2GPS and E.Q.GPS: S7CG7a. Compare and contrast the federal republic of The Republic of India, the communist state of The People’s Republic of China, and the constitutional monarchy of Japan, distinguishing the form of leadership and the role of the citizen in terms of voting rights and personal freedoms.E.Q.: How do the governments of India, China, and Japan compare?
3VocabularyRepublic: type of government in which elected individuals make decisions for the peopleSecular: favors no special religionCommunism: government controls all the country’s decisionsConstitutional monarchy: government with a king or emperor whose power is limited b a constitution.Bicameral – 2 house parliamentUntouchables: lowest caste in India; social outcasts.
4The Republic of India Bharat Ganrajya भारत गणराज्यThe Republic of India Bharat GanrajyaAnthem:India became independent in 1947, after 247 years of British rule.India modeled its government after Great Britain’s and became the world’s largest democracy.The Indian constitution was adopted in 1950; it guarantees all citizens basic rights.Where Parliament is heldWhere the President lives
5Even untouchables and women were granted voting rights. Indian law requires women and untouchables to be allowed to run for office.Today some untouchables are elected government officials, and several women have been elected prime minister (Indira Gandhi was the first, in the 1990s).(Read article on Untouchables from National Geographic.)vice president and untouchable, 1996
6India is a RepublicBecause one house of India’s Parliament is elected, it is a republic.Elections for national office are held every 5 years.
7India’s Government No notes – just read PARLIAMENT(BICAMERAL) HOUSE OF THEPEOPLECOUNCIL OFSTATESPresident – Elected by Parliament & State Gov’ts – Chief Executive – has most powerChosen by state legislaturesElected fromPrime minister – leader of majority party; appointed by & advises the President; head of gov’tWomen and untouchables must be allowed to run for offices at these 3 levels, according to India’s lawsDISTRICTCOUNCILGROUP OFVILLAGESGROUP OFVILLAGESVILLAGECOUNCIL(PANCHAYATVILLAGECOUNCIL(PANCHAYATVILLAGECOUNCIL(PANCHAYATVILLAGECOUNCIL(PANCHAYATVILLAGECOUNCIL(PANCHAYAT
8Issues India is large and diverse: many LanguagesCastesReligionsNational government has to work hard to make sure all groups feel included and are equally protected.The country is secular (favors no religion over another) but the majority are Hindu.
10The People’s Republic of China 中國人民共和國 Anthem:Communist country – 1 party dictatorship; oligarchyBecame communist in 1949 when Communist Party Chairman Mao Tse-Tung took power in a revolution.
11Communism in ChinaThe government has some control over almost every aspect of people’s lives.The government decides who will do which jobs.All children must attend school (this was a big improvement for the poor).Property was taken from wealthy landowners and given to the poor.Rural farmers were organizedinto communities and told what and how to farm.Industries were controlled by the government.
12The Years Following the Revolution There was great suffering.Many Chinese starved.Most people were not worried about losing personal freedoms because they had none before the communists took over.Today the Communist Party still runs the country.
13ElectionsThe National People’s Congress (NPC) is elected every 5 years by a vote of every Chinese citizen over 18.The Communist Party approves the people who run for office.The NPC chooses a president and vice president.The president chooses a premier.
14Changes China is slowly becoming more free. Chinese people want European and American goods.The internet has made the Chinese more aware of other ways of life.But: the role of the citizen, including what job he has and what education he has, is still controlled by the government.No votes are cast in an election for anyone not approved by the Party (NPC).
15The Constitutional Monarchy of Japan 日本国Anthem:Before WWII, Japan was a monarchy ruled by emperor Hirohito.His people believed he was descended from the Sun (they thought he was a god). Few people had ever seen him.After WWII, the U.S. helped reorganize Japan as a constitutional monarchy.
16Japan…Reorganized1947: Japan adopted their 1st constitution, which set up a bicameral parliament, called the Diet.Japanese citizens over age 20 vote for members of the Diet.The Diet elects a prime minister and cabinet (group) of advisors.The prime minister is head of the government.The emperor only has symbolic power, and the constitution states he is no longer considered a god.
