organic fertilizer for the nursery and Mango trees.
37Organic Farming Intercrop of fodder is done in between mango trees Also sugar cane and corn is grown together only for the purpose of fodderA special open room is used for the Agnihotra YagyaYagya to please Sun god to provide enough sunsineMusic therapy for plants is also implemented.On the farm there are 60 workers.Cow milk used for family use and for the calf onlyHe constructed very beautiful office in the farm and he had one Car and big Bungalow in his townHe never took any subsidy from the governmentHe says Anna Hazare did development in his village only because of he got huge funds. Also he got the funds because he emotionally blackmailed governmentHe said if one do scientifically organic farming then there is no need of pollyhouse(green house) to construct on the farm
38Cow EconomyCow dung is used for biogas after that is was used as fertilizer in field and cycle for making for biogas from cow dung is 21 days.One cow can produce cow dung that can be used as fertilizer for one acreLabor intensive and shortage of laborTractor is also used to save labor costInvestment required for 20 acres are 1.5 crore/yearCapacity of farm = Mango plants
39Experience of Mr. Suresh Waghdhare Emotional stabilityPreviously barren land become fertile nowSustainable and profitable businessHis annual turnover is approximate Rs 2 core.No collaboration with others organizationsYagya to please Sun god to provide enough sunsineCow milk used for family use and for the calf onlyOrganic farming is only profitable if farmer grows organic fertilizer and organic herbicides on his own farmLabor problem is very serious and managing the labor in intelligent way is key to organic farming success
40Experience of Mr. Suresh Waghdhare Crop insurance implemented by government is bogus and never helped the farmers90% of girls do framing in villages if these girls get good education then he feared that girls will no more work on farmHe says software industry is slaughter house of city people, because the people working in soft industry are severely diseased by many non curable diesesThere was corruption by government officials in selling vermicompost, he said the government officials literally sell soil instead of vermicompost because they are not aware of technology of vermicompost production
41Experience of Mr. Suresh Waghdhare Working on farm is very difficult because every day there is emerging new problem of labor, water, fodder, animal etc.Government is giving subsidy on different projects on farm but all that subsidy goes to the farmers who are close to politiciansPolicy makers in government authority are the people who don’t have any agriculture land, then how they can understand the problem of farmer.Government is giving great help to BPL people so they are reluctant to do work on farm. Instead they work in hotel, bungalow etc. So he fears that only millionaire and BPL people can survive in coming future and there is no future for middle class.He is saying the workers and his own family is always healthy and never get any serious decease
42Benefits of Homa Therapy HOMA is the technical term from the Vedic science of bio-energy denoting the process of removing the toxic conditions of the atmosphere through the agency of fire.When Homa is performed, an atmosphere is created that is conducive for growing any cropAn aura energy field is created around plants during AgnihotraPrana i.e. life energy emanates from Agnihotra which pulsates through us and connects with cosmosTremendous amounts of energy are gathered around the pyramid at Agnihotra timeA magnetic type field is created, one which naturalizes negative energies and reinforces positive energiesThus plants become stronger and disease resistance
43Benefits of Homa Therapy All Nature comes back to HarmonyImproves the immune system of all plantsMore Profit:Increased quantity and quality in productionReduced cost of laborSaving costs of agrochemicalsThe produce is superior in:tastesizetexturenutritionProlongs the shelf life and makes produce more suitable for exportIncreased number of harvests during the year, i.e. productive cycle is shortened
44Experience of Mr. Suresh Waghdhare He had capacity to keep 5 lakh plants of mango on the farm. Each plant he sell at the rate of Rs 35 for 1 year plant and Rs 150 for 3 year plantHe said if one do scientifically organic farming then there is no need of pollyhouse(green house) to construct on the farmHe never took any subsidy from the government
45Mr Mukund Shah Integrated farming practitioner He had 120 Acre of agriculture landHe had Sqr Feet cloth shopHe is doing faming as side businessHe says integrated farming as 60 % organic and 40 % inorganic100 Acre of land for sugarcane farming5 Acer of land for Mango15 Acre land for cereals60 tones per acre of sugarcane productionHe said he earlier doing only chemical farming that period his sugarcane production lowered to 40 tons per acre, then he started integrated farming now production is stable at 60 tons per acre27 Buffalos of Mura Breed from Harayana, 40 cows and bulls of local breeds
