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Highlights of the Renaissance Refer to 259-277. Course of the Renaissance Began in Italy Directly related to trade-interaction Bankers and merchants became.

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Presentation on theme: "Highlights of the Renaissance Refer to 259-277. Course of the Renaissance Began in Italy Directly related to trade-interaction Bankers and merchants became."— Presentation transcript:

1 Highlights of the Renaissance Refer to 259-277

2 Course of the Renaissance Began in Italy Directly related to trade-interaction Bankers and merchants became patrons to artists Medici family Promoted learning and the arts Lorenzo de Medici the Magnificent Primarily an Italian movement until 1600, traveled to Germany, England, France and Netherlands

3 Thought and Literature Italian Humanist Writers Florence, Italy Center of culture, arts Writers, painters, sculptors, architects Northern Humanist Writers Greater interest in religious matters Church reform, gave interest to Hebrew Old Testament and Greek New Testament

4 Francesco Petrarch (1304-1374) Son of a Florentine merchant Went to law school, but was interested in classical literature Found ancient manuscripts in church libraries Composed his own Latin poems Expressive of emotion and interest Wrote about nature, pride in his homeland, and love for Laura Known as “Father of Humanism”

5 He for celestial charms may look in vain Who has not seen my fair one’s radiant eyes, And feel their glances pleasingly beguile. How can Love heal his wounds, then would again, He only knows who knows how sweet her sighs, How sweet her conversation, and how sweet her smile

6 Baldassare Castiglione (1478-1529) Wrote on etiquette (social manners) The Courtier Describes the ideal Renaissance gentleman Strong character, well educated, courageous, courteous

7 Niccolo Machiavelli (1469-1527) Diplomat for Florentine Republic The Prince Reflection on the political atmosphere of the day Advocated leadership that was practical over moral “Might makes right” Promoted the concept of the secular state

8 Erasmus of Rotterdam (1466-1536) Advocate for reform of the Church Critic of monasticism, the ignorance and worldliness of clergy, and empty ritualism Wanted the Scripture to be available for everyone

9 Erasmus’s Greek New Testament

10 Sir Thomas More (1478-1535) Close friend of Erasmus Very devout and pious Utopia (means “nowhere”) Story of an imaginary state built upon Christian principles and Plato’s philosophy Beliefs on proper governance— community and love

11 Miguel de Cervantes (1549-1616) Spanish Don Quixote »Satire on chivalry and Spanish custom

12 William Shakespeare (1564-1616) English; considered best playwright of all time 154 sonnets and 38 plays Incredible effect on culture and national pride

13 The Visual Arts Drew their inspiration from the Classical world

14 Renaissance art was different than Medieval art in the following ways: 1.Symbolized present physical world 2.Secular patronage 3.Artists pursued personal fame 4.Realism 5.Secular subject matter 6.Painting and sculpture were most popular media

15 Giotto di Bondone (1266-1337) “Father of Renaissance Painting” First to make paintings more natural feeling Made frescos


17 Masaccio (1401-1428) Added new technique to painting: Shading

18 Sandro Botticelli (1444-1510) Added movement to his art by means of bold lines and wispy garments, flowing hair, etc. Pagan themes of classical mythology Was converted to Christianity


20 High Renaissance Painters Leonardo da Vinci (1452-1519) “Renaissance Man” Raphael (1483-1520) Painted peaceful and joyous scenes Michelangelo Buonarroti (1475-1564) Most famous painter in history

21 Leonardo da Vinci Proficient sculptor, architect, painter, musician, poet, and scientist Trained in Florence Moved to Milan The Last Supper Shows his love for perspective

22 The Last Supper (1498) – Da Vinci The Mona Lisa (1506) – Da Vinci

23 Raphael (1483-1520) Learned to paint from his father (a court painter) at a young age Idealized, sweet-faced Madonnas Expressed the peace and joys of life School of Athens – displays balance, harmony, perspective

24 The School of Athens (1510) - Raphael

25 Michelangelo Had unusual skill even as a young boy Lorenzo de Medici took him in as his own son Commissioned by Pope Julius II to paint the ceiling of the Sistine Chapel

26 Ceiling of the Sistine Chapel - 1512 Commissioned by Pope Julius II Four years of work on scaffolding Depicts the story of humanity’s creation, fall, the Flood, and redemption

27 The Last Judgment (1541) Depicts judgment of wicked and righteous by Jesus Expresses Michelangelo’s resentment for the Pope Flayed skin of Bartholomew Oarsmen to hell

28 Venetian Painters

29 Titian (Tiziano Vecelli) 1477-1576 Leader of the Venetian School of Painting One of the foremost painters of the Renaissance Rich user of color, known for portraits Captured personality of subjects

30 Salome – Titian

31 Tintoretto (1518-1594) “Little dyer” Sought to combine bright colors of Titian and the masterful drawing of Michelangelo. Christ in the House of Martha and Mary, 1575

32 Northern European Artists Albrecht Dürer (1471-1528) “Leonardo of the North” – German Accomplished in writing, designing, engraving, painting First “notherner” to travel to Italy to study Renaissance art Interest in nature, classical, and religious themes

33 Melancholia I (1514) Self-Portrait (1500)

34 Hans Holbein the Younger (1479-1543 German Traveling portraitist Jan van Eyck (1370-1440) Flemish (from Belgium) Very detail-oriented, progression in realism

35 The Arnolfini Portrait (1534)

36 Pieter Brueghel (1525-1569) Distinct style of art known for its realism, landscapes, and scenes of everyday life Biblical events set in Flanders Landscape with the Fall of Icarus (1558)

37 Netherlandish Proverbs - 1559

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