Presentation on theme: "CHAPTER 7: THE CHALLENGE OF CHRISTENDOM Church and Empire in Tension (pgs. 124-146)"— Presentation transcript:
CHAPTER 7: THE CHALLENGE OF CHRISTENDOM Church and Empire in Tension (pgs. 124-146)
Two English Sources of Light Boniface: The Apostle to the Germans Benedictine Monk in England Left to do missionary work in the Netherlands = failure Went to pope for guidance, sent him to Germany A Wandering Bishop Working with the Frankish Government Bede: The Historian-Monk Spent entire life in same monastery Wrote explanations of Scriptures and sermons on religious topics
Church and State Entangled The Donation of Pepin: The Papal States Pepin helped pope drive off Lombards, gave him territory Charlemagne: A Return of the Roman Empire Pepin’s son Charles organized part of Western Europe into a Frankish kingdom Conversion by the Sword An Emperor Again Pope Leo III crowns him “Emperor to the Romans” An Emphasis on Education Direction for the Church The Fate of the Empire For Review pg. 132
A Feudal Way of Life A System for Defense The Pyramid of Feudalism Serfs, landlords/vassals, higher lords, king Living Conditions Lords and wealthy vassals lived in castles on their estates The Feudal Monastery Church had major role with bishops and abbots often being powerful lords of feudal estates Church remained only constant and promised salvation
Other Peoples Turn Christian The Vikings: Invaders from the Sea “sea rovers” aka Norsemen (men from the north) Invasion spurred feudalism The Slavs: Lining Up with the Eastern and Western Churches A Need for Worship in Their Own Language Slav state, Greater Moravia developed Byzantine emperor sends Cyril and Methodius to live with Slavs; devised Slavic alphabet Other Slavic Peoples Poland, Russia, Magyar For Review pg. 141
Royal Pains for the Church Conflicts of Church and State East-Versus-West Tensions The Papacy Up for Grabs Roman nobles control appointment of pope Pope John XII and King Otto I Bishops and Abbots Indebted to Counts and Dukes Simony: “buying” office of bishop Cluny: A Creative Response to the Church-State Dilemma Duke begins new Benedictine monastery in Cluny, France, independent of any control by local lord or secular ruler For Review pg. 144
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