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MIDDLE AGES v. RENAISSANCE GOD v. MAN ?. FOCUS OF MEN AND SOCIETY Middle AgesRenaissance God Eternal life Man Worth of the individual This life Classical.

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Presentation on theme: "MIDDLE AGES v. RENAISSANCE GOD v. MAN ?. FOCUS OF MEN AND SOCIETY Middle AgesRenaissance God Eternal life Man Worth of the individual This life Classical."— Presentation transcript:

1 MIDDLE AGES v. RENAISSANCE GOD v. MAN ?

2 FOCUS OF MEN AND SOCIETY Middle AgesRenaissance God Eternal life Man Worth of the individual This life Classical Greece and Rome manners

3 EDUCATION Middle AgesRenaissance Scholasticism –Study of given truths authorized by Church –Scientific writings of Aristotle Humanism = study of classics Greek/classical literature Classical sculpture Classical architecture Liberal arts education

4 SCIENCE AND MEDICINE Middle AgesRenaissance Church = authority, expected conformity Barbers – bloodletting Superstition, magic Skepticism Individualism Science – sterile fields Leonardo – drawings of human bodies –To invent weaponry –Banned from Rome’s morgue

5 TRAVEL Middle AgesRenaissance Pilgrimages Crusades Age of exploration Trade Personal glory and wealth

6 SOCIAL CLASSES Middle AgesRenaissance Nobles Peasants Nobles Middle class Peasants

7 PHILOSOPHY Middle AgesRenaissance God-centered Insignificant theological arguments Little original thinking Restated ancient philosophers

8 ART Middle AgesRenaissance God-centered Symbolic meaning 2 dimensional Taught a lesson Most important item was the biggest – no linear perspective 3 dimensional Humanized people Perspective Anatomically correct Naturalism Freestanding sculptures

9 ARCHITECTURE Middle AgesRenaissance Gothic and Romanesque Bigger – better Reach higher to be close to God Focused on religious buildings Influence of ancient Rome and Greece Symmetry Refinement Secular and religious buildings

10 DRAMA Middle AgesRenaissance Purpose – religious instruction Morality plays Performed in churches Secular themes – completely divorced from Church theatres

11 MUSIC Middle AgesRenaissance Gregorian chant Purpose – honor God Single-voiced (homophonic) Few musical instruments Polyphonic Symmetrical notation Mathematical Regular proportions Secular themes – romantic love madrigal

12 VIEW OF ANCIENT WORLD Middle AgesRenaissance Pagans Used pagan works to bolster Christian Church dogma Felt inferior Appreciated classics- studied them Admired ancients Felt inferior


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