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Emile Durkheim EMILE DURKHEIM 1858-1917. Durkheim Theory & Methods The Theory PreindustrialIndustrial Simple D.O.L.Complex D.O.L Collective conscienceIndividualistic.

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Presentation on theme: "Emile Durkheim EMILE DURKHEIM 1858-1917. Durkheim Theory & Methods The Theory PreindustrialIndustrial Simple D.O.L.Complex D.O.L Collective conscienceIndividualistic."— Presentation transcript:

1 Emile Durkheim EMILE DURKHEIM

2 Durkheim Theory & Methods The Theory PreindustrialIndustrial Simple D.O.L.Complex D.O.L Collective conscienceIndividualistic Mechanical SolidarityOrganic Solidarity SacredSecular Social integration highSocial integration low Consensual normsAnomie

3 Shifting Social Integration Mechanical Solidarity Simple D.O.L. = same tasks Collective conscience = Same beliefs Consensual norms= behaviors = High Social Integration Organic Solidarity Complex D.O.L.= Different tasks Individualism = Different beliefs Different norms= different behaviors = Lower Social Integration

4 The glue that holds society together Mechanical Solidarity Homogeneity Sameness Sacred Organic Solidarity Heterogeneity Differentness Interdependent Secular Mechanical Glue is stickier than Organic Glue

5 The Shift in Social Integration Social Integration Anomie

6 Theory to Research: The Social Science Leap (1897) More integration: Less Anomie Less integration: More Anomie More Anomie: More Suicide Less Anomie : Less Suicide

7 The basic scientific method Theoretical DEDUCTIVE Empirical INDUCTIVE Theoretical

8 From the Theoretical to the empirical Theoretical: Less integration: More Anomie: More Integration: Less Anomie [Operationalization] Empirical:Religion Suicide Rates Jews Low Catholics Medium Protestants High

9 And back to theory…. Egoistic suicide: Suicide as a means to escape facing the consequences of actions. Altruistic suicide: Suicide as a means to contribute to the social group. Anomic suicide: Suicide from a loss of social contacts and sense of belonging. Fatalistic suicide: Suicide to escape the rules of a social group.


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