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Chapter 9 Religious Pluralism in Secular Classrooms.

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Presentation on theme: "Chapter 9 Religious Pluralism in Secular Classrooms."— Presentation transcript:

1 Chapter 9 Religious Pluralism in Secular Classrooms

2 Focus Questions Have you ever been exposed to other religions? How do parochial schools and secular schools differ? In what ways should religion be part of public schooling? Should public funds be used to support parochial schools? Why did the framers of the Constitution prohibit a state religion but also guarantee religious freedom?

3 Religion in America Theocracy- a society where religion plays a major role Fourteenth Amendment- (1868) granted citizens of states the same rights as citizens of the nation Separation of Church and State What is religion? Universal vs. Sectarian European Influences African Influences- Nativists Religions Middle Eastern Influences

4 Religious Pluralism in the Classroom Religious diversity in the classroom Conflicts School roles and customs School calendar “Truth” Evolution debate

5 Public Welfare vs. Private Freedoms First Amendment Rights Compulsory Attendance Pledge of Allegiance-loyalty to the government Saluting the flag Prayer and Bible reading in schools Public funds for religious schools

6 Important Court Cases Pierce v. Society of Sisters (1925)- overturned the 1922 law that made public education mandatory Wisconsin v. Yoder (1972)- Amish children could quit school in the eighth grade Meyer v. Nebraska (1923)- unconstitutional to prohibit teaching foreign languages West Virginia State Board of Education v. Barnett (1943)- don’t have to salute the flag Lee v. Weisman (1992)- prayers at high school graduations are unconstitutional Everson v. Board of Education (1947)- busing parochial schoolchildren

7 Competition for Public Schools Charter Schools Home Schooling Vouchers

8 Organized Religion Religious Right Fundamentalism- in response to globalization and institutional change Censorship

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