Presentation on theme: "The appearance of the Bulgarian schools is closely connected with the great historic deed of the Slavonic brothers Cyril and Methodius, the creators of."— Presentation transcript:
The appearance of the Bulgarian schools is closely connected with the great historic deed of the Slavonic brothers Cyril and Methodius, the creators of the Slavonic script.
The Old-Bulgarian author Chernorizetz Hrabar claimed that if in Byzantium the creators of the Greek script were familiar to only few men-of-letters, in Bulgaria even school children knew that their letters had been conceived by Constantine-Cyril, the Philosopher. Paradoxically, however, within a short period of time two alphabets - the Glagolitic and the Cyrillic - were created and, respectively, replaced, and so far scholars are not unanimous in their opinion of which one of them was created by Constantine-Cyril.
The work of Cyril and Methodius and their students was saved by Knjaz Boris and the Bulgarian people. Boris I was a Bulgarian king who introduced Christianity and imposed the Cyrillic alphabet in Bulgaria. "The teacher's chair is the highest of the country and nobody can sit on it neither knjaz nor caesar“ - Knjaz Boris
Knjaz Boris gave a warm and hearty welcome to Climent, Naum and Angelarii in Pliska in 886. Climent and Naum were helped by Knjaz Boris and Tsar Simeon and they set up literary schools in Preslav and Ohrid. It is considered to be the first formal schools.
Naum was the organizer of the Preslav literary school. Climent was the founder and leader of the Ohrid literary school.
An unprecedented flowering of the literature and culture happened during the rule of tsar Simeon. This period was called " THE GOLDEN AGE “ and it was the first one.
The Bulgarian King Simeon The Great (893-927) welcomed the disciples of the "Apostles of the Slavs," St. Cyril and Methodius and furthered their effort. A court school was established in the Bulgarian capital of Preslav. Bulgaria became the "cradle of Slavic civilization", where an estimated 3,500 priest-teachers were trained, large-scale translation of service books was carried out, and original works of theology, philosophy, literature, and art were created.
Monastery schools were the first form of education in Bulgaria. They are with religious character. This type of schools began its development from the monasteries, churches and cloisters.
Teachers in the monastery schools were mostly monks and priests, less educated artisans and merchants. The number of students did not exceed 10-20 children. The training consisted in acquiring basic skills in writing, reading and arithmetic, and teaching was conducted in Church- Slavonic or Greek.
A new period of the development of the Bulgarian education started during the Bulgarian Revival. It was the time when the education was worth as much as a treasure for the family. A lot of secular schools were opened during that time. They were supported by Bulgarians.
The national revival was stirred by a "Slav-Bulgarian History," a book written in 1762 by the monk Paisii from the Hilendar Monastery in Mount Athos. It revived the memory of past glory and had enormous impact on the nation. Other books followed and generated a popular movement for secular education, which was at the mainstream of the Bulgarian national renaissance.
Еlin-Bulgarian schools appear at the beginning of the XIX century by nature they are secular. They taught mathematics, philosophy, history, natural history. The basic training is conducted in Greek, but unlike a purely Greek schools is included and the study of Bulgarian. It is believed that the first Hellenic- Bulgarian school was opened in Svishtov in 1815.
Outstanding role played for the opening of those schools-the printed in 1824 "Primer with different teachings, " written by PetarBeron."Fish Primer" was written in pure Bulgarian and served to Bulgarian children as a textbook in history, geography, physics from zoology. In its forward, the author gave valuable pedagogical advice to teachers and promoted the concepts of secular education.
Ten years after Petar Beron printed its primer, on the initiative of the rich and patriotic merchants in Gabrovo was established the first mutual school. The idea of opening a school in the city comes from the great Maecenas of Bulgarian education Vasil Aprilov. Mutual school is secular elementary school during the Bulgarian Renaissance, which used Bell-Lancaster method of training. Under this method, some of the more advanced students learn some of their classmates.
In 1840 in her native city of Pleven Anastasiya Dimitrova opened the first school for girls. Graduated girls became teachers or they opened new mutual schools in other towns in Bulgaria
In the Class School for the first time in Bulgarian education students were divided into classes. Daskalolivnitsata is the first Bulgarian secondary school, founded by Ivan Momchilov in 1843 in Elena. In fact class schools prepare future teachers and the new generation Renaissance intellectuals.
Professional education institutions (universities) are the highest level in the Bulgarian educational system. In them Bulgarian society is rediscovering educational word with renewed vigor. For the first time the Bulgarians were able to get an education in that level only in 1904. Among the figures of the Renaissance, many of whom have been educated abroad, brewing idea of opening a university that would "equalize the Bulgarians with independent political, civic and cultural camps erected nations".
The first University in Bulgaria The first University in Bulgaria is the Sofia University "St. Kliment Ohridski ". It was created by a decision of the National Assembly on October 1, 1888 as the Higher Educational Course for First Secondary School for Boys. After several months it was renamed the Academy and from 1904 - at a university. Its first rector was the famous Bulgarian linguist Aleksandar Teodorov-Balan.