Presentation on theme: "Hammurabi’s (Babylon) Twelve Tables (Rome) Justinian’s Code (Byzantine) Sharia- Islam They had power over the religious and secular lives of their people."— Presentation transcript:
Hammurabi’s (Babylon) Twelve Tables (Rome) Justinian’s Code (Byzantine) Sharia- Islam They had power over the religious and secular lives of their people Secular- worldly Silk Road- silk, gunpowder, paper Monsoon Marketplace- spices, silk, Buddhism West Saharan Trade- Gold and Salt They provide water for humans, plants and animals. Floods leave behind Silt Water for trade Bellringer Why were River Valleys a good place to settle down? Name two different Trade routes and an item traded along it Why are God-Kings more powerful than just a king? Name 2 written law codes, why are these important?
Renaissance and Reformation
Review: Medieval Europe After the Roman Empire fell, Europe fell into darkness: -no trade -no education -constant wars between lords A Feudal system emerged, creating a rigid society based on the exchange of loyalty and service for land and protection
Review: Medieval Europe The Roman Catholic Church was the dominant force of Medieval Europe. The Roman Catholic Church maintained power by threatening excommunication, which would deny the Sacraments (sacred rituals). People who did not receive Sacraments believed they were going to Hell.
Review: Medieval Europe In Eastern Europe, the former Eastern Roman Empire became the Byzantine Empire. Byzantine Christians were different from Roman Catholics. They did not believe in the authority of the Pope, they spoke Greek, and they allowed priests to marry. Overtime, the Byzantines split away and created the Greek Orthodox sect. This is called a Schism. Schism- A permanent split within a religion
Judaism and ChristianityThe Roman Catholic Church The Neolithic Revolution Revolution equals change Varied: mountains, deserts, jungles, rivers and ocean coast It kept them isolated and ethnocentric Bellringer What are the geographic features of China? What effect do these have on China? What time period was the change made from Nomadic hunting and gathering to settled living and husbandry? What was the MOST powerful force during the European middle ages? What religions meet the following criteria: -monotheistic -10 commandments -Abraham
Review: Medieval Europe The Crusades began when Muslim Ottomans invaded the Byzantine Empire. The Greek Orthodox Christians turned to the Pope for help, and he sent thousands of Roman Catholics to dispel the Muslims and reclaim the Holy Land The Crusades occurred over hundreds of years and through a series of wars. They were not successful.
Review: Medieval Europe The Crusades resulted in an increase in trade. Returning crusaders wanted many of the goods they were exposed to including spices, silk, and ivory. Most goods flowed through the Middle East into Italy then throughout Europe
Renaissance 1300-1500s The Darkness of the Middle Ages gave way to the Renaissance, or cultural rebirth The Renaissance was a time of creativity and changing views of the world and humans. The focus shifted from Religion to humans. Instead of focusing on the afterlife, Renaissance thinkers focused on living while on Earth. Renaissance- Time of European cultural rebirth
Book Notes You have 35 minutes to find a partner and answer questions 1-6 on your Renaissance and Reformation worksheet. We will cover the answers throughout the rest of the Renaissance notes. This is your first grade of the marking period!!
HinduismBow and arrow Stirrups Cannons/ gunpowder Curved swords Irrigation, terrace farming Shaduf, Chinampas Shrimp among the whales Cultural Bridge Bellringer What is Korea’s nickname? Name 2 technologies that were developed to help grow more food in the ancient world What are 2 technologies made to help with warfare that we have learned about so far? What religion meets the following criteria: -Caste System -reincarnation -Karma/ dharma -Ganges River
The Renaissance Time period of creativity and changing views Focus shifted from religion to Secular (worldly) pursuits. The Renaissance is characterized by Humanism. Humanism- Intellectual movement focused on secular (worldly) issues instead of religion
Humanism “Focus on worldly rather than religious issues” What this really means is that the artists, thinkers and philosophers will focus on daily life Many artists will focus on humans in their earthly life span, not in the afterlife Humanism weakens the church.