46Mr Mukund Shah: Integrated farming practitioner Buffalos are used for getting milk and manure. While bulls and cows for good quality bulls.Rs 200 medical cost per monthEach buffalos gives 12 to 14 liter of milk, milk sell at Rs 31 per literBuffalo cost at Rs 60 to 70 thousandGood Bull sale at maximum cost of Rs 1 lakhDry fodder get for 100 units at Rs 1400 to 220020 Kg of dry fodder and 7 Kg of oil cake for buffalos each day
47Benefits of Cow Serving SpiritualIt releases from past sinful reactionProtection from both moral and spiritual degradation.HumanityCow protection brings peace, happiness and perfection in life.Cow protection is the most important business of human society.Perfect way to serve the humanity shown by God.EcologicalAllows us to lead a simple & pollution free life. Cow Panchgavya & Organic Products offers natural & healthy living.Helps in maintaining the quality of underground water
49Cow-The Ideal Chemical Plant Converts abundantly available, renewable resources into valuable products such as milk, urine and dungSmaller than a car, mobile so that it could search out its own inputsCapable of maintaining the temperature necessary for its reactions within narrow boundsAble to automatically heal most system failuresCapable to do all of these with little human supervisionRobert Anderson (Conference of Chemical Engineers, New Delhi, 1997)
51Role of cow in farming - Qualitative Bullock pulls the plough and helps in irrigationManures the land by its dung and ensures high fertility of our soil.Feeds itself on the left over stalks of the cereal cropsSave Interest of small Farmers from Monopolist groups.Helps transport the yield to its final customers.Food grains produced with manure are superior in quality and also are more resistant to rotting. (Source: 1)Food storage: Cow dung ash,.Pesticides from cow urine
52NOURISHMENT - Qualitatives Panchagavya : five cow products viz. milk, curd, ghee, urine and dung.pure ghee is socialism, while, vegetable ghee is capitalismCow milk has amino acids which makes its protein easily digestible and is good for kidneyrich source of Vitamins like B2, B3 and A which help increasing immunityhelp in reducing acidity, chances of peptic ulcer, breast and skin cancer, formation of serum cholesterol, check obesityControl diabetes but has good sugar for diabetic patientsone of the best natural anti-oxidants.
53Health: Cow UrinePungent, bitter, astringent, sweet and salty. It has five tastes (rasas).PROPERTIES:Pure, toxin destroyer, germicide, balances bile, mucous and air (kapha, vata, pitta),It is divine drink of yogis providing divine powers.Ganga always resides in cow urine. It is destroyer of all sins (diseases)enhances brain powerControls evil spirits,Destroyer of all diseasesIt cures all bodily and mental illnesses.It is in the mode of goodness. It brings goodness in thoughts.By drinking it regularly for six months, man’s nature comes in the mode of goodness.Source: Dr. Amita Gupta, College of Veterinary Science & Animal Husbandary, Mathura : Paper presented for MVSc in 2003.
54Antigen toxic| Ameliorative effect of Ark in human polymorphonuclear leukocytes The Ark and Redistilled ark is found to possess total antioxidant status of around 2.6mmol contributed mainly by volatile fatty acids (1500mg|litre). These fatty acids and other antioxidants might be responsible for the observed ameliorative effect. The chromosomal aberration caused by chemicals could be ameliorated by redistilled Ark (1,50,100ul) Antioxidant status in distillates- 0.8mmol.Redistillate-2.6mmol.(ammonicalnitrogen- 15mg|litre).Source : National Environmental Engineering Research Institute, Nagpur.
55Effect of Cow Urine on Wounds Cow Urine is having antiseptic properties. The urine implicated Wounds were found less infected and healing time is also less when compared to antiseptic cream. Administration of fresh urine orally has added effect on wound healing due to immunological properties.Source: A.K. Maheshwari, A.K.Gupta, AK Das, College of Veterinary and Animal Sciences, G.B.Pant University of Agriculture and Technology, Pantnagar
56Cow urineIt is the most effective secretion of animal origin with innumerable therapeutic valuesCow urine-8.90m’Aura Energy -by consuming it even cancer can be curedIt contains sulphur, nitrogen, phosphorus,iron, sodium, potassium, copper,manganese , carbolic acid and 24 types of saltsIt contains 95 % water, 2.5% urea, 2.5% minerals, hormones ,enzymes, amino acids, cytokines etcCow urine is Antibacterial, Antifungal, Antiviral, still non toxicIt has medicinal and disinfectant properties.It serves as an effective insecticide and helps in keeping the plant evergreenCows Urine as an Antimicrobial AgentGram Negative, Gram Positive bacteria, Fungi were significantly inhibited by concentrated cows urineSource: Dessertation for MSc Microbiology 2006, Shri Shivaji Education Society / Amravti’s Science College, Nagpur
57Health: Benefits of Cow Urine Cow urine corrects functioning of liver. So, liver makes healthy pure blood. It gives disease resistance power to the body.It has all elements, which compensate for deficiency of nutrients in our body. Thus stops ageing process. So it is called an elixir and also life giving.Cow urine contains many minerals especially Copper, gold salts, etc. It compensates for bodily mineral deficiency.Cow urine is called medhya and hradya, which means it, gives strength to brain and heart.protects heart and brain from damages caused by mental tension and protects these organs from disorders and diseases.
