Presentation on theme: "“To what extent and in what ways may the Renaissance be regarded as a turning point in Western intellectual and cultural tradition?” Question #2, 1977."— Presentation transcript:
2 “To what extent and in what ways may the Renaissance be regarded as a turning point in Western intellectual and cultural tradition?” Question #2, Kim Smith AP European History
3 The Renaissance may be regarded as a turning point in Western intellectual and cultural tradition through its science, philosophy, art, and social behavior and manners. First, the Renaissance provided a spirit of experimentation, curiosity and objectivity in science, which set the template for current research efforts today. Second, the Renaissance gave birth to new and more modern forms of art and artists. The renowned names of Da Vinci, Raphael, and Michelangelo and the art they developed left a lasting impression of this period in history. The Roman Catholic Church became less influential in the daily lives of people and man became more secular. In the area of social behavior, finally, Castiglione in the Courtier provided a code of behavior that was adopted by people of that time. These are just some of the elements that show how the Renaissance was the cornerstone of today’s modern Western world.
28 C. Renaissance vs. Middle Ages Art More secular than spiritualBetter sense of depth and perspectiveLinear perspective, chiaroscuroStudy of human anatomy helped painters show people in distinctive and living attitudesLess symbolic, more a portrayal of concrete realities
29 D. Social Behavior and Manners 1. Castolioni and the Courtier
31 Unlike the Middle Ages, the Renaissance promoted etiquette and “courtesy”, the kind of behavior suited for princely courts
32 E. Schooling and Education Middle Ages vs. Renaissance Different age groups, levels in separate classes w/own teacherLatin principle subject w/many new purposesScholasticismUniversities professional training in theology, medicine, lawChaotic, repetitious
33 The extent in which the Renaissance might be regarded as a turning point in Western tradition is the substructure of the Western world today. The modern ideas of science, politics, art, and social behavior were molded out of the complex speculations of the Renaissance. Without the secular uprising from the Renaissance, the treasured creations of Michelangelo and Leonardo Da Vinci would never have been discovered. By embracing the curiosity of the scientists and exploring human anatomy and the natural world, Europe would never have discovered America or medicines to one deadly diseases. Machiavelli won admiration of Napoleon and Francis Bacon for his fascinating textbook of pragmatic politics. Castolioni and hit Courtier were the cornerstone of the respectable modern man. The Renaissance was a critical turning point in intellectual and cultural society of the Western tradition.