17Complete the chart on CRCT Test Prep page 164 COUNTRYTYPE OF GOVERNMENTWHO VOTESROLE OF RELIGIONDESIGN OF GOVERNMENTJAPANCHINAINDIA
18CRCT Test Prep pagesWhich best describes the Japanese government?MonarchyTheocracyFederal democracyConstitutional monarchyD. Constitutional monarchy
19CRCT Test Prep pages162-166 2. The Japanese parliament is called the Diet.Congress.Knesset.House of RepresentativesA. Diet
20CRCT Test Prep pages3. What role do religious leaders play in the Indian government?No religious leaders are allowed to run for political office in India.Religious leaders choose the candidates that run from most rural areas.They are guaranteed a certain number of representatives in each election.The country has a secular government in order to avoid seeming to favor one group over another.D. The country has a secular government in order to avoid seeming to favor one group over another.
21CRCT Test Prep pages4. Who is allowed to vote in Indian elections?All citizens who are 16 years of age or olderAll citizens who are 18 years of age or olderOnly men who can prove they are Indian citizensOnly those who can prove they were born in IndiaB. All citizens who are 18 years of age or older
22CRCT Test Prep pages162-166 5. Who is allowed to vote in Japan? Only men can vote in Japanese elections.All citizens who are 20 years of age or olderOnly those who can read and writeVoters who can prove they were born in JapanB. All citizens who are 20 years of age or older
23CRCT Test Prep pages6. What sort of government is the People’s Republic of China?monarchyFederal democracyConstitutional monarchyCommunist governmentD. Communist government
24CRCT Test Prep pages7. What is the name of the elected Chinese legislative assembly?The DietPolitical BureauChinese Communist PartyNational People’s CongressD. National People’s Congress
25CRCT Test Prep pages8. Who can vote in national elections in China?Only Chinese menOnly those who live in citiesAll citizens who are 18 years of age or olderVoters who have completed 12 years of schoolC. All citizens who are 18 years of age or older
26CRCT Test Prep pages9. How often are elections for the national government held in India?Elections are held every 6 years.Party members are elected for life.Elections for national office are held every 5 years.Religious leaders can require new elections to be held if they think it is necessary.C. Elections for national office are held every 5 years.
27CRCT Test Prep pages10. Which country is the world’s largest democracy?IndiaJapanChinaKoreaA. India
28CRCT Test Prep pages162-166 11. Who was Indira Gandhi? Mother of Mohandas GandhiPowerful religious leader in IndiaFirst woman prime minister in IndiaLeader of the effort to end the Untouchable caste in IndiaC. First woman prime minister in India
29CRCT Test Prep pages12. What role do the people play in a government like that of Japan?The people have the real power in Japan.They have the power to vote the Japanese emperor out of office.The people get to approve the laws made by the Japanese emperor.They have little power because the emperor makes most decisions.A. The people have the real power in Japan.
30CRCT Test Prep pages13. What was the position of the Japanese emperor before WWII?His power was weakened by a powerful parliament.He was believed to be a god descended from the sun.The emperor played a part in selecting people to run for public office.The emperor was very involved running the government on a daily basis.B. He was believed to be a god descended from the sun.
31CRCT Test Prep pages14. What group makes most of the important decisions in the government of the People’s Republic of China today?The wealthy landownersThe Chinese Communist PartyMao Tse-Tung and his advisersPeople in the local village councilsB. The Chinese Communist Party
32CRCT Test Prep pages15. Who chooses the president and vice-president of the National People’s Congress in China?People are chosen for these jobs by the king.The members of the National People’s Congress choose them.The voters choose people for these jobs in the general election.These jobs are filled by the 2 oldest members of the National People’s Congress.B. The members of the National People’s Congress choose them.
33CRCT Test Prep pages16. The premier of the National People’s Congress in China is chosen by thepresident.National People’s Congress.president and vice-president.Chinese voters in general elections.A. president.
34CRCT Test Prep pages17. Who was the first leader of the People’s Republic of China?HirohitoMao Tse-TungIndira GandhiMohandas GandhiB. Mao Tse-Tung