Italian start The Renaissance began in Italy for three reasons: 1)Classical focus 2)Center of trade 3)Wealthy merchants
1) Classical Focus The Renaissance focused on the Classical influences from Ancient Greece and Rome. Italy was the center of the Ancient Roman culture, with architecture, literature and monuments throughout
Center of Trade Italy is a Peninsula (surrounded by water on 3 sides) and therefore had access to much trade. The Italian ‘boot’ kicks into the Mediterranean sea, connecting Italy to the Middle East and Silk Road Remember: Water is a geographic factor that promotes trade
Patron Merchants Due to its ideal location on trade routes, many merchants became very wealthy. These merchants became patrons of the arts, donating large sums to create art pieces in painting, sculptures and architecture. The Roman Catholic Church was another patron of the arts in Renaissance Italy Patron- someone who provides support to a cause or person
Florence and the Medicis Florence is a symbol of the Renaissance. With a large population of poets, artists, scholars and scientists, Florence was an ideal Renaissance City The Medici family became rich through trade, and soon controlled the economic and political spheres of Florence.
IslamClassical focus Center of trade Wealthy merchants Humanism A wealthy supporter of a cause or person Typically fund the arts Bellringer What is a Patron? What ONE word describes the Renaissance? What are 3 reasons why the Renaissance began in Italy? What religion meets the following criteria: -Quran -Allah -five pillars
Medici Family In the 1400s, the Medici family began a banking business and became very rich Their money bought them political power, but was also used to fund the arts. The Medici family is one of the largest patrons of Renaissance art, second to only the Church. Lorenzo the Magnificent even founded an art school.
Humanities--Humanism The Renaissance promoted creativity, but the Europeans looked to the Ancient Greeks and romans for inspiration Petrarch hunted down ancient Greek and Roman texts and created a library. This helped preserve classical works.
Artistic Golden Age Renaissance art attempted to be more realistic. To do this artists began using perspective Perspective means they drew closer objects larger and farther objects smaller. They also studied live models and classical art to be more realistic.
Renaissance Artists The greatest of the Renaissance artists are still well known today: -Leonardo da Vinci -Michelangelo -Raphael -Donatello
Teenage Mutant Ninja Turtles Yes, the teenage mutant ninja turtles were named after the Renaissance painters. As the creator recalls: “One ninja turtle became four, each named after a Renaissance master, each with a different weapon. "It was, like, 'Here's the next big thing, ninja turtles. Ha-ha- ha,' " Eastman recalls. “
Leonardo da Vinci -painter, sculptor, engineer, writer and musician -seen as a true Renaissance man because of his many skills. -Leonardo dissected corpses to be accurate in anatomy when depicting human forms. -sketched submarines, helicopters and planes hundreds of years before they existed. -Wrote in mirrored writing, making t difficult to decipher. Most famous for the Mona Lisa
Michelangelo Michelangelo was a sculptor, engineer, painter, architect and poet His most famous works are David, Pieta and the Sistine Chapel
Sistine Chapel Notice the curved ceiling? That is just a trick of perspective… the ceiling is completely flat.
Raphael Came after Leonardo and Michelangelo Raphael drew the School of Athens, an imaginary gathering of great thinkers: Plato, Aristotle, Michelangelo, Leonardo and himself. He also created the Madonna, a statue of Mary, Mother of God
Donatello Donatello is a lesser known Renaissance Artist He is best known for his bronze David and the Penitent Magdalene
Machiavelli Studied ancient Rome and politics Wrote The Prince, a guide to gain and maintain power According to Machiavelli, the ends justify the means He said rulers should achieve power regardless of the means to get there
Northern Renaissance The northern Renaissance was delayed because Northern Europe was devastated by the Black Death The Northern Renaissance produced men like Shakespeare and Gutenberg. Flemish painters focused more on scenes of everyday life instead of Religious themes
Shakespeare One of the best known Northern Renaissance men. He has written 37 plays, including Romeo and Juliet, Hamlet, and Julius Caesar Shakespeare created many new words in his plays such as bedroom, lonely, generous However, Shakespeare is a very controversial figure. Some claim he was really a woman, he was homosexual or possibly even plagiarized all his plays.
Johann Gutenberg Used a metal printing press to copy the Bible. This led to an explosion of books being printed. More books were quickly made, and cheaply. These cheap books allowed more people to learn how to read and write.