Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Presentation is loading. Please wait.

Technology & Multi-culturalism: Can technology bridge the gap between Jews and Arabs in Teacher Education? Asmaa Ganayem Dr. Miri Shonfeld Dr. Elaine Hoter.

Similar presentations


Presentation on theme: "Technology & Multi-culturalism: Can technology bridge the gap between Jews and Arabs in Teacher Education? Asmaa Ganayem Dr. Miri Shonfeld Dr. Elaine Hoter."— Presentation transcript:

1 Technology & Multi-culturalism: Can technology bridge the gap between Jews and Arabs in Teacher Education? Asmaa Ganayem Dr. Miri Shonfeld Dr. Elaine Hoter

2 Miri Shonfeld Head of ICT Kibutzim college Asmaa Ganayem Head of ICT Al-Qasemi college Elaine Hoter Head of ICT Talpiot college

3 2008 Statistics The Jewish population living in Israel is 5,400,000The Jewish population living in Israel is 5,400,000 The Arab population is 1,400,000 which amounts to 20% of the total population in IsraelThe Arab population is 1,400,000 which amounts to 20% of the total population in Israel

4 Arab Society in Israel Identity crisis: Israeli-Arab conflict  Identity crisis: Israeli-Arab conflict.  Language: Arabic & Hebrew  Social Arab-Jews relation: live mostly in separate areas  Discrimination: wide gaps in different socio- economic aspects

5 Religious Israeli Jewish  separate education system  different political affiliation  Social secular-religious relations: live often in separate areas and communities  Lack of understanding between groups

6 What is peace for Jews living in Israel? Negative peace: the absence of violence Positive peace: cooperation, harmony, commerce, & mutuality Structural peace: equality, independence, and sovereignty

7 What is peace for Arabs living in Israel? Negative peace: the absence of violence Positive peace: cooperation, harmony, commerce, & mutuality Structural peace: equality, independence, and sovereignty

8 What is peace? Percentage of responses (N = 819; Biton, 2002). Negative peace: the absence of violence Positive peace: cooperation, harmony, commerce, & mutuality Structural peace: equality, independence, and sovereignty

9 Is it the role of a teaching college to reduce these biases among students studying in pre-service education? Can ICT help to improve understanding among students? ?

10 We are not trying to solve the conflict or hold discussions on issues of the conflict, but we are facilitating a meeting between students on an equal basis according to the model developed with the belief that this will lead to change ! We are not trying to solve the conflict or hold discussions on issues of the conflict, but we are facilitating a meeting between students on an equal basis according to the model developed with the belief that this will lead to change !

11 Theories Pettigrew and Tropp’s summary of the contact hypothesis (2000) confirmed that in the right conditions, contact could reduce bias between groups. Necessary conditions: the long term contact between groups rather than individuals, between people of equal status, supported at an institutional level and based on cooperation rather than competition. the long term contact between groups rather than individuals, between people of equal status, supported at an institutional level and based on cooperation rather than competition.

12 Online Intergroup Contact Hypothesis Equality of status and collaborationEquality of status and collaboration Supported by institutionsSupported by institutions Over a period of time (one year)Over a period of time (one year) Based on collaborationBased on collaboration Gradual development between groupsGradual development between groups WritingWriting VoiceVoice –Collaboration F2FF2F (Shonfeld, Ganayem and Hoter, 2006)

13 Aims Students will experience online collaborative learning with different populations they would never normally meet.Students will experience online collaborative learning with different populations they would never normally meet. Students will be proficient internet usersStudents will be proficient internet users Students will be able to integrate the internet in their teachingStudents will be able to integrate the internet in their teaching Students will be able to develop and adapt online materialStudents will be able to develop and adapt online material Students will participate and be exposed to Inter and multicultural educationStudents will participate and be exposed to Inter and multicultural education

14 How did it work? Kibbutzim College of Education Talpiot Teacher’s College Al Qasemi Academic college

15 Small multi-cultural group Al Qasemi Kibbutzim College of Education Talpiot

16 How does it work with 9 colleges? Jewish religious college Jewish secular college Arab college Jewish religious college Jewish secular college Arab college

17 The students were divided into topic groups All students Food & health Miri 2 Students from religious sector 2 students from the Arab sector 2 students from secular sector Events in History Elaine Environmental issues Asmaa Road safety Miri

18 TopicsChosen Multi- culturalism Food & health Roadsafety Physical Exercise The Consumer The Arts Events in History Religions The Environment Current affairs Manifestations of nature Special Education

19 New Technology Taught Using “interwise” or highlearn All students try out the technology in their content area and do the assignment based on the new technology new technology Students post their assignments and the group members discuss and critique the work online

20 Results Making wiki sites Interactive forms Seminar/paper Webquests Interactive PowerPoint Making movies Making treasure hunts Analyzing internet sites Making and using Blogs and forums

21 Meetings

22 F2F meetings in each college Explanations of how to use the technologies

23 Synchronous meetings More than 50% of the meetings were synchronous The students connected from different places

24 A-synchronous meetings

25 F2FF2FF2FF2F In the middle and end of the course

26 Cooperative Teaching

27 Collaboration, trust and harmony

28 Division of Labour team work: planning units planning units giving online lecturesgiving online lectures Evaluating assignmentsEvaluating assignments

29 The OICH Model: online inter-group contact hypothesis Educational Technological type Media Type Communication type EnvironmentBuilding of Trust Levels of Thinking Individual A-synchronous work Synch. individual work & a-synch. group work Collaborative synch. group work Wiki (Web 2) Video conferencing & multimedia Forums & Blogs & synchronous platforms Textual Low trust level High trust level High level thinking assignments Low level thinking assignments +audio +oral/ aural +visualPeer review Reduction in bias between groups Parallel & sequential collaboration Synergistic collaboration Dialogue Face to Face meeting of small groups- (discussions & collaborative work) & lecturers 4 all participants Required conditions for the OICH Model Small group cooperation & collaboration Institutional support Interaction over a year Equality of Status Teachers belong to the different cultural groups Team teaching Content a-political Face to Face end of course meeting and presentation of projects

30 collaboration for research, conferences & initiatives The graduates of the courses lead children in schools in online multicultural projects Connectionsbetweencolleges Online collaborative courses between students of the different colleges

31 Problems encountered Segregation issuesSegregation issues Language issuesLanguage issues Collaborative issuesCollaborative issues Timetable issues- (festivals and holidays)Timetable issues- (festivals and holidays) Political issuesPolitical issues

32 Question To what extent can the Internet play a role in bridging between cultures and reducing bias among groups?

33 Implications and Future Plans Involving more collegesInvolving more colleges Working with in-service teachersWorking with in-service teachers Going into schoolsGoing into schools

34


Download ppt "Technology & Multi-culturalism: Can technology bridge the gap between Jews and Arabs in Teacher Education? Asmaa Ganayem Dr. Miri Shonfeld Dr. Elaine Hoter."

Similar presentations


Ads by Google