Presentation on theme: "Freshman, World History. Please open your books to p. 36. ***Analyze the painting with your group members and brainstorm for 4-5 min., different answers."— Presentation transcript:
Freshman, World History
Please open your books to p. 36. ***Analyze the painting with your group members and brainstorm for 4-5 min., different answers to the questions in blue-text on the bottom.*** ***How did Chancellor Rolin, (The dude who looks like Moe, want himself to be viewed?***
Key terms that I want you to know (Creating a vocabulary list for each chapter would be wise; however, organize them by chapter please): Renaissance – Means rebirth; however, considering Italy, it meant rebirth of art (sculpting, painting, literature, poetry, music) and learning (science, technology, innovation/invention). humanism – Focus on human potential and achievements and less on ***_________________*** (what)? secular – Worldly and concerned with the here and now (What the heck does that mean?)!!! patron – Loyal customers (of the arts and inventions) perspective – An art technique that creates the appearance of 3-dimensions (Done before, but abandoned in medieval times and rediscovered by an artist named Masaccio). vernacular – Writing in one’s own native language instead of Latin God/Religion
So……..the people in Italy said the heck with medieval thought of having to endure suffering and looked back to the classical times of Greece and Rome. They decided to have a Renaissance Began in Italy around the year 1300 A.D. It eventually spread to northern Europe, but not quite yet (England and France were having a lovers’ quarrel called the Hundred Years’ War). Without the Renaissance, we might still be using candles at night, riding a horse, or having parts of our brain removed for headaches
Why Italy? Thriving Cities (Large urban centers in Northern Italy) ***What’s urban and why did Northern Italy become urban?*** C:\Users\snigbor\Desktop\Renaissance.kmz Merchants (People who were the wealthiest of Italy, but not some spoiled brat; these dudes worked their way from the bottom-up like most of us have to do). A famous merchant family were the Medici who got rich from trading and banking ***Most merchants bought a lot, and I mean, a lot of art!*** Cosimo de’Medici started to grow the wealth He never sought political office, but instead influenced the politicians with money and pretty much ran Florence, Italy. What Cosimo de’ Medici did, was similar to a modern day lobbyist ***What’s a lobbyist?*** Classical Heritage Returning to the classic ways of the Greeks and Romans Why? Inspiration (No dark and gloomy plague/war scenes)
Classical and Worldly Values Study of Classical Greek works led to humanism 1.The focus on human potential, thought, invention, beauty, etc. 2.The Humanities (classical education became popular which consisted of the study in the areas of history, literature, philosophy, and science. Enjoyed worldly Pleasures by becoming secular 1.Realization that enjoying life doesn’t necessary mean offending God. 2.Most everybody was concerned with the here and now (Still believed in God, but losing faith in the Holy Catholic Church/organized religion.) Patronage of the arts means patrons (customers) buying the arts. 1.Some patrons were even religious figures like popes, cardinals, bishop and any other religious figure who held power and money. 2.Wealthy merchants who started at the bottom and became rich from working hard in trading or banking (i.e. Medici Family) wanted to be recognized for their hard work and purchased many self-portraits. Becoming a Renaissance Man. 1.All educated men were expected to create art and master every area of study (i.e. philosophy, poetry, analyzing literature, sculpting, inventing, physical fitness, health, etc.) 2.In 1528, Baldassare Castiglione wrote the Courtier (Like a “Hanging out with Kings, Queens, Princes, Princesses, Nobles, Popes, etc. for Dummies”.
Assignment: 1.Read the expectations of Renaissance men in The Courtier in your groups. 2.Student Groups will decipher the Renaissance language into more modern and understandable terms (Nominate a group recorder and please ask Mr. N for help; he loves to be hands-on!). 3. (***From the Primary Source, The Courtier, students will answer the three essential questions individually***) (20-min. in & out of class if needed) 4. ***Students will be assigned a mini research project and write a 5- paragraph essay that will be due Monday, Sept. 17.*** Prompt: How would you describe one or more characteristic(s) that The Courtier portrayed of Renaissance men that was not expected of Renaissance women and how do you think that has impacted either men, women, or both as of today; citing a specific example of a person, or group of people? (Note: Students should gather their research on Tuesday evening from the websites Mr. N supplied (***On his webpage for the school district***), so they can write their rough draft on Tuesday evening or on Wednesday).
How did the Renaissance Revolutionize Art? No more mythical religious art portrayed in Medieval Times, but realistic religious art in the Renaissance times. Lacks perspective and sizes are All goofed up. VS. Has perspective and looks Like a real image.
How did the Renaissance Revolutionize Art? Prominent citizens were painted instead of religious symbol Art focused more on realism and glorified individual people or groups. Michelangelo glorified the human body. Donatello sculpted and carved statues of people in their natural postures. Masaccio rediscovered the perspective art form and made painting even more realistic Perspective are is a form of 3D art based on an optical illusion of parallel lines stretching far away and eventually touch.
Renaissance Writers Change Literature Writers started to show pride in themselves and country Started writing in the vernacular – Writing in native language instead of Latin Dante started this trend, but also started the trend of expressing one’s thoughts and feeling through writing and highlighting the expertise (i.e. subject matter – science, history, philosophy, politics, war, etc. Modern day writers, even you and I, still write like Dante! Another famous Italian writer name Petrarch who wrote sonnets, 14- line poems in the vernacular. Activity time!!! Get in groups of Make sure at least one person in your group has a smart phone. 2.As a group, respectfully and quietly text lines of a sonnet back and forth (each group will do 7 lines – Goal: Stump the other group). You only have 10 minutes though, so hurry up! Also, keep it clean!!! 3.http://www.dummies.com/how-to/content/writing-a-sonnet.htmlhttp://www.dummies.com/how-to/content/writing-a-sonnet.html
Renaissance Writers Change Literature Boccaccio wrote the Decameron which contained, real-life, off-color stories (Sort a Renaissance comedian) Example: 3 rd Day – 3 rd Tale- Three young men love three sisters, and flee with them to Crete. The eldest of the sisters slays her lover for jealousy. The second saves the life of the first by yielding herself to the Duke of Crete. Her lover slays her, and makes off with the first: the third sister and her lover are charged with the murder, are arrested and confess the crime. They escape death by bribing the guards, flee destitute to Rhodes, and there in destitution die. Not exactly our kind of humor – Right?
Renaissance Writers Change Literature Niccolo Machiavelli – Examined how people were selfish, corrupt, and not very nice or thoughtful He advised royalty in his writing, The Prince, that since people lacked in morals, that royalty shouldn’t necessarily be concern themselves with what is moral, but what’s politically effective. (What do you think about this?) His works are still used to this day in Law Schools all over (In Latin and vernacular).