58Health: Benefits of Cow Urine Cow urine destroys the poisonous effects of medicine residues and makes body disease free.Cow urine provides mode of goodness. Thus helps us to perform correct activities by mind.Ganga resides in cow urine. Ganga is destroyer of sins, thus cow urine destroys such previous sins and so diseases are cured.By regularly taking cow urine before sickness, we get so much immunity that any attack of diseases is repulsed."Sarve rogaah hi mandagnau" All diseases begin with mandagni (Low fire i.e. digestive capacity). If fire is strong, diseases won't occur. Cow urine keeps the fire strong.
59Importance of “Go Mutra” (Cow Ark) Cow Ark provides mode of goodness.Cow urine has amazing germicidal power to kill varieties of germs.Cow urine balances the disease creating tri-dosas.Cow urine corrects functioning of liver.Offers disease resistance power to the body and stops ageing process.It compensates for bodily mineral deficiency.Cow urine gives strength to brain and heart.Cow urine destroys the poisonous effects of residues and makes body disease free.Ganga resides in cow urine, thus cow urine destroys previous sins.The diseases caused by entrance of ghosts in body are cured by intake of cow urine.Source: Chandrashekhar Kundle, Bharat chauragade, Ajith Rawal, Nagpur: Paper presented in World Ayurveda Congress : Physical and Chemical composition of Urine and Arka and its effects on human beings is detailed.
60Prevention of Pathogenic Free Radicals through Cow Urine Source: A.K. Singh, P.K. Singh, L.K. Singhal, D.K.Agarwal, College of Veterinary and Animal Science, Pantnagar, IVRI Izatnagar Free radicals are molecules, which have lost electron. These free radicals attack the nearest stable molecule and steal the electron. This is a chain reaction of destruction. They can attack enzymes, fat, proteins, etc and causes DNA to mutate. The Oxygen Free radicals (Reactive oxygen species) are produced due to – Phagocytes, Mitochondria function, Inflammation, Heavy Exercise,Cigarettes,Smoking,Pollution, adiation, Chemicals, Drugs, Altered Ozone level, Moulds, Burned Meat. They cause mutation of cells. This in turn may predispose for – Parkinson’s Disease, Alzhimor’s Disease, Cancer, Sclerosis, Stroke, Stress, Fibrosis, Cataract, Macular Degeneration, Aging Cows’ urine prevents the free radicals formation.
61Anti Cancer properties of cow Urine Source: K Darma, R.S. Chauhan L. Singhal, IVRI, Izatnagar The cow Urine Therapy is suggested to poses potent Anti Cancer abilities. The following properties are in listed as responsible for Anti Cancer Results. DNA repairing potential : Cow urine efficiently repairs the damaged DNA. Damage of DNA by chemicals is the major cause for Cancer. This property reduces the spread of malignant cancers and helps fighting tumor. Apoptosis inhibition : Lymphocytes under go suicidal tendency due to chemicals. Lymphocytes are major cells, which fights against cancer cells. Cow urine reduces an apoptosis of Lymphocytes.Antioxidant Property : The volatile fatty acids show antioxidant properties which controls damage in DNA. Antimicrobial Activity : Many viruses are causing cancer. These microbes are killed by cow urine. Bioenhancing Property : Bioenhancing are substances which promote and augment the bioactivity or bioavailabilty or uptake of drugs. This will reduce the dosage & duration of antibiotic therepy and anticancer drugs like Taxol.Taxol is used in MCF-7 (breast cancer cells). Anti free radicals : The free radicals cause cell damage thereby inducing tumour cell growth or causes aging. Cows’ urine prevents free radicals.
62Cow Dungcow dung-6m’-by wiping the ground floor it protects from bacteria while the top floor it protects from atomic emissions.When we burn cow dung, it balances atmospheric temperature and kills germs in the air.The dried cow dung contains menthol, indol, salammoniac, phenol and formalin.Cow dung has Antiseptic, Anti radioactive and Anti thermal properties.It is believed that the smell of fresh cow dung repels viruses & Bacteria.At CISH Lucknow, number of Microbes have been isolated from dung and its preparation.(Pathak et al;2005)An Actinomycete found in cow dung is effective ofmanagement of dieback , gummosis and fruit rots.
63Cow Dung AshWater purifying, washing vessels, on wounds, as pesticide, grain preservationcow dung is called gold mine or rather why the scriptures say that Laxmiji (goddess of fortune/wealth) resides in cow dung
67Cow Milk 17% Protein 29% Calcium 23% Phsphorus 23% Riboflavin 25% Vitamin D15% Vitamin B-12Milk fat is the richest natural dietary source of conjugated linoic acid (CLA), which has been shown in animal and cell culture studies to have potent anti-carcinogenic (anti-cancer) properties. The experiments have shown that dietary supplementation with CLA reduced the incidence of chemically induced tumors in the epidermis, stomach and mammary glands.Source: