Presentation on theme: "Italy: Birthplace of the Renaissance"— Presentation transcript:
1Italy: Birthplace of the Renaissance David ( ), Michelangelo17.1 and 17.2Italy: Birthplace of the RenaissanceThe Italian Renaissance is a rebirth of learning that produces many great works of art and literature.
2Italy’s Advantages The Renaissance Renaissance—an explosion of creativity in art, writing, and thoughtStarted in northern ItalyLasted from
3Italy’s Advantages Merchants and the Medici Looking to Greece and Rome A wealthy merchant class developsMore emphasis on individual achievementBanking family, the Medici, controls FlorenceGreat patron of the arts in ItalyLooking to Greece and RomeArtists and scholars study ruins of Rome, and study Latin and Greek manuscriptsScholars move to Rome after the fall of Constantinople in 1453.
5Classical and Worldly Values Classics Lead to HumanismHumanism—intellectual movement focused on human achievementsHumanists studied classical texts, history, literature, and philosophyWorldly PleasuresRenaissance society was secular—worldlyWealthy enjoyed fine food, homes, and clothes
6Classical and Worldly Values Patrons of the ArtsPatron—a financial supporter of artistsChurch leaders spend money on artworks to beautify citiesWealthy merchants also patrons of the artsThe Renaissance ManExcels in many fields: the classics, art, politics, and combatBaldassare Castiglione’s (pictured right)The Courtier (1528) teaches how to become a “universal” person
7Classical and Worldly Values The Renaissance WomanUpper-class, educated in classics, charmingExpected to inspire art but not create itIsabella d’Este, patron of the artists, wields power in Mantua
8The Renaissance Revolutionizes Art Artistic Styles ChangeArtists use realistic style copied from classical art, often to portray religious subjectsPainters use perspective—a way to show three dimensions on canvasRealistic Painting and SculptureRealistic portraits of prominent citizensSculpture shows natural postures and expressionsThe biblical David is a favorite subject among sculptors (although he looks more like a classical Greek)
10Michelangelo di Lodovico Buonarroti Simoni Portrait painted after 1535 of Michelangelo at the age of 60 by Jacopino del ConteThe novel and film The Agony and the Ecstasy is about him painting the Sistine Chapel for Pope Julius II.
12The Creation of Adam by Michelangelo, found of the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel
13Michelangelo’s The Last Judgment in the Sistine Chapel
14The Renaissance Revolutionizes Art Leonardo, Renaissance ManLeonardo da Vinci—painter, sculptor, inventor, scientistPaints one of the best-known portraits in the world: the Mona LisaFamous religious painting: The Last Supper
15Leonardo’s Work: Painting Left: Mona LisaAbove: The Last Supper
16Leonardo’s Work: Science & Medicine The Vitruvian ManStudies of a fetus from Leonardo's journals
17Leonardo’s Work: Science & Medicine Investigating the motion of the armOrgans of a Woman’s Body
18Leonardo’s Work: Inventions Design of a flying machine based on bat’s wings
19The Renaissance Revolutionizes Art Raphael Advances RealismRaphael Sanzio, famous for his use of perspectiveFavorite subject: the Madonna and childFamous painting: School of Athens
21Renaissance Writers Change Literature New Trends in WritingWriters use the vernacular—their native languageSelf-expression or to portray individuality of the subjectPetrarch and BoccaccioFrancesco Petrarch, humanist and poet; woman named Laura is his museBoccaccio is best known for the Decameron, a series of stories
22Renaissance Writers Change Literature Machiavelli Advises RulersNiccolo Machievelli, author of a political guidebook, The PrinceThe Prince examines how rulers can gain and keep power
2317.2 Northern Renaissance1450…. Population rebounds from the Black Death and the destructive Hundred’s Year War ends in 1453Italian Renaissance ideas spread to the North and mingle with the northern traditions creating a renaissance with its own style.
24German and Dutch Painters Albrecht Durer (German) creates art that is richer and more common based than the Italian art but rich in colors and themesJan van Eyck (Dutch) paints works that are realistic in details and show great individuality of the subjects.
25Northern writers and Reform Humanists tried to influence society with Christian values.Desiderius Erasmus of Holland and Thomas More of England.More writes Utopia about an imaginary place where greed, corruption, and war have been wiped out.
26Women’s ReformsChristian Humanist believed women should be educated, founded schools for women
27Elizabethan England1558 Elizabeth becomes Queen of England after the death of her half sister Mary “ Bloody Mary” both are daughters of King Henry VIIIAs a women can be in here age she was highly educated and skilled in art, music, literature, and languages
28William ShakespeareOne of the most famous playwrites and writers in historyHe used the classics and drew on them for ideas and inspiration.He is know to have created more words to the English language then anyone elseMany of his characters show the flaws in humans
29Greatest Invention in History Johann Gutenberg and the Printing PressImproved on the idea of the Chinese around 1440 he designed a machine that would reproduce an entire page of a work.Books could now be printed quickly and cheaplyFirst religious books (Bible) then others works.This increased access to books inspires literacy in the general popualtion
30Legacy of the Renaissance The ArtsArt drew on the style and techniques of classicalGreece and RomePortrayed art in a more realistic mannerArtists created work that was more secular innatureWriters began use of the vernacularArt praised individual acheivement
31Changes in Society Printing made information more available Increased the desire to learn and literacyLead to an era of expanded discoveriesChristian Humanists tried to reform societyPeople began to question practices of religion, and politics